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UNITED PRESBYTERIAN DIGEST. 



UlC^Jifbl ''^ APR 26 1938 , 



PRINCIPAL ACTS AND DELIVERANCES 



GENERAL ASSEMBLY 



United Presbyterian Cliurcli 

OF NOETH AMERICA, 



FROM 



1859 to 1891. 



PITTSBURGH : 

UNITED PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION, 

53 AND 55 Ninth Street. 

1892. 



PREFACE. 



The General Assembly of 1876 appointed a committee, consisting of 
William J. Reid, D. D., A. G. Wallace, D. D., and Joseph T. Cooper, 
D. D., to prepare a Digest of the principal deliverances of the General 
Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church of North America. The 
■work, published under the order of the Assembly of 1877, met with 
great favor, and has proved to be very valuable. 

The General Assembly of 1890 instructed the Board of Publication 
" to appoint a committee to prepare and publish a new edition of the 
Digest without delay, comprising all the information in as condensed 
form as will be consistent with clearness of expression, and at the same 
time with as much fullness as may be required, in its judgment, to meet 
the aim of such a book." The Board requested A. G. Wallace, D. D., 
to undertake the work, and the second edition is now submitted to the 
Church in the hope that it may prove to be as acceptable and as useful 
as the first has been. 

There has been no change in the plan of the work. The later trans- 
actions of the Assembly have required a few new chapters and suggested 
a different arrangement of some of the topics. It is possible that a less 
complete exhibition of the acts of the Assembly would have been suffi- 
cient for ordinary practical purposes, but the successive deliverances are 
necessary to an intelligent study of the sentiment and work of the 
Church. 

For several years after the Union the minutes of the General Assem- 
bly were published in separate numbers, and were paged accordingly. 
But to secure uniformity, the references in the Digest are made to the 
first volume as if it was paged consecutively, as the other volumes are. 
The paging of its several numbers begins as follows : 1859, with page 1 ; 
1860, with 97 ; 1861, with 213 ; 1862, with 341, and 1863, with page 

(v) 



Vi PREFACE. 

473. To assist in finding the places referred to, the year is mentioned 
as well as the volume and the page. The deliverances are arranged un- 
der topics, but to secure the greatest convenience of reference possible, 
the index has been made very full. 

This edition of the Digest includes the acts of the General Assembly 
of 1891, and completes the seventh volume of the Minutes. 

THE PUBLISHERS. 
Pittsburgh, February, 1893. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



I. GOTEEISTMENT A'ND DISCIPLHSTE. 



PART I. 



FORM OF GOVERNMENT. 

CHAPTER. PAGE. 

I. Introductory, 17 

II. The Church, 18 

III. The Members of the Church, 18 

IV. The Officers of the Church, 18 

1. Different Kinds of Officers, 18 

2. The Teaching Elder, 19 

3. The Ruling Elder, '. . 19 

4. The Deacon, 19 

V. The Courts of the Church 19 

1. The Session, 19 

2. The Presbytery, 20 

3. The Synod, 21 

4. The General Assenibly, 22 

5. The Officers of Courts, 23 



PART II, 
GENERAL ADMINISTRATION. 



I. The Organization of Congregations, 25 

II. The Admission of Church Members, 26 

III. The Dismission of Members, 27 

( vii ) 



Viii TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER. PAGE. 

IV. Students of Theology, 27 

V. Probationers, 28 

VI. The Election, Ordination, &c.. of Pastors, 29 

1. Election, 29 

2. Ordination and Installation 30 

3. Translation, 33 

4. Dissolution, 34 

VII. The Election, Okdination, &c., of Elders and Deacons, . . 34 

1. Election 34 

2. Ordination and Installation, 35 



PART III. 



DISCIPLINE. 



I. General Principles, 37 

II. Offences, 88 

III. The Parties in Cases of Process, ^.38 

IV.. Actual Process, 39 

V. Process against Ministers, 41 

VI. Exceptional Cases, 43 

VII. Evidenck, 43 

VIII. Sentences, 45 

IX. Church Censures 45 

1. Admonition, 46 

2. Rebuke 46 

3. Suspension, 46 

4. Deposition, 46 

5. Excommunication, 47 

X. The Restoration of Offenders, 47 

XI. Dissents and Protests, 48 

XII. The various ways by which a Case may be carried from 

A Lower to a Higher Court, 49 

1. Review and Control, • . . 49 

2. References, 50 

3. Appeals, 51 

4. Complaints, 52 

5. Declinature, 52 

XIII. Jurisdiction, 53 

XIV. Limitation of Time, 53 

Forms, 54 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. JX 

II. DIEECTOEY FOE WOESHIP. 

^°-'^^^«- PAGE. 

I. Introdcctory, go 

II. The Seasons for Worship gg 

III. The Ordinances OF Public Wou- II, )■ gO 

1. The Reading of ilie Scripiuif gQ 

2. The Singinj; of Praise, gQ 

3. The Offering of Prayer, gj 

4. The Preaching of the Word, g^ 

5. The Administration of Baptism, g2 

6. The Administration of the Lord's Supper g3 

7. The Prououncing of the Denediction, g4 

IV. The Ordinances of Social Worship g5 

V. The Ordinances of Family Worship, g5 

VI. I'HE Ordinances of Secret Worship, g5 

VII. The Ordinances of Extraordinary Worship gg 

1. Fasting, gg 

2. Thanksgiving gg 

3. Covenanting, g7 

VIII. Miscellaneous, an 

1. Sabbath Schools, g-j- 

2. Catechising, go 

3. Family Visitation, gg 

4. Systematic Beneficence gg 

5. The Solemnization of .Maniii^ie gg 

6. The Visitation of the Sick 70 

7. The Burial of the Dead, 70 



ni. EULES OF OEDEE. 

Officers op the Assembly and theih Election 72 

Duties of the SIoderator, 72 

Duties of the Clerks, 73 

Quorum 7g 

Committees, 73 

Order of Business. 75 

Motions, 7g 

Debate 77 

Voting, 7g 

Miscellaneous, ... 7g 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



lY. DIGEST or THE DELIYEEANOES OF 
THE GEIsTEEAL ASSEMBLY. 

Chapter. page. 

I. Amusements, 79 

II. Appeals, 79 

III. Appkopriatioks, 82 

IV. Army and Navy, 82 

V. Assembly Monthly, 83 

VI. Associate Synod 84 

VII. Associate Reformed Synod OF Til i; SoiTH 84 

VIII. Baptism, 89 

IX. Bible in 'I he Public Schools 90 

X. Bible Songs, 90 

XI. Boards of the Church, 92 

XII. Book of Government and Disupmnv; 95 

XIII. Brussels Treaty 97 

XIV. Centennial of the Nation 98 

XV. Charters, 98 

XVI. Chinese Mission, 99 

XVII. Christian Commission, 100 

XVIII. Christian Giving 101 

XIX. Christ's Second Coming, 103 

XX. Church Extension, Board of 104 

XXI. Church Music, Ill 

XXII. Church Property. 125 

XXIII. Clerks OF THE Assembly 127 

XXIV. Commissions 128 

XXV. Committees, 130 

XXVI. Confederation OF £vA^GKLICAL Church hs 132 

XXVII. Corresponding Churches. 132 

XXVIII. Corresponding Secretaries 134 

XXIX. Covenanting 135 

XXX. Dawson's Appeals 135 

XXXI. Deacons, 136 

XXXII. Delegate Fund, 138 

XXXIII. Digest of the i^eliverances of the Genkral .As- 

sembly, 140 

XXXIV. Donaldson's Appeai 141 

XXXV. Directory for Worship, 141 

XXXVI. Education, Board OF, 143 

XXXVII. Elective Franchise, 152 

XXXVIII. Evangelical Alliance, 152 

XXXIX. Evangelists, 152 

XL. Evans' Appeal, 153 

XLI. Family Worship and Instruction 154 

XLII. Finance 154 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. xi 

CHAPTER, PAQK 

XLIII. Financial Agents, 155 

XLIV. Foreign Missions, Board OF, • 158 

XLV. Freedmen, Board of Missions to tjie 167 

XL VI. Free Pews, 171 

XLVII. Gailey's Appeal, . 171 

XLVIII. General Assembly, 171 

XLIX. Gordon's Appeal, I75 

L. Grant's Appeal, I75 

LI. Green's Appeal, I75 

LII. Hill's Case, I75 

LIII. Home Missions. Board of 177 

LIV. Hutchison's Appeal, 190 

LV. Indians, 190 

LVI. Jews, 192 

LVII. Knight? of Labor, 194 

LVIII. Legacies, I94 

LIX. Licensure, 196 

LX. Licentiates, I97 

LXI. Logue's Complaint, 198 

LXII. McCaughan's Appeat-s 198 

LXIII. JNIcCune's Case, 199 

LXIV. Manses, 201 

LXV. Marriage and Divorck 201 

LXVI. Marshall's Appeal, 203 

LXVII. Mathews' Memorial, 204 

LXVIII. Members of the Church 204 

LXIX. Memorial, The Limit of, 205 

LXX. Ministerial Relief, Board of 206 

LXXI. Ministers, 210 

LXXII. Ministry, Withdrawal from tuk 211 

LXXIII. Minutes of the General Assembly, 213 

LXXIV. Missionary Presbyteries, 214 

LXXV. Missionary Work Among Foreign k us 215 

LXXVI. Missions, Special Fund for, 215 

LXXVII. National Reform, 216 

LXXVIII. Ordination of Ministers, 217 

LXXIX. Oregon, Presbytery of, 218 

LXXX. Overtures 218 

LXXXI. Pastors 220 

LXXXII. Pastoral Charge, 223 

LXXXIII. Patterson's Appeal, 221 

LXXXIV. Peace, i21 

LXXXV. Prayer, A Day of Speciai 221 

LXXXVI. Presbyterian Churches 222 

LXXXVII. Presbyterian Churches in Lndia 225 

LXXXVIII. Presbyterian Historical Socikty 227 

LXXXIX. Presbyterian Council, 227 



n TAliLE OF CON'TKNTS. 

CHAPTER. PAGE. 

XC. Presbytery, Constitution of, 231 

XCI. Principles of the United Presbvtl.uian Ciiurch, . . 231 

XCII. Provisional Sessions 233 

XCIII. Psalmody, 235 

XCIV. Psalter 245 

XCV. Publication, Board ui 246 

XCVI. Quarter Centennial Commission, . 252 

XCVII. Quota 255 

XCVIII. Reed Estate 255 

XCIX. Reading Sf.hmon.s, 257 

C, Reform ]\Iovkmints 257 

CI. Reformed Prksbyteriai^ Churcu, General Synod, . . 257 

ClI. Reformed Prtsuyterian Church, Synod 258 

cm. Reformed Prfsbyterian Churches, 260 

CIV. Reports of Presbyteries, 260 

CV, Romanism 260 

CVI. Roseburg's Appeal 261 

CVII. Rules of Order 261 

CVIII. Ruling Elders, 262 

CIX. Sabbath 264 

ex. Sabbath Schools, 269 

CXI. Salaries 2'*8 

CXII. San Francisco Presey: I iv 280 

CXIII. Secret Societifs 280 

CXrV^ Slavery, 284 

CXV. Smyth's Appeal, !:85 

CXVI. Speers' Estate, 285 

CXVII. Standards of the Ciiurch 293 

CXVIII. State of the Country 294 

CXIX. Statistics, 295 

CXX. Students of Theology 298 

CXXI. Sup):rintendents of Mission- 300 

CXXII. Sustentation Fund, 301 

CXXIII. Synods, 303 

CXXIV. Systematic Beneficence, 303 

CXXV. Tate's Appeai 305 

CXXVI. Temperance 305 

CXXVII. Terms of Communion 314 

CXXVIII. Thanksgiving Proclamation 319 

CXXIX. Theological Seminaries 319 

CXXX. Tobacco 325 

CXXXI. Treasurers . . .327 

CXXXII. Trustees of Congregations, 329 

CXXXIII. Trustees of the General Assembly 329 

CXXXIV. Union of the Associate and Assdciatk Ri^fou.mfd 

Churches, 330 

CXXXV. United Presbyterian Cni;iicn 336 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. Xlii 

CHAPTEK. 

^ PAGE. 

CXXXYI. United Presbyterian Church of Oregon, 839 

CXXXVII. Waldensian Church, 340 

CXXXVIII Week of Prayer, 34O 

CXXXIX. Wilson's Appeal, 34j 

CXL. Women Taking Part in Public Religious Exercises . 341 

CXLI. Women's Auxiliary Board, 34I 

CXLII. Women's General Missionary Society 343 

CXLIII. Women's Christian Temperan^k Union . 344 

CXLIV. Worship ' ' ..^^ 

CXLV. Young Peopdc's Wokk 345 

Appendix, Home Missions, Board of 347 



I. GOYERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE 



PART I. 
FORM OF GOTERl^MENT. 



CHAPTER I. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



1. Necessity of Govei-nment — No society can exist, or act for the ends 
of its existence, without some form of government. 

The church, a society of divine origin, has always existed under a 
government of divine authority. Under the former dispensation, every 
part of its government was specifically detailed. Under the present 
dispensation, its form of government, as of worship, is less cumbrous, 
more free and spiritual, but in its essential principles not less clearly 
revealed. 

2. Preshyterian CImrch Government. — Government by elders, or 
Presbyterian church government, is the order of the New Testament. 
This was the original order of government in the church. It was the 
sole order under the patriarchal dispensation. It was an important and 
the only permanent part of the Mosaic order. In the synagogue ser- 
vice, it was the exclusive order of government. 

The first congregations of the New Testament church were, by apos- 
tolic authority, organized after the model of the synagogue; and by the 
same authority, the principle of government by elders was applied to 
the organization of the cJiurch at large. 

3. Preshyterianism as Distinguished from Episcopacy and Indepen- 
dency — The Presbyterian system, in distinction from tlie Episcopalian, 
recognizes the teaching and ruling elders as the only officers of spiritual 
authority in the church, and the former of these as invested with all the 
official powers which are permanent in the church, and so of equal rank; 
and in distinction from the Congregational, recognizes the organic unity 
of the church, subordination of courts and ministerial authority, derived 
not from the membership, but from Christ the Head of the church. 

2 (17) 



18 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

CHAPTER II. 

THE CHURCH. 

1. Church Visible and Invisible — The church is the collective body 
of God's people.* In re.sj)ect to its members as chosen in Christ, and 
united to him by faith, it is spiritual simply and invisible. In respect 
to its members as formally consecrated to God, it is organic and visi- 
ble.! It is in the latter sense the church is a subject of formal govern- 
ment. 

2. The King of the Church. — The Lord Jesus Christ, the Redeemer, 
is also the King and Head of the church, and has been exalted to be 
Head over all things to the church.:}: Its constitution, laws, ordinances, 
and offices are of his appointment, and are to be administered solely 
under his authority. 

3. Hie Ends of the Churdi — The great ends of the church are the 
preservation of the truth and ordinances of true religion, for the glory 
of God and salvation of souls. 

CHAPTER III. 

THE MEMBERS OP THE CHURCH. 

1. Professors All who profess faith in Christ and obedience to his 

laws, are members of the visible church. § 

2. Children of Professors — The children of such professors are also 
members of the visible church. They are recognized in the covenant 
under which the church was formally organized, || and which has been 
the charter of its existence in every age since, and will be to the end of 
the world. ^[ They have been so recognized in each past dispensation 
of that covenant,** and were so recognized expressly by the Apostles 
in organizing the church under the present dispensation. tt 

CHAPTER IV. 

THE OFFICERS OF THE CHURCH. 
ARTICLE I. 

DIFFERENT KINDS OF OFFICERS. 

1. Extraordinary Officers — At the oi-ganization of the New Testa- 
ment church, were some officers, of whom, in their peculiar gifts and 
qualifications, there are no successors. Prominent among these were 
the Apostles, ordained to be witnesses of the resurrection of Christ, and 
endowed with miraculous powers, ++ 

2. Ordinary Officers — The ordinary and permanent officers of the 
New Testament church are teaching elders, ruling elders and deacons. 



* Heb. xii. 22, 23. ^ Acts ii. 46. 47. ** Acts ii. 39. 

fEph. iv. 11. IJ Gen. xvii. 9, 10. It 1 Cor. vii. 14. 

X Ps. ii. 6 ; Eph. ii. 22. \ Gal. iii. IT. ++ Acts i. 8 ; iii. 5 ; 1 Cor. ix. 1 

Matt. X. 1-8. 



THE COURTS OF THE CHUKCU. 19 

ARTICLE II. 

THE TEACHING ELDER. 

1. His Powers — The teaching ehler is the highest ordinary officer ii) 
the New Testament church. He is invested with all the official powers 
that are permanent in the church, ordination, government, teaching and 
administering the ordinances.* 

2. His Names — He is called by different names in Scripture, to ex- 
press the different relations and duties of his otiice : Teacher,t in refer- 
ence to his duty to instruct the people ; Bishop, J in reference to his 
oversight of the flock ; Pastor, § in reference to his entire work of feed- 
ing, as well as governing, the flock ; Ambassador, || in reference to his 
relations and duties as one commissioned to declare the divine will, and 
beseech men in Christ's stead to be reconciled to God ; and Minister,^ 
in reference to his relations and duties as a servant of Christ and his 
church. 

3. His Duties — The duties of the teaching elder are to preach the 
word, administer the ordinances, govern the church, bless the people, 
ordain successors, and in general watch for souls. 

ARTICLE III. 

THE RULING ELDER. 

1. His Power. — The ruling elder is the second in rank of the ordinary 
officers of the church ; his official power is of government alone, and in 
this he is the equal of the teaching elder.** 

2. His Duties — He is to " rule well';" and while he may not officially 
labor in word and doctrine, ft he is to be a help in teaching as in ruling, 
instructing the ignorant, encouraging the weak, reproving and reclaiming 
the erring, and visiting and comforting the sick.Jt 

ARTICLE IV. 

THE DEACON. 

1. His Power — The deacon is the lowest of the ordinary officers of 
the church ; his official power pertains to temporal things. He has no 
spiritual authority. 

2. His Duties. — The duties of his office pertain to the temporalities of 
the church, especially the collection and distribution of its charities.§§ 

CHAPTER V. 

THE COURTS OF THE CHURCH. 

ARTICLE I. 

THE SESSION. 

1. Its Members The lowest court of the church is the Bench of 

Elders, commonly designated the Session. This court consists of the 
elders of a particular congregation. 

* 1 Tim. iv. 14 ; Acts xi. 28 ; 1 Pet. v. 1 ; 1 Tim. v. 17. ff Rom. xii. 8. 

fEph. iv. 11. II 2 Cor. V. 20. ++ 1 Cor. xii. 23. 

% Acts XX. 28. % 1 Cor. iv. 1. g§ Acts vi. 1-3. 

|Eph. iv. 11. **1 Tim. v. 17. 



20 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

2. Its Divine Authority. — The divine authority of this court is evident 
from the whole history of church organization recorded in the Acts and 
J^pistles of the Apostles, showing that the first Christian congregations 
were placed under the rule of elders, after the model of the synagogue. 

3. When Rightly Constituted. — This court is legitimate when consti- 
tuted of ruling elders alone, but it is complete when, in connection with 
these, there is a teaching elder, as pastor of the congregation and mod- 
erator of the Session. 

4. Its Moderator. — If without a pastor, the Session should, ordinarily 
through appointment of its Presbytery, but, in circumstances of special 
urgency, may, by its own invitation, procure a minister of the same 
Presbytery to preside and assist in adjudicating important cases. But 
when this cannot be done without injurious delay, the ruling elders may, 
by virtue of their official authority, appoint one of their own number to 
preside, and proceed to transact any necessary business. 

5. Its Duties The Session is charged with the spiritual oversight 

and government of the congregation.* It belongs to it to decide upon 
the qualifications of applicants for church membership, t to inquire into 
the knowledge, character and conduct of members, to arraign offenders, 
to admonish, rebuke, or suspend them, as the proper exercise of disci- 
pline may require, to dismiss members in good standing with proper 
certificates to other congregations, and do whatever else pertains to their 
office in maintaining the good order and promoting the edification of the 
church. 

6. How Convened The Session may be convened by the pastor, when 

he may judge it requisite, and he shall always convene it when requested 
to do so by two elders. It may also meet on its own adjournment, and 
if there is no pastor, by an agreement among the members ; and it shall 
always meet when ordered by the Presbytery. 

7. Quorum In all ordinary cases, two elders with a minister, or 

three elders, in the absence of a minister, shall be necessary to consti- 
tute a quorum. 

8. Records. — Every Session shall keep a record of its proceedings, 
which shall, at least once every year, be submitted to the inspection of 
the Presbytery. It shall also keep and report to Presbytery every year 
a record of baptisms, of persons admitted to fellowship, of removals by 
death or otherwise, of contributions, and whatever else may be necessary 
to make up the statistical tables of the church. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE PRESBYTERY. 

1. Its Members. — The Presbytery is the next higher court of the 
church, and consists of the ministers and one ruling elder from each 
pastoral charge within a defined district. 

2. Ministers Without Charge. — Ministers without charge shall be ac- 
counted members of the Presbytery within whose bounds they reside, 
and shall enjoy all the privileges of other members. 

3. Divine Authority. — The Presbytery is the essential court of the 
church in administering its general order. The higher courts are con- 

*Heb. xiii. lY. f 1 Thess. v. 12, 13 ; 2 Thess. iii. 6, 14, 15. 



THE COURTS OF THE CHURCH. 21 

stituted simply by a wider application of the principles of Presbytery. 
The authority for this court, like that of the Session, is in the example 
of the primitive church. The facts recorded in respect to the churches 
of Jerusalem, Antioch, Ephesus and Corinth, prove them to have been 
in every essential particular, under an organization answering to a Pres- 
bytery. 

4. Its Duties — It belongs to the Presbytery, by virtue of the official 
authority of its members, to hear and issue complaints and appeals from 
church Sessions, and references for advice or adjudication, to admit and 
have the care of students of theology, to examine and license candidates 
for the holy ministry, to ordain, install, remove and try ministers of the 
gospel, to examine and approve or censure the records of church Ses- 
sions, to visit particular churches for the purpose of inquiring into their 
state, and redressing evils which may have arisen in them, to organize, 
unite, or divide congregations, and in general to order whatever per- 
tains to the spiritual welfare and prosperity of the churches under its 
care. 

5. Quorum — Two ministers, with one or more elders duly appointed, 
or three ministers, met at the time and place appointed, shall be a quo- 
rum competent to transact business. 

6. Regular and Special Meetings. — The Presbytery shall meet on its 
own adjournment; but when any emergency shall require a meeting 
sooner than the time to which it had adjourned, the moderator, or in 
case of his inability to act, the stated clerk, has power to call a meeting; 
and shall always do so at the request of two members. 

Care must be taken that sufficient notice be given of the intended 
meeting; and the moderator or clerk (as the case may be) shall, in con- 
nection with his notice of tlie time and place, specify the particular 
business for which it is called, and nothing else shall be transacted at 
such meeting, unless by tlie unanimous consent of the members present. 

7. Records and Reports Presbytery shall keep an accurate record 

of its proceedings, subject to the inspection of Synod. It shall also 
report its proceedings to Synod every year, with details in reference to 
students, licensures, ordinations, installations, dissolution of pastoral 
relations, organization, union or division of congregations, and, in gen- 
eral, whatever important changes may have taken place within its 
bounds during the year. A like report shall also be submitted to the 
General Assembly. 

8. Opening and Closing Exercises. — At every stated meeting of Pres- 
tery, a sermon shall be preached, if convenient, and every particular 
session shall be opened and closed with prayer. 

9. Corresponding Members — Ministers in good standing in other 
Presbyteries, being present, may be invited to sit as corresponding 
members. Such members may deliberate and advise, but shall not 
vote. 

ARTICLE III. 

THE SYNOD. 

1. Members The Synod is the next higher court of the church, and 

consists of ministers and duly commissioned elders of two or more Pres- 
byteries. 



22 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

2. Divine Authority — As a Synod is in fact but a larger Presbytery, 
its authority is tbe same, and it is to be constituted and regulated in ac- 
<;ordance with the same general principles. 

2. Duties It belongs to the Synod to hear and issue complaints, 

appeals and references regularly brought up from the Presbyteries, to 
examine and approve or censure the records of Presbyteries, to organ- 
ize, unite or divide Presbyteries, to propose to the General Assembly 
such measures as may be deemed necessary for the vi-elfare of the whole 
church, and in general to take such order with respect to Presbyteries, 
Sessions and the people under its care, as may, in conformity with the 
word of God and the established rules of the church, tend to promote 
the edification, purity, peace and prosperity of the church. 

4. Quorum One-fourth of the ministers of the Synod, if from two 

or more Presbyteries, convened at the time and place appointed, with 
as many ruling elders entitled to sit as may be present, shall be a quo- 
rum for the transaction of business. 

5. Regular and Special Meetings — The Synod shall convene at least 
once every year, meeting on its own adjournment. On a special emer- 
gency, it may be convened by the call of the moderator, on the applica- 
tion of a Presbytery ; in this case, the call shall be made, and the bus- 
iness limited, as in a special meeting of Presbytery. 

6. Opening and Closing Exercises. — At the opening of every meeting, 
a sermon shall be delivered by the moderator, or his alternate, or in 
case of the absence or inability of both, by the oldest minister present, 
who shall occupy the chair till another moderator be chosen ; and every 
particular session shall be opened and closed with prayer. 

7. Records and Reports The Synod shall keep an accurate record 

of its proceedings, and submit it annually to the inspection of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, properly attested by the moderator and clerk. 

ARTICLE IV. 

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

1. The Highest Court. — The General Assembly is the highest court 
of the church. It is the great Presbytery in which the entire church is 
represented. It may be an aggregate or delegate body.* 

2. Its Memhers -The General Assembly of this church shall consist 

of an equal delegation of ministers and ruling elders from each Presby- 
tery, in the following proportion, viz : each Presbytery consisting of not 
more than seven ministers, shall be entitled to send one minister and 
one ruling elder ; each Presbytery consisting of more than seven min- 
isters, and not more than fourteen, shall be entitled to send two minis- 
ters and two ruling elders; and in a like proportion for any number of 
ministers beyond fourteen ; and delegates so appointed shall be styled 
Commissioners to tlie General Assembly. 

3. Its Duties The General Assembly shall have power to receive 

and decide all appeals, references and complaints regularly brought be- 
fore it ; to review and approve or censure the records of Synods : to re- 
solve questions of doctrine or discipline reasonably and seriously pro- 

*Acts XV. 



THE COURTS OF THE CHURCH. 23 

posed ; to warn and testify against any error in doctrine or immorality 
in practice ; to organize, unite or divide Synods; to establish and reg- 
ulate theological seminaries so as to secure uniformity in the course and 
-term of study ; to conduct the missionary operations of the church ; to 
correspond with other branches of the church ; and in general to adopt 
measures to promote truth and holiness throughout its bounds, and be a 
bond of union, peace, concord and mutual confidence. 

4. Cases of Discipline ; Special Provision — The General Assembly, 
.at its discretion, may refer appeals in cases of discipline to a commission 
invested with its own authority, or to an inferior court, for final adjudi- 
cation. 

0. Overtures. — Before any regulation affecting the doctrine, worship 
•or government of the church shall be adopted or made binding on the 
church, it shall be transmitted in overture to all the Presbyteries, and 
be approved by at least a majority of the votes of the whole church. 
These votes are to be taken in the Presbytery, each minister and ruling 
elder in the Presbytery being entitled to vote. The vote shall be taken 
yea or nay, carefully recorded, and reported by the clerk of the Pres- 
bytery to the General Assembly at its next meeting. When a clear 
majority of the votes of the whole church is in the affirmative, the 
General Assembly shall enact such regulations, unless peculiar circum- 
stances should, in the view of two-thirds of tiie whole delegation to the 
Assembly, render it inexpedient. 

6. Quorum One-third of all the delegates duly commissioned, being 

assembled at the time and place appointed, shall be a quorum for the 
transaction of business. 

7. Meeting and Constituting. — The General Assembly shall meet at 
least once every year. At the time appointed, the moderator of the last 
Assembly, or his alternate, or, in their absence, the oldest minister 
present, shall open the meeting with a sermon, constitute the Assembly, 
.and preside until a new moderator is chosen. 

8. Commissions. — Every commissioner to the General Assembly roust 
produce a commission signed by the moderator and clerk of the Pres- 
i)ytery by which he is sent; nor can he, without such commission, be 
entitled to a seat. 

9. Dissolution. — Each session of the Assembly shall be opened and 
closed with prayer; and when the business is finished, and a vote taken 
to dissolve the Assembly, the moderator shall say from the chair: " By 
virtue of authority to me delegated, I do hereby dissolve this General 
Assembly, and require another General Assembly, chosen in the same 

manner, to meet at on the day of , A. D. " 

After which he shall close the sessions by prayer, praise, and the apos- 
tolic benediction. 

ARTICLE V. 

THE OFFICERS OF COURTS. 

1. Their Names Every court of the church must have a moderator, 

Si clerk and a treasurer. 

2. Moderator The pastor of the congregation is the standing mod- 

•erator of its Session. The moderator of the Presbytery shall be chosen 



24 GOVEKNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

for a year or for a shorter period, as the Presbytery may judge best^ 
The moderator of the Synod and of the General Assembly shall be 
chosen at each meeting of these courts. The moderator possesses, by 
delegation from the whole body, all authority necessary for preserving 
good order, for constituting and adjourning the court, and for directing- 
its proceedings according to the rules of the church. 

3. Clerk The clerk may be either a member of the court or not, as 

shall be deemed expedient: he shall continue in office during its pleas- 
ure, and shall perform all such duties as are enjoined upon the clerk by 
the rules of the court. 

4. Treasurer. — The treasurer may also be either a member of the 
court or not, as shall be deemed expedient, and shall continue in office 
during its pleasure. He shall perform all such duties as are enjoined, 
upon him by the rules of the court. 



PAET n. 
GENEEAL ADMINISTEATION. 



CHAPTER I. 

THE ORGANIZATION OF CONGREGATIONS. 

1 . Congregations. — A congregation is a society of individuals, agree- 
ing in their religious views, and associated for the support and enjoy- 
ment of divine ordinances, with some of them chosen and ordained to 
bear office and manage their affairs in a regular and orderly way. 

2. New Congregations. — "When a congregation becomes too numerous 
to meet conveniently in one place for public worship, or when, for any 
other reason, it would yiromote the general interests of the church to 
organize a new congregation, the persons so judging shall make applica- 
tion to the Presbytery within whose bounds they reside, setting forth 
the necessity or propriety of such organization. Whenever application 
for this purpose is made, notice shall be given by the Presbytery to the 
Session of the congregation that may be affected by the new organiza- 
tion, before the petition is granted. 

3. Organization If, after hearing the reasons, the Presbytery de- 
termines to grant the application, it shall appoint a minister and two 
ruling elders, if practicable, to carry the object into effect ; and they, 
having given due notice to the persons who are to compose the new con- 
gregation, of the time and place of meeting for said purpose, shall, 
after the usual exercises of public worship, proceed to hold an election 
for the proper officers. 

4. Organization, when the Applicants are Members — "When the per- 
sons who are to compose the new congregation are already members of 
the church in full communion, the election of officers, whether ruling 
elders or deacons, shall be conducted as in congregations already organ- 
ized. 

5. When not Members. — But when the applicants are not in commu- 
nion, or are too few to afford an opportunity of making a suitable elec- 
tion, the minister appointed shall first converse with all who propose to 
unite in forming the congregation ; and being satisfied with their reli- 
gious attainments and character, he shall, on the day appointed for the 
organization, publicly receive them by proposing the questions herein- 
after prescribed in Chap. II., Sec. 6. The election shall then be con- 
ducted in the prescribed way. 

(25) 



26 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

6. Ordination of Officers When the election is over, the minister 

shall announce to the congregation the names of the persons duly 
elected; and on their agreeing to accept tlie office, and having been 
examined bv him as to their qualifications for, and their views in under- 
taking it, a day shall be appointed for their ordination, the edict served, 
and the ordination conducted as in other congregations. 

7. Report to Presbytery The presiding minister shall report to the 

Presbytery his procedure in the case, with the names of the officers who 
liave been chosen and ordained. And these, with the name of the con- 
gregation, shall be entered on tiie Presbytery's li.st. 

CHAPTER II. 

THE ADMISSION OF CHURCH MEMBERS. 

1. Necessity of Care The peace, unity, purity and prosperity of the 

church depend, in a great measure, on the character of its members, 
and the greatest care should be exercised by its officers in the admission 
of persons to its communion. 

2. Admitted hy Session. — In organized congregations none are to be 
admitted to membership, but by the Session constituted. 

3. Mode of Application. — Persons who desire admission to the fellow- 
ship of the church should intimate their desire to the pastor or officiat- 
ing minister, or to an elder, who shall converse with them in relation to 
the profession and practice required by the word of God, and the subor- 
dinate standards of the church, and shall examine them on their relig- 
ious knowledge and experience; and it shall be the duty of the minister 
to give at all times an opportunity for religious conversation. 

4. Examination hy the Session The minister or elder shall then 

report without delay the names of applicants, and the result of their 
examination, to the Session, that there may be time to inquire into 
their character and conversation. If any of the applicants cannot be 
attested by some member of the Session, it will be the duty of the Ses- 
sion to require of them some satisfactory testimonials of good moral 
character; and such further examination shall then be had, as the Ses- 
sion may judge necessary, to determine their right to membership as 
communicants. 

5. Special Cases The same regulation shall be observed with re- 
spect to applications from persons of other denominations, and members 
who have been more than a year absent, and do not produce satisfactory 
testimonials, or who have been debarred, by a judicial sentence, from 
the communion of the church, and are desirous of re-admission. 

6. Manner of Admission Having satisfied the Session respecting 

their knowledge, principles, motives and character, applicants shall be 
received, on answering affirmatively the following formula of questions, 
in presence of the Session alone, or, which is earnestly recommended, 
in presence of the congregation, viz. : 

I. Do you believe the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments to 
be the word of God, the infallible and only rule of faith and practice? 

II. Do you profess your adherence to the doctrines received by this 
church as set forth in the Confession of Faith, Catechisms, Larger and 
Shorter, and Declarations of the Testimony ; and do you approve of the 



STUDENTS OF THEOLOGY. 27 

Form of Government and Directory for Worship adopted by this church, 
so far as you have been enabled to understand them, as agreeable to and 
founded on the word of God ? 

III. Do you profess your faith in the Lord Jesus Christ ; your accept- 
ance of him as your Saviour, and your resolution, through grace, to 
continue in the faith ; to be subject to the order and discipline of God's 
house ; to be diligent in your attendance upon divine ordinances, both 
teaching and sealing, according to your profession ; on secret prayer ; 
on family worship, morning and evening, unless providentially hin- 
dered ; and in the performance of all other duties incumbent on you, 
whatever station you may occupy in life ; that you will study to promote 
the peace, purity and prosperity of this congregation, while you remain 
a member thereof; and that you will make conscience of promoting thf» 
cause of Christ and his truth, as by other means, so especially by a 
holy and godly conversation ? 

IV. Do you make this profession as in the presence of God, in reli- 
ance on his grace, and as you desire to give in your account with joy at 
the great day ? 

7. Exhortation — After proposing these questions, the moderator shall 
address a word of exhortation to the newly-admitted members, setting 
before them the importance of the relation into which they have en- 
tered, and their obligation to live holy lives. 

CHAPTER III. 

DISMISSION OF MEMBERS. 

1. Testimonials. — The good order of the church requires that mem- 
bers removing from one congregation to another shall produce satisfac- 
tory testimonials of Christian character and good standing in the church. 

2. Who Entitled to Them Any member in good standing in the 

church is entitled to a certificate of dismission from the congregation to 
which he belongs. 

3. Special Cases Members removing from the bounds of a congre- 
gation, and neglecting to apply for a certificate at the time, are, as a 
general rule, to be certified only up to the time of their removal. 

4. Limitation of Time — No certificate of church membership shall be 
considered valid, if it is more than one year old, except in cases where 
there has been no opportunity of presenting it. 

CHAPTER IV. 

STUDENTS OF THEOLOGY. 

1. Receiving and Training Students As an able and godly ministry 

is of the utmost importance to the church. Presbyteries should exercise 
the greatest care in receiving and training young men for this office. 

2. Qualifications Students of theology should be of good moral 

character and unexceptionable standing in the church ; they should 
give evidence of a saving acquaintance with divine things, and manifest 
an intelligent attachment to the principles of their profession, and 
should possess such talents and attainments as will fit them to prosecute, 



28 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

with advantage, theological studies, and give promise of public useful- 
ness. 

3. Under the Care of Presbytery — Every student of theology shall 
place himself under the care of some Presbytery, and be subject to its 
authority. If at any time he is in the bounds of another Presbytery, it 
shall exercise due care over him, and, if need be, report any matter in 
relation to his deportment to his proper Presbytery. 

CHAPTER V. 

PROBATIONERS. 

1. Necessity of Probation — The Holy Scriptures require that trial be 
made of those who are to be ordained to the gospel ministry, that this 
sacred office be not committed to weak and unworthy men ; and it is 
right that the churches should have opportunity to judge of the qualifi- 
cations of those by whom they are to be instructed and governed. To 
this end. Presbyteries sliall license probationers to preach the gospel, 
who, after a competent trial of their gifts, and a good report from the 
churches, may be ordained to the sacred office.* 

2. When Admitted to License — In ordinary cases, no student of the- 
ology shall be admitted to trials for license until he has completed a 
course of theological study of two full yeai's, after the time of his admis- 
sion by the Presbytery, and produced testimonials of good conduct and 
proficiency in his studies, and he shall be required to spend a third ses- 
sion at the Seminary. 

3. Examination and Trials — The Presbytery shall examine each 
candidate for the ministry as to his knowledge of the Latin, Greek and 
Hebrew languages, of the ordinary branches of literature and science, 
of theology, natural and revealed, ecclesiastical history and church gov- 
ernment (unless otherwise satisfied of his attainments in these several 
branches), the distinguishing principles of our religious profession, and 
specially of his personal piety and his motives in desiring the office of 
the gospel ministry. And to make trials of his talents to explain, vin- 
dicate and practically enforce the doctrines of the gospel, the Presbytery 
shall require him to deliver before them the following exercises, viz.: 

1. A Critical Exercise. 

2. A Homily. 

3. A Lecture. 

4. A Popular Sermon. 

4. Specimens of Progress In addition to these, it is expedient that 

specimens of progress be delivered from time to time during his theolog- 
ical course. 

5. Mode of License The Presbytery being satisfied with the exami- 
nation and trials of the candidate, and having sustained them, and de- 
cided to license him, the moderator shall propose to him the prescribed 
formula of questions (see Chap. VI., Art. II.), except such as necessar- 
ily imply investiture with office; and if these questions are satisfactorily 
answered, he shall proceed to license him in the name of the Lord Jesus 
Christ to preach the everlasting gospel, as a probationer for the holy 

*1 Tim. iii. 6 ; 2 Tim. ii. 2 ; 3 John 12. 



THE ELECTION, ORDINATION, ETC., OF PASTORS. 29 

ministry. It is proper that the moderator accompany the act of licen- 
sure with a suitable word of exhortation. 

6. Certificate — A certificate of licensure, signed by the moderator 
and clerk of the Presbytery, shall be given to probationers. 

7. Subject to Presbytery. — All probationers shall be under the direc- 
tion and fulfill the appointments of the Presbytery to which they be- 
long, or into whose bounds they may be regularly sent. 

8. Limitation of Time — Probationers shall be licensed for three 
years; if not ordained at the end of this time, the license may, at the 
discretion of the Presbytery, be renewed for two years more; if not 
ordained at the end of this time, it may be renewed for one year more; 
if at the end of this time their services do not appear to be edifying to 
the church, the Presbytery should recall their license. 

CHAPTER VI. 

THE ELECTION, ORDINATION, ETC., OF PASTORS. 

Though the authority by which the officers of the church hold their 
respective offices is conferred through ordination, their right to exercise 
their office statedly in any congregation depends on their election by 
the people. 

ARTICLE I. 



1. Preparatory Steps — When a congregation desires a pastor, the 
elders shall convene the members, that they may petition the Presby- 
tery under whose inspection they are, for the appointment of a member 
of Presbytery to preside in the moderation of a call. They shall also, 
at the same time, appoint one or more of their own number to present 
their petition, and give such information in relation to the condition 
and prospects of the congregation, and the support which they intend to 
give their pastor, as the Presbytery may require. 

2. Time of Election — If the moderation is granted, the Presbytery 
Bhall appoint one of its own number to preach on a week-day, as soon 
as convenient, in the usual place of worship of the said congregation, 
and to moderate in a call. But if, from any unexpected circumstance, 
a large number of the people have been prevented from attending on the 
appointed day, the minister may defer the election another week, with' 
out a new order from Presbytery. 

3. Moderation — On the day appointed, at the close of public worship, 
the minister shall state the object of the meeting, read a blank call in 
the hearing of the congregation, and, after prayer for divine direction, 
call for the nomination of a candidate; then, having twice distinctly 
announced the name of the nominee, he shall call upon all who favor the 
nomination to hold up their right hands, and after-wards all who oppose 
it. If there is more than one candidate, the presiding minister shall 
take the vote by ballot. 

4. Electors and Elected. — None are entitled to vote in the election of 
a pastor but such as are in full communion at the time of the election ; 
and no candidate shall be considered as elected who has not a majority 
of all the votes. 



30 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

5. Call Signed and Transmitted — After the election, the result shall 
be announced, the blank in the call filled, and the electors requested to 
come forward and sign the call. It shall be signed, first by the elders 
and deacons, and then by the members. Ordinary hearers, though not 
entitled to vote, may sign the call as adherents. The call thus sub- 
scribed, when attested by the presiding minister, shall be transmitted to 
the Presbytery by a commissioner or commissioners duly appointed. 

6. When there is Opposition. — If a minority is opposed to the candi- 
date-elect, the moderator shall endeavor to persuade them to acquiesce 
in the choice of their brethren. But if this minority is large, and stead- 
ily refuses to acquiesce, he shall report the facts to the Presbytery, that 
it may judge what is best for the interests and peace of the congregation. 

7. Call Sustained ; Interested Presbyteries. — The call must be sus- 
tained as regular by the Presbytery before presentation to the candidate; 
and when it is known or believed that any other Presbytery is concerned 
in the matter, information shall be given to that Presbytery before the 
presentation. 

8. By Whom Presented. — No minister or probationer shall receive a 
call, except through the Presbytery to which he belongs. When a call 
is presented and accepted, the way is open to ordination and installation. 

ARTICLE II. 

ORDINATION AND INSTALLATION. 

1. Trials and Examination. — When a call has been accepted by a 
probationer, the Presbytery shall put him on trial for ordination. He 
shall be required to deliver at least two public discourses — a lecture and 
a popular sermon; and shall be examined (as far as Presbytery may 
deem it necessary) on personal religion, theology, natural and revealed, 
the original languages of the Holy Scriptures, ecclesiastical history and 
church government, pastoral duties, and the distinctive principles of this 
church. 

2. Edict The trials having been approved by the Presbytery, it 

shall appoint a day for the ordination of the candidate; and shall also 
cause an edict to be read to the congregation, at least ten days before 
the day of ordination, purporting that "the Presbytery having received 
a call for Mr. A. B., preacher of the gospel, to be their pastor, and find- 
ing nothing to hinder his settlement among them, will ordain and install 
him accordingly, if no valid objection be seasonably offered." 

3. Edict Returned; Objections. — The Presbytery having met at the 
time specified in the " edict," the person appointed to serve it, or, in his 
absence, one of the Session, shall return it certified that it has been duly 
served. The Presbytery shall then make proclamation in the church 
that it is now assembled and ready to hear any objections to the life and 
doctrine of the candidate. If no objections are made, the Presbytery 
shall proceed with the ordination ; but if any are made, the Presbytery 
shall carefully consider them, and shall either sustain or overrule them, 
as their nature and proof may render necessary. 

4. Fast Day — On the day of ordination it may be expedient that a 
solemn fast be observed in the congregation, that its members may more 
earnestly join in public prayer for the Lord's blessing on his ordinances, 



THE ELECTION, ORDINATION, ETC., OF PASTORS. 31 

and on the labors of his servant to whom the administration of these 
among them is about to be committed. 

5. Sermon ; Narrative. — If no valid objection to the ordination is 
offered, a member of Presbytery, previously appointed, shall preach a 
sermon adapted to the occasion. Then the member appointed to pre- 
side shall briefly narrate the proceedings of the Presbytery preparatory 
to this transaction, and request the candidate to present himself. The 
following questions shall then be proposed to him : 

{Questions for Ministers.) — i. Do you believe the Holy Scriptures of 
the Old and New Testaments to be the word of the living God, the in- 
fallible and only rule of faith and practice? 

II. Do you believe and acknowledge the doctrines professed by this 
church, contained in the Confession of Faith, Catechisms, Larger and 
Shorter, and the Declarations of the Testimony, as agreeable to, and 
founded on, the word of God; and are you resolved, through divine 
grace, to maintain and adhere to the same against all opposing errors? 

III. Do you approve the Presbyterial Form of Church Government 
and the Directory for Worship, received by this church, as agreeable to, 
and founded on, the word of God, and are you resolved, by the grace of 
God, to maintain and defend them ? 

IV. Do you promise to submit, in the spirit of meekness, to the ad- 
monitions of the brethren of this Presbytery, in subordination to the 
Synod and General Assembly ; and do you promise to maintain the 
unity of the spirit in the bond of peace, and that you will not follow 
divisive courses, either by complying with the defections of the times, or 
giving yourself up to a detestable neutrality in the cause of God ? 

v. Are not zeal for the glory of God, love to the Lord Jesus, and a 
desire to be useful in edifying the church of Christ, the chief motives 
which induce you to seek the ministerial office, and the pastoral care of 
this congregation? 

Ti. Have you used any improper means to procure your call to the 
office of pastor in this congregation? 

VII. Do you promise, through grace, to perform all the duties incum- 
bent on you with zeal and fidelity, following after righteousness, faith, 
charity ? 

VIII. Are you now willing to take charge, of this congregation agree- 
ably to your declaration at accepting its call ; and do you promise to 
perform all the duties of a pastor, to preach the gospel, not with entic- 
ing words of man's wisdom, but in purity and simplicity, not shunning 
to declare the whole counsel of God ; to catechise and exhort from 

.house to house ; to visit the sick, and to perform whatever other duties 
are incumbent on you as a faithful minister of Christ, for the convinc- 
ing and reclaiming of sinners, and for building up saints in their most 
holy faith ? 

IX. Do you make these promises as in the presence of God, in reli- 
ance on his grace, and as you would desire to give in your account with 
joy at the great day of the Redeemer's appearance, when he shall come, 
and all his saints with him, to judge the quick and the dead? 

6. Satisfactory answers having been given to these questions, the 
presiding minister shall propose to the people the following questions, 
viz. : 



32 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

{Questions for the People.^ — i. Do you, the people of this congrega- 
tion, still profess your readiness to receive Mr. A. B., whom you have 
called to be your pastor ? 

II. Do you promise to receive the word, of truth from his mouth with 
meekness and love ; and to submit to him in the due exercise of his 
authority ? 

III. Do you promise to encourage him in his labors for your instruc- 
tion and edification ; and do you engage to give him, while he is your 
pastor, a competent worldly support, and whatever else you see to be 
needful for the honor of religion, and his comfort among you ? 

7. Ordination Ceremony Tlie people having answered these ques- 
tions in the affirmative by holding up their right hands, the candidate 
shall kneel. Then the presiding minister shall, by prayer, and the lay- 
ing on of the hands of the Presbytery, solemnly ordain him to the office 
of the holy ministry.* After prayer, the presiding minister first, arid 
the other members in order, shall take him by the right hand, saying, 
" We give you the right hand of fellowship, to take part of this minis- 
try with us."t An appropriate charge shall then be delivered to both 
pastor and people. After prayer, praise and the benediction, the con- 
gregation shall be invited to come forward, and, in token of their regard, 
to take their pastor by the hand. 

8. Ordination Without Installation — There may be emergencies in 
which it is desirable and necessary that a licentiate be ordained to the 
gospel ministry without a pastoral charge ; in such cases the questions 
of the formula having reference to a pastoral charge must be modified 
according to the circumstances. 

9. Installation of Ministers Previously Ordained — Installation, which 
is the establishment of the relation between a pastor and his congrega- 
tion, shall always accompany ordination when a call has been accepted. 
Installation may, in case of a minister previously ordained, be per- 
formed by the Presbytery, or a committee appointed for that purpose, 
in the following manner, viz. : A day shall be appointed for the instal- 
lation, and due notice shall be given to the congregation. The Presby- 
tery or committee, having met on the day appointed, shall proceed as 
in the case of ordination and installation. The member who pre- 
sides shall then propose to the minister to be installed, the sixth, seventh, 
eighth and ninth questions of the formula for ministers at their ordina- 
tion, together with the following : '' And all this you promise in agree- 
ableness to your ordination engagements, and in humble reliance upon 
divine grace ? " Having received satisfactory answers to all these, he 
shall propose to the people the questions prescribed in Section 6 of this 
Article ; which having been answered in the affirmative by holding up 
the right hand, he shall solemnly declare said minister to be regularly 
constituted pastor of that congregation. A charge shall then be given 
to both parties ; and after prayer, praise and the benediction, the mem- 
bers of the congregation shall come forward and give their pastor the 
right hand in token of their cordial reception and affectionate regard. 

* Acts xiii. 2, 3 ; 1 Tim. iv. 14. f Gal. ii. 9 ; Acts i. 25 ; 2 Tim. iv. 1, 2. 



THE ELECTION, ORDINATION, ETC., OF PASTORS. 33 

ARTICLE III. 

TRANSLATION. 

1. Propriety of Translation. — As a minister of the gospel is by his 
office related to the whole cliurch, he may, for sufficient reasons, be re- 
moved from one pastoral charge to anotlier, but not without his own 
consent. 

2. By the Authority of Presbytery. — No minister shall be translated 
from one charge to another, nor shall a call for that purpose be pre- 
sented to him, but by the authority of the Presbytery of which he is a 
member. 

3. Caution Necessary — The important interests that are involved in 
the translation of ministers, and the danger of creating jealousies and 
dissensions, by which tiie peace and comfort of congregations may be 
disturbed, render it obligatory on Presbyteries to j)roceed with great 
caution. 

4. Manner of Call. — A call for a settled minister shall be prepared 
and prosecuted in the same manner as one for a probationer or minister 
without cliarge. 

5. Manner of Translation, when the Minister and Congregation belong to 
the same Presbyhery — Before presenting a call to a minister who is pastor 
of another congregation, the Presbytery shall require the congregation 
calling, by commissioners, to represent to the Presbytery tlie grounds on 
which his translation is asked. Presbytery shall also cite the congre- 
gation whose minister is called, to appear at its next meeting, to show 
cause, by commissioners or in writing, why the call should not be pre- 
sented, and the translation take place. This citation shall be read from 
the pulpit of that church, immediately after public worship, at least two 
weeks before the meeting of Presbytery at which the matter is to be 
heard. If the congregation sends no representation, by commissioners 
or otherwise, against the removal of its pastor, and if the Presbytery is 
satisfied with the reasons assigned for the proposed translation, it shall 
forthwith present the call ; and if accepted, it shall dissolve tlie pastoral 
relation already existing, and translate the candidate to the otlier con- 
gregation. Tlie day of his installation shall be fixed, and a person ap- 
pointed to serve the edict. But if the congregation whose pastor is 
called oppose the removal, tiie Presbytery shall hear the parties, aud 
after careful and serious deliberation, either continue him in his present 
charge or translate him, as may be deemed most for the edification of 
the church ; or it may refer the whole matter to the Synod for advice. 

6. When they Belong to Different Presbyteries — When the minister 
called and the congregation calling belong to different Presbyteries, the 
Presbytery which has sustained the call shall transmit it, togetlier with 
a statement of the grounds on which his translation is asked, to the 
Presbytery of which he is a member, that it may be presented ; or it 
may authorize the congregation to prosecute the call by commissioners 
before that Presbytery, and that Presbytery, having cited him and his 
congregation, shall proceed to hear and issue the case, as before directed. 
If it agrees to his translation, it shall release him from his charge, and 
give him proper testimonials to the Presbytery within whose bounds the 
congregation calling lies. This Presbytery, having received a certificate 

3 



34 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

of his release, shall proceed to install him in his new charge, as soon a& 
practicable. 

7. Reasons for Translation — The Presbytery shall always enter upon 
its minutes the reasons for translating a minister, and when that act is 
likely to give much dissatisfaction to his people, a copy of these reasons 
shall be sent to them by their commissioners. 

ARTICLE IV. 

DISSOLUTION. 

1. Authority of Presbytery Necessary — As the authority of Presby- 
tery is necessary to the formation of the pastoral relation, so it shall be 
to its dissolution. 

2. Applications and Reasons for Dissolution. — When circumstances 
arise, which seem to render a dissolution of the pastoral relation neces- 
sary, application to this end may be made either by tlie pastor or peo- 
ple, or by both united, and it shall in all cases be accompanied with a 
statement of the reasons for which it is urged. 

3. Application by Pastor or Congregation — If the application is made 
by the pastor, the congregation shall be cited to appear, as in the case 
of translation ; and if the application is from the congregation, the pas- 
tor shall be cited to appear, and show cause why the application should 
not be granted. As this is a matter important in its nature and conse- 
quences, the Presbytery shall give it the careful and serious delibera- 
tion prescribed in the matter of translation from one charge to another. 

4. If the Application is Granted If, upon due consideration of the 

case, the Presbytery shall judge it for editication to grant the petition,, 
the congregation shall be declared vacant, and the minister who has 
thus been released shall remain subject to the orders of the Presbytery. 

CHAPTER VII. 

THE ELECTION, OKDTNATION, ETC., OF ELDERS AND DEACONS. 
ARTICLE I. 

KLECTION. 

1. When Necessary In organized congregations, it is the province of 

the existing Session to judge when an election of additional elders may 
be necessary, and of the Session and deacons to judge when an election 
of deacons may be necessary, and to proceed to such election without 
any application to the Presbytery. 

2. Previous Notice When an election of ruling elders or deacons in 

any congregation has been appointed, notice shall be given at least ten 
days previously, that the people may consult among themselves and fix 
upon some suitable persons. 

3. Nominations. — On the day appointed for the election, which shall 
be some week-day, days of fasting and thanksgiving excepted, after the 
close of public worship, the moderator shall state the object of the meet- 
ing, and after prayer for divine direction, if the Session has previously 
agreed upon suitable persons, shall nominate them to the congregation ; 
yet this shall not preclude the nomination of others by any member or 
the congregation. 



KLECTION, ORDINATION, ETC., OF ELDERS AND DEACONS. 35 

4. Eligible to Office; Voters — In such election, none shall be eligible 
to office but male members, and none are entitled to vote but members 
in full communion in the congregation at the time of the election. 

5. Manner of Election — Nominations having been made, the vote 
shall be taken. It may be taken either with the uplifted hand, or in 
such manner as the Session may approve, care being taken that it be a 
fair and unbiased expression of the will of the people; and no person 
shall be considered as elected, unless he has a majority of the whole 
number of votes. 

6. Result of Election. — The result of the election shall be publicly 
announced by the moderator, and if it is in a vacant congregation, he 
shall make report of it to the Presbytery, as in the case of organization. 

ARTICLE II. 

ORDINATION AND INSTALLATION. 

1. Examination. — Before the ordination of ruling elders and deacons» 
the Session shall meet to examine the persons elect as to their accept- 
ance of the office, their views in undertaking it, and their qualifications 
for it. 

2. Previous Notice. — The persons elected having been approved, and 
haying declared their willingness to accept the office, a day shall be ap- 
pointed for their ordination, and at least ten days' notice shall be given 
to the congregation. 

3. Edict. — The public notice of such an appointment shall be ac- 
companied with the serving of an edict, which is a public intimation 
that if any person has anything to object against the faith or conversa- 
tion of any of the officers elect, such objection shall be given in by a 
specified time, otherwise the ordination shall take place. 

4. ne Ceremony of Ordination. — If no valid objection is offered, the 
presiding minister shall, after sermon, briefly narrate the proceedings 
already had, and the candidates for ordination presenting themselves 
before the congregation, he shall propose to them the following ques- 
tions : 

I. Do you believe the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testa- 
ments to be the word of the living God, the infallible and only rule of 
faith and practice ? 

II. Do you believe and acknowledge the doctrines professed by this 
church, contained in the Confession of Faith, Catechisms, Larger and 
Shorter, and the Declarations of the Testimony, as agreeable to, and 
founded on, the word of God ; and are you resolved, through divine 
grace, to maintain and adhere to the same against all opposing errors? 

III. Do you approve the Presbyterial Form of Church Government 
and the Directory for Worship, received by this church, as agreeable to, 
and founded on, the word of God ; and are you resolved, by the grace 
of God, to maintain and defend them ? 

iv. Do you promise to submit, in the spirit of meekness, to the ad- 
monitions of the brethren of this Session, in subordination to the Pres- 
bytery, Synod and General Assembly ; and do you promise to maintain 
the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace, that you will not follow di- 
visive courses, either by complying with the defections of the times, or 
giving yourself up to a detestable neutrality in the cause of God ? 



36 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

V. Are not zeal for the glory of God, love to the Lord Jesus, and a 
desire to be useful in edifying the church of Christ, the chief motives 
which induce you to accept the otfice of ruling elder [or deacon] in this 
congregation ? 

VI. Have you used any improper means to procure your call to 
the office of ruling elder [or deacon] in this congregation ? 

VII. Do you promise, through grace, to perform all the duties incum- 
bent on you with zeal and fidelity, following after righteousness, faith, 
charity ? 

VIII. (^For Ruling Elders.) — Do you now accept the call to the office 
of ruling elder in this congregation, agreeably to your former declaration ; 
and do you promise, through grace, diligently to discharge the duties of 
that office, to be faithful and impartial in the exercise of discipline, and 
to be punctual in attending the meetings of Session, and superior judica- 
tories, as you may be required ? 

IX. {For Deacons.) — Do you now accept the call to the office of 
deacon in this congregation, agreeably to your declaration ; and do you 
promise to attend to the wants of the poor with Christian meekness and 
tenderness, and to manage all such temporalities of the church as may 
be committed to your care with diligence and fidelity, according to the 
concurrent advice and directions of the Session ? 

X. {For Elders and Deacons.) — Do you make these promises as in the 
presence of God, in reliance on his grace, and as you would desire to 
give in your account with joy at the great day of the Redeemer's ap- 
pearance, when he shall come, and all his saints with him, to judge the 
quick and the dead ? 

These being satisfactorily answered, he shall propose to the members 
of the congregation the following questions : 

Do you, the members of this congregation, adhere to your choice of, 
and receive this brother as a ruling elder [or deacon] ; and do you 
promise to yield him all that honor, encouragement and obedience, in 
the Lord, to which his office entitles him? The members of the con- 
gregation having answered this question in the affirmative, by holding 
up their right hands, the moderator shall proceed to set apart the candi- 
didates by prayer and the laying on of the hands of the Session. After 
prayer he shall exhort both officers and people to their respective duties. 

5. Recognition of the New Officers. — At the close of the service it is 
proper that the officers of the congregation, in presence of the peo- 
ple, take the newly ordained officers by the hand, saying, " We give 
unto you the right hand of fellowship, to take part of this office with 
us." And before the Session adjourns, a record of the ordination shall 
be inserted in the minutes. 

6. Officers Removing to Another Congregation — An elder or deacon 
removing from his own into another congregation, and presenting satis- 
factory testimonials of his personal and official conduct, may, if approved 
by the Session, and duly elected by the congregation, be installed as an 
^Ider or deacon without a new ordination. 

7. Reported to Presbytery. — A list of officers in every congregation, 
•with the time of their ordination, is to be given by the minister to the 
Presbytery. 



V. 



PART III. 
DISCIPLINE. 

CHAPTER I. 

GENERAL PRINCIPLES. 

1. Definition. — Discipline is the exercise of that authority with 
■which the Lord Jesus Christ has clothed the officers of his church to 
deal with offenders according to the laws which he has given in his 
word.* 

2. Necessity and Objects — Discipline is necessary, because in the im- 
perfect and mingled slate of the visible church, disorders will arise, not 
only among carnal professors, but also from remaining corruption 
among the truly gracious.f Its object is to vindicate the honor and 
authority of Jesus Christ, J to maintain the purity of his ordinances and 
of his truth, § to avert judgments which are threatened on account of 
offenses connived at,|| to preserve the cause of God for posterity,^ to 
reclaim offenders,** to warn others that they may fear, ft and, in gen- 
eral, to preserve and promote the purity, peace and edification of the 
church. 

3. Ground of Discipline An offence is any thing in the avowed be- 
lief or in the practice of a church member which is contrary to the 
word of God and the standards of the church, or which in its nature 
and circumstances is calculated to lead others into sin.+J 

4. Necessity of Fidelity and Wisdom, — Discipline recjuires, in the 
office-bearers of the church, not only fidelity and firmness, but also ten- 
derness and moderation, wisdom an"d discrimination. Scandals of the 
same kind cannot always be treated in the same manner, in consequence 
of the different circumstances that may attend them, rendering them 
more or less offensive. §§ 

5. Baptized Members. — All baptized persons, being members of the 
church, are under its care, and subject to its authority and discipline, 
and, having attained the years of discretion, are bound to perform all 
the duties of church members. 

*Acts zv. 25-29; Rev. ii. 2, 3. || Rev. ii. 5-16. J J Rom. xiv. 13, 20, 21 ; 

■ fMatt. xviil. 7, 15-17. 1[ Ps. Ixxviii. 5-8. Rev. ii. 14. 

J Ezek. xxii. 26 ; xliv. 6-8. ** 1 Cor. v. 5. §? 1 Tim. i. 20 ; Gal. v. 12 ; 

I Rev. ii. 2, 3. tt 1 Tim. v. 20. Jude 22, 23. 

(37) 



38 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

CHAPTER IT. 

OFFENCES. 

1. Different Kinds Oflfences are either personal or general, and may 

be either private or public ; and the procedure will vary in some re- 
spects, in reference to these several classes. 

2. Personal; General A personal offence is a violation of the divine 

law, considered in the character of a wrong or injury done to an indi- 
vidual, or to individuals. A general offience is any heresy or immorality 
having no personal relation, or apart from it. 

3. Private; Public Private offences are such as are known only to 

an individual, or, at most, to a few persons. Public offences are such 
as are generally known, or are known to many persons. 

CHAPTER III. 

THE PARTIES IN CASES OF PROCESS. 

1. Personal Offences In cases of personal offences, the injured 

party, whether tiie offence be public or private, must use the means 
prescribed by our Lord* for bringing the offender to a sense of his 
error, and effecting a reconciliation, before he can be admitted as a 
prosecutor. Failure to comply with our Lord's direction, by any one 
lodging information against another, is itself an offence subjecting the 
informer to censure. As, however, the interests of religion may re- 
quire a judicial investigation of a personal offence as general, the settle- 
ment of the matter between the parties shall not preclude a church court 
from investigating it. 

2. Private Offences. — In all cases of private offences, he to whom 
they are known is bound to use the above named private means for the 
removal of the scandal, and no one can be admitted as an accuser who 
has not complied with this rule. "Where a private offence is known only 
to an individual, and is therefore not susceptible of legal proof, it is, 
after serious and close dealing, to be left between God and the offender's 
conscience. 

3. General Offences. — General offences mfiy be brought before a 
court either by an individual ap])earing as an accuser, and undertaking 
to substantiate the charge ; or by information, where the informer de- 
clines to appear as a prosecutor ; or by common fame. 

4. Prosecutions by Common Fame In prosecutions by common fame, 

the previous steps required by our Lord in relation to personal offences, 
are not necessary ; yet circumstances may be such as to render it proper 
for the court to appoint a committee of inquiry, in order to ascertain 
whether the case is* such as requires judicial investigation and can be 
prosecuted to conviction, and also to converse with the offender, and 
endeavor to bring him to a sense of his sin, without actual process. 

5. Caution Necessary Taking up charges on the ground of common 

fame, requires caution and prudence on the part of the court, inasmuch 
as it is not every report that amounts to this. It must first be deter- 



* Matt, xviii. 15-17. 



ACTUAL PROCESS. 39 

•mined that a common fame really exists ; and no rumor is to be re- 
garded as such, unless it specifies some particular sin or sins, and is 
general, or widely spread, not transient, but permanent, is generally 
believed, and accompanied with a strong presumption of truth. 

6. Rumors As, however, a rumor may exist, not amounting to com- 
mon fame, affecting the character of an individual, the person affected 
thereby may request a judical investigation for his own vindication, and 
it may be proper for the court to grant the request. 

7. Informer. — In cases taken up on information, the name of the in- 
former may be withheld at the discretion of the court ; but if the inno- 
cence of the party accused is clearly made out, the court shall inquire 
whether the informer acted through malice, or imprudence, or other- 
wise, and deal with him accordingly. 

8. Prosecutor In all cases of process on the ground of common fame, 

or by information, where the informer refuses to appear, the court may 
-appoint one of its members to act as prosecutor in the management of 
the case. A Session may appoint any person under its jurisdiction. 

9. Form of Charges ; Libel; Complaint. — All charges must be drawn 
up in the form of libel or complaint. A libel is a written charge pre- 
ferred against an individual or individuals, in argumentative form. It 
first specifies the offence as censurable, and cites authorities from Scrip- 
ture and the standards of the church to prove this; then charges the 
offence in point of fact on the accused by name, including the names of 
witnesses, and, as far as practicable, a specification of time and place, 
and concludes with the inference that he ought to be censured. A com- 
plaint differs from this in omitting the first part ; in other respects it is 
the same, and, as the relevancy of the charge must be determined by 
the court, the latter form is sufficient in all ordinary cases. 

10. Parties The original and only parties to a trial are the accuser 

and the accused ; and in cases where the court appoints the. accuser, he 
shall exercise all the rights of an original party. These parties shall be 
known in the appellate courts as the appellant and appellee. 

11. Responsibility of an Accuser. — In receiving the charges, no per- 
son can be admitted as an accuser who is known to indulge an evil 
spirit toward the accused, is not of good fame, is under process or cen- 
sure ; and great caution should be exercised where the accuser is rash, 
litigious or imprudent. Persons who appear as accusers, or who under- 
take to substantiate a charge, shall be held subject to censure if they 
fail in proof, unless it appears that there were strong presumptions of 
the guilt of the accused. 

CHAPTER IV. 

ACTUAL PROCESS. 

1. Charge Tabled and Citations Issued.— When all other means of re- 
moving an offence have failed, the court shall judicially take it into 
consideration. At the first meeting of the court, when a libel or com- 
plaiHt has been tabled, no further proceedings shall be had, unless by 
•consent of parties, than to furnish the accused with a copy of the libel 
■or complaint and a list of the witnesses annexed, and to cite all con- 
cerned to appear at its next meeting. Notice shall be given to the 



40 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

parties and witnesses at least ten days before the meeting; but if the 
parties are present when the charge is received, and the time and place 
of trial appointed, that shall be held as sufficient citation and notifica- 
tion. 

2. When the Accused is Absent. — If the accused party is absent when 
the charge is received and trial appointed, a citation with notification 
of time and place of trial, and a list of witnesses, shall be put into hia 
hands, or left at the usual place of his residence, by some suitable per- 
son appointed for the purpose. Citations shall also be issued to such 
witnesses as the accused shall name, who are members of the churcli, ta 
appear on his behalf. Other persons can only be requested to attend. 
All citations shall be signed in the name of the court by the clerk, and 
by the moderator, if convenient. 

3. Charges Must be Specific. — In drawing up charges, that justice 
may be done, it is important that times, places and circumstances should 
be particularly stated ; and every libel or complaint, except those 
founded on common fame, must be thus specific. 

4. A Second Citation. — If an accused person neglects or refuses to 
obey the citation, he shall be cited a second time, with notification that 
if he does not appear, or send a sufficient excuse, the court will pro- 
ceed to trial, as if he was present, and also censure him for his con- 
tumacy. 

5. Time Allowed. — While the time intervening between the first cita- 
tion of an accused person and the meeting of the court at which he is to 
appear, must be at least ten days, tiie time allowed on the subsequent 
citation is at the discretion of the court; provided that it is sufficient 
for a convenient compliance. 

6. Citations Must be Served. — The court shall ascertain that its cita- 
tions have been duly served before proceeding to trial; and especially 
before it judges a pei'son guilty of contumacy or infiicts any censure 
for it. 

7. Admissibility of the Charges. — Before proceeding to trial, the first 
point to be determined is, the admissibility of the charges. In most 
cases this will have been done before the citation of the accused, yet a& 
he has a right to be heard on that point, and may not have been present 
to plead to it, it ought not to be regarded as definitely settled until the 
accused is heard. If the chai'ges are judged inadmissible, all further 
proceedings cease. 

8. Relevancy of the Libel. — The first thing to be considered in the 
trial is the relevancy of the libel ; that is, whether the charges, if 
proved, are censurable. On this, the accused, if present, has a right to 
be heard, but not in making a plea against the principles of his public 
profession. If, on careful consideration, the charges are found not 
relevant, all further proceedings must terminate; but if sustained as 
relevant, the accused is to be interrogated as to the matters of fact. If 
he admits them, the way is open for a decision; but if he denies them^ 
the court shall proceed with the trial. 

9. Examination of Witnesses The witnesses shall be examined in 

presence of the accused, or at least after he has received due citation to 
attend; and he shall be permitted to cross-examine them, and to ask. 
any question tending to his own exculpation. After all the evidence 



PROCESS AGAINST MINISTERS. 41 

has been taken in confirmation of the charge, the accused shall intro- 
duce whatever rebutting or extenuating evidence he has to offer. 

10. Parties Heard and Judgment Given.— \^hen the testimony is 
closed, the prosecutor shall be heard first, and then the accused, and the 
court shall decide whether either party shall have an opportunity of 
being further heard. The parties being removed, the court shall pro- 
ceed to examine and weigh the testimony, and give judgment accord- 
ingly. 

11. Records and Copies — The judgment shall be regularly entered 
on the records of the court, and the parties shall be allowed copies of 
the whole proceedings, at their own expense, if they demand them; and 
in case of the removal of a cause to a higher court, the lower shall send 
up a complete autlienticated copy of the whole record. 

12. Puhlication of Sentence — The sentence, if it is thought necessary 
to publish it, shall be published in the church or churches immediately 
concerned ; but when the ends of public edification can be as well an- 
swered, private censure is to be preferred. 

13. Temporary Suspension — As cases may arise in which a consider- 
able time may intervene before it is practicable to commence process, 
the Session may, in such cases, if thought necessary to edification, pre- 
vent the accused from approaching tiie Lord's table until the charges 
against him can be examined. And if an individual is evading process, 
the court shall entei- ihat fact on its records, together with the nature 
of the offence charged, and shall suspend him from all church privileges 
until he appears before llie court and answers to the charges against 
him. 

14. An Offence not Charged, hut Proved If the testimony, taken 

during the trial, proves a sin properly denominated by another name 
than that designated in the libel, while the specific charge of the libel 
must be found not proved, the accused may be found guilty of that 
which appears in proof; but sentence shall not be passed until further 
time shall be given him for defence, if he demands it and justice re- 
quires it. 

15. Counsel, — No professional counsel shall be permitted to appear 
and plead in cases of process in any ecclesiastical court; but an accused 
person may, if he desires it, be represented by any member of the 
church, subject to the jurisdiction of the court before which he appears. 
The person so employed, if a member of the court, shall not be allowed, 
after pleading the cause of the accused, to sit in judgment on the case. 

16. Pull Records. — The record of the proceedings, in cases of judicial 
process, shall exhibit not only the charges, specifications and sentence 
of the court, but all the testimony and all the circumstances which had 
an influence on its judgment; and nothing which is not contained in 
the record shall be taken into consideration in reviewing the proceed- 
ings in a higher court. 

CHAPTER V. 

PROCESS AGAINST MINISTERS. 

1. Necessity of Faithfulness. — As the honor and success of the gospel 
depend, in a great measure, on the character of its ministers, Presby- 



42 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

teries ought not, on account of their office, to screen them from justice 
or deal lightly with their offisnces, on the one hand, nor, on the other, 
ought scandalous charges to be received against them on frivolous 
grounds. 

2. Process Commenced Process against a minister or probationer 

shall be entered before the Presbytery to which he belongs, and the 
rules of procedure laid down in Chap. IV. are to be strictly ol)served. 

3. When the Offence Occurred without the Bounds of His Own Presby- 
tery. — If the offence with which a minister or probationer is charged 
occurred without the bounds of his own Presbytery, that Presbytery 
shall send notice to the Presbytery within whose bounds it did occur, 
and request it either to cite the witnesses to appear at the place of trial, 
if within convenient distance, or, if not. to examine the witnesses and 
transmit an authentic record of their testimony ; always giving due no- 
tice to the accused person of the time and place of such examination. 

4. When Not Likely to he Known to His Presbytery. — When a minis- 
ter is guilty of an offence committed at such a distance from the place 
of his residence that it is not likely to become known to the Presbytery 
to which he belongs, it shall be tlie duty of the Presbytery in whose 
bounds the offence was committed, after being satisfied that there is 
sufficient ground of accusation, to send notice to the former, which is to 
proceed against him, either by requesting the latter to take the testi- 
mony, as in preceding section, or by sending a commissioner for this 
purpose. In either case, due notice must be given to the accused party. 

5. Accuser Responsible. — Process shall not be commenced against a 
minister unless at the instance of a responsible party who undertakes to 
prove the charge; or unless common fame so proclaims the scandal that 
the Presbytery finds it necessary to investigate the charge. And when 
there is a prosecutor, he shall be previously informed that if he fails to 
show probable cause for the charge, he must himself be censured as a 
slanderer of the gospel ministry. 

6. Private Steps. — Persons aggrieved by ministers are required to 
acquaint them with their grievances in private, wliether the offences 
have been public or private, and, failing to obtain satisfaction, to apply 
to some other minister of the Presbytery for his advice in the case, be- 
fore they can present a charge to the Presbytery. 

7. Charges Must he Written ; Procedure. — Every charge must be re- 
duced to writing, before it is laid before the Presbytery. After receiv- 
ing it, the Presbytery shall act according to the regulations laid down, 
Chap. IV. 

8. Acts of Lijirmity. — If, on the trial, it appears that the matter com- 
plained of amounts to no more than acts of infirmity, which may be so 
amended that little remains to hinder the usefulness of the accused. 
Presbytery shall take all prudent measures for the removal of the 
offence. 

9. Contumacy. — A minister who has been accused of scandal, being 
twice duly cited, and refusing to attend the Presbytery, shall be imme- 
diately suspended. 

10. Rights of an Accused Minister — A minister under process for 
scandal shall retain, unimpaired, his right to deliberate and vote in 
other matters, unless the scandal charged is of such a nature that the 



EVIDENCE. 



43 



t 



Presbytery considers it necessary to suspend him from the exercise of 
his ministry till the charge is investigated. 

CHAPTER VI. 

EXCEPTIONAL CASES. 

1. Judgment Without Process — There are cases in which the guilt of 
an individual is manifest, the otfence being committed in the presence of 
the court, or in which a trial is rendered unnecessary by the confession 
■of the party; in such cases judgment may be given without process. 

2. Appeal in Such Cases. — As there is no accuser in such cases, if 
the sentence of the court is appeal(-;d from, some person, a member of 
the court, or a member of the church, and subject to the jurisdiction of 
the same court with the appellant, shall be appointed to defend the sen- 
tence in the superior court, and such person shall be the appellee in the 
case. 

CHAPTER VII. 

EVIDENCE. 

1. What Received as Evidence A charge of scandal may be estab- 
lished by the testimony of witnesses, by the records of a church court, 
or by written or printed papers. 

2. Testimony of Witnesses In receiving the testimony of witnesses, 

great care and impartiality should be exercised by courts. All persons 
are not competent witnesses, and all who are competent are not credible. 

3. Competency. — All persons, whether parties or otherwise, are com- 
petent witnesses, except such as do not believe in the existence of God, 
or a future state of rewards and punishments, or have not sufficient in- 
telligence to understand the obligation of an oath. Either party has a 
right to challenge a witness whom he believes to be incompetent, and 
the court shall examine and decide on his competency. 

4. Credibility. — The credibility of witnesses, or the degree of credit 
given to their testimony, may be affected by relationship to either of the 
parties ; by interest in the result; by want of proper age ; by weakness 
of understanding ; by defect in any of the senses ; by infamy of charac- 
ter ; by enmity to the accused; by being under censure for scandal or 
process for scandal impeaching their veracity ; by general rashness, in- 
discretion, or malignity of character ; and by various other circum- 
stances, to which courts should carefully attend, and for which they 
should make due allowance in their decision. 

5. Number of Witnesses. — When the proof of a charge depends en- 
tirely upon the testimony of witnesses, two credible witnesses, at least, 
shall be necessary to establish the charge.* But if several different 
witnesses bear testimony to different similar acts belonging to the same 
general charge, or to circumstances necessarily connected with the truth 
of the charge, the crime shall be considered proved. 

6. A Member of the Court as a Witness — A member of the court 
may be called upon to bear testimony in a case which comes before it 



* Deut. xix. 15. 



44 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

He shall be qualified as other witnesses are, and, after giving his testi- 
mony, may resume his seat as a member of the court, if there is no 
reasonable objection. 

7. Separate Examination Witnesses afterwards to be examined, 

except members of the court, shall not be present during the examina- 
tion of another witness, if either party demands their exclusion. 

8. Purged of Malice. — "Witnesses, before giving their testimony, are, 
if it is required, to be solemnly purged of malice against the accused ; 
and no testimony shall be received but on oath, except by consent of 
parties. 

9. Manner of Examination After a witness has been sworn, he 

shall be requested first to state what he knows of the matter charged; 
if he declines this method, or having given his statement, he shall be 
examined by the party introducing him ; then cross-examined by the 
opposite party; after which, any member of the court, or either party, 
may put additional interrogatories. The court shall not permit frivo- 
lous questions, or questions not pertinent to the charge at issue ; and 
every question must be put through the moderator. 

10. Questions are to be Written — Every question put to the witness 
shall, if required, be reduced to writing. When answered, it, together 
with the answer, shall be recorded, if either party requires it. 

11. Recorded, Approved and Attested. — The testimony given by wit- 
nesses shall be faithfully recorded, read to them for correction and ap- 
proval, and, then being subscribed by them, shall be attested by the 
moderator. 

12. Contumacy of a Witness. — A member of the church summoned a"* 
a witness, and refusing to appear, or, having appeared, refusing to give 
testimony, may be censured for contumacy. 

13. Records of a Church Court The records of a church court, or 

any part of them, whether original or transcribed, attested by the mod- 
erator and clerk, or either of them, shall be admitted as legal evidence 
in every other court, and, in like manner, testimony taken by one court 
at the request of another shall be received by the latter as though it had 
been taken by itself. 

14. Writings and Publications Private writings and printed publi- 
cations, the genuineness and authorship of which are clearly established, 
may be received in evidence. 

15. Testimony Taken by Commissioners. — Where it may not be prac- 
ticable to take a part or the whole of the testimony of the witnesses of 
either party in the presence of the court, commissioners shall be ap- 
pointed to take the testimony in question; of which commission, and of 
the time and place of meeting, due notice shall be given to the opposite 
party, that he may attend. All testimony thus taken shall be regarded 
as if taken in the presence of the court. 

16. Kinds of Evidence. — All evidence is either positive or circum- 
stantial. Positive evidence is that by which the fact charged as a crime 
is directly proved. Circumstantial evidence is that which proves such 
circumstances as necessarily or usually attend, or which have a tend- 
ency to establish such facts. 

17. Circumstantial Circumstantial evidence, when of such a nature 

as to produce full conviction on the mind of the court, may be admitted 



f 



CHURCH CENSURES. 45 

as conclusive. But while in some cases such evidence may produce as 
strong conviction as can be obtained by positive, the greatest caution is 
always to be used in admitting such evidence, especially in the absence 
of the positive testimony of at least one credible witness. 

18. Positive. — The positive testimony of a witness often affords noth- 
ing more than a probable presumption of a fact, as when there is mani- 

^ fest reason to doubt his veracity, or his right apprehension of the facts 
which he gives in testimony, or the accuracy of his memory, or when 
his testimony is contradicted by a witness equally positive and credible. 
The court is, therefore, not bound, by the admission of a witness, to 
give judgment according to his testimony. 

19. Second-hand. — No second-hand or hearsay testimony is to be 
received, unless that which goes to prove the statements of persons who 
would have been credible witnesses, but are deceased, or are beyond the 
jurisdiction of the court; and the court shall determine what weight to 
allow it, if received. 

20. Private Knowledge. — No private knowledge possessed by mem- 
bers of the court shall be allowed to influence the decision, as that must 
be based upon what is actually in evidence. 

21. New Testimony. — If, in the prosecution of an appeal, new testi- 
mony is offered, which, in the judgment of the appellate court, has an 
important bearing on the case, it may refer the case to the inferior 
court for a new trial, or, with the consent of parties, take the testimony 
and issue the case. When, however, this testimony has had consider- 
able influence in procuring a reversal of the decision of the court below, 
this fact shall be distinctly stated in the decision of the superior court. 

CHAPTER VIII. 

SENTENCES. 

1. Definition A sentence is the determination and declaration, by 

a court, of the degree of censure to be inflicted on an individual found 
guilty of an offence. 

2. Sentence Proportionate to the Offence. — Sentences should be pro- 
portionate to the nature and aggravation of the offence;* and adapted to 
the ends of discipline.f And if the libel or complaint contains different 
charges, the sentence must be founded only on such as are duly proved. 

3. Execution of Sentence The sentence should be reduced to writ- 
ing, and read to the party on whom it has been passed. He shall then 
be required to signify his willingness to submit to it, which, if he does, 
opens the way for its execution. But if he is not prepared to submit, 
it rests with the court to determine whether it will be for edification to 
grant him time for reflection till next meeting, or at once proceed to the 
execution of the sentence. 

CHAPTER IX. 

CHURCH CENSURES. 

1. Character and Solemnity of Censures — The censures of the church 
are purely spiritual. Having been appointed by the Lord Jesus Christ 

i? *Tit. iii. 10, ]1. fl Cor. V. 5; Jude 22, 23. 



46 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

to promote the spiritual welfare of his church, and he having promised 
to bind in heaven whatsoever his servants bind on earth, censures ad- 
ministered according to his word cannot be despised or disregarded by 
men without guilt and danger; and great solemnity and gravity should 
be observed by those who administer them, as acting in the name of the 
great Head of the church. 

2. Degrees There are five degrees of church censure, namely: ad- 
monition, rebuke, suspension, deposition, and excommunication. 

ARTICLE I. 

ADMONITION. 

In What It Consists Admonition is the lowest degree of censure. It 

consists in tenderly reproving an offender for his sin and scandal, warn- 
ing him of his guilt and danger, and exhorting him to be more watchful 
in the future. It is to be administered in private. 

ARTICLE II. 

RSBUKB. 

In What It Consists ; Private; Public Rebuke is a higher degree of 

censure for a more aggravated offence, and consists in setting forth the 
character of the offence, with a sharp reproof for it.* Where the offence 
is private, or where the public interests of religion will not be injured 
thereby, the rebuke should be in private. But where the scandal is 
public, and the sin of an aggravated nature, the censure should be pro- 
nounced in public! 

ARTICLE III. 

SUSPENSION. 

1. Definition Suspension is a censure which may be inflicted on 

either a private member or an officer of the church. In respect to the 
former, it is a temporary exclusion from sealing ordinances ; and to the 
latter, from the exercise of oflSce, and, in ordinary cases, from sealing 
ordinances also. 

2. When Necessary. — This censure becomes necessary when very 
gross offences have been committed, or when, notwithstanding admoni- 
tion or rebuke, an offence is repeated or persisted in, or when probation 
is necessary to attest repentance and reformation. 

3. Duration Suspension may be for a definite time, but generally it 

must be indefinite in duration, and its removal must depend upon evi- 
dence of repentance. 

4. Public Announcement. — Suspension should be publicly announced, 
and it may be administered in the absence of the offender. 

ARTICLE IV. 

DEPOSITION. 

1. Definition. — Deposition is a sentence depriving a church officer of 
his ofiice. % 

*Tit. i. 13 : ii. 15. % Ezek. xliv. 13 ; 1 Kings ii. 27. 

fl Tim. V. 20. 



t 



THE RESTORATION OF OFFENDERS. 47 

2. Deliberation and Advice Necessary This censure should not be 

inflicted but with the greatest deliberation, and for the most weighty 
reasons, or when lighter censures have failed. It should ordinarily be 
preceded by suspension. Before proceeding to it, in the case of a min- 
ister, the Presbytery should seek the advice of Synod; in the case of a 
ruling elder, the Session should seek the advice of Presbytery. 'J he- 
sentence of deposition passed on a pastor shall be publicly read to his 
congregation, which at the same time shall be declared vacant. 

ARTICLE V. 

EXCOMMUNICATION. 

1. Definition — Excommunication is the judicial excision of an of- 
fender from the visible church, declaring him to be unworthy of a place 
in the visible church, and to have no more fellowship with it than "a 
heathen man and publican."* 

2. When Inflicted — This fearful sentence should not be passed ex- 
cept for such errors or violations of the law of God as are grossly incon- 
sistent with the Christian profession, or for obstinate persistence in grave 
oflTences; and not even then, until all scriptural means have been used, 
and have failed to reclaim the oflFender.f 

3. Deliberation and Consultation. — Much and solemn deliberation 
should be exercised before the court proceeds to this censure. The Ses- 
sion, if shut up to this step, should refer the matter to the Presbytery, 
which may pass the sentence, if satisfied of its necessity, and give direc- 
tions for its execution. A Presbytery, also, before excommunicating a 
minister, may consult the Synod. 

4. Due Notice and Warning. — In every case, before this step is 
taken, due notice must be given to the offender, and he must be warned 
of the sentence which awaits him, unless prevented by speedy repent- 
ance. After he has been duly notified to attend, the sentence may be 
passed by the court, whether he is present or absent. 

5. Manner. — A warrant having been issued by the Presbytery for the 
public announcement of the sentence, the officiating minister, after read- 
ing the warrant, shall recount the steps which have been taken in the 
case, and explain the necessity of the sentence, and, having prayed for 
the Lord's blessing on his own ordinance, he shall solemnly pronounce 
it in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

6. Effects — After the announcement of the sentence, the members of 
the church should be warned that the person cast out is no longer to be 
viewed as a brother, and that they are to have no unnecessary inter- 
course with him. I Nevertheless, communication does not destroy the 
bonds of natural and civil relations, nor free from any of their obliga- 
tions. § 

CHAPTER X. 

THE RESTORATION OF OFFENDERS. 

1. Power to Restore — The Lord Jesus Christ has given to the officers 

*Matt. xviii. 17; 1 Cor. v. 5. J 1 Cor. v. 11-13. 

t 1 Tim. i. 20 ; Matt, xviii, 15-17. § 1 Cor. v. 10, and vii. 10-16. 



48 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

of his house the power to loose as well as to bind, and has promised that 
whatsoever they loose on eartli shall be loosed in heaven.* 

2. Conditions, — No degree of guilt precludes restoration to church 
privileges, on satisfactory evidence of repentance and reformation. 

3. To be Carefully Considered — It is not, however, every profession 
of sorrow for sin, or every promise of amendment, or even a partial re- 
formation, that should be judged a satisfactory reason for restoration. 
But where a spirit of humility and meekness is manifested, accompanied 
with becoming watchfulness in life and conversation, especially in re- 
spect to the particular sin for which the censure has been inflicted, the 
court may feel warranted in restoring the offender. 

4. Public or Private. — The act of restoration shall be public, if the 
censure was public, otherwise private, and by the same court which in- 
flicted tlie censure, unless otherwise directed by a superior court. 

5. Manner of Application An offender, desirous of restoration, shall 

make application to tlie court by which he was censured, or to the next 
superior court, expressing his desire to be restored to the fellowship of 
the church, acknowledging his sin, and professing his sorrow for it, and 
his resolution, througli grace, to adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour. 

This, however, shall not preclude the necessity of his giving satisfac- 
tion, public or private, as the court may require. 

6. Restoration of Officers Church officers deposed may be restored 

to church privileges, on evidence of repentance ; but they ought not, 
especially ministers, to be restored to the exercise of their office, until 
it is obvious that the religious community is prepared to receive them in 
their official character. 

CHAPTER XI. 

DISSENT AND PROTESTS. 

1. Definition of Dissent ; Who May Dissent ; Reasons for Dissent — 
A dissent is a formal declaration of disagreement with a decision of the 
court, testifying against it as contrary to the word of God and the stand- 
ards of the church. None but a member of the court, present and vot- 
ing, may dissent from its proceedings. A dissent must be given imme- 
diately after the judgment dissented from is pronounced, and it shall be 
entered on the record. If reasons for dissent are given, these may be 
placed either on record or on file for preservation, according to the 
pleasure of the court. 

2. Definition of Protest ; Reasons. — A protest is a more solemn and 
formal declaration of disagreement with a decision of a court, and it 
must be accompanied with a statement of the reasons on which it is 
founded, to be transmitted within ten days to the clerk of the court. 

3. Who has a Right to Protest ; When Blade ; When Admitted. — The 
right of protest belongs not only to the members of the court, but also to 
either party in a case which is the subject of investigation and decision. 
A protest must be declared immediately after the judgment protested 
against is pronounced ; but no protest can be admitted unless it is en- 
tered with a view to appeal or complain to a higher court. 

*Matt. xvi. 19. 



CASE CARRIED FROM A LOAVER TO A HIGHER COURT. 49 

4. Right to Record. — If a protest or dissent is couclied in respectful 
language, and contains no offensive reflections or insinuations against 
the majority of the court, tliose wlio offer it have a riirht to have it 
recorded in the minutes. 

5. Reasons and Answers ; Replies Restricted. — Tlie court should ap- 
point a committee to prepare answers to reasons of protest, wliicii, being 
adopted, ought to be inserted in the records. A repl^-, on tlie part of 
protesters, to the answers to their reasons of protest, siiall not be ad- 
mitted. But, if tiiey regard tlie answers as imputinc: to them opinions 
or conduct which they disavow, they may ask leave^to withdraw their 
reasons, and modify tiiem so as to' exi)ress tiieir views more clearly. 
Such alteration may be followed by a corresponding modihcation of the 
answers, and here tlie matter must terminate. 

6. What It Implies. — The admission of a protest by a court implies no 
more than a recognition of the riglit of the protester to exonerate his 
conscience, or to have a hearing in a superior court. 

7. In Court of Last Resort. — A protest, against a decision of the 
conrt of last resort, may be entered, with the answers, on the records of 
the court ; but such protest does not justify the protester in disobedience 
or non-submission. 

CHAPTER XII. 

THE VARIOUS WATS BY WHICH A CASE MAT BE CARRIED FROM A 
LOWER TO A HIGHER COURT. 

1. Uses. — In all governments administered by men, Avrong may be 
done. To remedy this, in an orderly way, is one great design' of super- 
ior courts. When those who had no concern in the origin of^jiroceedin^s 
are brought to review them, and confirm or annul them, there is as great 
security against permanent wrong as the present imperfect state admits. 

2. Modes — Every decision in any church court except the highest is 
subject to the review of a superior court; and it may be brouuhrbefore 
it in one or other of the following ways, — viz., by review and control, 
reference, appeal, complaint or declinature. 

3. Rights of Members of the Inferior Court "When a matter is trans- 
ferred in any of these ways from an inferior to a superior court, except 
in cases of reference, the members of the inferior court siiall have the 
right to sit and deliberate, but not to vote. 

ARTICLE I. 

REVIEW AND CONTROL. 

1. General Review — It is the duty of every church court above a 
Session, at least once a year, to review the records of tlie proceedings of 
the court next below. And if any lower court shall neglect to send up 
its records for this purpose, the higher court may issue an order to pro- 
duce them, either immediately, or at some specified time. 

2. Matters of Review In reviewing the records of an inferior court, 

it is proper to examine, first, whether the proceedings have been consti- 
tutional and regular; second, whether they have been equitable, faithful 
and prudent; third, whetlier they have been correctly recorded. 

4 



50 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

3. Mode of Review. — Tbe review may be conducted by a committee, 
which shall report at the meeting at which it was appointed. If, ac- 
cording to the report of tlie committee, animadversion or censure appears 
necessary, the members of the inferior court present shall be heard in 
defence, and the judgment of the court reviewing shall be entered on 
their own minutes, and on the book reviewed. 

4. Irregular Proceedings. — If in the review irregular proceedings are 
found, so injurious as to require con-ection, tlie inferior court may be 
required to review and correct its proceedings, and to report tlie cor- 
rection as soon as practicable. 

5. Decision not Reversed. — Ko judicial decision, however, shall be re- 
versed by the court reviewing, unless it is regularly brought up by 
appeal or complaint. 

6. Review on Common Fame. — If the superior court is well advised, 
by common fame, of neglects and irregularities by the inferior, of which 
the records give no notice, especially in cases where notorious errors or 
sins are suffered to pass without rebuke, and offenders are permitted to 
escape proper censure, it shall cite tlie inferior court to appear and 
answer, and, if culpable, inflict such censure and give such orders as 
may be necessary to remedy tbe evils existing. 

7. Courts Reviewing their own Decision. — While the court of last 
resort may, at any time, review its own decisions, it is not exj)edient 
for an inferior court to do so, except wiien directed by a superior, or 
when fully satisfied that there are grounds for the reversal of a previous 
decision. 

ARTICLE II. 

REFERENCES. 

1. Definition. — A reference is a judicial representation, made by an 
inferior to the next superior court, of a matter not yet decided; this 
representation shall always be in writing. 

2. Proper Subjects. — Proper subjects of reference are, cases that are 
new, that are peculiarly delicate or difficult, the decision of which may 
establish a precedent of extensive influence, or on which the members 
of the court are much divided. 

3. Objects References are either for advice, or for trial and deci- 
sion of the case by the superior court. 

4. Efifects. — In the former, the effect of a reference is merely to sus- 
pend the decision of the court making it; in the latter, it is to relin- 
quish the decision, and submit the whole case to the judgment of the 
superior court. 

5. Duty of a Superior Court. — Although a superior court ought gen- 
erally to give advice, yet it is not bound to give a final judgment in a 
case referred, even when requested so to do; but it may remit the whole 
case with or without advice to the court referring. 

6. Notice and Evidence — Notice of reference must be given to parties 
who may be interested in a case, and the court making the reference 
should have all evidence duly prepared and in readiness, that the supe- 
rior court may be able to hear and issue the case with as little delay as 
possible. 



CASE CARRIEP FROM A LOWER TO A HIGHER COURT. ol 

ARTICLE III. 



1. Definition — An appeal is the removal of a case already decided, 
from an inferior to the next superior court. 

2. Grounds — Appeals may be made either from a definitive sentence 
as unjust or mistaken, or irom any particular step of the proceedings, on 
account of irregularity, in refusing reasonable indulgence to a party on 
trial, declining to receive important testimony, hurrying to a decision 
before the testimony is all taken, or manifesting prejudice in the case. 

3. Appellants — In a judicial case, tiiat is, where a person is on trial 
for heresy or immorality, the right of appeal belongs to the party against 
whom the decision is made. In all cases, when the purity of the church 
or the interests of truth and righteousness are injuriously affected by a 
decision, any member of tiie court may appeal. In judicial cases, those 
who have not submitted to a regular trial are not entitled to appeal. 

4. Notice and Reasons Every appellant is bound to give notice of 

his appeal to tlie court before it rises, and to lay the reasons thereof, in 
writing, before it at the time, oi- within ten days thereafter. In the lat- 
ter case these reasons shall be lodged with the moderator or clerk. But 
where parties interested may, for good reasons, not have been present, 
or not have known of the decision, a reasonable time shall be allowed. 

5. Necessary Papers The appellant shall lodge his appeal, and the 

reasons of it, with the clerk of the higher court, at the commencement 
of its meeting, and either party may appear in person or in writing. 
And it shall be the duty of the court whose judgment is appealed from, 
to send authentic copies of the records and testimony relating to the 
matter. 

6. Order In taking up an appeal, after ascertaining that it has been 

regularly conducted, the first step shall be to read the records in the 
case ; second, to hear the parties, the appellant first, and then the ap- 
pellee ; third, to hear the members of the court, and then to take the 
final vote. 

7. Different Issues The decision may be to confirm or reverse, 

either in whole or in part, the decision of the inferior court, or to remit 
the case, for the purpose of amending the record, should it appear to be 
incorrect, or defective, or for a new trial. 

8. Action of the Appellate Court If an appeal is sustained, the judg- 
ment of the inferior court is necessarily reversed, but if not sustained, 
the judgment is affirmed. If an appeal is sustained, the superior court 
may close the case, if further proceedings are deemed unnecessary, or 
try it, or direct the court below how to proceed. But in case of an ap- 
peal from a decision refusing an appeal, if the appeal is sustained, the 
case must be tried by the higher court. 

9. Troublesome Appellants If an appellant manifests a litigious or 

other unchristian spirit in the prosecution of his appeal, he shall be cen- 
sured according to the degree of his offence. 

10. Appeal Abandoned — If an appellant, after entering his appeal 
before a superior court, fails to prosecute it, it shall be considered as 
abandoned, unless he can make it appear that he was providentially 
prevented. 



52 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

11. Operation of Appeal. — The operation of an appeal is to suspend 
all further proceedings on tlie ground of tlie sentence appealed from. 
But if a sentence of suspension or excommunication from church privi- 
leges, or of deposition from office, is appealed from, it shall be in force 
until the appeal shall be issued. 

12. An Appeal May be Refused — In cases Avhere the admission of an 
appeal would necessarily and injuriously delay process, it is com])etent 
for the inferior court to refuse to admit an appeal, and having done so, 
to proceed with tiie trial ; but in such case the party refused an appeal 
may complain to the superior court. 

ARTICLE IV. 

COMPLAINTS. 

1. Definition. — A complaint is a representation made to a superior by 
any member or members of a minority of an inferior court, or t)y any 
person or persons, being members of the churcli, respecting a decision 
of the inferior court as being irregular and unjust. 

2. When Complaints are Proper — Complaints are proper in all cases 
of grievance, whether judicial or not, whei-e the party aggrieved declines 
to api)eal, or wiiere the complainants do not possess the right of appeal, 
or where the right of appeal is tyranically refused; and in all other cases 
where the complainant is persuaded that the purity of the church or the 
interests of truth and righteousness are injuriously affected by the decis- 
ion of an inferior court. But in judical cases, a party declining to ap- 
peal shall not be allowed to complain. 

3. Effects of a Complaint, when Well Founded. — A complaint brings 
the whole proceedings of an inferior court under the review of its super- 
ior, and the original parties are thereby placed at the bar of the super- 
ior court. 

4. When a Complaint is Well Founded If on examination it appears 

that a complaint is well founded, sucli finding may not only reverse the 
decision of the court below, either in whole or in part, but also subject 
the inferior court to such censure as the case may seem to retjuire. 

5. Rules of Procedure. — The same rules of procedure must be ob- 
served in complaints as in appeals. [See Article III. of this Chapter.] 

ARTICLE V. 

DECLINATURE. 

1. Definition. A declinature is the refusal of a person, under process, 
to submit to trial by a particular court. 

2. When Warrantable. — A declinature is warrantable, if accompanied 
with an appeal, when a court prejudges the case, when it allows mem- 
bers who are nearly related to the opposing party, or who have them- 
selves been active as parties, or at variance with either of the parties, to 
sit and vote in the case after objection made. 

3. When not Warrantable. — But if a person, in order to evade a pro- 
cess, or without assigning any just reason, or without an appeal to the 
next higher court, declines the authority of his proper court, such de- 
clinature is unwarrantable, and does not stay tlie process, but the per- 
son declining may be censured for contumacy. 



LIMITATION OF TIME. 53 

4. Effects. — A lawful declinature does not quash a process. Jt only 
removes it to a higher court, where the same regulations shall be ob- 
served in the trial as in cases of" appeal. 

CHAPTER XIII. 

JURISDICTION. 

1. Of a Member. — A member dismissed from one congregation to an- 
other shall be considered under the jurisdiction of the former until actu- 
ally received by the latter. 

2. Of a Minisler. — A minister, in like manner, shall be considered as 
under the jurisdiction of the Presbytery by which he was dismissed, un- 
til he actually becomes a member of another. 

3. Sins Committed before but Knoion after Reception Any offence, 

committed by either a minister or member, between the time of his dis- 
missal by one court and his reception by another, but which did not 
come to light until afier he had been received, shall be under the cogni- 
zance of tiie latter body. 

CHAPTER XIV. 

LIMITATON OF TIME. 

1. In Trial for Scandal Process, in case of scandal, shall com- 
mence within one year after the crime has been committed ; and scan- 
dals that have been known for that time, shall not be made the subjects of 
process, unless they have recently become flagrant. But where a scan- 
dal was committed unknown to the church, though more than a year has 
passed before its discovery, process may commence as if the crime had 
recectly been committed. 

2. But one Trial for the same Offence — Persons who have been tried 
for an offence, and acquitted, or found guilty and censured and restored, 
cannot be subjected to another trial for the same offence. 



FOHMS. 



I. Testimonial of Members Leaving a Congregation. 

That A. B. is a member in full communion, in the United Presbyterian conprre- 

gation of , in the county of , State of , and is hereby dismissed 

at own request, is attested this day t)f , 18 — . 

By order of Session J. N., Moderator. 

A. D., Clerk. 



II. Testimonial for Members who have been some time Absent. 

That A. B. was a member in full communion in the United Presbyterian congre- 
gation of , in the county of . State of , up to the day of 

, when removed from the bounds tiiereof, and may. as far as is known 

to this Session, be received into the fellowship of any church of Christ, is attested 

this day of , 18 — . 

By order of Session. J. N., Moderator. 

A. D.. Clerk. 



III. Form of Application fob the Moderation of a Call, 

The United Presbyterian Church at , in the county of , and State 

of , under the inspection of the Presbytery of , being at present vacant, 

anxious to obtain the stated administration of the word and ordinances among 

them, and finding themselves able and willing to support it, assembled at , on 

the day of , 18 — , and agreed to petition, and do hereby must heartily 

petition the Presbytery for a moderation of a call, and appoint A. N. and C. D. 
their commissioners, to represent them in this behalf to the Presbytery, at their 
next meeting. 

By order of the Congregation, E. F., Moderator. 

Done at , the day of , A, D, 18 — , 



IV, Form of a Call for a Minister. 

We, the elders and other members of the United Presbyterian congregation of 
in the countv of , and State of , taking into our serious consider- 



ation the great loss we suffer through the want of a fixed gospel ministry among 
us, and being fully satisfied, from opportunities of enjoying your public ministra- 
tions, that the Great Head of the church has bestowed upon you, Mr. A. N.. such 
ministerial gifts and endowments as. through the divine blessing, may be profit- 
able for our edification ; we. therefore, hereby call and beseech you to come to us 
and help us, by taking the charge and oversight of this congregation, to labor in it 
and Watch over it, as our fi.xed pastor ; and on your acceptance of this our call, we 
promise you all due support, respect, encouragement and obedience in the Lord. 

In testimonj^ whereof, we have subscribed this our call, this day of , in 

the year of our Lord 18 — , before these witnesses. 

Attest: CD. 

E. F. 

( •>4 ) 



FORMS. 55 

V. Attestation op a Call. 

That, agreeably to presbyterial appointment, I preached on the day of 

, in the congregation of , under the inspection of the Presbytery of 

in the State of , and presided in the moderation of a call for a pas- 



tor to said congregation, which was made out for Mr. A. N. under the inspection 

of the Presbytery of , is certified at , this day of , A. D. 18 — , by 

CD. 



VI. Form of an Act of Licensure. 

The United Presbyterian Presbytery of , in the State of , having 

taken Mr. A. N., student of divinity, on trials for license, and he having acquitted 
himself to their satisfaction in all the parts of his trials, did at their meeting on 

the day of , at , in the county of , and State of , and 

hereby do, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, allow and appoint him, the said 
A. N., to preach the gospel of peace within their bounds, and in all other places 
where in Providence he may be called. 

By order of Presbytery. C. D., Moderator. 

E. F., Clerk. 

Given at , county of , and State of , this day of , 

A. D. 18—. 



VIL Form of an Edict. 

■ The United Presbyterian Presbytery of , in the State of 

received a regular call from the congregation at , in the 

and State of , to Mr. A. N., preacher of the gospel, to be their minister, and 

the said Mr. A. N. having undergone trials for ordination, and the Presbytery 
judging him qualified for the ministry of the gospel, and fit to be pastor of this 
congregation, the call whereof has been by him accepted, have resolved to proceed 

to his ordination on the day of , unless somewhat occur which may 

lawfully impede it; and, therefore, do hereby give notice to all concerned, that if 
they, or any of them, have aught to object why the said Mr. A. N. should not be 
admitted pastor of this congregation, they may repair to the Presbytery, which ia 
to meet at , on the day of . with certification, that if no objec- 
tion be then made, the Presbytery will proceed without further delay. 

By order of the Presbytery. C. D., Moderator. 

E. F., Clerk. 



VIIL Certificate of Ordination. 

The United Presbyterian Presbytery of , in the State of , having 

had a call from the congregation of , county of . and State of , 

to Mr. A. N., preacher of the gospel, presented to them, which they sustained, and 
which he accepted, took him on trials for ordination, and having judged him duly 
qualified for the office of the gospel ministry, and in jiarticular for the pastoral 
charge of said congregation, and being presbyterially met at their ordinary place 

of public worship, on the day of , did then and there solemnly set 

apart said Mr. A. N.. in the face of tiie whole congregation there present, to the 
office of the holy ministry in said congregation, and did afterward receive him into 
ministerial friendship.* 

By order of Presbytery. C. D., Moderator. 

E. F., Clerk. 

Given at , on the day of , A. D. 18 — . 

* When a candidate is ordained to the ministry at large, or when the Presbytery cannot meet 
in the congregation to be settled, the form of the tebtimonials must be varied accordingly. 



56 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

IX. Form of Transfer, in Case of a Call from one Presbytery to 

Another. 

The United Presbyterian Presbytery of , in the State of . having- 

received from the Presbytery of , in the State of , a call for Mr. A. N. 

to the pastoral charge of the congreeation at , under the inspection of the 

Presbytery aforesaid, and said call being by them approved, and by him accepted, 

they did, and hereby do, transfer and remit him to tlie Presbytery of , for 

ordination (or admission) to the pastoral charge of said congregation. 

By order of Presbvterv. C. D., Moderator. 

E. F., Clerk. 
Done at , on the day of , 18 — . 



X. Form of Commission to the General Assembly. 

It is hereby certified that the United Presbyterian Presbytery of , in the 

State of , at their meeting on the day of , did, and hereby do, 

appoint Mr. A. N.. minister at , iMr. C. D., minister at , with Mr. E. F. 

and Mr. G. H., ruling elders', their commissioners to the ne.\t General Assembly of 

this church, to meet at , on the day of , next ensuing, or when 

and where it shall happen to meet, enjoining them to rejiair thither, and attend at 
all the sittings therof. and there to consult, vote and determine in all matters that 
come before them, according to the word of God and the standards of this church, 
as they will be answerable, and that they report diligence herein at their return. 
By order of Presbyterv. J. K., Moderator. 

L. M., Clerk. 

Done at , this day of , 18 — . 



XI. Form of a Lif.el. 

Libel preferred against A. N.. by order of . 

Whereas (here insert the crime) is a heinous sin and scandal, contrary to the 
word of God (insert passages) and to the ])rol('ssion of this church (quote from 
standards), and injurious to the religion of Christ, and ought to be censured ; 

Yet true it is that you, A. N., &.c.. are guilty in the matter of scandal above 

specified. In so far as you, said A. N., did at . on the day of , 

or thereabouts (here insert facts), being found relevant and proved against you, 
you ought to be proceeded against by the censures of the Lord's house, according 
to the nature of your said oti'ence and scandal. 

Signed, E. F., Moderator. 

G. H., Clerk. 

Done in , at . this day of , 18 — . 



XII. Form of Citation. 

By order of the United Presbyterian Session (or Presbytery) of , you, Mr. 

A. N., member of, elder or deacon in, or minister at , are summoned to ap- 
pear before said , and answer to the libel herewith presented, at on the 

day of , and at o'clock in the . 

Signed C. D., Moderator. 

E. F., Clerk. 
Done at , this day of . A. D. 18 — . 



XIII. Form of Citation for a Witness. 
Mr. a. N. :— 

You are hereby summoned by the Session (or Presbytery) of to 

appear at , on the day of . to give testimony in a cause pending 

between C. D. and E. F. Lay aside all excuses, and fail not to attend. 

A. N., Moderator. 
CD., Clerk. 
This day of , and year of our Lord — . 



FORMS. 57 

XIV. Form of an Oath to be Administered to a Witness. 

" You swear by the living God, the searcher of all hearts, that j'ou will declare 
the truth, the whole truth, and nothintr but the truth, according to the best of 
your knowledge, in the cause now pending, as j'ou shall answer to God at the 
great daj'." 



XV. Form of an Act of Public Suspension. 

Whereas, A. N.,* , hath been convicted before thef of 

[And whereas, the have, from time to time, and in the spirit of meekness, 

endeavored, without effect, to reclaim their offending brother;]:] ; and whereas, his 
continuing in sin, and refusing to listen to the admonitions of his brethren, render 
it necessary for the honor of Christ Jesus, for the purity of his religion, for a 
warning to others, and for his own benefit, to inflict on him a public censure of the 

Lords liouse, the did. and hereby do, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, 

and as a couit constituted in his name, suspend and e.xclude the said A. N. from 
tbe privileges of the cliurcli. till he return from the error of his way, and give solid 
proofs of unfeigned rejieutance. 



XVL Form of an Act of Suspension or Deposition from Office. 

Whereas. A. X., , hath been convicted before the of ; and 

whereas, it is especialh- needful, that office-bearers in tiie house of God be sound 
in the faith, of good report, and by their blameless conversation, ensamples to the 
flock; and whereas, the continuance of said A. N. in the station which he pres- 
ently holds, is for these reasons incompatible with the welfare of the church, the 

aforesaid did, and hereby do, in the name and by the authoritj' of the Lord 

Jesus Christ, and according to the powers committed by him unto them as a court 
constituted in his name. ^ the said A. N. from the office of the || , pro- 
hibiting him from all and any e.xercise of the said office of the in the 

church of Christ, till he be lawfully restored thereto. 

Signed, C. D.. Moderator. 

E. F., Clerk. 

Done in , at , this day of . 

The above form is to be observed in those cases where a suspension or deposition is necpssary, 
■whatever contrition be manifested; but in the event of contumacy, or persisting in the scan- 
dal, the following clauses are to be added immediately before the signature of the Moderator 
and Clerk. 

And whereas, the said A. B. hath manifested, and doth still manifest, contuma- 
cious resistance to that authority to which he oweth subjection in the Lord, and 

refuseth to make just and scriptural satisfaction for his offence, the furtlier 

did, and hereby do, in the same venerable name, suspend and exclude the said A. B. 
from the privileges of the Christian Church, with certification that if he shall not 

return unto his duty, acknowledging the found proved against him. with his 

contumacious behavior, and confessing his humiliation and penance therefor, to 

the glory of God. and apply to the against \ for giving satisfaction 

with respect to the whole of this, his sinful course and conduct, the will 

then consider on proceeding against him by some higher censure, as they shall see 
cause. 



XVIL Form of a Sentence of Excommunication. 
Whereas, ** heinous sin and scandal proved, at the meeting of 

' * Member or elder, or deacon, of this congregation ; or minister, elder, deacon, or member of 
the congregation at . 

t Session of this church, or Session of the church at , or Presbytery at . 

JThe clause included in [ ] to be omitted in cases where a public suspension may be 

necessary without the previous steps. 

I Suspend or depose, as the case may require. 

II Holy ministry, or eldership, or deaconship, according to his station. 
If Here insert the time, etc., of satislaclion. 

** Matter of , or several matters of , as the case may be. 



58 GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

the United Presbyterian of , on the day of , against Mr. A. B. ; 

and whereas, the Lord Jesus hath especially given it in charge to the judicatories 
of his house not to suffer sin upon a brother, but. in the fear of God, to endeavor 
to reclaim him by authoritatively admonishing, rebuking, and otherwise censuring 
him, all which hath accordingly been done : and whereas, he remaineth obstinate 
and contumacious, without any evidence or sign of repentance or sorrow for his 
said scandal and offence, notwithstanding all the reclaiming means which have 

hitherto been used with him; therefore the did, and hereby do. in the 

name and by the authority of the Lord Jesus Christ, the only King and Head of 
the church, and according to the powers committed by him to them, as a court 
constituted in his name, actually excommunicate the said A. B., casting him out 
of the communion of the church of Christ, declaring him to be of those whom the 
Lord Christ commandeth to be holden by all and every one of the faithful as 
heathen men and publicans, and delivering him unto Satan for the destruction of 
the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. 

C. D., Moderator. 
E. F., Clerk. 
Done in , this day of . 



XVIIL Form of an Act of Absolution and Restoration, as it is to bb 
Intimated to One who has been ExcoMMu.-iicATED. 

Whereas, thou, A. B., hast, for thy sin, been shut out from the communion of 
the faithful, and hast now manifested thy repentance, wherein the church resteth 

satisfied, the , in the name and by the authority of the Lord Jesus Christ, 

and according to the powers committed by him to them, as a court constituted in 
his name, did, and hereby do, absolve thee from the censure of e.xcommunication 
formerly pronounced against thee, and do restore thee lo the communion of the 
church, and the free use of all the ordinances of Christ, that thou mayest partake 
of all its benefits to thy eternal salvation. 



XIX. Form of a Presbtterial Warrant for Intimatino the Censure of 
Excommunication. 

The of having found just cause of excommunication against 

A. B., on account of and of aggravated contumacy and impenitence there- 
in, and having, at their meeting at on the day of , excommu- 

cated him accordingly, did, and hereby do. appoint you, Mr. C. D., minister of the 

gospel at , to intimate said censure to the congregation at . the 

day of , in the ordinary place of public worship, and immediately after 

the conclusion of the service, and in the following words : (Here insert 

the act of excommunication.) 



XX. Form of a Presbyterial Warrant for Intimating the Absolution and 
Restoration of a Penitent. 

The of having found just and sufficient cause of absolving A. B. 

from the censure of excommunication under which he presently lies, and of restor- 
ing him to the privileges of the Lord's house, and having at their meeting at 

on the day of , absolved and restored accordingly, did, 

and hereby do. appoint and direct you. Mr. C. minister of the gospel at , to 

intimate absolution and restoration to the congregation at on the 

day of , in the ordinary place of public worship, and immediately after 

the conclusion of the service, and in the following words : (Here insert 

the act of absolution.) 



II. DIRECTORY FOR WORSHIP. 



CHAPTER I. 



INTRODUCTORT. 



1. Definition of Worship. — Worsliip consists in the performance of 
those external acts and the observance of those rites and ceremonies, in 
which men engage with the professed and sole view of honoring God 
and enjoying his favor. 

2. Object of Worsliip. — Worship is due to God alone,* and is to be 
offered only in the way of his appointment. t 

3. Worshipers. — All rational creatures should worship God, their 
Creator, Preserver, and bountiful Benefactor.^ 

4. Kinds of Worship. — From the difference in the number and cir- 
cumstances of worshipers, and not from any difference in the worship it- 
self, worship may be divided as follows: Public, Social, Family, Secret, 
and Extraordinary. 

5. Design of a Directory for Worship. — To set forth the seasons and 
ordinances of worship as they are appointed in the Holy Scriptures, § 
as they should de observed by the church, is the design of a Directory 

for Worship. 

CHAPTER II. 

THE SEASONS FOR WORSHIP. 

1. llie Sabbath. — Under the gospel dispensation, the first day of the 
week, or the Christian Sabbath, is the only day which God has ap- 
pointed to be kept holy.|| 

2. Sanctiftcation of the Sabbath. — The Sabbath should be observed as 
a day of holy rest from worldly employments and pleasures, and sliould 
be spent in the worship of God. AH should attend public worsliip and 
earnestly engage in all its parts. So much of the day as is not spent in 
public worship should be spent in private and family devotions, in re- 
ligious reading and conversation, and, when necessary, in the proper 
works of necessity and mercy.H 

* Matt. iv. 10. X Rev. T. 13. || Acts xx. 7 ; Ex. xx. 8. 

t Matt, xxviii. 20. } Deut. xii. 32. ^ Ex. xx. 10 ; Matt. xii. 11, 12. 

(59) 



60 DIRECTORY FOR WORSHIP. 

3. Special Days of Worship. — In addition to the Sabbath, special 
days of worship may be appointed by the church or state, when the 
times make such an appointment proper or necessary.* 

4. Morning and Evening It is especially appropriate that the morn- 

ino- and the evening be observed as the seasons for private and family 

worship.! 

5. All Times. — There should be a devotional frame of mind at all 
times, so that worship may be paid whenever circumstances demand 
it. J 

CHAPTER III. 

THE ORDINANCES OF PUBLIC WORSHIP.' 

1. Ordinances of Public Worship.-. — The ordinances of God's word 
are: Prayer and Thanksgiving in the name of Christ ;§ the Reading, 
Preaching, and Hearing of the Word;|| tlie Administering and Receiv- 
ing of the Sacraments;^ Church Government and Discipline;** the 
Ministry and Maintenance thereof; ft Religious Fasting; | J: Swearing 
by the name of God, and Vowing unto him§§ [Larger Catecliism, 
Quest. 108J. The Sacramental Ordinances are, Baptism and the 
Lord's Supper. 

2. Order of Exercises Though the order of the exercises of public 

worship must be left in part to the discretion of the officiating minister, 
yet the following order may be observed: 1. Invocation; 2. Singing; 
3. Reading the Scriptures; 4. Prayer; 5. Singing; 6. Sermon; 7. 
Prayer; 8. Singing ; 9. Benediction. On days when the Sacraments 
are to be administered, they may be administered immediately after the 
sermon. 

ARTICLE I. 

THE READING OF THE SCRIPTURES. 

1. At Every Service A portion of the Scriptures should be read 

during every service. |||| Each person in the congregation should, at- 
tentively and devoutly, follow the minister while reading. 

2. Amount to he Read. — How much should be read, and what selec- 
tion should be made, must be left to the discretion of the minister. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE SINGING OF PRAISE. 

1. Matter of Praise It is the will of God that the sacred songs, 

contained in the Book ot Psalms, should be sung in his worsliip to the 
end of the world, ^^ to the exclusion of the devotional compositions 
of uninspired men. The poetical version of the Psalms, now in' use, 
shall be employed until another shall be prepared and authorized by the 
church. 

*Esth. iv. 16. ^ Acts xxviii. 19. H Deut. vi. 13 ; Ps. 

fPs. xcii. 2 ** 1 Cor. xii. 28 ; Rom. xii. 8. Ixxvi. 11. 

j 1 Thess. V. 17. ff 1 Tim. v. 17, 18. |1|| Acts xv. 21. 

\ Phil. iv. 6 ; Epb. v. 20. +j Joel ii. 12 ; 1 Cor. vii. 5. ^^ Eph. v. 19. 
li John V. 39; Acts xv. 21. 



THE OKDINANCES OF PUBLIC WORSHIP. 61 

2. Manner of Praise — In praising God, we should sing with the 
spirit and with the understanding also, making melody in our hearts to 
the Lord.* But that God may be praised in a becoming manner with 
our voices, as well as with our hearts, congregations should seek a more 
thorough knowledge of" music. 

3. All Should Sing. — Some suitable person or persons may be em- 
ployed to lead in the singing, but all the congregation should join in this 
exercise to the best of their ability. 

4. Session Must Regulate the Singing. — It belongs to Sessions to ap- 
point the leaders in their congregations, to regulate the singing of praise, 
and to see that this important j)art of public worship is rendered ibr edi- 
fication, and in the best possible manner. 

ARTICLE III. 

THE OFFERING OF PRAYER. 

1. Invocation. — The introductory prayer should be brief, containing 
petitions for God's presence and guidance, and his blessing on the work 
of the day. 

2. Prayer Before Sermon. — The prayer before sermon should be com- 
prehensive and not tedious, full of adoration, confession, thanksgiving, 
supplication and intercession for all classes and conditions of men.f It 
is recommended that special prayer should be made for the President of 
the United States, and for all in authority.:]: 

3. Prayer After Ser7non — The prayer after sermon should relate 
chiefly to the subject discussed, beseeching God to impress his truth 
upon the hearts of the hearers, and to make it the savor of life unto 
life. 

4. Preparation for Prayer. — As public prayer is very closely con- 
nected with the edification and comfort of God's people, ministers 
should, by meditation and secret prayer, prepare to engage in it in a 
comprehensive and profitable manner.§ 

ARTICLE IV. 

THE PREACHING OF THE WOED. 

1. Importance of Preaching. — As the preaching of the "Word is of 
chief importance as a means of salvation, it should receive speeial atten- 
tion, and every minister should prepare for this work with much study, 
meditation and prayer. || 

2. Sermons. — Every sermon should be founded on a portion of Scrip- 
ture, should explain the doctrine taught in it, and should make a close 
application to the heart and conscience of the hearer, that his life may 
be conformed to the will of God. 

3. Expository Preaching. — The expository mode of preaching, or the 
explaining of the Scriptures continuously in their connection, is believed 
to be eminently conducive to edification, as it aflTords an opportunity to 
present the truths of the Bible in their variety, and their application to 
the diflferent relations of life.^ 



* 1 Cor. xiv. 15. % 1 Tim. ii. 2. || 2 Tim. ii. 15. 

t l^Tim. iL 1. |EccL ii. 2. \ Acts xvii. 2. 



62 DIRECTORY FOR AVORSHIP. 

4. Manner of Preaching. — The minister should not read his discourse ; 
he should present the truth, not in the enticing words of man's wisdom, 
but in tiie simplicity of the gospel ; and his great aim should be that of 
Paul : " We preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord, and our- 
selves your servants for Jesus' sake."* 

ARTICLE V. 

THE ADMINISTRATION OF BAPTISM. 

1. Administrator and Subjects of Baptism. — Baptism should not be 
administered by any person but a minister of the gospel. t It is to be 
administered to those who make a credible profession of faith in 
Christ,! and to the infants of those who are members of the visible 
church § 

2. Place of Administration It should ordinarily be administered in 

the church in connection with public worship. When administered in 
any other place, previous notice should be given to the congregation, 
and religious services should be conducted in connection with the ordi- 
nance. 

3. Mode of Baptism. — Immersion in water is not necessary to the va- 
lidity of baptism. Baptism is righifully administered, wiien water is 
applied to the person by pouring or sprinkling. || 

4. Baptism of Adults. — Adults are to be baptized on the public pro- 
fession of their faith in Christ and obedience to him. The formula of 
questions for the admission of church members may be used in the bap- 
tism of adults, viz.: 

I. Do you believe the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments 
to be the word of God, the infallible and only rule of faith and prac- 
tice ? 

II. Do you profess your adherence to the doctrines received by this 
church, as set forth in the Confession of Faith, Catechisms, Larger and 
Shorter, and Declarations of the Testimony ; and do you approve of the 
Form of Government and Directory for Worship adopted by this church, 
so far as you have been enabled to understand them, as agreeable to and 
founded on the word of God ? 

III. Do you profess your faith in the Lord Jesus Ciirist ; your accep- 
tance of him as your Saviour, and your resolution, through grace, to 
continue in the faith ; to be subject to the order and discipline of God's 
house ; to be diligent in your attendance upon divine ordinances, both 
teaching and sealing, according to your profession; on secret i)rayer ; 
on family worship, morning and evening, unless providentially hin- 
dered ; and in the performance of all other duties incumbent on you, 
whatever station you may occupy in life ; that you will study to pro- 
mote the peace, purity and prosperity of this congregation, while you 
remain a member thereof ; and that you will make conscience of pro- 
moting the cause of Christ and his truth, as by other means, so especially 
by a holy and godly conversation ? 

IV. Do you make this profession as in the presence of God, in reli- 
ance on his grace, and as you desire to give in your account with joy at 
the great day ? 

*2 Cor. iv. 5. I Matt, xxviii. 19. J Mark xvi. 16. § 1 Cor. vii. 14 || Mark. vii. 4. 



THE ORDINANCES OF PUBLIC WORSHIP. 63 

5. Baptism of Cliildren. — When tlie child to be baptized has been 
presented by its parents, or by one ot" its parents, if only one is a mem- 
ber of the church, let the minister briefly state the nature, use and ends 
of tliis ordinance ; sliowing tjiat it Avas instittted by Christ ; that it is a 
seal of tlie righteousness of faith ; that the water represents and signifies 
both the blood of Ciirist, which cleanseth from all sin, and the sanctify- 
ing influence of the Holy Spirit ; that the seed of the faithful have a 
right to this ordinance ; that the children of believing parents are 
federally holy ; that there must be faith in order to baptism ; and that, 
as infants cannot believe for themselves, their parents must exercise 
faith for tiiem. Then let the minister propose the following questions to 
the parents who have presented their children for baptism : 

{Formula of Quesiions.) — i. Do you now take God as your God in 
covenant, and as the God of your seed ? 

II. Do you renew the profession you made when you were admitted 
to the cliurch? 

III. Do you solemnly promise, if God shall spare your life and that of 
your children, to train tiiem up in tiie nurture and admonition of the 
Lord ; to instruct them in regard to their lost condition by nature, and 
to lead them to the Saviour ; to pray with them and for them : to wor- 
ship God regularly in your family ; to set before them an example of 
piety ; and to use all the appointed means for their salvation ? 

6. Applir.ation of Wate?\ — When these questions have been answered 
in the affirmative, and when the minister has prayed for the blessing of 
God to accompany the administration of the ordinance, he shall sprinkl<^ 
the face of tlie child with water, calling it by name, and saying : " I 
baptize thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of tlie Holy 
Ghost." After this is done, let him again engage in prayer, asking God 
for such blessings as are needful for parents and their children. 

ARTICLE VI. 

THE ADMINISTRATTOX OF THE LORd's SUPPER. 

1. Place, Administrator, etc., of the Lord's Supper. — The Lord's Sup- 
per is to be administered in the churcii, by a minister of the gospel, and 
none but members of the churcli should be admitted to this ordinance.* 
It is to be celebrated often, but how often, the Session of each congre- 
gation must determine. 

2. Previous Notice and Preparatory Exercises. — Public notice should 
be given to the congregation at least two Sabbaths before the adminis- 
tration of the ordinance, and preparatory services should be conducted, 
in which the people should be instructed as to the nature of the ordi- 
nance and the qualifications of communicants. 

3. Introductory Services. — When the sermon on the communion Sab- 
bath is ended, the minister should show that the Lord's Supper is an or- 
dinance of Christ, by reading the words of institution ; that it is to be 
observed in remembrance of him ; that it is profitable to strengthen his 
people against sin, to support under troubles, to encourage in duty, to 
increase faith and beget peace of conscience and comfortable hopes of 

* Matt. xxvi. 26. 



64 DIRECTORY FOR WORSHIP. 

t'tcrnal life. He should draw the Scripture distinction between him 
iiiat serveth God and him tliat servetli him not, and solemnly warn the 
i<];norant, the lieretical, and the immoral, not to approach the table of 
the Lord. On the other hand, he should atl'ectionately invite those who 
are sensible of their lost and iielpless condition, and who are depending 
on tiie atonement and intercession of Clirist for pardon and acceptance 
with God, to come to tlie Supper, that by faith they may feed upon him 
wliose flesh is meat indeed, and wliose blood is drink, indeed.* 

4. Coming to the Table ; Giving Thanks — After tliese introductory 
services, let the communicants come to the table, on which the elements 
are spread. wi)ile a portion of a Psalm is sunjr. Then let the minister, 
in imitation of tiie Saviour's example, give thanks to God, and implore 
his biessintr on the ordinance.! 

a. Distributing the Bread After prayer, let the minister take the 

bread, break it, and give it to communicants, saying : " Our Lord 
Jesus Ciirist, on the same night in whicli he was betrayed, took bread, 
and having given thanks, brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying: 
' Take, eat ; this is my body which is broken for you : this do in re- 
membrance of me.' "1 

G. Distributing the Wine. — Tiien he shall take the cup, and give it to 
communicants, saying : " Atter the same manner, our Lord took the 
cup and gave it to his disciples, saying: ' This cup is the New Testa- 
ment in my blood ; this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of 
me. For as often as ye eat this bread and drink this cup, ye do shew 
the Lord's death till he come.' "§ 

7. Address to Communicants When communicants are seated at the 

table, the minister should remind them of the grace of God and the 
love of Christ as exhibited in this sacrament, and of their obligation to 
live a holy and consistent life. While the elements are passing, com- 
municants may be left to tlieir own reflections. 

8. Concluding Services The minister, at a convenient time, is to 

take his seat at the table and con)municate with the members of the 
congregation. After all have been at the table, the service should be 
concluded with thanksgiving and praise. || 

ARTICLE VII. 

THE PRONOUNCING OF THE BENEDICTION. 

1. Dismissing the Congregation — At the close of public worship, the 
minister should dismiss the congregation with a solemn benediction. 
None but a minister of the gospel should perform this part of public 
worsliip, and the peo[)le should wait with reverence and attention till it 
is ended. ^ 

2. Form of Benediction In dismissing the congregation, the follow- 
ing form of benediction may be employed : " The grace of the Lord 
Jesus Ciirist, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy 
Ghost, be with you all. Amen."** 

* 1 Cor. xi. 27-29. § 1 Cor. xi. 25. \ Numb. vi. 23. 

t 1 Cor. xi. 24. IJ Matt. xxvi. 30. ** 2 Cor. xiii. 14. 

X 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24. 



THE ORDINANCES OF SOCIAL AVORSHIP. 65 

CHAPTER IV. 

THE ORDINANCES OF SOCIAL WORSHIP. 

1. Prayer Meetings — When circumstances will admit, meetings for 
prayer should be held in every congrej^ation, at least once during the 
week. It is the duty of all tlie members of the church to attend these 
meetings for social worship.* 

2. Leaders — The pastor of the congregation, or, if he is not present, 
an elder, or private member of approved piety, should conduct the ex- 
ercises of the prayer meeting. 

3. Order of Exercises Tiie exercises should consist of reading 

the Scriptures, the singing of Psalms, the offering of praver, and re° 
marks on some portion of Scripture or suitable exhoriations, in such 
order as shall conduc^i to edification. When a minister is present, the 
services should be concluded with the benediction. 

4. Sessions' Prayer MeetiiKjs — Sessions should frequently meet for 
conference and prayer, when they should consider the spiritual condition 
of their congregations, and implore divine guidance in all that pertains 
to their office. 

5. Social Worship in Place of Preaching When a congregation has 

no pastor, or when he is absent, it may be profitable for t1ie°people to 
spend a part of tlie Sabbath in social worship, and if none capable of 
making appropriate remarks are present, let some one read an evano-eli- 
cal and instructive sermon. ° 

CHAPTER V. 

THE ORDINANCES OF FAMILY WORSHIP. 

1. Tiyne of Family Worship — Family worship should be performed 
morning and evening, and all the members of the family should be pres- 
ent.f ^ 

2. Leader — The head of the family should ordinarily conduct the 
services. If the husband is absent or disqualified, the believing wife 
should perform the duty. If anotlier person who is qualified is present, 
he may be invited to lead in the worship. 

3. Order of Exercises — The exercises should consist of the sino-ino- 
of Psalms, of reading the Scriptures, and of prayer. ° ° 

4. Manner of Worship — Family worship ought not to be tedious. 
All should join in the singing. It may be profitable to read the Scrip- 
tures through in course. The prayer should have reference to the cir- 
cumstances of the family, and should include petitions for the peace and 
prosperity of the congregation with which it is connected and of the 
church at large. 

CHAPTER VI. 

THE ORDINANCES OF SECRET WORSHIP. 

1. Importance of Secret Worship — Secret worship is indispensable to 
personal holiness. It should be performed daily. J 

* Mai. iii. 16. t Josh. xxiv. 15 ; Ps. xcii. 2. J Ps. cxix. 164; Matt vi. 6. 
5 



66 DIRECTORY FOR WORSHIP. 

2. Exercises The exercises of secret worship are reading, medita- 
tion, self-examination, prayer and praise. 

CHAPTER VII. 

THE ORDINANCES OF EXTRAORDINARY -WORSHIP. 

1. Reason of Extraordinary Worship The dispensations of Provi- 
dence will sometimes call men to peculiar acts of worship, and it is 
then right to appoint days to wait upon God in the duties required by 
the dispensation. Such days may be called days of extraordinary 
worship. 

2. Authority for Extraordinary Worship. — The obligation to ob- 
serve such days does not rest on human authority. It is found in the 
will of God, revealed in his word, and manifested in his providences ; 
and when, in obedience to the clear call of Providence, civil rulers 
recommend, or ecclesiasti3al rulers appoint, the observance of such days, 
the people should heartily comply. 

3. Kinds of Extraordinary Worship — The principal kinds of extra- 
ordinary worship are, fasting, thanksgiving, and covenanting. 

ARTICLE I. 

FASTING. 

1. Occasions for Public Fasting When severe judgments fall upon 

a nation or church, or if they seem to be imminent, or if some special 
blessing is to be sought, God commands that nation or church to hum- 
ble itself by solemn religious fasting.* 

2. Manner of Observance On the day appointed for fasting, food 

should be abstained from, or taken sparingly, and all unnecessary 
worldly labor, thoughts, conversation and pleasures should be laid 
aside. As much of the day as is convenient should be spent in the 
public worship of God. The exercises should be the same as those of 
ordinary public worship (see Chap. III.) ; but the Psalms that are 
sung, the Scriptures that are read, the prayers that are offered, and the 
sermons that are preached, should have special reference to the circum- 
stances calling for the fast. 

3. Private Fasts. — In addition to these public fasts, other times may 
be observed by particular congregations, families or individuals under 
special visitations of Providence. But the time selected for such fasts 
should generally be different from that appointed by the church or 
recommended by the civil magistrate. 

ARTICLE II. 

THANKSGIVING. 

1. Occasions for Thanksgiving — When God gives special tokens of 
his favor to a nation or church, men should unite in public thanks- 
giving.t 

2. Manner of Observance A convenient portion of the day ap- 
pointed for thanksgiving should be spent in the exercises of ordinary 
public worship (see Chap. III.) ; but the mercies of the past and pres- 

*Joel ii. 12. t Esther ix. 22. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 67 

ent should especially be remembered, and ail the services should rend 
to develop a grateful spirit. It is well to take up a collection for some 
benevolent object, and to spend a portion of the day in works of Chris- 
tian charity. 

ARTICLE III. 

COVESANTING. 

1. Occasions for Covenanting. — Covenanting is a duty in which everv 
believer has engaged ; but there is a formal act of public social covenant- 
ing, in whicli congregations or churclies may engage. It is an extraor- 
dinary duty to which God's people are called in times of special danger 
to the church, or of unusual awakening and reformation. But, as cove- 
nanting should be entirely voluntary, a refusal to engage in it should 
not expose an individual to censure or reproach.* 

2. Preparatory Steps — As this duty is peculiarly solemn, public no- 
tice of an intention to engage in it should be given at least four weeks 
beforehand ; a series of preparatory exercises should be conducted, in 
which the minister should explain from the Scriptures the nature and 
design of the duty, and wliat is requisite in those who covenant with 
God ; days of fasting should be observed, and much public and private 
prayer should be offered for the Divine presence and the help of the 
Holy Spirit. 

3. Manner of Observance. — The form of bond or covenant, which 
may be prepared by each congregation for itself, or by some superior 
court of the church, and wliicli should have special reference to the cir- 
cumstances calling for covenanting, should be carefully and prayerfully 
examined by the people before the day fixed for the solemn service. 
When the day arrives, after the usual devotional exercises of public 
worship, let a sermon be preached appropriate to the occasion ; let there 
be a brief rehearsal of all that has been done, and of what the people 
should do ; and then let prayer for Divine direction and help be offered. 
After the prayer, let each covenanter lift the right hand, while the min- 
ister reads aloud the covenant, and at the close of the reading, let each 
bow the head in token of consent. Then let all come forward and sign 
their names to the covenant to which they have sworn. Let the ser- 
vices be then concluded with singing, exhortation, and the benediction. 

CHAPTER VIII. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 
ARTICLE I. 

SABBATH SCHOOLS. 

1. Sabbath Schools tinder the Control of the Session. — A Sabbath 
School should be established in every congregation. f The children of 
the church, and those of irreligious parents, should be gathered into it. 
It belongs to the Session to appoint the superintendent and teachers, to 
provide suitable text-books and reading matter, and to exercise a gen- 
eral control over the school. The pastor has, by virtue of his office, the 

*Josb. xxiv. 25. f Prov. xxii. 6. 



08 DIRECTORY FOR AVORSIIIP. 

supervision of the whole school, and lie shall give such instruction to the 
superintendent and teachers, and make sucli examination of the scholars, 
as may be proper. 

2. Superintendent and IJis Duties.. — The superintendent should be a 
man of piety, and, if practicable, a member of Session. It is his duty to 
classify the scholars, to assign classes to the teachers, to preserve order 
in the school aud to direct its exercises. 

3. Teachers and their Duties — The teachers should be members of 
the church, and men and women of earnest piety. It is their duty to be 
regular in their attendanct-, to instruct their scholars from the Holy 
Scriptures, the Shorter Catechism, and such other text-books as may be 
approved by the Session, to record the attendance and progress of their 
scholars, to visit them during the week, especially if absent on the Sab- 
bath, and to use all proper means to bring them to a saving knowledge 
of the truth. 

4. Order of Exercises The school should be opened and closed with 

brief devotional exercises, under the direction of the superintendent. 
The rest of the time should be employed in reciting and explaining the 
lessons of tiie day. 

5. Teachers' Prayer 3Ieeting. — The officers and teachers of the school 
should hold frequent meetings lor conference and prayer. 

G. Library and Text-Boohs Tlie school should be provided with 

such catechisms, papers and books as present the truth in a clear and 
scriptural manner, and all books of a secular or amusing character should 
be carefully excluded. 

7. Mission Sabbath Schools. — In destitute neighborhoods. Mission 
Sabbath Schools should be organized. In such cases, established con- 
gregations should aid in furnishing teachers and necessary appliances 
for the work. ' 

ARTICLE II. 

CATKCHISING. 

1. Importance, Place, etc., of Catechising. — As the duty of catechis- 
ing is of vital importance in promoting growth in grace, no pastor should 
omit it. It may be conducted either in a private family, or where a 
number of families is assembled. The classification of those to be cate- 
chised, the time, ))lace, and frequency of the duty, must be left to the 
discretion of the Session. 

2. Manner of Catechising. — In the performance of this duty, minis- 
ters should use the Larger and Shorter Catechisms and questions drawn 
from the Scriptures. The capacity and opportunities of individuals are 
always to be considered. If any are ignorant or timid, kindness and 
sympathy should be shown towards them. All should be led from 
first principles to a knowledge of those less evident, that they may even- 
tually be instructed and established in the whole truth of the Christian 
system.* 

ARTICLE III. 

FAMILY VISITATION. 

1. Design of Family Visitation. — Every pastor should visit the fam- 

*Heb. V. 12. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 69 

ilies of his congregation from time to time to ascertain their spiritual 
condition, and to exhort them to the faithful performance of their re- 
ligious duties. 

2. Manner of its Performance. — In family visitation, the minister 
should inquire in every household concerning the observance of family 
•worship, and the attendance on the outward and ordinary means of 
grace; he should catechise, admonish, reprove, encourage, and comfort, 
as circumstances may require ; and he should pray with the family, af- 
fectionately commending each individual to the care of God. 

ARTICLE lY. 

SYSTEMATIC BENEFICENCE. 

1. Necessity of Systematic Beneficence. — The Scriptures make it an 
imperative duty to give a portion of our worldly substance to the Lord. 
And as system contributes to success in any work, every member of the 
church should reduce the duty of beneficence to a system.* 

2. Amount to he Given. — The word of God requires all to give cheer- 
fully, liberally, regularly, and according as God hath proposed them.f 

3. Pastors Should Instruct their People Pastors should frequently 

instruct their people in regard to this important duty, urge its perform- 
ance, and explain the design of the different Boards of the church, and 
the character of the work which they supervise. 

\. If a Person Refuses to Contribute. — If any person of knowm pe- 
cuniary ability fails to give to benevolent objects, or if he contributes in 
a sparing manner, the Session should point out his obligation as re- 
vealed in the word of God, the importance of the duty, and the reward 
attending its faithful discharge ; and if he still withholds from the treas- 
ury of the Lord, it is the duty of the Session to deal with him as an of- 
fender. 

ARTICLE V. 

SOLEMNIZATION OF MARRIAGE. 

1. Marriage. — Marriage is a solemn contract between one man and 
one woman, + instituted V)y God, and sanctioned and acknowledged by 
the civil law. Marriage is not peculiar to the church of Christ ; yet it 
is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord ;§ and it is becom- 
ing to have the marriage solemnized with a religious service, and by a 
minister of the gospel. 

2. Parties in Marriage The parties in marriage must not be within 

the degrees of consanguinity or affinity prohibited by the word of God.|| 
They must be of years of discretion, and capable of making their own 
choice. If they are under age, the consent of their parents or guardians 
should be obtained by the minister before solemnizing the marriage. 

3. Ceremony of Marriage. — The minister having satisfied himself that 
the parties have complied with the forms required by the laws of the 
land, shall cause the parties to stand together in the presence of a 
proper number of witnesses, and shall briefly address them in regard to 

*2Cor. ix."?. |Matt. xix. V. (| Lev. xviii. 

fl Cor. xvi. 2. |l Cor. vii. 39. 



70 DIRECTORY FOR WORSHIP. 

tilt' institution of marriage, and the obligations tliey are about to assume. 
Tl.eii, having joined their right liands, he shall address this marriage 
vow to the man: " Do you, A. B., take this woman, whom you now 
hold by the right hand, to be your wedded wife ; and do you solemnly 
promise, in the presence of God and these witnesses, to be a loving and 
fiiitliful husband unto her, till God shall separate you by death?" 
"Wlien this question is answered in the affirmative, he shall address this 
similar vow to the woman : " Do you, C. D., take this man, whom you 
now hold by the right hand, to be your wedded husbapd ; and do you 
solemnly promise, in the presence of God and tliese witnesses, to be a 
loving, liiithful. and obedient wife unto him, till God shall separate you 
by death?" AVhen this question is answered in the affirmative, the 
minister shall say : " I pronounce you husband and wife ; what, there- 
fore, God hath joined together, let no man put asunder." He shall then 
conclude the ceremony with a prayer for the Divine blessing to rest 
upon the newly-constiiuted family. 

4. When Solemnized. — INIarriage should not be solemnized on the 
Sabbath, or on a day of public fasting. 

ARTICLE Vl. 

THE VISITATION OF THE SICK. 

1. Sick Should Send for ihe Elders — "When members of the church 
are visited with sickness, tliev should send for their minister and elders, 
and seek their counsels and prayers.* But if a minister or elder knows 
of affliction in any of the families of the congregation, he should not 
wait for an invitation to visit them. Nor should he confine his visits to 
the sick of liis congreiration. 

2. Conversation with the Sick — In conversing with the sick, care 
should be taken to meet the wants of individual cases. H' tlie sick is 
ignorant, he should be instructed; if he is careless, lie should be alarmed ; 
if he is indulging in a false hope, he should be warned ; if he is a be- 
liever, and depressed in spirit and walking in darkness, he should be 
comforted. The ability and willingness of Christ to save are in all 
cases appropriate subjects of conversation. 

3. Private Conversations. — As the presence of friends and strangers 
prevents a full statement of feelings and views, conversations with the 
sick should often be in private. 

4. Prayer with tlie Sick. — After a suitable time spent in conversation, 
the minister or elder should pray wiih and for the sick.f The prayer 
should be brief and earnest, and for such things as previous conversa- 
tion has shown to be needful. AVhen thought proper, a portion of the 
Scripture may be read in connection with the prayer. 

ARTICLE VII. 

THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD. 

1. State of the Dead Unchangenhle — As nothing can affect or change 
the condition of the dead, every thing which savors of superstition or 
vain display should be avoided at funerals. 

* James v. 14. f James v. 14, 15. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 71 

2. Not on the Sahhath. — No funeral should take place on the Sab- 
bath, except ill cases of absolute necessity. 

3. Exercises at the House. — Before the body is removed to the 
grave, the minister may read a portion of Scripture, offer a prayer, 
and make some remarks to comfort the mourners and warn the living. 



III. RULES OF ORDER. 



OFFICERS OF THE ASSEMBLY AND THEIR ELECTION. 

1. Officers. — The officers of the Assembly shall be a moderator, a 
principal clerk, and a second clerk. 

2. Election of Moderator. — Immediately after the constitution of the 
Assembly, the commissioners shall, by ballot, choose one of their num- 
ber to act as moderator for tlie ensuing year. 

3. Election of Clerks. — The principal and the second clerks shall be 
elected by ballot, and their term of office shall be four years. They 
may be members of Assembly or not, as may be deemed expedient. 

4. Assistant Clerk. — At the request of the stated clerks, the Assem- 
bly may choose an assistant clerk to serve during the sessions of the As- 
sembly. 

5. Majority Necessary to Elect. — It shall require a majority of all 
the votes cast to elect. In case there is no election on the first ballot, 
the Assembly shall proceed to ballot for the two candidates having the 
highest number of votes. 

DUTIES OF THE MODERATOR. 

6. Constituting the Assembly. — At the time appointed, the moder- 
ator of the last Assembly, or his alternate, or, in their absence, the 
oldest minister present, shall open the meeting with a sermon, consti- 
tute the Assembly with prayer, and preside until a new moderator is 
chosen. 

7. Enforcing the Rules. — The moderator shall preside over the As- 
sembly, and enforce its rules of order. 

8. Talcing the Vote. — When the deliberations on a particular subject 
are closed, the moderator shall give a concise and clear statement of the 
question, take the vote, and announce the result from the chair. 

9. Casting Vote. — The moderator shall vote with the other members 
of the Assembly when the vote is taken by ballot. In any other case, if 
the Assembly is equally divided, he shall have the casting vote; but if 
he does not choose to vote, he may put the question a second time, and 
if the result is the same, the question shall be lost. 

10. Deciding Questions of Order. — The moderator shall decide all 
questions of order, subject to an appeal to the Assembly by any two 
members; or he may, in the first instance, submit the question to the 
Assembly. 

11. Speaking from the Cfiair. — The moderator may, without leaving 

(72) 



COMMITTEES. 73 

the chair, speak to questions of order. But when he would express his 
views on any business before the Assembly, he must call some member 
to occupy the chair until he has concluded his remarks. 

12. Nominating Committees — Unless otherwise determined by a 
special motion, the moderator shall nominate all committees, subject to 
the confirmation of the Assembly. 

DUTIES OF THE CLERKS. 

13. Principal Clerh The principal clerk shall keep a roll of mem- 
bers of the Assembly ; call it at the opening of each session ; record 
the transactions of the Assembly ; preserve the records and all papers 
not otlierwise disposed of, and sign all orders and official papers. 

14. Second Clerk Tlie second clerk shall have charge of all papers 

relating to statistics ; prepare the forms ; take the necessary measures 
for the collection of full and accurate statistical information, and, in the 
absence of the principal cleik, perform his duties. 

15. Docket. — The clerks shall keep a docket with a full statement of 
business referred by a termer Assembly, or left unfinished at a previous 
session ; and shall keej) an exact entry upon it of every item accepted 
for the considt-ration of the Assembly. All papers not referred, and re- 
ports, shall he ])ut upon the docket in the order in which they are read, 
unless otherwise ordered by a vote. 

QUORUM. 

10. Of How Many it Consists. — " One-third of all the delegates duly 
commissioned, being assembled at the time and place appointed, shall 
be a finorum for tlie transaction of business." [Form of Government, 
Chap, v.. Art. 4, Sec. 6.] 

17. In Case there is no Quorum If a quorum is not assembled at 

thp hour appointed, any two members shall be competent to adjourn 
from time to time, that an opportunity may be given for a quorum to 
assemble. 

COMMITTEES. 

18. Standing Committees — At the next sitting after the election of 
moderator, or as soon thereafter as possible, the following standing com- 
mittees shall be appointed, namely : 

1. A Committee on Bills and Overtures. 

2. A Judiciary Committee. 

3. A Committee on Narrative and the State of Religion. 

4. A Committee for each of the Boards of the Church, 
o. A Committee on Sabbath Schools. 

6. A Committee on Finance. 

7. A Committee on Statistics. 

8. A Committee on Correspondence. 

9. A Committee on Devotional Exercises. 

10. A Committee on Revision. 

11. A Committee on Nominations. 
[12. A Committee on Appropriations.] 

19. Bills and Overtures. — The Committee on Bills and Overtures 
shall consist of seven members, and be charged with the consideration 



74 RULES OF ORDER. 

of all such proposals for public acts, or other measures of general inter- 
est, as shall be referred to them. 

20. Judiciary. — The Judiciary Committee shall consist of seven 
members, and to it shall be referred all questions involving the interpre- 
tation of the existing laws and doctrines of the church. 

21. Narrative and State of Jielif/ion. — The Committee on Narrative 
and the State of Religion shall consist of live members, and to it shall 
be referred the reports of Presbyteries. It sl)all prepare a statement of 
the events of the past year, and of the state of religion throughout the 
church. 

22. Boards of the Clmrch Tlie Committees for the Boards of the 

Church shall consist of five members each, and it shall be the duty of 
each to review the transactions of its Board and suggest new measures. 

23. Sabbath Schools. — Tlie Committee on Sabbath Schools sliall con- 
sist of five members, and to it shall be referred all reports and papers 
relatirig to Sabbath Schools. It shall be their duty to report on the 
Sabbath Schools of the church, and suggest any measures tiiat would 
increase their usefulness. 

24. Finance. — The Committee on Finance shall consist of five mem- 
bers, and to it shall be referred the reports of the treasurers of the As- 
sembly, and of the Boards, and all papers relating to finances ; and it 
shall report necessary measures to secure liberal and systematic contri- 
butions to the funds and institutions of the church. 

[Standing Rule — See Appropriations. 

All resolutions ofiered in the General Assembly, and all propositions 
coming from others than Boards and Standing Committees, appropri- 
ating money, shall first be referred to the Committee on Finance, to be 
examined, and their judgment reported before final action.] 

2o. Statistics. — The Committee on Statistics shall consist of five 
members, and to it shall be referred all papers and reports concerning 
statistics, and it shall propose any action necessary to secure full and 
correct statistical information. 

2G. Correspondence. — The Committee on Correspondence shall con- 
sist of five members, and to it shall be referred all matters relating to 
intercourse with other churches. 

27. Devotional Exercises. — The Committee on Devotional Exercises 
shall consist of five members, and shall arrange all the religious exer- 
cises of the meeting, and nominate the preachers for the next Assem- 
bly. 

28. Revision. — The Committee on Revision shall consist of five 
members, and to it shall be referred the minutes of the Assembly and 
of the Synods, and it shall report on tlie manner in which the minutes 
have been recorded, and whether the proceedings of the Synods have 
been according to Presbyterial order. 

29. Nominations. — The Committee on Nominations shall nominate 
to the Assembly persons to fill the vacancies occurring in all tlie Boards. 

\_Appropriaiions. — Consisting of one member from each of the com- 
mittees on the Boards and one from the Committee on Finances, to 
which shall be referred all the estimates of the Boards and all other 
claims for money to support the general work of the Church, and 
whose duty it shall be to report the appropriation for the general work 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 75 

entrusted to the Boards or special agencies, and to recommend proper 
measures to secure liberal and systematic contributions to the funds and 
institutions of the church. See Appropriations, Sec. 2.] 

30. Credentials. — The Assembly shall, during its sessions, appoint a 
Committee on Credentials, consisting of two members, whose duty it 
shall be to prepare the roll for the next Assembly. 

31. Notification of Committees — Tiie chairman of each committee 
shall be furnished with a list of itg members, and a copy of th'^ minute 
of their appointment, when it contains any specifications of their duty, 
togetiier with all papers referred to them. 

32. Reports of Committees — The report of a committee, presented at 
the regular time in order of business, may be accepted without a motion, 
unless it contains something objectionable to the Assembly. But at 
any other time it may be accepted only on motion. 

33. Discharge of Committee — The acceptance of a report discharges 
the committee from the further consideration of the business, unless by 
vote recommitted to it. 

34. Committee of the Whole — As it may sometimes answer valuable 
ends for the members of the Assembly to confer together on certain sub- 
jects in a manner which would not consist with the strict rules of the 
court, the Assembly may resolve itself into a " Committee of the 
"Whole," or extra-judicial conference. 

3 .'j. Rules — The moderator of the Assembly shall appoint a chairman 
to preside, whose duty it shall be to report to the Assembly business 
thus extra-judicially transacted. The rules of the Assembly shall be 
observed as far as they are applicable in the Committee of the Whole, 
excepting that the previous question cannot be called, the ayes and 
nays required, nor can there be an appeal from the decision of the 
chair. 

36. Report — The Committee of the Whole cannot adjourn; it must 
always rise and report to the Asseml)ly. If the business referred 
thereto is not finished, the Committee, through the chairman, " reports 
progress, and asks leave to sit again," which the Assembly may grant 
or refuse, at its discretion. 

ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

37. Each session of the Assembly shall be opened and closed with 
prayer. 

The order of business at every session, unless suspended by a vote of 
two-thirds, shall be as follows : 

1. Calling the roll and marking absentees. 

2. Hearing the excuses of absentees, and censuring them, if their ab- 
sence appears to have been unnecessary. 

3. Reading and approving the minutes. 

4. The presentation of letters, papers, petitions, or matters requiring 
reference. 

5. The presentation of reports from standing and select committees. 

6. Unfinished business. 

7. New business, in the order in which it was put on the docket. 



76 RULES OF ORDER. 



MOTIONS. 

38. iVo Action or Speaking Without a Motion — The Assembly can- 
not act but in virtue of a motion regularly in its possession ; and no 
speaking shall be allowed without a formal motion, unless it is for ex- 
planation, or on questions of privilege. 

39. Motions Must be Seconded and Announced — No motion shall be 
in possession of the Assembly until it is seconded and announced by 
the moderator in the words of the motion. 

40. 3Iotions Reduced to Writing --Every motion and amendment shall 
be reduced to writing, if the moderator or any member desires it. 

41. Name of Mover, etc.. Recorded. — The names of tlie person who 
moves, and of "the person who seconds a motion, may be entered upon the 
minutes at the discretion of the clerk. 

42. Withdrawiny a Motion Any member who makes a motion, 

shall have the liberty to withdraw it, with the consent of his second, 
before any debate has taken j)lace thereon, but not afterwards, without 
the leave of the Assembly. 

43. Privileged Questions. — "When a question is under consideration, 
no motion shall be received except " to adjourn," "to lay on the table," 
for " the previous question," " to postpone indefinitely," *• to postpone to 
a time certain," "to commit," or "to amend;" and these motions 
shall have precedence in the order in which they are arranged. 

44. Use to be Made of Privileged Questions. — These privileged ques- 
tions are not designed to separate amendments or appendages from the 
main question, and consequently cannot be moved on each other, but 
upon the main question ; except " to adjourn," and " to postpone to a 
time certain," may be amended as to the time ; and " to commit" may 
be amended in the question of the committee, and instructions. 

45. Motion to Adjourn. — A motion to adjourn is always in order, ex- 
cept when the Assembly is taking a vote, or when a member is speak- 
ing. 

46. Previous Question. — Auy two members may call for the Previous 
Question, which shall be put in this form : " Shall the main question 
now be put ?" If seconded by a majority of the members present, all 
debate shall cease, and the Assembly shall vote, first on pending 
amendments, if any, and then upon the main question. 

47. No Debate after Previous Question is Called. — All incidental 
questions of order arising after a motion is made for the Previous Ques- 
tion, and pending such, shall be decided, whether on appeal or other- 
wise, without debate. 

48. Motion to Lay on the Table. — The motion " to lay on the table " 
has for its object the temporary removal of business from the consider- 
ation of the Assembly, and if decided in the affirmative on the main 
question or on the amendment, removes the whole subject from before 
the Assembly, until it is again taken up. 

49. Indefinite Postponement. — When any question is postponed in- 
definitely, the same shall not be acted upon again during the entire 
meeting of the Assembly, except by a vote of two-thirds of the As- 
sembly. 

50. Order of the Day When a question is postponed to a " time 



DEBATE. 77 

certain," it becomes the "order of tlie day " for that time, and takes 
the precedence of all other business. 

51. Amendments. — Motions are always open to amendment, even to 
the complete alteration of the motion. 

52. Number of Amendments. — An amendment may itself be amended, 
but no further complication in this way shall be permitted ; and this 
last amendment shall be considered tirst. 

53. Substitutes — Substitutes for motions or resolutions may, with the 
consent of the Assembly, be admitted instead of the original motion and 
its appendages ; but the effect of a substitute is to supersede the original 
motion altogether. 

54. Division of Question. — If the question in debate contain several 
points, any two members may have the same divided, provided the di- 
vision called for embodies a distinct principle, or statement of fact. 

i>i). Questions not Debatable. — All motions " to put on the docket," 
" to adjourn," " for the previous question," " to lay on the table," " to 
take up business," in relation to the priority of business, and the ad- 
mission of substitutes, shall be decided without debate. 

5G. Reconsideration A motion for reconsideration can be made only 

by a member who voted with the majority, and unless by consent of two- 
thirds of the membei-s present, can be entertained only when offered at 
the same, or next subsequent sitting of the Assembly. 

57. Notice of Motion. — A motion on any subject connected with the 
doctrine, discipline, government, or order of the church, shall not be 
considered until the second sitting after the one at which it is offered. 

DEBATE. 

58. Obtaining the Floor. — When a member desires to address the As- 
sembly, he must rise and address the moderator, and he may not pro- 
ceed until the moderator recognizes him, and announces his name. 
The moderator shall always give the floor to the member who first ad- 
dresses him, or to the one farthest from the chair when two or more ad- 
dress him at the same time. 

59. DecoTnim of Members. — Every member, when speaking, shall ad- 
dress himself to tiie moderator, and to no other person, except through 
the moderator; he shall treat his fellow members, and especially the 
moderator, with decorum and respect, and shall attend closely, in his 
speech, to the question under consideration. 

60. Calls to Order. — If any speaker acts, in any respect, in a dis- 
orderly manner, it shall be the privilege of any member, and the duty 
of the n-oderator, to call him to order; and a member thus called to order 
shall immediately take his seat, until it is determined whether he was 
out of order or not, or until leave is given him by the Assembly to pro- 
ceed. 

Gl. Number of Speeches. — On questions of order, postponement, com- 
mitment, or matters which have been discussed in Committee of the 
Whole, no member shall speak more than once, without express leave 
of the Assembly. On all other questions, each member may speak 
twice. 

62. End of Debate. — When the moderator has risen to take the vote, 
no further debate or remark shall be admitted, unless there has evi- 



78 RULES OF ORDER. 

dently been a mistake ; in tliis case, the mistake shall be rectified, and 
he shall recommence taking the vote. 

VOTING. 

63. Taking the Vote Before taking the vote, the motion shall be 

repeated by tiie moderator, who shall put the question in the following 
form : " As many as are in favor of the motion will say. Aye." After 
the affirmative is ex[)ressed : " As many as are opposed will say, No.'^ 

64. Division If tliere is any doubt as to the result of the vote, the 

moderator, or any member, may call for a division of the house : the 
moderator shall tlien repeat the motion, and shall require the Ayes to 
rise and be counted, and then the Nays to rise and be counted in like 
manner, and siiall pronounce accordingly. 

65. Ayes and Nays One-fourth of the members present may de- 
mand the Ayes and Nays on any question ; the roll shall then be called, 
and the vote of each member recorded in the minutes. 

66. Non-Voters Members, without weighty reasons, are not to de- 
cline voting. Silent members, unless excused from voting, are reckoned 
•with the majority. 

67. Interested Parties No member shall have the privilege of vot- 
ing on a question in which he is personally interested, or in any case 
where he was not present when the question was put, unless with the 
consent of the Assembly. 

68. Filling BJanls "When various propositions are made with re- 
spect to filling blanks with particular numbers, sums, or times, the 
question shall always be on the highest number, the largest sum, and 
the longest or remotest time. 

69. Appeals. — Any two members feeling aggrieved by a decision of 
the moderator may appeal to the Assembly, whose determination of the 
matter shall be final. The question shall be put in this form : " Shall 
the decision of the moderator be sustained?" 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

70. Leave of Absence No member may absent himself from the 

sessions of the Assembly without its consent. 

71. Private Sessions. — The Assembly has the right to sit with closed 
doors on business, which, in its judgment, ought not to be made a 
matter of public notoriety. 

72. Final Adjournment. — The Assembly shall close its meeting with 
prayer, singing, and the benediction. 

73. Printing Minutes. — The minutes of the Assembly shall be pub- 
lished by the Board of Publication, under the direction of the clerks, as 
soon as possible after the adjournment. 

74. Amendments. — These rules of order may be suspended or amended 
by a vote of two-thirds of the members of the Assembly. 

75. Rules in Lower Courts All Synods, Presbyteries and Sessions, 

under the care of the Assembly, are directed to observe these rules of 
order so far as applicable. 



IV. DIGEST. 



PEINCIPAL ACTS AND DELIVERANCES OF THE 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



I. AMUSEMENTS. 



Dancing, Theatrical Exhibitions, &c. — Resolved, That the mem- 
bers of the United Presbyterian Church be exhorted to avoid all asso- 
ciation with men of the world in vain and ensnaring recreations, such 
as promiscuous dancing, theatrical exhibitions, and such like amuse- 
ments as are adapted to alienate the affections from God, and expose 
the Christian character to reproach ; and that pastors and Sessions be 
careful to warn those under their care in relation to the danger of hav- 
ing any fellowship with the world in any such practices. Vol. I, p. 
120, 1860. 

The question which this Assembly is asked to answer is the follow- 
ing, viz.: '' Is the mingling of the sexes in the dance in a private house, 
where only the moral and respectable are permitted to participate, a 
violation of the law of the United Presbyterian Church, when the 
parties engaged in the dance are members of her communion?" 

In the judgment of your committee the deliverance of the General 
Assembly in its action of the year 1860 was intended to define " promis- 
cuous dancing" as one of the " vain and ensnaring recreations" of the 
men of the world, and that for members of the church to engage in the 
promiscuous dance, even with one another, is to have fellowship with 
the world in its sinful recreations. And that said deliverance of the 
Assemldy upon this subject is a distinct and unequivocal disapproval of 
such practices. 

We recommend for adoption the following: 

Resolved, That the petitioners be referred to the deliverance of the 
Assembly in its action upon the subject of amusements, in 1860, as 
giving a full and explicit answer to their question. Vol. V, p. 15, 1879. 

II. APPEALS. 

1. Parties to an Appeal. — [In M'Cune's case, Rev. Samuel Wil- 
son and others, members of Synod, appealed from a decision of the 

(79) 



80 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Second Synod, and tlie Synod was recognized by the Assembly as a 
party. Vol. II, pp. 395, 413, 1867.] 

In an appeal from a lower court, the lower court becomes a party in 
the case before the higher court, and appears there as such by its author- 
ized agents. Vol. II, p. 409, 18G7. 

[In Gordon's appeal, the appeal was declared inadmissible because 
the appellants were not original parties in the case, and because tiie in- 
terests of truth and righteousness were not injuriously affected by the 
decision of the Synod. Vol. Ill, p. 420, 1872.] 

[In McCaughan's second appeal, the appeal was declared inadmis- 
sible because the parties against whom the decision was made did not 
appeal, and it is not alleged that the^iui'ity of the Cliurch or the inter- 
ests of trutli and rigliteousness were injuriously affected bv the decision. 
Vol. VII, j). 210. 1889.1 

2. Parties Must be Heard Before Judgment. — The Presbytery 

of Des Moines refused to grant the petition of certain memorialists on 
the alleged ground that they were not in good standing as members of 
the Church. 

Resolved, That the appeal be sustained because the lower courts 
passed judgment on the memoralists unheard. Vol. VI, p. 679, 1887. 
[See McCaughan's first Appeal.] 

3. Papers in the Case of an Appeal may be Amended. — 

[An appeal from tlie Second Synod was endorsed by the moderator of 
that Synod as having been put in his hands on a certain date, which 
was two days over the time specified in the Book of Discipline. It ap- 
pearing from the statement, both of the ap[)ellants and of tlie moderator, 
that the appeal with the reasons thereof was placed in his hands before 
the exj)iration of the specified time, he was permitted to correct his en- 
dorsement by the following action :] 

Resolved, 1. That the moderator of the Second Synod is hereby 
permitted to am mend his endorsement of the appeal according to the 
facts. 

2. That upon this correction, the Assembly proceed to the issuing 
of the appeal. Vol. II, p. 398, 1867. [A dissent against this action 
was entered, Vol. II, p. 401, 1867, and answered, Vol. II, p. 408, 
1867.] 

3. The Right of Members of a Lower Court to Vote in the 

Case of an Appeal. — The following amendment was submitted to the 
Presbyteries as a separate overture : Strike out the last clause in Book 
II, Chap. XII, Sec. 2, and insert the following : " When a matter is 
transferred in any of these ways from an inferior to a superior judica- 
tory, tlie inferior judicatory shall, in no case, be considered a party, ex- 
cept in cases of declinature ; but its members shall have the right to 
sit, deliberate and vote in the higher courts. Vol. I, p. 351, 1862. 
[The vote on this overture was, ayes, 275 ; nays, 192 ; not voting, 13. 
Vol. I, p. 490, 1863. The Book of Government and Discipline, 
adopted in 1866, declares that " the members of the inferior court shall 
have the right to sit and deliberate, but not to vote." In the case of 
an appeal from the Synod of Illinois, a question relative to the right of 
the Synod to vote was raised, when the following resolution was of- 
fered :] 



APPEALS. 81 

Resolved, That Section 3, Chapter XII, in the Book of Government, 
is not considered by this Assembly as giving it authority to exclude any 
Synod in the Assembly from voting on an appeal, except in motions 
where the Synod is a party in the case. 

* * The following amendment was offered : 

Inasmucli as the question as to members of an inferior court voting 
in a superior in all cases of judicial transfer was, by the General As- 
sembly, overtured some time ago to the Presbyteries and decided in the 
affirmative by the large majority of eighty-three votes ; and inasmuch 
as this decision, coming from tlie Presbyteries, became virtually from 
that time forth the law of the church on this subject and wanted only 
the formality of enactment on the part of the Assembly of being regu- 
larly and fully said law ; and inasmuch as it is a notorious fact that the 
rule on this subject in our Book of Government is, through oversight on 
the part of the church, entirely inconsistent with said decision ; there- 
fore, 

Resolved, 1. That this matter be overtured anew to the Presbyteries 
for final decision. 

2 That in the meantime, the previous decision of the Presbyteries 
on this subject be accepted, as the law by which we are to be governed. 

This amendment was laid upon the table. The moderator decided 
that the members of the Synod of Illinois had not a right to vote on the 
question of the adoption of the report. An appeal was taken from this 
decision, but it was not sustained. Vol. II, pp. 394, 395, 18G7. [A 
dissent with reasons was entered, Vol. II, p. 39a, and answered, Vol. 
II, p. 409, 1867.] 

5. Rights of a Member of a Court pending an Appeal affect- 
ing his Seat. — [A question was raised as to the right of James Skinner 
to act with the Session of the First Church of Washington, Iowa, while 
the appeal was pending concerning his right to a place in the Session. 
On this question the Synod of Iowa took the following action: ^'^ Re- 
solved, That in the judgment of this Synod, he is entitled to sit and act 
with the Session." From this a(!tion an appeal was taken to the As- 
sembly. The Assembly took the following action :J 

Resolved, That no further proceedings in this case are necessary. Vol. 
VI, p. 680, 1887. [See Dawson's second Appeal.] 

r.. Proposed Amendment to the Article on Appeals in the 

Book of Government. — The amendments suggested would not mater- 
ially improve the present article on appeals. * * * 

Therefore, 

Resolved, That the matter of revising Article III, Chapter XII, of 
the Book of Government, be indefinitely postponed. Vol. Ill, p. 287, 
1871. 

7. Presbyteries may, in Exceptional Cases, Appeal Directly 

to the Assembly. — The Presbyter}' of Oregon signify ti)eir cordial re- 
ception of the Testimony and other doctrinal standards of the United 
Presbyterian Church ; but owing to their remote position, they reserve 
the right of final jurisdiction over all matters, except such as may be 
appealed directly to the General Assembly ; and moreover, reserve the 
right of sending delegates to the General Assembly, as they may deem 
expedient. 
6 



82 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Hesolved, That the General Assembly cordially acquiesce in the pro- 
posal of the Presbytery of Oregon, and regard it as one of the Presby- 
teries under its care. Vol. I, p. 107, 18(50. 

The Presbyteries of Egypt and Sialkot are isolatf'.d and without 
Synodical control, and * * from the nature of the case have practi- 
cally synodical powers. Vol. V, p. 29, 1879. 

8. Appeal Cases Reported in this Digest. — The following ap- 
peal cases are reported in this Digest under their appropriate headings: 
On Marriage with a Deceased Wife's Sister; of James Dawson, (first 
and second); of James Donaldson; of Kev. J. C. E^vans ; of Rev. R. 
Gailey ; of Rev, H. Gordon ; of A. Grant ; of Adam Green ; of Rev. W. 
R. Hutchison ; of Rev. C. T. McCaughan, (first and second); of Ellen 
Marshall and otliers ; of Rev. J. T. Tate ; of Rev. S. Wilson. 

III. APPROPRIATIONS. 

1. Standing Rule on Appropriations. — Resolved o. That the 

following be adopted as a standing Rule : 

All resolutions otiered in the General Assembly, and all propositions 
coming from others than Boards and Standing Committees, appropria- 
ting money, shall first be referred to the Committee of Finance, to be 
examined, and their judgment reported before final action. Vol. V, p. 
358, 1881. 

2. A Committee on Appropriations. — [The representatives of 

the several Boards asked that there be added to the Standing Commit- 
tees of the General Assembly a Committee on Appropriations, con- 
sisting of one member from each of the committees on the Boards, and 
one from the committee on Finance, to which shall be referred all the 
estimates of the Boards and all other claims for money to support the 
general work of the Church, and whose duty it shall be to report the 
appropriations for the general work entrusted to the Boards or to special 
agencies, and to recommend proper measures to secure liberal and sys- 
tematic contributions to the funds and institutions of the Church. 
Thereupon the General Assembly adopted the following :] 

Resolved, That a committee on appropriations be appointed, in accor- 
dance with the request of the representatives of the Boards of the 
Church. Vol. VII, p. 33, 1888. 

IV. ARMY AND NAVY. 

The Religious Interests of the Army and Navy.— [A paper 

was presented to the Assembly from the Corresponding Secretary of 
the Chaplains of tlie army, asking the Assembly to unite with other evan- 
gelical Churches in petitioning Congress to increase the number of 
chaplains, and to take measures for the amelioration of the condition of 
the soldiers. The following was adopted by tlie Assembly :] 

Resolved, That this General Assembly is in hearty sympathy with 
every proper movement now being made lor the improvement of the 
moral and spiritual condition of our soldiers and marines, and would 
adopt, as expressive of its sentiments on this subject, the following sug- 
gestions of the aforementioned communication : 



THE ASSEMBLY MONTHLY. 83 

1. The appointment of chaplains in such number as to provide for 
every post occupied by troops. 

2. A movement to secure the convocation of the chaplains in annual 
session for conference about their work, and for devisin^ new and im- 
proved methods. ° 

3. The setting apart of the Sabbatii on, or immediately preceding, the 
fourth of July as Army and Navy Dav, on which one service, at least, 
will be held in connection with that patriotic occasion, when special 
prayers shall be offered, and the attention of the congregations called to 
the duty of the Church toward the naval and military forces of the 
country, whicii are maintained for the supremacy of authority and de- 
fence of our borders, who, by the manner of life required in the service 
of their country, imperil both soul and body for the common good. 

4. That gambling be prohibited in the army and navy. 

5. That the use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage be prohibited. 

6. That the rights of Christian ofHcers and men to a conscientious 
observance of the holy Sabbath be guaranteed against invasion by su- 
periors in requiring any duty not exigent and unavoidable. 

7. That a commission of five, with a corresponding secretary, be ap- 
pointed to co-operate with like commissions from other Churches in ob- 
taining as soon as possible the legislation necessary to secure the above 
mentioned improvement in the moral and religious condition of our 
soldiers and marines ; and also to act as a Board to examine and re- 
commend for appointment to the position of chaplain, such ministers as 
may apply for such a position. Vol. VII, p. 22G, 1889. 

[The commission reported that there is a sad neglect on the part of 
our Government in providing for the religious and moral interests of our 
soldiers, and that, although Congress had not taken action, some pro- 
gress had been made towards the object in view. The Assembly 
approved what had been done, and continued the committee. Vol. 
VII, pp. 429, 501, 1890.] 

During the past year a " Union Christian Commission " has been 
organized, consisting of all the chaplains of the army and the chairmen 
of the committees appointed by the churches in the interest of the moral 
and religious welfare of the army and navy. The first meeting of said 
Christian Commission was held at Washington, D. C, December 10, 
1890. The objects of the commission are the promotion of the intellec- 
tual, moral and religious welfare of the army and navy, by su-^aesting 
and urging national legislation and administration, securing weThquali- 
fied chaplains, encouraging Sabbath observance, promoting temperance, 
multiplying libraries and reading rooms, and awakening the sentiment 
of the nation to a sense of its obligations to this class of our fellow- 
citizens, and insisting that moral qualifications be made the condition of 
promotion in the army. * * * 

[The Assembly approved the report, and appointed a committee to 
continue the work. Vol. VII, pp. G23, 731, 1891.] 

V. ASSEMBLY MONTHLY. 

[The General Assembly, Vol. V, p. 3G2, 1881, directed the Perma- 
nent Committee on Finance to publish a little monthly paper, giving 



84 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OV THE ASSEMBLY. 

information respecting the operation and wants of all the Boards of the 
Church, and helpful suggestions as to tlie duty, privilege and best means 
for securing the largest contributions of money for the work of Chris- 
tian beneficence. Tlie committee reported to the following Assembly, 
recommending the re-organization of tlie committee with special refer- 
ence to this work, and sugsesting metiiods for the introduction of the 
paper into every family of the Church. 

The General Assembly appro\ed the plans of tlie Permanent Com- 
mittee, and constituted tlie committee of seven persons, each to serve 
for three years ; recommended pastors, Sessions, financial agents, super- 
intendents of missions and the people in general, to co-operate with the 
committee in securing the introduction of tiie paper into every family of 
the Church; and authorized the Committee to draw on the Board of 
Publication for an amount not exceeding $800, to defray the expenses 
of publication until subscriptions would be received and the paper be 
self-sustaining. Vol. V, p. 540, 1882. 

The Committee reported to the following Assembly that eight num- 
bers had been issued, and that the appropriation had not been called for. 
The Assembly renewed the appropriation and the recommendation con- 
cerning the introduction of the paper, and, also, authorized tlie com- 
mittee to secure the services of two ladies to conduct the ladies' de[)art- 
ment of the paper. Vol. V, pp. 730, 791, 1883. 

Deeply impressed with the need of such a paper as The Assemble/ 
Monthly, and being satisfied that much good had been done, the Assem- 
bly transferred the publication of the paper from the Committee on 
Finance to the Board of Publication. Vol. VI, p. 36, 1884. 

Tlie Board of Publication reported, that there had been a loss in the 
publication, and that "in our judgment the paper does not accomplish 
good commensurate with the cost of publishing it." Whereupon the 
General Assembly adopted the following:] 

Resolved, That the publication of the Assembly Monthly be discon- 
tinued. Vol. VJ, pp. 229, 277, 1885. 

VI. ASSOCIATE SYNOD. 
Transfer of Funds from the Associate Synod.— [The Associate 

Synod ap|)ears in the proceedings of the General Assembly only in con- 
nection with the transfer, management and settlement of what is com- 
monly known as the " Speers Estate." For a full record, see Speers 
Estate.] 

VII. ASSOCIATE REFORMED SYNOD OF THE SOUTH. 
1. Correspondence with the Associate Reformed Synod of 

the South. — Resolved, That this Assembly ajipoint a deputation to 
carry our salutations to the Synod of the Associate Reformed Presby- 
terian Church South, to meet in Winnsborough, South Carolina, and 
invite them to open a correspondence with this Assembly by delegation. 
Vol. II, p. 487, 1868. [Tlie next Assembly received a communication 
from a committee of the Associate Reformed Synod, " setting forth that 
for the present it is not expedient that a correspondence be established 
between the churches," when the following action was taken :] 



ASSOCIATE REFORMED SYNOD OF THE SOUTH. 8.J 

^ Resolved, That another commissioner to the Associate Reformed 
Synod of the South be not appointed until such time as we may be 
assured by that body of a readiness to enter into a friendly corresi)ond- 
ence with us. Vol. Ill, p. 1 ], 186U. 

[A delegate from the Associate Reformed Svnod of the South pre- 
sented credentials and was received by the Assembly in 1873, and the 
Assembly adopted the following :] 

Resolved, That this Assembly will appoint a delegation to attend the 
next meeting of the Associate Reformed Synod of the South /»= * * 
Vol. Ill, p. 515, 1873. [Correspondence by delegates has been con- 
tinued since tliat time.] 

2. Co-operation with the Associate Reformed Synod of the 

South m Mission Wor)s.— Resolved. That this Assembly will ap- 
point a delegation to attend tiie next meeting of the Associate Reformed 
Synod of the South, and assuring its members of our fraternal regards, 
and of our desire for its prosperity in the maintenance and extension of 
the truth, invite them to co-operate with us in the Home and Foreign 
Mission work, and in mutual efforts to promote the cause of our common 
Lord. Vol. Ill, p. 515, 1873. 

Resolved, That in view of the sympathy that it is believed there is be- 
tween the Associate Reformed Synod of the South and the United 
Presbyterian Church, in their principles, faith and usages in the wor- 
ship of God, and in view of the work that it is also believed is openin^^ 
up for these churches together, in home and foreign fields, the Assemt 
bly deem it entirely desirable, and indulge the hope that it is practicable, 
that they should be brought into an organic union as soon as the provi- 
dence of God shall indicate that the time has come for it. Vol IV n 
10, 1874. ' ^* 

Resolved, That [a committee] be appointed to confer with the com- 
mittee appointed by the Associate Reformed Synod of the South in re- 
lation to co-operation in mission work. Vol. IV, p. 177, 1875. [This 
joint committee prepared the following basis of co-operation, which was 
approved by the Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 314, 1876.] 

In view of the common origin and substantial unity of the churches 
represented, the following resolutions were, after mature consideration, 
unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, 1. That the Presbyteries r)f each body shall sustain the 
same relation to those of the otiier as they do to the co-ordinate courts 
of their own ; and that the ministers and licentiates of each shall be eli- 
gible to appointments and settlements in the congregations of the other. 

2. That the courts of each shall respect the discipline of the other. 

3. That the ministers and members of the two bodies are recom- 
mended to cultivate friendly relations and Christain fellowship with 
each other as God, in his providence, may offer opportunity. 

4. That the two bodies shall co-operate in the several departments of 
work on the following plan : 

I. That the existing relations of the two churches in regard to the 
work of Foreign Missions shall be continued. 

II. That in the Home field neitiier body shall interfere with the 
other ; but that either may grant such aid in men and means as may l»e 
requested by the proper authorities of the other. 



86 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

III. That the two bodies shall co-operate in building up and sustain- 
ing the Normal or Training School of the United Presbyterian Church 
for the Freedmen, established at Knoxville, Tennessee, the great object 
of which is to furnish teachers and preachers for that class of people. 

IV. That in the cause of Church Extension, we recommend the same 
co-operation as in the work of Home Missions. 

V. That in the work of Publication, the Associate Reformed Synod 
of the South co-operate in the support of the Board of the I'nited Pres- 
byterian Church; that the Synod shall have a claim on the Board to an 
amount in books, at wholesale value, equal to their contributions, and 
that the Board supply the churclies and individuals of the Synod with 
such publications as they may need on tlie most favorable terms. 

5. That in the judgment of tlie members ol the Joint Committee, the 
providence of God seems to be o|)ening the way for closer relations be- 
tween the two churches represented by them, and they recommend that 
the ministers and members of the churches look forward to such event 
as one that promises much for the glory of God and the advancement of 
his cause. 

6. Tiiat the foregoing action of the Conference be published in the 
periodicals of the two churches, and recommended to the General As- 
sembly of the United Presbyterian Church and the Associate Reformed 
Synod of the South for their adoption. Vol. IV, p. 358, 1870. 

4. Tliat the Board [of Home ^lissions] be authorized to give assist- 
ance to the Associate Reformed Church of the South, if in its judgment 
tlie prospects of the field will justify it, in establishing Psalm-singing 
congregations in imjjortant centres in the South. Vol. VII, p. IG, 
1888. 

?. Union with the Associate Reformed Synod of the South. 

— Resolved, Tliat in view of tlie sympathy that it is i)elieved there is 
between the Associate Reformed Synod of tlie South and the United 
Presbyterian Church, in their princi[)les, faith, and usages in the wor- 
ship of God, and in vi<jw of the work that it is also believed is opening 
up for these churches together, in home and foreign fields, the Assembly 
deem it entirely desirable, and indulge the hope that it is practicable, 
that they should be brought into an organic union, as soon as the provi- 
dence of God shall indicate that the time has come for it. 

Resolved, That the Assembly will appoint delegates to attend the 
next meeting of the Synod of that church, and that these delegates be in- 
structed to act as divine Providence shall direct in regard to the propriety 
of proposing, or acceding to the appointment of a committee of Assem- 
bly, to confer with a similar committee appointed by the Synod, on the 
whole subject of co-operation or organic union. Vol. IV, p. 10, 1874. 

Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed by this Assembly to 
confer with any similar committee that may be appointed by the Associ- 
ate Reformed Synod of the South, to which the general subject of union 
between the United Presbyterian Church and the Associate Reformed 
Synod shall be referred; said committee to report to the next General 
Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 314, 1876. 

[This committee was continued. Vol. IV, pp. 454, 1877 ; 575, 1878 ; 
Vol. V, pp. 32, 1879; 203, 1880; 363, 1881 ; 535, 1882; 715, 1883.] 

Resolved, 2. That negotiations be continued with the Associate 



ASSOCIATE REFORMED SYNOD OF THE SOUTH. 87 

Reformed Synod of the South, with the earnest hope that such suggestions 
may be proposed by our brethren, or such methods adopted by the joint 
committee, as will direct all the issues in this case to the glory of God, 
the good of his cause, and the honor of our respective Chui'ches. Vol. 
Y, p. 203, 1880. 

A committee was appointed to prepare and submit to the Assembly 
for its action, such propositions as express, in definite form, the proper 
course for this Assembly to pursue for the speedy consummation of the 
union with the Associate Reformed Synod of the South. [The com- 
mittee reported, and the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That tlie present Committee of Conference with the 
Associate Reformed Synod of tl)e South be, and is hereby authorized to 
submit to said Synod the following terms, upon which tlie United Presby- 
terian Church of Nortii America is willing and desirous to consummate 
without delay the union of these two bodies, viz : 

1. That in the negotiations tliat may be carried on, and in the United 
Church, if our two bodies are brought together, there shall not be any 
reference to past issues, and confessions of guilt or mistakes shall not be 
implied or expected or asked for by either party. 

2. There shall not be prepared any formal new basis of union, but an 
agreement of the two Churches to come together, each accepting the 
other's standards, and the Churches thus united to be under the juris- 
diction of the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church, 
with tlie same privilege of dissent as to particular articles always ac- 
corded to our own members, and with tlie understanding that the same 
forbearance in love be extended to any who may not be able to fully 
subscribe to these standards, so long as no determined opposition is made 
to them, and subject also to such revision of these standards as may be 
desirable to more perfectly harmonize tlie United Church. 

Mesoh^ed, 2. That this Assembly empower the Committee of Confer- 
ence with the Associate Reformed Synod of the South with all the 
powers of this Assembly to act as a commission in the submission of 
these propositions and in the acceptance of such action as may be taken 
by the Associate Reformed Synod of the South, and in the adoption of 
such other arrangements as may be deemed necessary for the consum- 
mation of this proposed union, and to report to the next Assembly for 
the ratification of the work thus done. Vol. V, pp. 344, 347, 1881. 

Resolved, That the Committee of Conference be continued, with in- 
structions to act as directed in the proposition for union adopted at the 
last Assembly, in case there is occasion for it, and report to the next 
Assembly. Vol. V, p. 535, 1882. 

[A "general plan of union " was prepared, at an informal conference 
of the delegates of the General Assembly and of tlie Associate Reformed 
Synod to the joint Committee of Conference of the Psalm-singing 
Churches, and submitted to the Assembly. It was adopted, and a Com- 
mittee of Conference with the Associate Reformed Synod of the South 
was appointed. Vol. VI, pp. 296, 227, 243, 1885.] 

[The Committee of Conference met with the Associate Reformed 
Synod of the South at its meeting at Due West, S. C, September 26, 
1885, and reported to the Assembly a basis of union. The Assembly 
adojited the following:] 



88 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Whereas, The union of these churches, so closely allied in doctrine, 
government, worship and history, is higlily desirable; Therefore, 

Resolved, That the Basis of Union adopted by the Joint Conference 
be sent down in overture to the Presbyteries, according to and in the 
terms of its recommendation, the vote thereon to be taken during the 
year and reported to tlie next General Assembly. 

The basis, as reported by the Joint Committee, is as follows: 

1. The Confession of Faith and Catechisms, as now received by both 
Churches, together with the Testimony of the United Presbyterian 
Church, shallbe the doctrinal standards of the united Church, with the 
explicit understanding that the forbearance in love, which tlie law of 
God requires, sliall be exercised towards any brethren who may not be 
able fully to subscribe to all the Articles of the Testimony, provided 
they siiall not determinedly op})Ose them, and shall follow the things 
which make for jjcace, and things wherewith one may edify another. 

2. The arrangement concerning details, until the interests of the 
united Church require a change, sliall be as follows: 

(1) The respective Presbyteries and Synods of the two Churches 
shall remain as at present constituted. 

(2j The Supreme Court of the Church shall be a General Assembly, 
composed of delegates from the respective Presbyteries, the number of 
delegates to be according to the proportion of ministerial members con- 
stituting eacli Presbytery, as now fixed by the United Presbyterian 
Church. 

(3) The different Boards and institutions of the respective Churches 
shall not be affected by this union, but shall have control of Iheir own 
funds and shall conduct their operations as heretofore; and the Asso- 
ciate Reformed Synod of the South shall retain its name and all its cor- 
porate rights and privileges, and be controlled by its Book of Govern- 
ment, Discipline and Worship, as at present. Vol. VI, p. 437, 1886. 

[The following was adopted on the overture on union with the Asso- 
ciate Reformed Synod of the South:] 

The reports show that all the Presbyteries in this country voted, ex- 
cept Argyle and Minnesota. The votes, as reported, stand as follows: 
Ayes, 743; noes, 117; excused, 18; whole number, 878. One Pres- 
bytery (Pawnee), while declining to vote in favor of the overture, 
"mainly because that Church has declined entering the union on the 
basis proposed," nevertheless gives it as their judgment "that such 
union, whenever it can be effected on terms satisfactory to both parties, 
is demanded by the interests of Christ's cause as committed to these 
Churches." Therefore, 

Resolved, 1. That the overwhelming majority of tiie Church have 
declared their desire and readiness for union with the Associate Re- 
formed Synod of the South on the basis proposed, whenever that 
Church is ready to adopt it. 

2. That no further action is required by the Assembly on this over- 
ture. Vol. VI, p. 659, 1887. 



89 



VIII. BAPTISM. 



1. Arian Baptism. — "Are Sessions, in receiving persons from that 
denomination ot Arians called ' Christian?,' to require that they be re- 
baptized ?" In our judgment such applicants for fellowship in the 
church should be regarded as unbaptized persons, inasmuch as a com- 
munity of Arians, denying the true and proper divinity of Jesus and his 
atonement, by whatever name they may be denominated, is not en- 
titled to be considered as a part of the visible church of Christ. Vol. I, 
p. 112, 1860. 

2. Papal Baptism. — [The question of the validity of Papal Baptism 
•was, by the Assembly of 18G9, referred to a special committee. This 
committee presented a report, Vol. Ill, p. 151, 1870, when the follow- 
ing resolution was passed by a vote of 77 to 19 :] 

Resolved, That in the judgment of this Assembly, Papal Baptism 
should not be regarded as valid. Vol. Ill, j). 151, 1870. 

[This resolution was afterwards reconsidered, when the following 
was adopted by a vote of two-thirds :] 

Whereas, The subject of Papal Baptism is one of great importance, 
and one on which theie is a diversity of opinion ; therefore. 

Resolved, Tliat the Assembly overture to the Presbyteries the follow- 
ing question : Is Papal Baptism valid? Vol. Ill, p. 151, 1870. 

[The vote on this overture was ayes, 41 ; nays, 494 ; not voting, 82. 
The following resolutions were then unanimously adopted :] 

Resolved, 1. That we hereby declare that the question overtured on 
the validity of Papal Baptism is answered in the negative. 

2. That while, as a general rule, Papal Baptism should be regarded 
as invalid, yet, as it is believed by many in the church that there are 
important exceptions to this rule, therefore this Assembly judges it ex- 
pedient to leave the question of re-baptizing persons from the Papal 
Church to the discretion of Sessions. Vol. Ill, p. 282, 1871. 

3. Baptism by Immersion. — To the question submitted by the 
Presbytery of Northern Indiana, " Whether it is lawful for a United 
Presbyterian minister to administer baptism by immersion ?" we an- 
swer : The Confession of Faith, Chap. XXVIII, Section 3, teaches as 
follows, viz : '' Dipping of the person into tlie water is not necessary, 
but baptism is rightly administered by pouring or sprinkling water 
upon the person." Tiie Directory for Worship, Chapter I, Article 5, 
Section 3, teaches as follows, viz.: ''Immersion in water is not necessary 
to the validity of baptism. Baptism is rightfully administered when 
water is applied to the person by pouring oi' sprinkling." Hence, the 
position occupied by us as to immei-sion is, that whilst this method is a 
legal mode, yet its expediency in ordinary cases must be questioned if 
the request for its observance involves a failure to recognize also the 
scriptural validity of pouring and sprinkling. A United Presbyterian 
minister may, in the spirit of Christian forbearance, in extraordinary 
cases, baptize a person by immersion who does not make opposition to the 
general practice of the Church. Immersion is admissible, but pouring 
and sprinkling are preferable, because these modes are more in accord- 
ance with that which baptism is intended to signify and represent. 
Vol. VII, p. 34, 1888. 



90 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

4. Baptism may not be Repeated. — But in no case shall baptism 
be repeated. Vol. VI 1, p. oi, IHJS-S. 

5. Duty of Christian Parents. — Resolved, 3, That * * * we 

ur^-e pastors and Sessions to impress the duty of consecrating infants to 
God in baptism on tlie minds of Christian parents. Vol. VII, p. 653, 
1891. 

G. Formula of Questions for Baptism.— /t'esofcec?, That the 

committee on the Directory for "Worsliip be instructed to prepare a 
formula of questions to be used in the administration of baptism, and 
that when adopted, said formula be inserted in tlie Directory for Wor- 
ship and the Book, of Discipline ; and further, that in the applica- 
tion of this, and the formula in the case of admission of memljers. Ses- 
sions are affectionately recommended to use great tenderness towards 
the weak, or such as are earnestly inquiring after the truth. Vol. II, 
p. 31, 1864. 

IX. BIBLE IX THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 

Resolved, That this General Assembly earnestly recommends to its 
members the diligent persual of the Scriptures for their personal profit, 
and the use of such works as may lead them to a better understanding 
of the truth, and so be more successful in teaching their children ; to 
carefully practice the truth, and to use all proper means to secure the 
use of the Bible in the schools of our land, so that the word of God may 
be glorified in the future even more than in the past. Vol. IV, p. 321, 
187G. 

Whereas, The Bible is the great Magna Charta of all that is high- 
est and best in morality, and the most potent factor in promoting a true 
education ; and, 

Whereas, The Suf)reme Court of Wisconsin has affirmed that the 
Bible is a sectarian book and its use in the public schools unconstitutional; 
and. 

Whereas, A foreign hierarchy, existing in our midst with tremen- 
dous influence, is seeking to have the Bible expelled from our common 
schools ; therefore. 

Resolved, That we see in all this not only a blow struck at the Bible, 
but also at our free school system, and therefore at the freedom of our 
nation. 

2. That it is of the utmost importance to the welfare of the Republic, 
as well as to the eificiency of our school system, that the Bible occupy a 
place in our educational institutions. 

3. That we stand ready to join hands with all other Christians in the 
effort to keep and restore this book of God to its true and proper place 
in our public schools, so that they may not become nurseries of vice and 
crime rather than of virtue. Vol. VII, p. 422, 1890. 

X. BIBLE SONGS. 

1. Music for Sabbath Schools. Resolved, 4. That a committee 
be appointed to prepare and publish a book of selections of Psalms set 
to music, especially for the Sabbath Schools, it being understood that 



biblp: songs. 91 

the version used be such as the church has authorized. Vol. IV, p. 
579, 1878. 

[The committee reported that one hundred and fifty selections had 
been made from the Psalms, to which an equal number of tunes, old and 
new in about equal proportion, had been adapted. The General As- 
sembly expressed " high appreciation of the earnestness and diligence of 
the committee," and adopted the following ;] 

I^esolved, 2. That the committee be instructed to carefully revise its 
work, keeping in view tlie principle of adhering exclusively to our 
authorized Psalmody, and publish it without any unnecessary delay. 

3. Tliat this committee be instructed to have special reference in all 
its selections of music to congregational singing, and to avoid such fre- 
quent repetitions and responses as are not clearly suggested by the lan- 
guage of the Psalms. Vol. Y, pp. IG, 82, 1879. 

[The committee reported that " the selections had been revised," and 
that " such changes in the work had been made as, in judgment of the 
committee, were necessary to bring it into harmony with the require- 
ment of the Assembly."] 

Resolved. That the Assembly appoint a committee, which is hereby 
directed before the issue of the next edition of " Bible Songs," so to re- 
vise the book as to make it conform to the instructions on that subject, 
given by the General Assembly of 1879, (see Minutes, vol. v, page 16,) 
and ref)ort its revision to the next Assembly for approval. Vol. V, pp, 
248, 191, 1880. 

[The committee reported, " asking the Asseml)ly to excuse them 
from undertaking the work that has been assigned them. Two of the 
members of this committee were members of the original committee to 
prepare the book. They * * are not able to proceed further to revise 
the book without further and more specific instructions from the Gen- 
eral Assembly. * * The majority (of the committee) are unable to un- 
dertake the work on account of the general principle involved. * * The 
principle of preparing and authorizing a ' book ' of praise, for the use of 
Sabbath schools, consisting of selections from the Book of Psalms, in- 
stead of the Book itself, is subversive of the position of the United 
Presbyterian Church on the subject of psalmody." The Assembly 
adopted the following :] 

1st. That the request of the Committee on Revision of Bible Songs 
be granted. 

2d. That the restrictions of the last Assembly placed upon the Board 
of Publication be removed, and that the Board be authorized to publish 
'' Bible Songs " to meet the demand of the church. Vol. V, pp. 413, 
34G, 1881. 

2. Bible Songs Revised and Enlarged. — 4, There seems to be a 

demand for a revision and enlargement of the Bible Songs. This little 
book has proved to be a help, and greatly improved the singing of our 
Sabbath Schools. It will continue to do so even as it is, but there 
would be even greater advantage and improvement by adding to the se- 
lections made, with music adapted; therefore. 

Resolved, That the Board of Publication be and hereby are instructed 
to take charge of this work at once, with instructions as follows, viz.: 
To revise the book now in use, add to the selections at least as many 



92 iJir, KST ov riiK acts or the assembly. 

more, with suitable music, publish the new music in the quarterlies 
from time to time so far as possible, and take time to so perform the 
work that there may not be any occasion for another work of this kind 
for many years to come. Vol. VI, p. 070, 1887. 

3. One Version of each Psalm to be used in Bible Songs. — 4. 

That as the General Assembly directed the Board to " Revise and en- 
large the Bible Songs," we recommend that at least one version of each 
Psalm be selected, and that such portions thereof as may be most ap- 
propriate for ordinary use be set to music, taking into consideration the 
needs of the young people's work, and that the publication be hastened 
as much as possible. A'ol. VII, j). 224. 1889. 

4. Bible Songs to be adapted to the Young People's 

Work. — Jiesolred, 4. That we recommend that such portions thereof [of 
each version] as may be most appropriate for ordinary use be set to 
music, taking into consideration tiie needs of the young people's work. 
Vol. VII, p. 224, 1889. 

[The Committee completed its work in the early part of 1890, and 
the Assembly adopted the following:] 

Resolved, 2. That tiie work of the committee appointed to revise the 
Bible Songs be heartily approved, and the thanks of the Assembly be 
and are hereby tendered to that committee for its arduous and praise- 
worthy work. Vol. VII, p. 433, 1890. 

5. Denominational Imprint on Bible Songs. — [See, also, 

Psalter, The.] Resolved, 4. That we approve of the work of the Board 
in publishing its imprint on the Bible Songs and Psalters. 

7. That the Board be directed to arrange as soon as possible for the 
publication of a special edition of Bible Songs without any denomina- 
tional imprint, aud at the same prices as cliarged for regular editions. 
Vol. VII, p. 433, 1890. 

XI. BOARDS OF THE CHURCH. 
1. General Constitution of the Boards of the Church. — 

[General rules, touching tiie matters intrusted to the care of the Boards, 
were adopted, A'ol. 1, p. 49, 1859, but they were superseded by constitu- 
tions and regulations after A'ards adopted. The constitutions and regu- 
lations of the several Boards will be found under the names of the 
Boards. The General Constitution is as follows:] 

1. The several Boards now in existence, or that may be established 
hereafter, shall each be composed of nine members, one-third of whom 
shall be elected annually, by the General Assembly, for a term of three 
years. A majority of members of any Board shall be a quorum. Va- 
cancies occurring between meetings of the Assembly may be filled tem- 
porarily by the Board in which they occur. [See Amendments to the 
General Constitution, Sec. 2, below.] 

2. There shall be, for each Board, a corresponding secretary, elected 
by the General Assembly for a term of four years, who shall be ex- 
officio a member of the Board, and shall receive a salary, the amount of 
which shall be fixed by the Assembly. Tiie corresponding secreta'-ies 
of the Boards shall have the right to speak in the Assembly on all 
questions relating to the Boards with which they are severally connected. 



liOARDS OF THE CllUltCII. 93 

Vacancies occurring in this office, between nieetinjrs of tlie General As- 
sembly, may be temporarily filled by the respective Boards in which 
they occur. 

3. The several Boards shall elect, annually, all other necessary 
officers, and shall require sucli security of their treasurers as may, in 
each case, be judged necessary. They shall meet at least quarterly, 
and shall have power to make all proper and necessary By-Laws. 

4. Tlie Boards shall be responsible and amenable to the General 
Assembly for the exercise of all powers intrusted to them. 

i). Each Board shall be incorporated under the laws of the State in 
which it may be located, and shall receive and hold all property, leo'a- 
cies and funds in the corporate name. Until a legal incorporation is 
obtained, all property, legacies and funds belonging to any Board, shall 
be taken and held in the name of '■ The Trustees of the General As- 
sembly of the United Presbyterian Ciiurch of North America," in trust, 
for the use and benefit of the Board, but shall be legally transferred to 
the Board when incorporated. 

6. Each Board shall make an annual leport to the General Assembly, 
stating fully its proceedings, condition and needs, and shall submit for 
consideration and approval, sucli plans and measures as may be in con- 
templation, and make such recommendations as shall be' judged ad- 
vantageous to the cause intrusted to its care. The Boards sh'all also 
submit a statement of their work, needs and plans to the several Synods, 
at their annual meetings. 

7. The treasurers of the different Boards shall keep accounts in 
proper form, of all moneys, whether for the general work, or special 
funds, and shall, through the Board, report annually, to the General 
Assembly, the exact condition of the several funds, giving a detailed 
and classified statement of all receipts and disbursements, winch shall be 
published in the minutes of the General Assembly. It shall be the duty 
of each Board to audit its treasurer's accounts at" the close of each year. 

8. Each Board shall pubiish monthly or quarterly statements of its 
condition and work, and no Board shalfappoint or employ any soliciting 
agent, without the direct authority of the Assembly. 

9. liie General Constitution, or the particular Constitution of any 
Board, may be altered or amended by a majority of all the commission- 
ers to any General Assembly, provided the motion for such chanjre shall 
be made at least one day before action is taken. Vol. IV, ]>. 22", 1874. 

2. Amendments tothe General Constitution of the Boards.— 

Resolved, That Article 2 of the Constitution of the Boards be amended 
by the addition of the following clause, viz.: "Vacancies occurring in 
this office, between meetings of the General Assembly, may be tempo- 
rarily filled by the respective Boards in which they occur." " Vol. IV, n. 
454,1877. ^ 

Resolved, 2. That the General Constitution of the Boards of the 
Church be amended so as to read : " 1. The several Boards now in ex- 
istence shall each be composed of not less than nine members." Vol. 
V, p. 722, 1883. 

3. Consolidation of the Boards of Home Missions, Church Ex- 
tension, and Freedmen's Missions.— [The Eirst Presbytery of Ohio 
memorialized the General Assembly, A'ol. IV, p. 63G, 1878, for the 



94 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

consolidation of the Boards of Home Missions, Church Extension and 
Freedmen's Missions. * * Tlie followinoj action was taken :] 

Resolved, That the memorial of the First Presbytery of Ohio be pub- 
lished, and that the several Presbyteries report tlieir views on this sub- 
ject to the next Assembly for final action. Vol. IV, p. 570, 1878. 

[The vote on this overture is as follows : ayes, 97 ; nays, 543 ; not 
voting, 36. The General Assembly adopted the following :] 

Resolved, That these Boards be not consolidated. Vol. V, p. 23, 
1879. 

4. One Secretary for the Boards of Home Missions, Church 
Extension, and Freedmen's Missions.— The Synod of New York 

asks this Assembly to consider the propriety of appointing one Corre- 
sponding Secretary, and to give his entire time to the interests of the 
following Boards : Home Missions, Church Extension, and Freedmen's 
Missions. This request is founded on the grounds of economy and 
efficiency. * * * 

Resolved, That it is inexpedient at present to make any change in the 
operations of these Boards. Vol. VI, p. 39, 1884. 

5. Conference on the Boards of the Church. — Resolved, That 

the first and second business evenings of the Assembly be spent in a 
conference upon the Boards, and that each Board be directed to appoint 
one of its members to represent it in the exercises of the meeting. Vol. 

III, p. 31, 1869. 

Resolved, That the resolution adopted by the General Assembly of 
1869, setting apart the first and second business evenings of the As- 
sembly for a conference on the Boards, be and is hereby repealed. Vol. 

IV, p'. 449, 1877. 

6. Reports of the Boards to be Printed for the Use of the 

Assembly. — Resolved, That the diflf'erent Boards of the church and the 
Trustees of the General Assembly shall have their reports printed in 
uniform style, so that they may be filed and ready for use at the first 
session of the Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 535, 1873. 

7. No Special Collections for the Boards. — Resolved, 4. That 

the recommendation of the Board in regard to special collections be 
adopted. It is as follows : " The Board very respectfully asks the As- 
sembly not to give orders for special collections for any of the Boards, 
but to adopt such regulations as will secure uniformity in making the 
appropriations, and systematic effort for the collection in full of all grants 
so made." Vol. VII, 19, 1888. ^ 

8. The Boards to make Itemized Statements of Receipts 

and Payments. — Resolved, 7. That the Boards of our church, their 
treasurers, and all who have the handling of the moneys of the church, 
be and they hereby are directed hereafter to conform to the established 
rules of the Assembly, which require them to make annual reports, with 
itemized statements therein, of all their receipts and disbursements of 
money during the year, and that said reports shall be audited by at least 
two of the members of each Board before they are presentable to the 
General Assembly, and we recommend that said itemized reports be 
published for the information and encouragement of the church. Vol. 

V, 199, 1880. 

Resolved, That the several Boards be recommended to report the 



BOOKS OF GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 95 

names of the congregations, Sabbath Schools and other contributors, 
and that they adopt a uniform plan for doing this. Vol. VI, p. 37, 1884. 

9. The Reports of Treasurers to be Audited. — Resolved, 7. 

That said reports (of Treasurers) be audited by at least two members of 
each Board before they are presentable to the General Assembly. Vol. 
V, p. 199, 1880. 

10. Corresponding- Secretaries of the Boards. — See Corres- 
ponding Secretaries. 

11. Treasurers of the Boards. — See Treasurers. 

12. Monthly Statements of the Boards. — [A memorial, asking 

that tlie Boards employ printed circulars for monthly statements, was 
disposed of as toilows :] 

Resolved, That no action in tiie direction indicated in the memorial 
appears to be practicable at present. Vol. IV, p. 447, 1877. 

Resolved, 2. That the Boards be directed to issue, in some form, a 
statement of some of the most important facts touching their respective 
work and needs, appealing to the liberality of the people, and in such 
numbers as to supply, through Pastors and Sessions, all the homes in 
the Church at least once every quarter. Vol. VII, p. 233, 1889. 

13. The Boards and Principles of the Church. — Resolved, That 

while this Assembly urges upon our members and congregations the 
gi'eat importance of faitlifully maintaining the principles of our Church, 
the agencies to which the distribution of funds belong must act on the 
presumption that Presbyteries will recommend for aid only those con- 
gregations which are faithful to their profession, and active in their 
efforts to advance the interests of Christ's Kingdom. Vol. VII, p. 222, 
1889. 

14. Corresponding- Secretaries to Visit the Synods, &c. — Re- 
solved, That the Boards of Home Missions, and Church Extension, and 
Foreign Missions be authorized to send their Secretaries to any Synod, 
Presbytery, or congregation of the Church, when in their judgment the 
interests committed to these Boards may require such visits, and that 
they report the same to the Assembly. Vol. V, p. 36, 1879. [Similar 
action was taken by several Assemblies with reference to the Mission 
Boards.] 

lo. Duties of Pastors and Sessions. — Resolved, 3. Pastors and 
Sessions are directed to instruct the people as to the importance and 
needs of these different departments of the work. This instruction 
should be by public discourse, and, as far as possible, by the introduction 
of the literature of the Cliurch into all the homes. Vol. VII, p. 233, 
1889. 

XII. BOOK OF GOVERNMENT AND DISCIPLINE. 

1. Temporary Arrangement for the Government of the 

Church. — Resolved, That it be left to the discretion of each Presbytery 
to ado[)t for its use, either the Associate or Associate Reformed Book of 
Discipline until one shall be prepared by the United Churcii. Vol. I, 
p. 38, 1859. 

2. Preparation of a Book of Government and Discipline. — 

Resolved, That this Assembly appoint a committee to prepare a draft of 



96 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

a Book of Discipline, and present il to the next annual meeting of the 
General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church. Vol. I, p. 30, 
1859. 

[This committee presented a draft of a Book of Discipline, when the 
following action was taken :] 

Resolved, That the Book of Discipline, submitted by the committee 
appointed by the last Assembly, be overtured to the Presbyteries for 
their consideration, and that they be instructed to report their judgment 
thereon to the next General Assembly. Vol. I, p. 121, 1860. 

[The Presbyteries reported tlieir judgment, when the following action 
was taken :] 

Resolved, That the Book of Discipline, with all the reports of the 
Presbyteries thereon, and any amendments of Presbyteries, or of indi- 
viduals, which may be sent in to them, up to the first of November next, 
be committed to a select committee, wlio shall mature and publish the 
work that is hereby sent down to the Presbyteries in overture, and that 
thev re])ort on the book, av or no, to the next Assembly. Vol. I, p. 225, 
1861. 

[Only twenty-six Presbyteries rej)orted on the Book of Discipline. 
Of this number, sixteen reported favorably. The following action was 
taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the Assembly proceed to consider and pass on the 
amendments proposed. 

2. That the Book of Discipline as thus amended be printed and pub- 
lislied as early as November 1st, 1862, and overtured to Presbyteries 
and Sessions, with direction to vote ay or nay, and report to the next 
General Assembly. 

3. That in the meanwhile Presbyteries and Sessions be recommended 
to conduct their business in conformity with its regulations. Vol. I, p. 
350, 1862. 

[Tlie vote of the Presbyteries on the adoption of the Book of Govern- 
ment and Discipline was, ayes, 379; nays, 80; not voting, 19. But 
inasmuch as the Book was not published in time to afford opportunity 
for a thorough consideration of it by Presbyteries and Sessions, the fol- 
lowing action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the Assembly refer the Book to a committee for 
revision and improvement, and that it be considered as authoritative 
until the revised Book is adopted. 

2. That this committee be instructed to receive suggestions from 
Presbyteries and individuals until the first of November, and that then 
the committee meet and devote as much time to the work as may be 
necessary to complete it, and that the Presbyteries be instructed to sup- 
ply the pulpits of so many of them as may be pastors, while they are en- 
gaged in tliis work. 

3. That when completed, the Book be published immediately by the 
Board of Publication, and sent up to the next Assembly for consider- 
ation. Vol. I, p. 491, 1863. 

[This committee not having completed the revision, the following 
action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. Tliat the work of revision be continued, and that it be 
intrusted to a committee composed of members who can conveniently 
meet and give it the proper attention. 



BRUSSELS TREATY. 97 

2. That it be left discretionary with the committee to what extent 
the revision shall be carried. Vol. II, p. 22, 1864. 

10^?'''^''*'°''"'"''*' reported to the next Assembly, Vol. II, n ir,.S 
l»bo, when the following action was taken :] 

thfTil'^^l- ^' J'^f 'Y'nOmmme^ be directed to publish, without delay, 
the draft ot a Book of Government and Discipline submitted by them 

frnlpd ^'?r' .^'^^r; ^;r'T^ '^''"' "'^^ ^^P^"-^^ «^ publication be de. 
trayed by the sale of the Hook. 

2. That the Book be and hereby is overtured to the Presbyteries 
with instructions to vote yea or nay on its adoption; also, to su-est' 

Gt^Z'l \1 '"" '^''{ r^ '^"'"^ necessary, and report to the^n'ex. 
(.general Assembly. A ol. II, p. 158, 1865. 

voting, 6. ri.e following hnal action was taken •"] 

Resolved, That the Book of Government and Discipline now in over- 
ture before the church be, and the same is hereby adopted, and is to be 
regarded from and after this date as tiie organic law of the United 
Presbyterian Church of North America. Vol! II, p 301 , 1866 

[For Book of Government and Discipline, see Di^^est n 17 1 

^ 1 V x! ^^''P^'''' ^' ^^^^'^" '^'^'''^t ^la^se^ "These trial exercises 
shall be heard at the time of licensure," was overtured to the PiX- 
.T.''' r ;• '' '">? «t^'«ken out by the following vote : ayes, 549 ; nays, 
52; not voting, 21. \ ol. Ill, p, 150, 1870.1 ' /' 

[The amending of Article III, Chapter XII, -On Appeals," was 
indefinitely postponed. Vol. Ill, p. 287, 1871 J VI ^. 

n. '-.'^y'r Jl:^,"«^^''"^^overture was submitted to the Presbyteries rl Shall 
part II, Chapter V, Section 2 of the Book of Government and Discipline 
be changed so that it shall read, -In ordinary cases, no student of 

our '"^f'^ ?' ^^i'"'"!^ '^. '""^^ ^"^ ^■^^"^•^ ""til >>« h«« completed a 
course of theological study of Uco full years after the time of his admis- 
sion by the Presbytery, and produce testimonials of good conduct and 
proficiency in his studies, and he shall be required To spend a third 
session at the Seminary" ? Vol. VII, p. 225, 1889 

£" /'"; ""t^T""'? ' r^ ^""'^ ""'^^ '• ^y''^ "^34, nays, 210.] nerefore, 
Resolved That the General Assembly does now enact that Part II. 
Chapter \ , Section 2, of the Book of Government be so chan-ed that i 
shal read as follows: -In ordinary cases no student of theofogy Sia 
be admitted to trials for license until he has completed a course of theo- 
^gical study of two full years after the time of his admission by tl^ 
hirsfndfp?' ^"^P™^"^^ testimonials of good conduct and proficiency in 
his studies and he shall be required to spend a third session at the 
Seminary." Vol. VII, p. 414, 1890. 

SeeSyi?ods°Sec^r*"^^^ of Synods Suspended Temporarily.— 

XIII. BRUSSELS TREATY. 

TWd J ^'^^^'-'-'^l/l'^t '^'^ Assembly petition the President of the 
United States to call an extra meeting of the Senate to ratify the Brus- 
sels Treaty, the General Assembly] 

7 



98 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Resolved, TJiat a large and influential committee to act in company 
with the representatives of other religions bodies to secure favorable 
action in the case, be appointed. Vol. VIJ, p. G31, 1891. 

XIV. CENTENNIAL OF THE NATION. 

Whereas, This is not only the centennial of our nation, but also, in 
a measure, of our church, the original elements of it having been organ- 
ized a little over one hundred years ago ; and, 

Whereas, Civil governments, as well as ecclesiastical, are the in- 
stitutions of God ; and, 

Whereas, We recognize the hand of God in planting civil and re- 
ligious liberty in our land, in establishing our government, and main 
taining it through the first century of its existence ; therefore, 

Resolved, 1. That we express our thanks to Almighty God for that 
enlightened civilization which the religion of Jesus alone can give, 
for his goodness to us as a nation, for our wonderful growth, for our 
freedom so firmly and so broadly established, for the advance of educa- 
tion and spread of learning, and for his hand so plainly guiding us 
through both peace and war dui-ing the first century of our national ex- 
istence. 

2. That we thankfully declare that ours is a Christian nation, and 
that it should support Christian institutions, the Christian Sabbath, the 
oath before Almighty God, the Bible in the common schools, and re- 
ligious worship in our army and navy. 

3. That believing governments should be a terror to evil doers, and a 
praise to them that do well ; we deplore the existence in our government, 
and under its laws, of great national sins, corruption in high places, 
Sabbath desecration, intemperance, polygamy and such like ; and we 
pledge ourselves to the work, and call upon all Christian citizens to 
join us in the great work of national reformation, so that during the 
next century righteousness may be decreed by law, and all sin, as 
ashamed, hide its head. Vol. IV, p. 321, 187G. 

XV. CHARTERS. 

1. Charter of the General Assembly. — See General Assembly. 

2. Charters of the Boards. — See the several Boards. 

3. Charters of Congregations. — Resolved, l. That the General 
Assembly hereby directs Presbyteries in the organization of new churches 
to require that the charter of said churches shall contain the following 
formula, as a definition of the ecclesiastical relation of said churches to 
the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church of North Amer- 
ica : " State (or Commonwealth) of To all to whom these pres- 
ents may come, greeting : Know ye, that the persons, whose names are 

hereunto subscribed, citizens of the State (or Commonwealth) of , 

having associated themselves together as a church and congregation for 
the purpose of worshipping Almighty God, by the name of the ' United 
Presbyterian Church of ,' in connection with the General As- 
sembly of the United Presbyterian Church of North America." 

And that the following clause be inserted in every deed of conveyance 
of property: 



CHINESE .MISSION. 99 

" In trust that said premises sliall be used and kept, maintained and 
disposed of as a place of Divine worsiiip, for the use of the ministers 
and members of the United Presbyterian Cliurch of North America, 
subject to the standards and acts of said church, as from time to time 
autliorized and declai-ed by the General Assembly of said church ; and 
in case the congregation should cease to exist, or to be connected with 
and subject to the jurisdiction of the General Assembly of said church, 
or shall lose its corporate existence, the property shall enure in all its 
holdings to the Trustees of the General Assembly of the United Pres- 
byterian Church of North America." [For the amended form of this 
declaration of trust, see Church Pi-operty.] 

2. It is also earnestly recommended that existing charters be changed 
to conform to this formula, and clause in the deed. 

5. That Presbyteries are iiereby directed to make an official examin- 
ation of tiie charters of the particular churciies under their care, as to 
the powers granted the trustees, and especially as to the ecclesiastical 
relations of said churches, and report to the next General Assembly the 
result of said examination. Vol. Ill, p. 523, 1873. 

[For full form of a charter for a congregation as recommended by 
the Trustees of the General Assembly, see Vol. IV, p. 47, 1874.] 

XVI. CHINESE MISSION. 

I. China Mission. — [On memorials from the Synod of Illinois and 
from the Presbytery of Frankfort, asking for the consolidation of the 
foreign missions of the church, it was] 

liesoh'ed, 3. That the Board be directed to dispose of our mission 
property in Canton, China, and that the proceeds be expended in the 
establishment of a Chinese mission on tlie Pacific coast, and that brother 
Nevin be transferred to the new mission. Vol. IV, p. 444, 1877. 

Resolved, 9. That the mission to the Chinese at Los Angeles be 
transferred from the care of the Board of Foreisn Missions to the Pres- 
bytery of San Francisco, subject to the control of the Assembly, so soon 
as said Presbytery secure an act of incorporation, and that the Presby- 
tery be required to report annually to tlie General Assembly specially 
as to this mission. 

10. That the money received from the sale of the mission property in 
China be invested by the Presbytery of San Francisco, wlien incorpor- 
ated, under the direction of the Trustees of the General Assembly, for 
the exclusive use and benefit of the mission to the Chinese, no part of 
the principal to be used except for needed permanent buildings for the 
use of the mission, and that the treasurer of the Presbytery be required 
to give bonds to the Trustees of the General Assembly of the United 
Presbyterian Church of North America. 

II. That Rev. J. C. Nevin be directed to invest the funds arising 
from the sale of the China mission buildings in such a way as the Board 
of Foreign Missions may direct, until the Presbytery of San Francisco 
becomes a corporate body and fully prepared to take charge of said 
funds. VoL IV, p. 577, 1878. 

[The Presbytery of San Francisco accepted the trust, became incor- 
porated, received from Mr. Nevin the sum of $12,510.26, and invested 
it, and reported to the Assembly. Vol. V, p. 83, 1879.] 



100 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OK THE ASSEMBLY. 

2. Name of the Mission Changed. — Resolved, 2. That according 

to the request of the Presbytery [ot San Francisco], presented in their 
report, the name of this mission be changed from "The Mission to the 
Chinese at Los Angeles," to '' The Mission among the Chhiese on the 
Pacific coast." Vol. Y, p. 30, 1879. 

3. Transferred to the Board of Home Missions. — Resolved, i. 

That the Mission to the Ciiinese at Los Angeles be placed as a special 
mission under the care of the Board of Home Missions for one year. 
Vol. V, p. 3o5, 1881. 

6. That the Chinese Mission at Los Angeles, Cal., be continued under 
the care of the liourd of Home Missions, in connection with the Synod 
of the PaciHc. \o\. V, p. .^Gl. 1882. 

4. The Property of the Mission Transferred to the Board of 

Home Missions. — [The report of the General Committee of Home 
Missions, which was adopted by the Assembly, contains the following:] 
3. That the (General Assembly instruct the Board of Foreign Missions 
to transfer the Chinese ^Mission property in California to the Board of 
Home Missions. Vol. V, p. 7('i7, 1883. 

5. The Mission made a Special Mission. — Resolved, [by the 

General Committee of Home Missions, and adopted by the Assembly,] 
That the Chinese IMission at Los Angeles, Cal., be constituted a special 
mission and placed under the care of the Board, without definite 
limitation. Vol. VL p. 68. 1884. 

6. The Mission Discontinued. — Resolved, [by the General Com- 
mittee of Home Missions and a<lopted })y the Assembly,] 

1. That the granting of aid from the Home Mission Fund be dis- 
continued after September 30, 1890. 

3. That the Board be directed to keep invested the principal of the 
Chinese Mission Fund (Si 2,500) and to pay the net annual proceeds to 
the Rev. J. C. Nevin until otherwise ordered. 

4. That the Rev. J. C. Nevin be recommended to continue his work 
for the Chinese, in connection with some other employment, if he so de- 
sires, under such arrangements as may be approved by the Presbytery 
and the Board. Vol. VIL p. 4(30, 1890. 

Resolved, G. That the action of the last Assembly, terminating the 
grant to the Chinese Mission, discontinued the mission itself and re- 
lieved Rev. J. C. Nevin from responsibility to the Board of Home 
Missions and the General Assembly for the work ; and resolutions 3 and 
4, page 460 of minutes of 1890, are hereby so modified as to make the 
payment of the proceeds of the Chinese Mission fund simply an annuity 
to Brother Nevin in i-ecognition of his service to the Church in this 
mission. Vol. VII, p. 635, 1891. 

XVII. CHRISTIAN COMMISSION. 

Resolved, 1. That the Assembly express its grateful recognition of 
the Divine agency in raising up the United States Christian Commis- 
sion, and in directing their operations. 

2. That this Commission be recommended to the sympathy and co- 
operation of all the congregations under the care of this General Assem- 
bly, and that all be invited to aid this association in the prosecution of 
ts beneficent work. Vol. I, p. 476, 1863. 



CHRISTIAN GIVING. 101 

Resolved, That the General Assembly having heard with deep interest 
the statements of George H. Stuart, Esq., respecting the operations and 
purposes of the United States Christian Commission, hereby express 
devout thanksgiving to God for what has been accomplished by this as- 
sociation, in furnishing tlie soldiers of our army, and the marines and 
sailors of our navy, with the means of relief to their bodies and of sal- 
vation to their souls, and earnestly commend it to the continued confi- 
dence, the sympathy, the liberal contributions, and the fervent prayers 
of our people, in this hour of tlie j)ressing need of our noble armv and 
navy. Vol. II, p. 10, 18G4. 

Hesolved, 1. That we owe the highest gratitude to God for tlie great 
benefits tliat have been conferred upon our sutiering soldiers, upon 
the church and the land, 'oy his blessing upon the labors of the United 
States Christian Commission. 

2. That we gratefully commend the labors of our ministers and the 
liberality of our people in the hearty co-operation with this society, and 
we earnestly recommend them to continue their labors of love so long as 
the condition of our armv shall furnish them opportunitv. Vol. II, p. 
165, 1865. 

XVIII. CHRISTIAN GIVING. 

1. Christian Giving- a Part of Worship.— i?eso/ret?, 2. That * * 

pastors be atfectionately urged to impress upon their people the im- 
portance and necessity of every one complying with the direction of the 
Apostle, 1 Cor., xvi. 2, '' to lay by him in store, on the first day of the 
week, as the Lord hath prospered him," as a part of the worship of the 
Sabbath. Vol. V, p. 33, 1879. 

2. Giving Should be Proportionate. — Resolved, l. That the Gen- 
eral Assembly most earnestly and affectionately urge on all pastors and 
elders to carefully and conscientiously consider the suggestions made by 
the Permanent Committee on Ways and Means, and on all members a 
hearty co-operation with them in devising some plan for proportionate 
giving, as the most efficient method of carrving on the work. Vol. VII, 
p. 410, 1890. 

3. One-tenth should be Given. — Resolved, l, That in the judg- 
ment of this Assembly, Christians ought not in their contributions for 
benevolent and religious purposes, to fall below one-tent)i of their 
5'early income. Vol. V, ]i. 33, 1879. 

4. Weekly Contributions Recommended. — Resolved, 3. That 

each congregation be recommended to take collections weekly, where it 
is practicable, and if not weeklv, at stated times, and as frequently as 
possible. Vol. II, p. 18, 1864.' 

Your committee lias had presented to them by the Presbytery of 
Princeton, the Bellefonte system of gospel support and church extension, 
and would commend it to the favorable consideration of the church. 
Vol. Ill, p. 416, 1872. 

Resolved, 5. That we recommend Presbyteries to urge upon our con- 
gregations the adoption of the " envelope," or " Bellefonte system," for 
taking contributions for the support of the gospel and the Boards of the 
Church. Vol. IV, p. 171, 1875. 

7. That we recommend, with increased confidence, the adoption and 



102 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

use, in all our congregations, of the voluntary weekly plan for making 
contributions tor the support of the gos}ieI, at home and abroad. VoL 
IV, p. 307, 187G. 

3. That where found ])racticable, tiie weekly Sabbath offerings by 
the envelope svstem be earnestly recommended to all our congregations. 
Vol. V, p. 19U, 1880. 

2. That * * * we lay special stress on the weekly system of giving. 
Vol. VII, p. 410, 1890. 

1. That in every case where it is at all practicable, the contributions 
for the Boards of the Church be- taken weekly. Vol. VII, p. 641, 
1891. 

See Sec. 1, above. 

5. Thank-offerings Should be Made.— 7?oo/r«Z, 4. That pastors 

and sessions * * encourage them [their people] to present "thank- 
offerings" to the Lord frequently for his gracious benefits. Vol. VII, 
p. 641, 1891. 

Resolved, 5. That we would certainly encourage "free-will" or 
"thank-offerings" on the part of congregations in addition to the 
making up of the "general average." Vol. VII, p. 644, 1891. 

6. Contributions in Proportion to the Appropriations of the 

General Assembly. — Resolved, l. Tiie Assembly having passed judg- 
ment as to tlie relative needs of the various departments of the Church 
work, Pastors and Sessions are urged to secure, as far as possible, an 
apportionment of the contributions of their respective congregations in 
proportion to the appropriations designated by the Assembly. Vol. 
VII, p. 233, 1889. 

7. Special Contributions. — Resolved, 4. That the Assembly has 
heard with interest the special work tliat has been undertaken, by con- 
gregations and individuals, to send out and support new missionaries. 
Vol. VII, p. 219, 1889. 

4. That pastors and sessions be urged to educate the people up to a 
confidence in the Boards of the Church; tliat they be expected not to 
contribute to special mission work, until they have contributed their full 
proportion to the support of the regular work of the Church; and that 
they encourage them to present "thank-offerings" to the Lord fre- 
quently for his gracious benefits. 

4. We consider that the responsibility of our congregations and 
people, for support of our Boards, is precedent to duty in the direction 
of special missions; and that, as the rule, they should first discharge in 
full measure their duty to the Boards, and then, if the Lord has so pros- 
pered them that they are able to give more, their help in special lines 
will be properly in ordei-. Vol. VII, pp. 641, 644, 1891. 

8. Doubtful Means to be A.VOi&Qdi.— Resolved, 3. That this 
Assembly would express it as their judgment that there should be a 
careful avoidance of all indirect and questionable means of raising 
money for tlie Lord's cause. Vol. V, p. 33, 1879. 

9. Information for the People. — Resolved, 3 [by the General 
Committee of Home Missions and adopted by the Assembly], That 
since more widely extended information among the members concerning 
the condition and wants of the church's work, and a fuller presentation 
of the Scripture truth concerning the duty of supporting this work with 



Christ's second coming. 103 

their offerings, would no doubt largely increase the liberality of our 
people; therefore, we would respectfully recommend that the Board of 
Publication be instructed to adopt such measures as may be practicable 
to supply tlie homes of our people witli this means of growth in tiie 
grace of Christian giving. Vol. V, p. 223, 1880. 

5. That in view of the fact that our Home Mission work is extend- 
ing, and increased means are needed for carrying it on, we request the 
General Assembly to instruct tiie Board of Publication to publish a tract 
on the subject of giving, and arrange for its gratuitous distribution, en- 
deavoring to have a copy placed in tlie hands of every member of tlie 
Church. ° Vol. VI, p. 711, 1887. 

10. Duty of Pastors and Sessions. — Resolved, 2. That all our de- 
linquent .Sessions and congregations be recommended to adoj)! some 
measures by wliich tlie people shall have opportunity to contribute at 
stated periods to the res])ective funds of the Church. Vol. V, p. 199, 
1880. 

Resolved, 2. That ministers and Sessions be specially urged to keep 
the people under their care well informed as to the needs and progress 
of the Church's work, botli by the circulation of literature, and holding 
conferences tlier^-on. 

4. That Pastors and Sessions be urged to educate their people up to 
confidence in the Boards of the Church; that they be expected not to 
contribute to special mission work until they have contributed their full 
proportion to the support of the regular work of the Cliurch; and that 
they encourage them to present •' tiiank-offerings " to the Lord frequently 
for his gracious benefits. Vol. VII, G41, 1891. 

11. Payment of Salaries. — Resolved, 4. That congregations be 
recommended to adopt the system of paying their pastors' salaries and 
their (juotas to the Boards monthly, if possible, but not less than (juar- 
terly. Vol. V, |). 199, 1880. 

12. A Monthly Paper on Christian Giving.— See Assembly 

Monthly. 

13. A Permanent Committee on Christian Giving. — The Gen- 
eral Assembly appointed a Permanent Committee on Ways and Means 
to devise and execute proper measures for raising the money necessary 

■for the support of the general work of the Church. Vol. VII, p. 33, 
1888. This committee reported, that Christian Giving had been 
brought before many Presbyteries, and that a large number of the 
pastors and elders are laboring earnestly to bring this subject properly 
before their people. Vol. A^II, p. 495, 1890. 

XIX. CHRIST'S SECOND COMING. 

On this subject tlie memorialist assumes that the United Presbyterian 
Church practically accepts the theory of the post-millennial coming of 
Christ, and of the purely spiritual nature of his millennial kingdom, and 
asks in view of the importance of the subject, that the Assembly shall 
give a statement of the ground of the theory which he attributes to the 
church. Also, he states that a refusal on the part of the Assembly to 
state the ground of tlie theory, will be accepted by him as an acknow- 
ledgement, on the part of the church, that tliere is no ground for such a 



)(<4 1>IGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

tlicorv. In reply to the memorialist, your committee present the fol- 
i<»\ving : 

1. It may be true, that practically the mass of the members of United 
Presbyterian Church accept the theory that Ciirist's coming will be 
post-millennial, and that his millennial kingdom will be purely spiritual, 
but the church has never officially declared this to be her faith. To 
make any theorv on this question an article of the faith of the church, 
would necessitate the adoption of a system of interpretation, and a parti- 
cular application of prophecy to that theory, which must not only be en- 
forced by the teacliing, but also by the discipline of the church — things 
utterly impracticable. 

2. A refusal by the church, therefore, to adopt a theory respecting 
the time of Christ's second coming, and the particular nature of his 
millennial kingdom, and to give the ground of such theory, does not 
warrant the conclusion that the church thus acknowledges that there is 
no irround for that theory. 

We recommend for adoption the following: 

Hesolved, That the prayer of the memorialist be not granted. Vol. 
IV, p. 446. 1877. 

XX. CHURCH extension, board of. 
1. Charter of the Board of Church Extension— [Granted by 

the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny county, in the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania, March G, 1871 ; recorded in the office for the 
recording of deeds in said county, in Charter Book No. 3, page 30G, 
March 10, 1871 ; and accepted and approved by the Assembly, Vol. Ill, 
p. 277, 1871.] 

Article I. Be it remembered that Rev. Robert Gracey, D. D., 
George McCague, John Dean, Rev. R. B. Ewing, Rev. Thomas II. 
Hanna, Samuel Dyer, Rev. John S. Sands, Rev. J. W. "Witherspoon, 
and AVilliam Reed, and their successors, elected and appointed as here- 
inafter directed, being citizens of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 
are herebv associated under the name and title of "The Board of 
Church Extension of the Uniteil Presbytertian Church of North 
America;" and by the said name and title shall have succession and be' 
able and cajiable in law to sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded in 
any court or courts, and in all causes and matters whatsoever; to make 
and use a common seal, and to alter or renew tlie same at pleasure ; to 
purchase, receive, acquire, hold, use and dispose of for the purpose and 
objects herein named, lands, tenements, rents, annuities, franchises, 
moneys, goods, chattels and hereditaments; to make rules, by-laws and 
ordinances, not repugnant to the constitution and laws of the United 
States, to the constitution ami laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania, or to this instrument. 

Article II. The object of said association siiall be to promote the 
extension of the I'nited" Presbyterian Church of North America by the 
purchase and accjuisition of real estate and the erection of church edi- 
fices, and by other lawful and ai)propriate means. 

Article" III. Th^e officers of the association shall be a president, 
vice-president, secretary and treasurer, and such other oHicers and 



BOARD OF CIIUUCH EXTENSION. 105 

agents as may from time to time be apjjointed. Tlie tfeasurer shall 
give bond to the corporation in such form, for such sum and with such 
sureties as may be determined and approved by u majority of the cor- 
porators, conditioned for the faithful discharge of his duties. 

Article IX. Tlie association sliall consist of the following ])ersons 
and their successors, namely : Rev. Kobert Gracey. D. D., George 
McCague and John Dean, who have been elected and appointed mem- 
bers of said Board to serve until their successors shall be elected in the 
year 1871, as provided in Article YI, of this instrument ; Rev. R. B. 
Evving, Rev. Thomas H. Hanna, and Samuel Dyer, who have been 
appointed to serve until their successors shall be in like manner elected 
in the year 1872, and Rev. John S. Sands, Rev. J. W. Witlierspoon 
and William Reed, who have been appointed to serve until their suc- 
cessors shall be elected in the year 1873, and the corresponding secre- 
tary of [n c, appointed by] " tlie General Assembly of the United 
Presbyterian Church of North America," (now being Rev. A. G. Wal- 
lace,) and his successor in office shall be ex-ojficio, a member of said 
Board ; and six of said members or their successors in office, shall con- 
stitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and the said Board shall 
in its By-Laws determine the times and places of holding meetings, and 
the manner of giving notice of all meetings not appointed by adjourn- 
ment. Said Board shall once in each year exhibit to the General As- 
sembly of the United Presljyterian Church of North America, an exact 
statement of the accounts, funds and property of the association. 

Article A'. Said corporation shall be situated and have its principal 
business transacted in the county of All*^gtieny in said commonwealth. 

Article VI. The General Assembly of the United Presbyterian 
Church of North America sliall, in 1871, and annually thereafter, elect 
three persons as members of tliis association to serve for a period of 
three years, and in case of a vacancy in the membership of said Board 
by reason of deatli. resignation or other cause, the remaining members 
of said Board shall elect a person to fill the unexpired term, provided 
that such election shall be reported to the next General Assembly. 

Article VII. The otHcers and agents of this association shall be 
elected or appointed from time to time in the manner, and for such term, 
as shall be prescribed in the By-Laws. 

2. Constitution of the Board of Church Extension. — [A Con- 
stitution for the Board of Cliurcli P^xtension was adopted, Vol. I, p. 48, 
18o',(, but it was superseded by the (ieneral Constitution of the Boards, 
and the following new Constitution:] 

1. This Board shall be styled ''Tlie Board of Church Extension of 
the United Presbyterian Church of North America," and shall be 
located in the city of Pitt>burgh. 

2. The special objects of this Board shall be to aid mission stations 
and congregations to obtain suitable houses of worship. It shall have 
power to make appropriations of money, either as donations or as loans 
for a definite time; to authorize special contributions for particular parts 
of its work ; to hold funds and property absolutely, or in trust for con- 
gregations ; to institute legal proceedings in behalf of the L'nited Pres- 
byterian Church to prevent the alienation of, or to recover, funds and 
property for which contiibutions have been made by the Board, or by 



106 PIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

the church at hirire, and to do such other things as may be necessary 
for the acconn)lisliment of its object. But the appropriations of each 
year sliall not exceed the amount autliorized by the General Assembly 
for tiiat year, and only such property shall be iield as may be necessary 
for the legitimate purposes of tiie Board. Vol. IV, p. 24, 1874. 

3. Regulations of the Board of Church Extension. — [Rp^Lila- 

tions for the Board of Cliurch Extension were adopted, \'()1. Ill, )). 227, 
1871, and published, ^'ol. Ill, p. 311, 1871 ; but tliey were superseded 
by the following new regulations :] 

1. No ap|)ropriation shall be made except on the application of a 
Presbytery for a place under its care. 

2. Ordinarily the appropriations for a congregation may not exceed 
one-third of the cost of the hous*^, and. may not l)e made for any house 
costing over S2(),<)0(). [Amended so as to read :>10,0()(). Vol. VII, 
p. 19, 1888.] 

3. All appropriations shall be made on the following conditions : 

I. The pro|)erty shall be held in fee simple, and lie secured to the 
Church according to the rule of the Assembly. 

II. A mortgage shall be given for the repayment of the loan, and a 
mortgage lor the donation, securing the repayment of the money, with 
interest, in case the congregation shall fail, or shall cease to be con- 
nected with the United Presbyterian Church, or sliall alienate or en- 
cumber the property without tlie consent of the Board. The interest on 
loans made witliout interest shall be regarded as a donation, and with 
all moneys contributed directly by other congregations or members of 
the United Presbyterian Church, shall be included in the mortgage for 
a donation. 

III. Ordinarily the appropriation shall leave the property free from 
debt except to the Board. 

IV. The congregation shall not solicit aid outside of its own com- 
munity without the consent of the Board. 

4. Appropriations not called for within two years shall be consiilered 
■withdrawn, and may be renewed only on the application of the Presby- 
tery. 

5. Application for aid shall be made in the form approved by the As- 
sembly. The vote in the Presbytery shall be taken by ballot, and the 
ayes and nays sliall be reported with the application. 

6. The iSuperintendent of Missions shall be the agent of the Board, 
through whom all a[)propriations shall be paid. 

7. The appropriation may be paid only when the mortgage or satis- 
factory security shall be given by tlie congregation. All expenses in- 
volved in obtaining aid shall be borne by tlni congregation. Vol. I\', 
p. 24, 1874. 

Jie&olced, That the two following regulations be added to those now 
in use in the Board, and that the corresponding secretary be instructed 
to prepare such blank form^ as will be necessary to carry the tirst one 
into effect : 

1. Congregations having money borrowed from the loan fund shall 
be required to report to the Board annually their rinancial condition. 

2. In case loans ai-e not repaid until six months after maturity, the 
Board will proceed to collect them, unless it should be made to appear 



BOARD OF CHURCH EXTENSION. 107 

that such action would work tlie permanent injury of the congregation, 
in which case they shall recjuire llie conjiregation to i)ay legal interest 
upon the loan until paid. Vol. IV. j). 302, 1870. 

4. Aid for Missions beyond Presbyterial Bounds. — Resolved, 

10. That when a mission is outside of and distant from any Presbytery, 
the Board may grant aid to the same without action by Presbytery, 
provided that the sanction of the nearest Presbytery be obtained as soon 
as practicable, and the mission placed under its care. A'^ol. VII, p. 
641, 1891. 

5. Aid not given for Rebuilding in Established Congregations. 

— Resolved, 3. That it is not the design of this Board ordinarily to aid 
established congregations in enlarging or re-building churches, but to 
secure to new and needy congregations a suitable place of worship. 
Vol. VI, p. 420, 1886. 

6. Selections of Missions to be made with care. — Resolved, 4. 

That while weak missions are to be hel[)ed, there is caution to be used 
in the selection of those that are to be beneficiaries of the Board. Vol. 
VII, p. 431. ISlHl. 

7. Rule as to the title of Mission Property. — [The General 

Asseniiily jiiiH'iuk'd the tbrm of the trust clause to be inserted in the 
deeds for churcii property, [see Churcli Property] and adopted the fol- 
lowing:] 

Resolved, Tiiat the form for a trust clause in deeds and declarations 
of trust, be iidopied as a condition of all ap])ropriations by the Board of 
Home Missions and tlie Board of Church Extension. Vol. V, p. 741, 
1883. 

Resolved, 3, That the Board be instructed to insist upon conform- 
ity to the rule of the .Assembly as to the tenure of church property, un- 
less the direct claim of the Board be amply sufficient to cover all legal 
rights in the same, ^'ol. \', p. 73'J, 1883. 

8. Churches for which Aid is Given to be Insured. — Resolved, 

2. That the Board be insti-ucted to iv(|uire churches, built by its aid, 
to be kept fully insured by their owners for the protection of its claims. 
3. That the Board negotiate for the insurance through some reliable 
agency at the most favorable rates. Vol. V, p. 34.'), 1881. 

9. Securities to be Given by Congregations for Aid Received 
through the Board of Church Extension. — Resolved, That congre- 
gations in need of assistance to build houses for Divine worship, be di- 
rected to apply to the Board of Church Extension, receive from them a 
recommendation to the churches, return an account of the amount col- 
lected, and give to the Church, through the Board, the necessary bonds, 
to applv the funds as the directions ot the Assembly recjuire. Vol. I, p. 
149, 18(50. 

1 0. The Board to take the Securities for Aid granted by the 

Assembly. — Resolved, 7. Tiiat, in cases where aid has been granted to 
congregations under the direct autiiority of the Assembly, the Board is 
authorized bv this Assembly to take the securities. Vol. VII, p. 213, 
1889. 

11. Loan Fund of the Board of Church Extension. — Resolved, 

That the Board be and hereby is autiiorized to establish a •' Loan Fund," 
to be used only in making loans, and to be refunded at such times 



1(»8 DIGEST OK Tin: ACI> Ol" THE ASSEMBLY. 

iuid in such a manner as may be agreed upon in each case. 
The Board may make special appeals for donations and bequests 
to this fund, and shall each year so api)ropriate a part of the contribu- 
tions, unless otherwise ordered by the Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 277, 
1871. 

Resolved, 3. That the Board l)e instructed to insist upon the recogni- 
tion and strict observance of contracts on the part of congregations re- 
ceiving aid fiom the Loan Fund, but at the same time to exercise a wise 
discretion as to the enforcement of these obligations. 

4. That the Loan Fund be maintained at the sum of S.jO.OOO. 

5. That hereafter grants from the Loan Fund shall be withouf interest, 
unless there be speci;il reasons to the contrary, and upon tlie condition 
of repayment of at least one-tenth of the whole amount annually — re- 
payment, in ordinary cases, to begin in two years, and interest to be 
charged on deferred payments after maturity. Vol. V, p. 182, 1880. 

8. That the Board be instructed to make no loans in the future ex- 
cept for parsonages, without a unanimous vote of all the members pres- 
ent at a regular meeting. \o\. VII, p. G4(). 1891. 

12. Security for Loans. — A mortgage shall be given for the re- 
payment of tlie loan. Regulation II. 

Resolved, 2. That the course pursued by the P.oard in taking individ- 
ual notes on small amounts loaned to consrregations, whenever deemed 
advisable, be approved. \^^\. V, p. 73'J, 1883. 

13. Special Loan Funds.— AV.^oAW. That llie lioard be author- 
ized to keep as a distinct loan fund any contribution of $5,000 or 
upwards from one ])erson, family or congregation, the donor having the 
privilege of determining the name of the fund .'^o created. A^ol. IV, p. 
170, 187."). 

14. Temporary Loans. — Resolved, That the Board be authorized 
to receive temporary loans without interest, in order to meet particular 
emergencies which mav arise \o\. I^ , ]>. 170, 187.). 

1 j. Contributions to the Board Subject to KTm^x\%y .—Resolved, 

That the Board be authorized to accept contril)utions subject to aimuity, 
according to the plan proposed in its report. Vol. IV, p. 170, 187.0, viz.: 
subject to such annuity and payable in such manner as may be agreed 
upon; such contributions to be securely invested, and the annuity never 
to exceed the annual interest receivinl. Vol. I^ , p. 210, 1875. 

Resolved, H. That tiie Board be instructed to keep the funds subject 
to annuity so invested as to produce an income at least equal to the 
annuitv. Vol. V, |i. 532, 18iS2. 

IG. Special Contributions.— A'eso/tW, 3. That special contribu- 
tions received by the Treasui-er, for places for which the Board has 
already made grants sufficiently large, shall be regarded by the Board 
as included in said grants. ~\'ol. VII, {). 213, 1889. 

Resolved, 4. That when special contributions are made by Sabbath- 
schools or Young People's Societies — for the erection of churches or 
parsonages — such contributions shall be made with the consent and 
under the direction of the Board. \o\. VII, p. (540, 1891. 

17. Presbyterial Agents of the Board.— i?eso/yetZ, That the 

superintendents of missions be constituted corresponding members ot 
the Board and its agents. Vol. Ill, p. 277, 1871. 



BOARD OF CHURCH EXTENSION. 1011 

18. No Special Agents to be Employed by the Board.— AV- 

solved. That henceforth tlie whole work of aiding congregations in 
building houses of worship shall be under the control of the Board or' 
Church Extension; that the Assembly will not authorize special agen- 
cies for any part of the work, and disapproves of any congregation ap- 
pealing for help independently of the Board. Vol. Ill, ]>. 277, 1871. 

19. The Board May Issue and Guarantee Bonds. — liesolved, o. 

That when any congregation may desire to fund its indebtedness in a 
series of bonds bearing a low rate of interest, so arranged as to distribute 
the amounts that may become due from time to time, into such sums as 
the congregation may be able to pay, and may thereby also reduce their 
interest account, the Board of Church Extension be authorized to allow 
the issuing of such bonds, and to guarantee their payment; provided the 
congregation will give to the Board of Church Extension ample security 
to protect it against any loss. Vol. IV, p. 452, 1877. 

20. Presbyterial Supervision in Building Churches. — Resolved, 

6. That Presbyteries be directed to look into the financial condition of 
every congregation in their bounds proposing to build a house of wor- 
ship, to advise, and, so far as they can, to prevent the contracting of 
any debt in building, except to the Board of Church Extension, and 
that hereafter, in all ordinary cases, it be the rule where indebtedness is 
contracted without the knowledge or consent of the Board, no help is to 
be granted by the Board. Vol. IV, p. 452, 1877. 

21. Presbjrterial Supervision over Extinct Churches. — Re- 
solved, 5. That the Presbyteries be directed to guard carefully the 
rights and interests of our Church in all buildings and other property 
which may have been occupied or held by congregations now discontin- 
ued or withdrawn, and to dispose of all such property as soon as prac- 
ticable, forwarding the proceeds to the treasurer of the Board. Vol. 
IV, p. 580, 1878. 

22. The Board to take Measures to Secure and Retain 

Church Property. — Resolved, 7. That this Assembly direct the 
Board of Church Extension, or the Trustees of the General Assembly, 
when the Board of Church Extension is prevented by law from taking 
the necessary action, to act promptly in the name of the Church in 
all cases where, in their judgment, counsel and financial help are nec- 
essary to secure the use of and retain the property to the United Pres- 
byterian Church. Vol. VII. p. 413. 1890. 

23. The Board Represented in the General Committee of 

Home Missions. — Resolved, 8. That the Corresponding Secretary of 
the Board of Church Extension, or some representative of that Boanl, 
be directed to meet each year with tlie General Committee of Home 
Missions. Vol. VII, p. 413, 1890. 

24. Consolidation of the Boards of Church Extension, 
Home Missions and the Freedmen's Missions. — See " Boards 

of the Church," Sec. 3. 

25. The Parsonage Fund. — The Associate Reformed Presby- 
tery of Allegheny transferred to the Board of Church Extension a 
fund which was formed from the bequest of the late Mr. Thomas 
Hanna, of Allegheny, Pa. This was designated The Thomas Hanna 
Fund, and was made a loan fund for the erection of parsonages. . The 
Assembly took the following action :] 



110 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Resolved, 1. Tliat the Board be authorized to employ any portion of 
the Hanna Fund, whicli, in its judgment, it may deem best, in the erec- 
tion of parsonages. Vol. VI, p. 35, 1884. 

Resolved, 2. That the Parsonage Fund of tlie Board of Church Ex- 
tension be commended to the missionary societies and Sabbath-schools 
of the Church, as a s])e(;iul work, having a strong claim on tlieir sym- 
pathies, and -worthy of iheir liberal support. Vol. VI, p. 237, 1885. 

2G. RegTilatioas of the Parsonage Fund. — [Tiie Board re- 
ported the following regulations for the Parsonage Fund: 1. Aid is 
given only as a loan on ajiproved security ; 2. Tlie loan always bears 
interest, the rate being arranged according to circumstances ; 3. The 
loan is repaid in annual instalments, payments over due bearing inter- 
est at legal rates; 4. All grants are made subject to tlip rule of the 
General Assembly, in regard to title, as in grants made for churches. 
The Assembly adopted the following :] 

Resolved, 5. Tiiat we approve the new forms and regulations that are 
in use for the control of the Board, in the matter of building and main- 
taining parsonages. Vol. VII, ji. 431, 1890. 

27. The Parsonage Fund Assigned to the Woman's Auxil- 
iary Board. — [Tiie Board of Church Extension assigned the Parson- 
age Fund to the Women's Auxiliary Board as its special work, under 
the following arrangements :] 

1. The Board of Church Extension shall receive all appropriations 
for parsonages, 

2. The Board of Ciiuroh Extension shall transfer as many applica- 
tions to the Women's General Missionary Society as the corresponding 
secretary of that department shall desire, and the action of said society 
upon them shall be final. 

3. In loans made by the General Missionary Society, the papers shall 
be taken in the name of the Society. All responsibility of the Board of 
Church Extension shall end with the transfer of the applications to the 
society. 

4. The grants made by the society are to be upon the conditions and 
under the rules that govern the Board of Church Exttmsion, and ap- 
proved by the General Assembly. Vol. VIII, p. 709, 1891. 

28. Presbyterial Committees on Church Extension. — Resolved, 

5. That the Presbyteries which include the great cities of the country 
be authorized and recommended to appoint Standing Committees on 
Church Extension, to keep a careful supervision of the erection of 
churches and the payment of debts, to secure the co-operation of con- 
gregations, and to fully develop the local resources. Vol. V, p. 532, 
1882. 

29. The Secretary to Visit the Mission Field.— i^esoZuerf, That 

the Boards of Home Missions, and Church Extension, and Foreign 
Missions, be authorized to send their Secretaries to any Synod, Presby- 
tery, or congregation of the church, when in their judgment the inter- 
ests committed to these Boards may require such visits, and that they 
report the same to the Assembly. Vol. V, p. 36, 1879. [Similar ac- 
tion was taken, Vol. VI, ]>. 233, 1885.] 

Resolved, 7. That the Corresponding Secretary be authorized to visit 
those stations and congregations in which there is special interest, when 



CHURCH JiLSic. Ill 

in the judgment of the Board it may be deemed necessary, and that his 
expenses be paid by the treasurer. Vol. V, p. 739, I880. 

Hesolved, 11. That the Corresponding Secretary of the Board be re- 
quested to visit that part of the Cliurcli in which its work is carried on, 
as frequently as in the judgment of the Board it may be advisable. 
Vol. VII, p'. 213, 188U." 

Jiesolved, 9. That the action of the Board in sending the Correspond- 
ing Secretary into the field, by times, to give his personal attention to 
the work, be approved, and that the same policy be continued, as far as 
it may be of advantage to the work, and at the same time economize the 
funds'of the Church. A'ol. VII, p. G40, 1891. 

XXL CHURCH MUSIC. 
1. Church Music is under the Control of the Session.— i?e- 

solved, 2. That it devolves on Sessions to exercise a controlling super- 
vision over this, as over the other parts of public worship. 

3. That in the exercise of their official function in supervising this 
part of public worship, they be affectionately advised to keep in view 
the following objects : 

1. Let them aim to secure the use of such music as is grave, sweet 
and solemn in its character, suitable to be employed in the praise of God, 
and calculated to excite and express the devotional sentiment contained 
in the particular psalm used at. the time. 

H. Let them also take into consideration the circumstances of their con- 
gregations, and aim so to supervise the service as to promote their peace 
and edification, and let the people also regard charitably the rights and 
wishes of those whose tastes and prejudices and preferences differ from 
their own. 

III. Let them, in all discreetness, be earnest and unwearied in their 
efforts to foster the development of a musical taste and talent among 
their people, so that this part of public worship may become, continually, 
more and more pleasant and profitable to themselves, and more and 
more commend the inspired {)salter to the whole body of the faithful. 
Vol. 11, p. 33, 18G4. [See also the Directory for Worship, Chap. II, 
Art. II, Sec. 4.] 

2. The Use of Repeating Tunes. Resolved, That while your 
committee think there is sometimes much bad taste in the use of such 
tunes, yet they do not feel prepared to say that their use is, in itself, un- 
scriptural and wrong. Vol. II, p. 33, 1864. 

3. That this committee [on Psalms with Music,] be instructed to 
avoid such frequent repetitions and responses as are not clearly suggested 
by the language of the Psalms. Vol. V, p. 16, 1879. 

3. Chanting. — Resolved, 1. That our people be recommended to 
familiarize themselves with the art of chanting. 

2. That the chanting of the psalms in the prose version be permitted 
in the worship of God, where the peace and harmony of the church are 
not thereby disturbed. Vol. II, p. 35, 1864. 

Resolved, That a committee, consisting of three persons, be appointed 
by this Assembly, to inquire into the practicability, the advantages and 
disadvantages of chanting, and, if deemed advisable, to prepare a collec- 



112 DIGEST OK THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

tion of psalms arranged for the use of our Sabbath Schools and congre- 
gations, and report to next the General Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 279, 
1871. [This committee presented a report, which was laid on the 
table. Vol. Ill, p. 378, 1872.] 

Resolved, 2. That a limited number of chants and antliems be inserted 
[in the psalter] as an api^endix. Vol. I\', p. i)\)i), 1878. 

4. Instrumental Church Music. — The Committee on Bills and 
Overtures presented, and tlie Assembly adopted, the following resolu- 
tion in regard to the memorial from the Presbytery of Philadelphia on 
instrumental music in the worship of (iod : Resolved, That the petition 
of the memorialists be not granted. Vol* II, p. 309, 1866. 

Resolved, Tiiat the conduct of the Session of the First United Pres- 
byterian Chuich. Cincinnati, in refusing to grant permission to the 
teachers in their Sabbatli-school to introduce a melodeon, be approved. 
Vol. II, p. 39o, 1867. 

Resolved, That the article on instrumental music in the present Di- 
rectory for Worshi]) is hereby made a special overture, and Presbyteries 
are directed to vote aye or nay upon it, and report the ayes and nays to 
the next General Assembly, ^'ol. II, p. 40.S. 1867. 

[The vote on this overture was : for retaining the article, 385 ; 
against retaining it, 157 ; when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, That the article on instrumental music now in overture be, 
and hereby is, approved and adopteil. Vol. II, p. 498, 1868. 

[A memorial from tlie Presbytery of Caledonia on the subject of in- 
strumental music was disposed of as follows:] 

Resolved, That this Assembly submits to her Presbyteries the follow- 
ing overture : " Shall Sec. 5, Art, II, Chap. Ill, of the Directory for 
Worship, be repealed ?" 

The resolution in this report was lost by a vote of 'S6 ayes to 74 nays, 
" a vote of two-thirds of the members of the Assembly present " being 
necessary to transmit any subject in overture to the Presbyteries. Vol. 
IV, p. 315, 1876. 

[Memorials from the Presbyteries of Caledonia and Sidney, asking 
for the overturing of the article of the Directory for Worship on instru- 
mental music, and remonstrances against the overturing from the Pres- 
byteries of First New York and Neosho, were disposed of as follows :] 

Resolved, That the prayer of the memorialists be not granted. [Ayes, 
110; noes, 51 ; not voting, 4. Vol. IV., p. 443, 1877.] 

5. Enforcement of the Law on Instrumental Music. — [A 

memorial was presented to tlie Crcneral Assembly stating " that in con- 
travention of the provision of our Standards, several congregations 
under the jurisdiction of the Assembly have introduced instrumental 
music into their public worship or into the worship of their Sabbath- 
schools," and asking the Assembly to '* direct the presbyteries, in whose 
bounds this palpable disregard of law exists, to take steps to promptly 
have the disorder comf)lained of corrected." The General Assembly 
adopted the following :] 

Resolved, That in the case in (luestion, the jtresbyteries and synods 
are competent, and are expected by the Assembly to apply the law. 
Vol. v., p. 356, 1881. 

6. Repeal of the Law on Instrumental Music— [A memorial 



CHURCH MUSIC. 113 

■was presented to the Assembly asking that the article of the Directoiv 
for Worship on instrumental music be overtured. It was disposed of 
as follows:] 

It is conceded by those who hold the various phases of belief on tlic 
subject of instrumental music in worship, that tliere is a deep and wide 
spread dissatisfaction with our present law relating thereto. * * Re- 
solved, that the Assembly submits to tlie presbyteries the following 
overture: Shall Sec. o. Art. 2, Chapter 3 of the Directory for "Worship 
be repealed ? Vol. \ . p. o-36, 1881. 

[The votes on the overture were referred to the Committee on \V\\\< 
and Overture.>. Tlie repoi-t of the committee was amended and adopted 
as follows :] 

We find that the whole numl)er of votes cast is 1233. Nine persons 
are reported as not voting. Of the votes cast 620^ are in the affirma- 
tive^, and 61 2^ in the negative, making a clear majority of 8 in the 
affirmative on the (piestion overtured. 

We. therefore, recommend the ado[)tion by the Assembly of the fol- 
lowing resolutions : 

1st. That th^^ overture to repeal the rule in our Directory touching 
instrumental music Iras received a clear constitutional majority of the 
votes of the Church, and. therefore, has been carried. 

2d. That this Assembly hereby ratifies the decision of the presby- 
teries, and declares Sec. o, Art. 2, Chap. 3, of the Directory for Wor- 
ship, repealed. 

3d. That this decision is not to be considered as authorizing instru- 
mental music in the worship of God, but simply as a declaration of the 
judgment of the Church that there is no sufficient Bible authority for 
an absolutely exclusive rule on the subject. 

4th. That this Assembly hereby instructs and enjoins the lower 
courts to abstain, and have all under their authority abstain, from any 
action in this matter that would disturb the peace and harmony of con- 
gregations, or unreasonably disregard the conscientious convictions of 
members. \o\. V., p. 525, 1882. 

[On the first resolution the vote was : Ayes — ministers, 74 ; elders, 
51 ; total, 125. Nays — ministers, 43 ; elders, 47 ; total, 90. Vol. 
v., p. 519. A protest was entered, as follows ; 

The undersigned beg leave to protest against tlie action of the As- 
sembly in declaring that the overture to repeal our law on instrumental 
music has received in the affirmative a clear majority of the votes of 
the whole Church. 

This decision we regard as unwise and unjust on at least two 
grounds, which, for lack of time, we can do little more than indicate. 

1. It proceeds upon a false interpretation of our constitutional law in 
regard to overtures. That law provides that before any proposal to 
change or modify, whether by addition or subtraction, the doctrine, 
worship or government of the Church, can be considered as carried, it 
must have received not oidy a majority, but also a clear majority of the 
votes of the whole Church. Tiie intention manifestly of this provision 
is to guard against any change in respect to doctrine and order which 
would not be a fair and unmistakable expression of the judgment of the 
Church deliberately reached. 



114 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Tlie votes of tlie wliole Cliurch can mean notliiiifr less than the votes of 
the Church representative, convened in Presbytery ; and all those who 
are present in Presbytery, whether tliey respond •' Aye," " No," or 
" Not clear." may be said to vote, that is, to express in brief and 
definite form their mind touching the matter voted upon. 

Now, according to the report of tiie Committee on Bills and Over- 
tures, the vote on the Overture on Instrumental Music stood thus: 
Affirmative, 620^; negative, 012-5; not decided, or not clear, 'J. 

We contend that the 9 who declared that they were not clear to vote 
on either side must be reckoned as unprepared for the act of eliminat- 
ing from our standards the law on instrumental music. Tiiey virtually 
say that they cannot concur in sucli an act. and must, for the present, 
stand still. Hence, they are to be regarded as constructively opposing 
repeal. Had ihe proposition voted upon been to insert in our standards 
a rule against instrumental music, those nnn-Uquet votes would have 
been justly regarded as practically equivalent to negative vot( s. 

2. This decision is conflict witli our sense of equity. 

It was intimated in the Assembly by more than one member that not 
a few non-liquet votes given in the Presbytery had not been reported to 
the Assembly ; and when a motion was made lo inquire as to this point 
of the Second Clerk, and of any of the clerks of presbyteries present, 
the motion was abruptly laid upon the table. 

Still further, it was repeatedly affirmed in the Assembly and denied 
by no one, that a considerable number, probably not less than twenty, 
of the votes given in the presbyteries in favor of repeal, proceeded from 
persons who at the time of voting were acting' in violation of our law 
against instrumental music. 

Now, are such votes to be regarded as valid votes ? Was the As- 
sembly powerless to protect the Church against the influence of such ir- 
regular votes? And can it in such circumstances be said that a 
clear majority of the votes of the whole Church has been given for re- 
peal ? Even if the Assembly had hesitated about casting out the votes 
referred to as proceeding from violators of the law voted upon, it might 
still more have hesitated to declare, as it has done, that a clear major- 
ity of the votes of the whole Church had been given for repeal. Would 
it not have been wise and equitable to have declared that, for various 
reasons, it was not clear that a majority of votes had been given for re- 
peal, and that it would be better to have the vote taken again, so that 
assurance might be reached in a matter so weiglity ? Vol. V. p. 521, 
1882. 

The Assembly adopted the following answer to this protest : 

The protest is against the action of the Assembly in deciding that the 
overture to repeal the law on instrumental music has been carried by a 
clear constitutional majority of the votes of the Presbyteries. 

The first reason of protest is that the Assembly, in this decision, 
acted on " a false interpretation of our constitutional law in regard to 
overtures." The error specifically alleged is that the Assembly confined 
its count to the yeas and nays reported. The general remarks in the 
protest in regard to the intent of the law are not disputed. What we 
deny is that it was an error not to count as votes wiiat was, in fact, the 
non-voting of persons reported as silent. The constitutional law re- 



CHURCH MUSIC. 115 

quires simply a return of the votes given in the Presbyteries, and desig- 
nates expressly the yeas and nays, as what are to be returned. It 
makes no mention of anything else as to be counted or even noted by 
the clerks of Presbyteries. The only recognition in any of our laws of 
silent members, or non-voters, is in a mere rule of order (66), and there 
they are directed to be counted with the majority. 

Fui'ther, this Assembly acted, in this matter, under an authoritative 
construction of the law adopted by the last Assembly, conclusive and 
binding until regularly repealed. That construction is in these words: 
*' A vote is something different from not voting. One more than half 
the votes cast is evidently a clear majority. The majority voting settles 
the matter, without reference to those not voting. They are then 
reckoned with the majority, according to rule of order No. 66." 

It was under this construction of law by the supreme authority of the 
Church that the overture on instrumental music was sent down to the 
Presbyteries ; under it the Presbyteries voted, and under it this Assem- 
bly was hound to count the returns of the votes ; and so counting, it 
could not do otherwise than declare the overture carried by a clear con- 
stitutional majority. 

But, aside trom all this, the uniform practice of the Church in count- 
ing the votes on overtures made a common law on this subject, which 
this Assembly was bound to respect. It is the practical interpretation 
of the law given by the Church in her whole history of overtures. If, 
as is claimed in the protest, the votes of the whole Church can mean 
nothing less than the votes of all those who are present in the Presby- 
tery, whether they cast their votes or not, then we have had no valid 
adoptioii of any overture, not even of our Book of Government or Di- 
rectory for Worship, and especially not of the law on instrumental music. 

The second general reason of protest is that the decision of the As- 
sembly is in conflict with a " sense of equity," in that there was not given 
opportunity to make further inquiry for non-voters, and in counting the 
votes of alleged violators of the law. 

As to the refusal of the Assembly to go into an irregular inquiry for 
non-voters other than were reported, it was justified by the uselessness 
of the inquiry to the count legally required, and the unnecessary waste 
of the time of the Assembly. 

As to the votes alleged to have been given by violators of the law, it 
is sufficient to say that the Assembly did not have before it any formal 
complaints of the kind, and had no power to deprive of the right of vot- 
ing persons never judicially condemned or even arraigned. 

If the Assembly had been forced to go back of the returns and throw 
out all the irregular voting that appears to have been done, the majority 
for the overture would in all pi'obability have been far in excess of the 
negative vote and all the silent and challenged votes together. Vol. V, 
p. 526, 1882. 

During the discussion of the second resolution the following amend- 
ment was offered : 

Whereas, Our Book of Discipline gives power to the General As- 
sembly, even when a majority of the Presbyteries may be in favor of 
adopting an overture, to declare it inexpedient, under peculiar circum- 
stances, to ratify the vote ; and, whereas, in the overture now before the 



116 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Assembly, there is difference of opinion in regard to whether there is an 
actual majority in its favor; and, whereas, even if a majority be ad- 
mitted, it is so meager as to show that a very large proportion of the 
Church, amounting at least to one-half, are opposed, and therefore its 
moral force as the deed of the Church is Aveakened, if not destroyed ; 
and whereas, its adoption under the cinuimstances would be followed by 
serious, if not disastrous, consequences to our beloved Church, and thus 
such a contingency exists as is contemplated by our Book ; therefore, 

Resolved, That in the judgment of this Assembly, it is inexpedient to 
ratify this vote. and. therefore, the law of the Church, on the use of 
musical instruments in the praise of God, remains unrepealed. Vol. 
V, p. 520, 18«2. 

The amendment wiis lost by the following vote : Ayes : ministers, 44, 
elders, 44; total, bt*. Nays : ministers, till, elders, 46, total 114. A 
dissent was entered. V. 523. 

The following amendment was offered to the third resolution : 

Whereas, There is manifestly a decided difference of judgment in 
the minds of the meniliers of the Assembly as to whether the Overture 
on Instrumental Music has been carried by a clear majority of the votes 
of the whole cliurch, and, 

Whereas, Many have voted for the repeal of the existing law on 
this subject, because the law is objectionable in the form in which it is 
stated ; therefore, 

Resolved, That tl^' further consideration of the report of the Com- 
mittee be postponed, and the following proposition be sent down in over- 
ture to the Presbyteries, namely, instrumental music shall not be 

USED IN the worship OF GoD IX ANY OF THE CONGREGATIONS OF 
the CHURCH 

Resolved, That the Presbyteries be instructed to report to the next 
Assembly upon this overture as follows : 

1st. The number of members enrolled in the Presbytery at the time 
the vote was taken. 

2d. The yeas and nays as recorded. 

3d. The number of members excused, or not voting. 

The vote on this amendment was : Ayes : ministers, 43, elders, 40; 
total, 83. Navs : ministers, 65, elders, 42 ; total, 107. Vol. V, pp. 
523, 524, 1882. 

The third resolution was amended by substituting the word " author- 
izing " for '' recommending." 

A fourth resolution in the report of the committee, viz : " Resolved, 
That while there may be a liberty here, it is a liberty which in 
itself and especially in the present state of the Church, should be 
stringently regulated and ke[)t from abuse, or any use that would con- 
flict with the required simplicity of Christian worship," was, by consent 
of the Assembly, withdrawn. Vol. V, p. 525. 

A protest against the final action was presented. It was resolved, 
that the action of this Assembly, as it explains itself, and the answer to 
the protest be considered a sufficient answer to this protest. Vol. V, pp. 
530, 531. See p. 114. 

[Memorials were presented asking the Assembly to prohibit instru- 
mental music in the worship of God. The following action was taken :] 



CHURCH MUSIC. 117 

The Committee on Bills and Overtures respectfully report on the me- 
morials relating to instrumental music referrt^d to it : 

These memorials are in different forms and make a variety of requests. 
As tlipy will all appear on the records of the Assembly, it is not neces- 
sary to cumber this report with a detailed statement of them. The re- 
quest made in the one most numerously signed is expressed or implied 
in almost all of them that ask for additional action on the subject. 
This request is as follows : " The General Assembly is hereby most re- 
spectfully asked and earnestly urged to declare explicitly that in none 
of the congregations under the care of the Assembly can instrumental 
music be lawfully used in worship until the Church sliall have decided 
by constitutional enactment that such music in worship is divinely 
authorized and prescribed." 

The principal reasons affirmed in support of this i-equest, as set forth 
in a preceding paragraph of the memorial, are — first, that the last As- 
sembly " resolved that tlie enactment of the repeal did not authorize the 
use of instruments in the worship of any of our congregations"; and 
second, that " the Confession of Faith declares explicitly that nothing 
is to be used in the worship of God that is ' not prescribed in the Holy 
Scriptures.' " 

In regard to the first reason, that drawn from the action of the last 
Assembly, there is evidently more assumed than the entire action of the 
Assembly justifies. In explaining its action in ratifying what it held 
to be the decision of the presbyteries on tlie overture, the Assembly, in 
a spirit of conciliation, admitted the words. '• not as authorizing," in 
place of those '• not as recommendmg," used in the original form of its 
third resolution, but certainly with no such idea as conceding that its 
entire action on the subject was null and void. It is hardly necessary 
to say that in that sense, or anything like it, the resolution as amended 
was not adopted, and could not have been in the last Assembly, with 
the sentiment that is known to have prevailed in it. The language in 
question must be understood in harmony with tiie declaration in the 
resolution itself, " that there is no sufficient Bible authority for an ab- 
solutely exclusive rule on the subject," and also in harmony with the 
entire action of which that resolution was but a part, in which the pro- 
hibitory law was declared to be repealed. The repeal of a law does not 
authorize anything except freedom from its restraints. Formally, it 
neither commands nor forbids anything. It simply leaves the subject 
without the law repealed. Taken, therefore, in its connection and nec- 
essary limitations, the language in question cannot l)e understood as of 
the effect assumed in this memorial. 

In regard to the second reason, that drawn from the declaration in 
the Confession of Faith, to the effect that God is to be worshiped in the 
way appointed in his Word, it may be said that the question is not of 
the correctness of the principle so enunciated, but of the correctness of 
the application that is made of it in this case. To an ordinance of wor- 
ship, or anything appointed in it, it is clearly applicable. Baptism and 
the Lord's Supper, for example, must be observed by the exclusive 
use of the elements appointed for each. But there may be mere inci- 
dents of an ordinance or helps to its observance, no part of the ordi- 
nance itself, which are not placed under such restrictions. In regard to 



118 PIGKST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

the ordinance of praise, no intelligent Christian looks for the ajtjjoint- 
ment of the particular tunes to be sung, or the particular means by 
which the key-note may be found, or for the use of musical notes as a 
help in singing, or the employment of trained singers to lead in the 
praise service. Sncli are among tiie things confessedly left to " Chris 
tian prudence." 

Now, the question is, to which of these classes does the instrumental 
accompaniment belong, the essentials or the incidf^ntals of worship? 
That is the very core of the question decided in the repeal of our pro- 
hibitory law. That law was what may be said to have been our statu- 
tory application of the principle cited from the Confession. To repeal 
that law, as has been done, was to declare it a misapplication of tlie 
principle, or that the thing forbidden by the law was one to which that 
general principle did not properly apply: in other words, that there 
was nothing in the ordinance of praise or any otiier Bible authority to 
justify snch prohibition. That is the recorded judgment of the Church. 
While that judgment stands, how can we consistently declare, as asked 
in this memorial, that under the principle cited the prohibitory law is 
in effect still operative ? And if we did, of what authority or force 
would such a declaration be ? The Assembly has no power by mere 
resolution to annul a decision by overture, or virtually reinstate a law 
so repealed. It may advise a course of conduct deemed expedient in 
the circumstances or required in the interest of peace and harmony, but 
not on an assumption against which the judgment of the Church has 
been formally given. 

It is only by overture that a declaration of tiie kind asked for could 
be authoritatively given. A request for this mode of settling the ques- 
tion is made by one of t'lie memorials from the Presbyteries. While 
overture is the legitimate mode, there is room for grave doubts of its 
expediency at this time. There is no reason to expect that the result 
would be any more satisfactory than the decision given, and there is 
much reason to fear the effects of the continued strain that would be 
put on the Church. Besides, with our present differing interpretations 
of the law of overtures, there can be but little expectation of a satis- 
factory result until the law itself is put in a form of which there can be 
no misunderstanding. 

Is there not a better way out of our present difficulties? Is not 
Providence clearly pointing it out ? As the ipiestion that troubles us 
now stands, is there anything left for us but forbearance — mutual for- 
bearance ? It is a mistake to say that, so far as conscience is involved, 
the concession would be all from one side. While on the one side it 
is honestly believed that our prohibitory law was necessary to preserve 
purity of worshi]), on the otiier it is believed just as honestly that 
such a law has no sufficient Bible authority to justify the Church in 
making it a term of fellowsliif). They believe as honestly that in the 
present state of mind in the Church such a law could not be enforced ; 
that, unsustained by the judgment and conscience of a large majority 
of the ministry, the officers of the Church whose special work is to 
study the Bible and declare its teachings, and who have most to do 
■with the administration of the order of the Church, it is vain to ex- 
pect for it such an enforcement as every existing law of the Churcli 



CHURCH MUSIC. 1 1 'J 

should have. Brethren of such convictions have the right to stand 
by them without challenge of their iionesty. But while tliev may 
claim the repeal of tlie prohibitory law, they should remember that 
tliis repeal does not leave a liberty to disregard the comfort of fel- 
low-worshipers ; does not leave a liberty to disturb the peace of congre- 
gations ; does not leave a liberty to violate the bonds of brotherhood or 
disregard the forbearance in love required by the law of God. It was 
by putting ourselves expressly under tliis law that our union was formed ; 
it has been by acting under it, we have been preserved a united and 
greatly prospered Church ; and at no time in our history was this for- 
bearance more clearly a duty than now. Controversy has exhausted its 
power to bring us to unity of conviction. It is vain to expect such 
unity from further debate. It would be more likely to increase tlie dis- 
traction. In this view of the wliole subject it does not appear that ad- 
ditional action upon it in any of the forms named by the memorialists 
is needed, or would likely be of good effect. We, therefore, submit for 
adoption by the Assembly the following resolutions : 

1. That the action of the last Assembly on this subject be reaffirmed 
as explained in this report. 

2. That its admonitory resolution, advising and enjoining against all 
action on this subject offensive to fellow-worshipers or disturbing the 
peace of congregations. l)e emphatically reaffirmed and urged with re- 
newed earnestness on the attention of the pastors and sessions and peo- 
ple of the whole Church. 

3. That Drs. Joseph T. Cooper, David A. Wallace and James P. 
Lytle be appointed a committee to address a pastoral letter to our people, 
setting forth the true state of the question as settled by the Church, and 
urging upon them the respect due the authority of the Church and to 
each other as Christian brethren. A^ol. Y, p. 727, 1883. 

[During the discussion of the above report, an amendment was offered 
to the first resolution : That the following question be submitted in 
overture to the Presbyteries : Shall instrumental music be considered an 
incident in the worship of God? The vote was : Ayes; ministers, 42, 
elders, 30; total, 72. Nays: ministers, 7w, elders, 71; total, 148. 
Excused, 1. P. 72.5. 

A second amendment was offered : That in order to settle existing 
difficulties in the Church, and to answer the prayer of the memorialists, 
this subject be sent down in overture, in some form, to the Presbyteries. 
The vote was: Ayes; ministers, 4o, elders, 30; total, 7.5. Xavs ; 
ministers, 74, elders, 71 ; total, 14.5. Excused, 1. P. 726. 

A protest was entered against the action of the Assembly : 

The undersigned beg leave to enter their protest against the action of 
the Assembly in adopting the report of the majority of the Committee 
on Bills and Overtures, particularly the first resolution thereof, for the 
following reasons : 

1. Because the action of the Assembly in re-affirming the action of last 
Assembly, instead of being even an attempt to give relief from the 
grievances complained of in the prayer of the memorialists and lo heal 
the " breaches of Zion," is but a repetition of that action in a more of- 
fensive form, and is thus calculated to increase and deepen, rather tha 
lo remove the dissatisfaction and disturbance which exist in tli 
Ciiurch. * * * * 



120 DIGKST OF TlIK ACTS OF TIIK ASSEMBLY. 

2. Because in assuming, by tlie action tlms re-atfirmed, to declare 
what is the recorded judgment of the Church, as expressed in the vote 
of the Presbyteries on the overture, when neitlier in tlie terms of the 
overture itself nor in the record of the action of the Presbyteries, as 
transmitted to the last Assembly, is any such judgment to be found, the 
Assembly has usurped a i)0\ver whicii is subversive of the Constitution 
of the Church on the subject of Overtures. * * * * 

3. Because the action of tlie Assembly declares that the meaning at- 
tached by tiie memorialists to the phrase " not to be considered as au- 
tiiorizing the use of instruments in worship," is not tlie correct one, 
though it is tlie plain and obvious meaning of the language. The As- 
sembly, however, does not explain or tell us what is its true mean- 
ing. * * * ::^ 

4. Because in refusing to overture the subject on instrumental music 
in any form, and declaring the question settled, the Assembly has not 
oniv gone in tlie face of the facts as evinced by the very presence of 
these memorials, but has rejected the only possible, because constitu- 
tional, method of reaching a satisfactory settlement of this vexed (jues- 
tion. * * * * 

And in all this we solemnly protest before God, the Searcher of 
hearts, tlfyt we are influenced by no feeling of disres))ect or ill-will to- 
ward our brethren, either in this Assembly or throughout the Church, 
but only liv sincere love to them, and especially by love to our Lord 
Jesus Christ and supreme regard to his glory and to the interests of his 
truth and his cause as connected with the purity of his worship. 

[It was agreed that the action of the Assembly, as exjdained in the 
report of the majority of the Committee on Bills and Overtures, be taken 
as an answer to tlie reasons of protest. Vol. V, p. 7o2, 1883.] 

7. Interpretation of the Law on Instrumental Music— Mem- 
orials were presented to the Assembly asking the Assembly " to declare, 
that according to the Standards of our Church, the use of instrumental 
music in worship is unlawful." And also others, asking that the action 
already taken be declared final. These memorials were referred to the 
Committee on Judiciary, and also to the Committee on Bills and Over- 
tures. Tlie following is the report of the Committee on Judiciary, which 
was adopted :] 

And now [after reciting the history of the subject in the Assembly] 
the question comes to us, ought we, can we, in view of the past action 
of the Church and the present state of the (piestion, declare "that ac- 
cording to the standards of the Church, the \m^h of instrumental music 
in worship is unlawful?" 

In the judgment of your Committee, this d'-claration cannot be made 
for the following reasons, viz. : 

1. It would " re-establish, in eHect, by a sinijile act of one Assembly, 
a law whicii has been overtured and declared to be repealed by the only 
Assembly competent to count the vote and declare the result, which is 
to destroy the principle on whicii the law of overture is founded, and to 
cause the difference between a m^^re act of the Assembly and a law es- 
tablished by the votes of the whole Church, to disappear." It would 
be an attempt to set aside the decree of the Churcii, enacted through 
constitutional forms, in a way unknown to the Constitution for either 
making or repealing law ! 



ciiURcn MUSIC. 121 

2. It will be admitted, we trust. \>y all, that the article of the Direc- 
tory, which has been declared repealed, was the statute which applied 
the principle of the Confession, that " God is not to be worshipped in 
any way not appointed in his word," to this subject. And now that 
the article has been repealed, and the declaration made by the Church 
that this principle of the Confession does not apply to the use of instru- 
mental help in praise, there is no such law in our standards, and there 
can be none, until it is placed there in the only way the Constitution 
has provided, viz : by regular process of overture. 

3. The Assembly.should not make the declaration asked, as by so do- 
ing there would be an attempt to establish a term of fellowship, to 
whicli a large majority of the ministers of the United Presbyterian 
Church, and perhaps a majority of her officers and members, could not 
consciententiously subscribe. They do not believe that there is Bible 
authority for such a law; they do not believe that the standards of the 
Church authorize it, and they cannot say, as they then would be re- 
quired to say, that all who fail to observe that law, shall be excluded 
from the fellowship of the Church. They are willing to say that, in 
most cases, it would not be expedient to have any instrumental help in 
the praise service of our congregations. They can say, as very many 
of them have said, and as the last two General Assemblies have de- 
clared, that there should be no action on this subject in any of our con- 
gregations, which would be offensive to fellow worshipers, or which 
would disturb the peace of congregations. And they do say that there 
is no authority to justify the Church in having, and enforcing by its 
discipline, a term of fellowship on this subject. 

We, therefore, recommend for your adoption the following : 

Resolved, That tl e request of the memoralists, asking the Assemblv 
to " declare that, according to the standards of our Church, the use of 
instrumental music in worship is unlawful," be not granted. 

[The vote on the first resolution was: Ayes: ministers, 70, elders, 54; 
total 124. Nays : ministers, 43, elders, 34 ; total 77. Excused : min- 
ister, 1, elders, o ; total, (l. Absent: ministers, «, elders 32 ; total, 40. 
Vol. VI, pp. 24, 26, 1884. 

A protest was entered, p. 32. An answer was adopted, p. 42.] 

[During the discussion of the report, the following amendment was 
moved, but was lost by a vote of 75 to 116. P. 22. 

Resolved, That the repeal of the article in the Directory for AVorship 
prohibiting the use of instruments in the worship of God, did not have 
the force of a positive enactment authorizing their use ; that to secure 
such authorization further legislation by overture to the Presbyteries is 
required. 

The following amendment was offered : 

Resolved, That this General Assembly declares that the standards of 
our Church authorize the use of instruments in the worship of God. 
The vote was : Ayes: minister 1, elder 1 ; total 2. Nays : ministers, 
111, elders 90 ; total 201. Excused : elders, 2. Absent :" ministers 10, 
elders 28 ; total, 38.] 

8. Action final. — [Report of the Committee on Bills and Overtures :] 

* * * The Assembly referred so much of the memorial from the 
convention in Allegheny as involves an interpretation of law to the 



122 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Judiciary Committee. We re;?ard this action as a virtual reference of 
such parts of the other memorials as involve an interpretation of law to 
that Committtee. 

Leaving such parts of the memorials out of view, there remained for 
the consideration of your Committee, these three requests : 

1. That the Assembly adopt a resolution declaring that, as the Scrip- 
tures do not give sufficient evidence of the Divine approval of instru- 
mental music in worship, it shall not be authorized or sanctioned in any 
of our congregations. 2. That the Assembly send down in overture to 
the Presbyteries the question of the lawfulness of instrumental music in 
worship. 3. That the Assembly treat the present settlement of the 
question of instrumental music in our Church as final. 

We cannot see how such action as is asked for in the tirst and second 
of these requests would tend to set the vexed question at rest. A de- 
claration of the Assembly, virtually enacting a prohibitory law, might 
satisfy some, but would dissatify others. An overture on the question 
of the lawlessness of instrumental music in worship, while the meaning 
of the law of overture is itself a question in dispute, does not seem to us 
expedient. 

We therefore recommend for adoption the following resolution : 

Resolved, That no further action be taken by this Assembly. Vol. 
VI, p. 29, 1884. 

[A protest was entered, p. 33, and was answered, p. 43. J 

[During the discussion the following amendment was offered to the 
report given above : 

Whereas, the General Assembly of 1882 could do nothing more 
than enact the repeal of our law on instrumental music ; and. 

Whereas, Nothing can be introduced affecting the worship of God 
until it is overtured and adopted ; therefore, 

Resolved, That the following be sent down in overture to the Pres- 
byteries ; " Shall the use of instrumental music in the worship of God 
be lawful in the United Presbyterian Church ?" 

The vote was: Ayes: ministers, 48 ; elders, 34 ; total, 82. Nays: 
ministers, 67; elders, 57; total, 124. Excused: elders, 2. Absent: 
ministers, 7 ; elders, 28 ; total, 35. P. 27.] 

[A memorial from a convention held at Xenia, Ohio, asked the As- 
sembly to declare instrumental music in the worship of God illegal, 
until, at least, declared legal by overture. The following was 
adopted :J 

The Assembly of 1882 declared the law repealed. It also enjoined 
the lower courts and the congregations to seek the peace of the Church, 
This left all free, subject only to the law of love and the question of 
edification. * * [For resolutions 1 and 2 see Sec. 10, p. 125.] 

Resolved, 3. That further than the foregoing, the prayer of the mem- 
orialists be not granted. Vol. VI, p. 235, 1885. 

[A memorial was presented from the Pittsburg Conference, asking 
the Assembly to exclude instrumental music from the worship of God. 
On this the following action was taken ; Ayes 142 ; nays, 56 :] 

* * * The resolutions attached to the memorial represent " that 
the authoritative exclusion of instrumental music from the worship of 
God in the United Presbyterian Church is necessary to a final and 



CHURCH MUSIC. 123 

peaceful settlement of the difficulty ;" " that a representation to this 
effect be made by this Conference to the next General Assembly, and 
that the Assembly be respectfully asked to order the exclusion desired;" 
that in case of refusal on the part of the Assembly to grant their re- 
quest they are placed " under the painful necessity of choosing between 
obedience to the authority of Christ, and acquiescence in such refusal." 

In response to this memoi-ial of brethren greatly esteemed and be- 
loved, the General Assembly would say : 

It is to be regretted that trouble has arisen and continued for so long 
a time in the Church, on account of the repeal of the law prohibiting 
instruments of music in the worship of the Church. 

The law was declared repealed by overture by the Assembly of 1882. 
This leaves all free, subject only to the law of love, and the question of 
edihcation, as declared by the last General Assembly. 

The attempt to authoritatively exclude instrumental music from the 
praise service in our congregations, as asked by the memorial, would be 
an attempt to re-enact the law already repealed, and this is clearly be- 
yond the power and authority of the Assembly. 

Moreover, such authoritative exclusion, under pain of discipline, 
would be regarded as oppressive and intolerable by brethren, who do 
not believe that such law is warranted by the Word of God. 

These facts being as stated, and in view of deliverances by former 
Assemblies, it is hereby respectfully declared by this Assembly, that the 
request of tiie memorialists cannot be granted, and that any further 
action by this Assembly is not necessary. Vol. VI, p. 428, 1886. 

Resolved, That the memorialists be respectfully referred to the action 
of former Assemblies, * * and that no further answer to their prayer 
can be given by this Assembly. Vol. VII, p. 29, 1888. 

Resolved, That while we recognize the memorialists as brethren be- 
loved and entitled to the higiiest respect and consideration, we are con- 
strained to say the action of former Assemblies grants all the relief 
which this Assemblv cmu affbrd. Vol. VII, p. 222, 1889. 

9. Instrumental Music in Mission Stations. — [The following 

amendment was moved to tlie second resolution of the report of the 
Committee on the Board of Home Missions, viz : That the report of 
the General Committee of Home Missions be adopted : 

" Except that tiie appropriations made to congregations using instru- 
ments of music in worship be withheld, while such congregations con- 
tinue to use tiieni ; and that the Board of Home Missions be instructed 
to withiiold appropriations from any congregation which may introduce 
and use instruments of music in their worship." 

The amendment was not adopted. Ayes : ministers 44, elders 38 ; 
total, 82. Nays : ministers 70, elders, 61 : total, 131. Excused: min- 
isters, 2. Absent : ministers, 6, elders. 22 ; total, 28. Vol. VI, p. 
17, 1884. A protest was entered, with the following reasons:] 

1. Because this action binds upon the conscience of many of us, a 
yoke which we are not able to bear, in requiring us as ministers and 
elders to ask our people to contribute to the Home Mission Fund money 
which will be used in assisting congregations, who are using a form of 
worship which we regai-d as unscripturai, and which the General Assem- 
bly of 1882 says the adopting of the overture did not sanction. 



124 DIGEST OF THK ACTS OK THE ASSEMBLY. 

2. Because it binds this burden upon ministers and probationers who 
may be appointed to preacli in these or^an-using congregations the ne- 
cessity of either leading in a form of worship they regard as unscriptural, 
or else disobeying authority in refusing to preach in sucli congregations. 

3. Because it tends to cultivate in our congregations a disposition to 
disregard the superior courts of the Church, inasmuch as by assisting 
with our money these congregations which have introduced and are us- 
ing organs in worship, we do encourage them in their o|)en disobedience 
to the requirements of the Assembly of 1882, which has said, " This 
Assembly instructs and enjoins the lower courts to abstain and have all 
under their authority abstain from any action in this matter, that would 
disturb the peace and harmony of congregations, or unreasonably disre- 
gard the conscientious conviction of members." 

4. Because this action will necessarily interfere with many of our 
congregations and members in their support of our Home Mission work, 
inasmuch as it compels tliem either by contributions to assist and en- 
courage congregations who are worshippinsr God in unscriptural forms, 
or else refuse to iielp the Church in her Home Mission work. 

b. Because it is of great importance that we, as a Church, maintain 
uniformity of worship in our congregations, and by this action our As- 
sembly does sanction the use of a form of worship which has no place in 
our Directory for Worship, and in so doing gives encouragement to 
members to regard the authority of our Church, in giving a common 
rule to govern our congregations in the worship of God, as of very little 
importance. For these things we do protest. Vol. VI, p. 33, 1884. 

[The Assembly adopted the following :] 

This protest is against the action of this Assembly in refusing tw 
withdraw appropriations made by the Committee of Home Missions to 
congregations using instrumental music, etc. 

1. Tlie j)rotest assumes tliat the right of individuals and congrega- 
tions to give specific direction to their contrii)Utions through the Home 
Jioard does not exist, which assumption is incorrect. 

2. Our system is not so inflexible that it will not admit of changes in 
appointments necessary to accommodate the preferences of supplies. 
Our rule for the distribution of men provides that " tlie reasonable 
wishes of the missionary, if known, shall be regarded so far as the cir- 
cumstances of the case will permit." 

3. The third reason assumes that the action of the Assembly of 1882, 
as set forth in the resolution quoted, was absolutely prohibitory — an as- 
sumption which is neither warranted by the terms of the resolution, nor 
by any interpretation given of it by any Assembly. 

4. The fourth reason of the protest is sufficiently met in our answer 
to the first. 

o. The fifth reason assumes that tlie introduction of that which is 
simply a help in praise necessarily changes the form of worship — an as- 
sumption M'hicli we believe to be unwarranted. Vol. VI, p. 42, 1884. 

Resolved, 2. That the question of granting or withholding appropria- 
tions of money to congregations using musical instruments in worship be 
referred to the Board of Home INIissions, in the confidence that said 
Board will carry out the spirit and intent of the action of this Assembly, 
in adopting the report of the Committee on Bills and Overtures on the 
memorial of the Xenia Convention. Vol. VI, p. 242, 188.5. 



CHURCH PROPERTY. 12") 

[During the discussion of the report of the Committee on Home 
Missions the following resolution was offered as an amendment :] 
^ " Resolved, That no appropriation he made from the Home Mission 
Fund in aid of any congregation or station using, in its worship, instru- 
mental music, unless such practice be abandoned." 

[The amendment was lost. Vol. VI, p. 425, 188G. Protest was 
made, p. 430, and answered, p. 437.] 

[The following amendment was offered :] 

jResohed, That no part of the money appropriated in this report [ot 
the General Committee on Home Missions] shall be expended in anv 
congregation which is known to use instruments of music in connection 
with the worship of God. 

The vote was : Ayes : ministers, 30, elders, 30 ; total, 60. Navs : 
ministers, 71, elders, 58; total, 129. Excused: ministers, 2. Vol. VI, 
p. 665. [A protest was entered, p. 669.] 

10. Charity and Forbearance Enjomed.— Resolved, 4. That 

this Assembly hereby instructs and enjoins the lower courts to abstain, 
and to have all under their authority abstain, from any action in this 
matter that would disturb the peace and harmony of congregations, or 
unreasonably disregard the conscientious convictions of members. Vol. 
V, p. 525, 1882. 

Resolved, 2. That its [the last Assembly's] admonitory resolution, 
advising and enjoining against all action on this subject offensive to fel- 
low-worshippers, or disturbing the peace of congregations, be emphati- 
cally re-affirmed, and urged with renewed earnestness on the attention 
of the pastors and sessions and people of the whole Church, Vol. V, 
p. 729, 1883. 

Resolved, 1. That the action of former assemblies, enjoining sessions 
to refrain from divisive courses and uncharitable conduct in respect to 
this matter, be reaffirmed. 

2. While making no demand for the restoration of the law already 
declared repealed, it is the judgment of this Assembly that the law of 
charity requires that brethren and congregations refrain grieving the 
hearts and wounding the consciences of many dear brethren who feel 
that the use of instrumental accompaniment in praise is a corruption of 
worship. Vol. VI, 235, 1885. 

Resolved, That the memorialists be respectfully referred to the action 
ot former assemblies, " enjoining sessions to abstain from divisive 
courses and uncharitable conduct in this matter," and that this Assem- 
bly does most earnestly repeat this injunction. Vol. VII, p. 29, 1888. 

11. Appeal Concerning the Use of Instrumental Music in 

Worship. — See Tate's Appeal. 

12. Music for Sabbath-schools.— See "Bible Songs." 

13. The Psalter. — See Psalter. 

XXII. CHURCH PPvOPERTY. 
1. Church Property should be held by Bea.cons.— Resolved, 3. 

That Synods be, and they hereby are, urged to take im.mediate steps 
for securing within their respective limits, such civil legislation in re- 
gard to the tenure of ecclesiastical property, as may be requisite to 



126 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

enable congregations to commit to deacons tlie charge wliich now rests 
upon ordinary trustees. Vol. IV, p. 5G8, 1878. 

Resolved, 4. That the third resolution of 1878, intended to prepare 
the way through civil legislation for committing to deacons the legal 
ownership of church property now vested in trustees, be repealed as both 
difficult and unnecessary. Vol. V, p. 194, 1880. 

2. Church Property may be held by Trustees. — Resolved, 3. 

That there is nothing in tlie constitution of the Church forbidding the 
appointment of trustees for the management of church property, under 
the restrictions of the Assembly of 187"). Vol. V, p. 194, 1880. 

3. Title to Church Property. — [The General Assembly of 1873, 
Vol. Ill, p. 523, adopted a form of declaration of trust to be inserted 
in every conveyance. See Charters. This was amended. Vol. V, p. 
741, 1883. It was again amended, and is as follows :] 

'' In trust as and for a place of divine worship, subject to the stand- 
ards and acts of the United Presbyterian Church of North America, as 
from time to time authorized by the said General Assembly of said 
Church ; and that in case the said United Presbyterian Congregation of 

shall cease to exist, be dissolved or cease to be connected with 

and subject to the jurisdiction of said General Assembly, or shall lose 
its corporate existence, the trust shall terminate and the title shall vest 
absolutely in the Trustees of the General Assembly of the United Pres- 
byterian Church of North America, who shall then have the right to 
sell and convert the same into money without any liability of the pur- 
chaser of the property to see to the application of the proceeds of such 
sale. And whenever in the judgment of the said Trustees of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church of North America, it 
shall be proper or right, for any cause, to terminate such trust, and sell 
or otherwise dispose of the said property, the said Trustees may, in 
their discretion, act accordingly." Vol. VII, p. 213, 1889. 

Resolved, 2. It is also earnestly recommended that existing charters 
be changed to conform to this formula and clause in the deed. 

3. That the General Assembly, in accordance with the decision of 
the Supreme Court of the United States, in the case of Watson vs. 
Jenner, instruct Presbyteries and congregations that the control and 
possession of church property belongs only to the members holding to 
the principles of the United Presbyterian Church, and that it will re- 
quire a unanimous vote of the Session and congregation to sell, dispose 
of, or alienate said church property ; it being understood that this action 
does not prevent congregations from disposing of church property for 
the purpose of rebuilding, or the erection of a new buildins in a new 
location. Vol. Ill, p. 523, 1873. 

4. Church Property is Under the Control of the Session. — 

Resolved, 4. That in every church, the trustees shall be in full com- 
munion with the church, and that the use of the church building for 
public worship, and all other meetings, shall be under the direction and 
control of the Session of the church. Vol. Ill, ]). 523, 1873. 

[The action in this Section was taken on the report of a committee 
appointed by the General Assembly of 1872, Vol. Ill, p. 389, to pre- 
pare and present to the next General Assembly a paper defining the re- 
lation of trustees and sessions to the congregation, and their power to 
control its property and temporalities generally.] 



CLERKS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 127 

5. The Declaration of Trust a Condition of Aid to Mission 

Stations. — Resolved, That tlie form tor a trust clause in deeds and dec- 
larations of trust, adopted by the General Assembly of 1873, be 
amended according to the above form, and tliat the same be adopted as 
a condition of all appropriations by the Board of Home Missions and 
the Board of Church Extension. Vol. V, p. 741, 1883. 

6. Compend of Legal Decisions on the Tenure of Church 

Property. — [Ihe representatives of the Mission Boards requested that 
" the Clerks of the Assembly be instructed to have prepared, and to 
print, for the use of the Trustees of the Assembly and of the Boards, as 
occasion may arise, a briei compend or descriptive index of judicial de- 
cisions by civil courts in cases affecting the legal status and rights of the 
United Presbyterian Church." Whereupon the Assembly] 

Resolved, That the Clerks of the Assembly be and hereby are in- 
structed to prepare such a compend as is above described. Vol, VII, 
p. 33, 1888. 

In the brief ■ compend which has been prepared by Hon. A. M. 
Brown, of the Pittsburgh, Pa. bar, a mass of valuable information is 
made easily accessible. The labor of this distinguished jurist has been 
without cost to the Church. Therefore, 

Resolved, 1. That the hearty thanks of this Assembly are due and 
are hereby tendered to Hon. A. M. Brown, for his valuable services. 

2. That the committee be and is hereby directed to publish 2,000 
copies of the above named compend for general distribution. Vol. VII, 
p. 210, 1889. 

7. Church Property to be Defended in the Name of the 

Church. — Resolved, That this Assembly direct the Board of Church 
Extension, or the Trustees of the General Assembly when the Board 
of Church Extension is prevented by law from taking the necessary 
action, to act promptly in the name of the Church in all cases where, in 
their judgment, counsel and financial help are necessary to secure the 
use of and retain the property to the United Presbyterian Church. 
Vol. VII, p. 413, 1890. 

XXIII. CLERKS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

1. The Principal Clerk. — Resolved, That there shall be one prin- 
cipal clerk, to be elected every fourth year. Vol. I, p. 4, 1859. 

2. The Election and Term of Oflace of the Principal Clerk.— 

See Rules of Order, 3, 5. 
.3. The Duties of thePrincii)al Clerk. — See Rules of Order, 13, 1;"). 

4. The Salary of the Principal Clerk. — [His salary was fixed at 

$65.00, Vol. I, p. 4, 1859 ; it was increased to $100.00, Vol. Ill, j). 
129, 1870 ; allowance was made for traveling and incidental expenses, 
Vol. II, p. 418, 1867; it was decreased to $75.00, Vol. IV, p. 588, 
1878.] 

5. The Second Clerk. — Resolved, That instead of the assistant 
clerk, who is elected annually and serves only during the sessions of the 
Assembly, a second permanent clerk' be elected for the same term of 
office with the principal clerk, who in addition to his duties during the 
Assembly, shall have special charge of statistics, shall take measures to 



128 DIGEST OF T)Ii: ACTS OF THK ASSKMBLY. 

secure full and correct reports from all the Presbyteries, shall prepare 
the tables for the press, and report to the Assembly all Presbyteries 
which fail to send full and accurate statistics. Vol. II, p. 511, 1868. 

6. The Election and Term of Ofl&ce of the Second Clerk. — 

See rules of order, 3, 5, 

Resolved, That the term of office of the second clerk expire at the 
close of the business connected with this Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 248, 
1871. 

7. The Duties of the Second Clerk.— See rules of order, 14, 15. 

The second clerk is required to furnish the Permanent Committee 
[on Sabbath Schools] all statistics that are necessary to a full report. 
Vol. V, pp. 188, 241, 1880. 

And also to furnish the Permanent («ommittee on Narrative and 
State of Religion ;ill the statistics necessary to a full report. Vol. V, 
p. 241, 1880.' 

8. The Salary of the Second Clerk. — [His salary was fixed at 

$45.00, and traveling expenses. Vol. II, p. 511, 1868; it was in- 
creased to $100.00, Vol. Ill, p. 129, 1870; it was increased to $200.- 
<)0, Vol. IV, p. 313, 1876; it was fixed at $200.00, Vol. IV, p. 588, 
1878.] 

An allowance, not exceeding thirty dollars, was made for clerical 
assistance. Vol. V, p. 740, 1883. Expenses involved in the prepara- 
tion of the statistical reports are to be paid from the General Assembly's 
Fund. Vol. VI. p. 20, 1884. 

9. The Assistant Clerk. — Resolved, That there shall be one assist- 
ant clerk, to be elected annually. Vol. I, p. 4, 1859. 

10. The Election and Term of Ofllce of the Assistant Clerk.— 

See rules of order, 4. 

11. The Salary of the Assistant Clerk. — [At first his services 

were rendered gratituously, Vol. I, p. 4, 1859 ; but his salary was fixed 
at $25.00, Vol. 1, p. 121, 1860; at $30.00, Vol. II, p. 162, 1865: at 
$20.00, Vol. II, p. 321, 1866; at $30.00, Vol. II, p. 418, 1867; at 
$25.00, Vol. Ill, p. 270, 1871 ; at $25.00, Vol. IV, p. 588, 1878 ; at 
$25.00, Vol. V, p. 26, 1879 ; at $25.00, Vol. V, p. 358, 1881 ; at $20.- 
00, Vol. V, p. 534, 1882 ; at $25.00, Vol, V, p. 737, 1883 ; at $10.00, 
Vol. VI, p. 39, 1884.] 

XXIV. COMMISSION. 

[A memorial was presented from the Presbytery of Delaware, asking 
a definition of the nature and duties of a Commission. The Assembly 
adopted the following :] 

Resolved, 1. That be a committee to take into considera- 
tion the question of Commissions, and report to the next Assembly. 

2. That, if said committee conclude that a chapter on Commissions 
should be inserted in the Government and Discipline of the Church, it 
be authorized to prepare and present to the next Assembly such a 
chapter. Vol. V, p. 21, 1879. 

[The committee reported. Vol. V, p. 252, 1880, and the Assembly, 
after discussion, adopted the following paper:] 

Resolved, 1. That the following question be submitted to the Presby- 



COMMISSION. 129 

teries to be voted upon, yea or nay, and the vote reported to the next 
Assembly: 

" Shall the General Assembly order the preparation of a chapter, to 
be added (after overture to Presbyteries and adoption bv them), to our 
iJook ot Government and Discipline, providing for, and" re-ulatin- the 
■appointment of Commissions l)y Sessions, Presbyteries and Synods''?" 

2. That the paper now before the Assembly be published in the min- 
utes and in the i.eriodicals of the Cliurch, submitted to Presbyteries for 
their consideration in connection with this question, and referred to the 
next General Assembly. Vol. V, p. 183, 1880. 

The overture was adopted by its following vote : Ayes, 418 ; Nays, 
409 ; not voting, 50. ^ 

Resolved, That this Assembly appoint a committee of three to pre- 
pare the Chapter on Commissions, which was contemplated in that 
overture. \ ol. Y, p. 343, 1881. 

[The committee reported— Vol. V, p. 592, 1882— the draft of a 
Chapter on Commissions, to be added, if approved, to Part I of the 
liook of Government, and corresponding changes to be made in olher 
parts of the Book, if the chapter should be adopted. The resolution to 
overture the prepared chapter was lost— ayes, 76 ; nays, 78_but the 
report, after discussion, was amended and adopted as follows :] 

Resolved, That this General Assembly, recognizing the rirrht of 
bynods. Presbyteries and Sessions, to appoint commissions in special 
matters, does hereby adopt the following rules, defining their scope and 
regulating their procedure under then^ viz. : 

1. A commission is an agency invested with the power of the court 
appointing it, and authorized to deliberate upon and conclude the busi- 
ness submitted to it. It is not in itself a court, but acts for and in the 
stead ot the court it represents; its powers are defined by the terms of 
Its appointment, and its existence terminates with the particular busi- 
ness committed to it. 

2. Such commissions may be appointed bv Sessions, Presbyteries and 
bynods, to act in matters to which the full court cannot, without <rreat 
inconvenience, attend ; or in which the ends of government may be 
more. judiciously attained by this means than by a meeting of the court 
Itself, and by the General Assembly for the adjudication of appeals in 
cases of discipline. 

3. Commissions may be appointed in delicate or difficult matters re- 
quiring much deliberation and prudence ; for the organization of con- 
gregations ; as provisional Sessions for mission or partially disorganized 
■congregations ; for the installation of ministers ; for taking tes^timony 
in judicial cases ; for the visitation of congregations ; for life investi-m- 
tion of offences and irregularities, proi)erly brought before the coiTrt, 
and for the trial of cases, and the adjudication of appeals and com- 
plaints. 

4. Except for the organization of a consregation and for a provis- 
ional Session, a commission of Presbytery shall consist of not less than 
two ministers and an elder ; a commission of Synod of not less than 
five ministers and four elders ; and of the General Assembly of not less 
than eight ministers and seven elders. In each case two-thirds shall 
constitute a quorum. 

9 



130 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

5. The proceedings of a commission shall be according to the rules of 
the court it re])resents, and shall be subject to review, appeal and com- 
plaint. It shall, therefore, submit a full record of its proceedings to the 
court appointing it, which, if the proceedings have been regular, and 
the commission has not exceeded its powers, shall be entered upon and 
become a part of the recoids of the court. 

6. The right of dissent, protest, appeal and complaint, and the rules 
of procedure therein, shall be the same as in the full court. The reason 
for ])rotest, ajipeal or complaint shall be lodged with the Moderator or 
the Clerk of tlie Court ap[)ointing the commission, and the commission 
shall not app<-'ar in any subsequent proceedings. 

7. A judicial commission of the General Assembly shall report its 
finding of the facts in the case, and aiso its judgment thereon. The 
finding of the facts shall be final, but the General Assembly may review 
the judgment. 

8. The court appointing a commission shall ilesignate the time and 
place of its meeting, the nature of the business submitted to it, and the 
extent of the power delegated to it, and the clerk shall give the chair- 
man a copy of the record, with all the papers relating to the business. 
Vol. V, p. 527, 18«2. 

XXY. COMMITTEES. 

1. Standing Committees. — See rules of order, 18-29, and Ap- 
propriation. 

2. Permanent Committees. — I. On Finance. See Finance. 

II. On jS'aki{ative and State of Keligion Resolved, That the 

rule requiring the appointment of a committee on the Narrative and 
State of Religion soon after the opening of each Assembly be suspended; 
and that such committee shall be appointed before each Assembly rises ; 
and that this committee shall have under consideration, during the en- 
tire year, the conditions, tendencies and development of the spiritual 
life of the church, and shall report to the next Assembly ; and in order 
that this report may be made more intelligently, it shall be the duty of 
the Presbyteries to forward to the chairman of this committee, their re- 
ports on the state of religion in the churches under their care, not later 
than the first day of jMay of each year. Vol. Ill, p. 158, 1870. 

2. That the action of the Assembly of 1870 relative to the Committees 
on Narrative and State of Religion, be hereby rescinded. 

3. That the rule defining the duties of the Committee on Narrative 
and State of Religion be so amended as to require said committee to 
report to the General Assembly following its ap})ointment ; and in order 
that this report may be made more intelligently, it shall be the duty of 
the Presbyteries to forward to the chairman of said committee their re- 
ports on the state of religion in the churches under their care. Vol. 

III, p. 518, 1873. [It is, however, the custom to appoint two com- 
mittees on Narrative and State of Religion each year ; one a standing 
committee, to report to the Assembly by whicii it was appointed ; the 
other a permanent committee, to report to the Assembly following its 
appointment.] 

[The Permanent Committee was instructed to prepare and distribute 



COMMITTEES. ];31 

through the Second Clerk of the Asseml.ly, blanks for reports by con- 
gregations ana Presbyteries. Vol. lY, p. 15, 1874. This superseded 
a previous order tliat the Clerk of the Assembly prepare blank forms 
i«rQ^^''?? '''^ ^"^ !"''""-'^'^^'^^l to '»'« General Assembly. Vol. II, p. 504, 
l»bb^. ihe blanks are now sent out by the Committee.] . 

[The Permanent Committee was directed to prepare an outline for a 
report, specifying the general objects on which information is desired 
se ecting only such subjects as will sho\y the spiritual condition of the 
i^liurch, the general drift of religious sentiment, and the friendly or op- 
posing influences wiiich are met ; to be sent to each Presbytery, a con- 
erence to be held on ti.e subject and a narrative prepared and sent to 
the Committee. I l.e Second Clerk was required to.furnish to the Com- 
?1'I''w'Lm '''^^;,^"-^''<-'^ /'''-^f •"•« necessary to a full report. Vol. V, p. 
tinued 1 sending of blanks by the Second Clerk was discon- 

Jiesolved, 3. That the Permanent Committee [on Narrative! be an- 
pointed for three years, and that the name at the head of the committee 
be retire^d each year, and another name be added to the foot. Vol. VII 
p. 22, 1 88s. ' 

in. On Reduced Railroad Fare.— Whereas, We believe it to be 
for the best interests of future General Assemblies and the church at 
large to have the Committee on reduced railroad rates composed of a 
permanent committee of one ; therefore, 

Resolved, 1. That this Assembly appoint one suitable person, with an 
alternate, as such committee. 

_ 2. That it shall be the duty of said committee to attend all the meet- 
ings of the General Asseml)ly. 

• \ TJiat provision be made for the payment of all expenses incurred 
in the discharge of his official duties. Vol. VI, p. 427, 1886. 

[This rule was not repealed, but the Assembly adopted the folIowin«r -1 

.Resolved, That . . [five persons] be appointed theAssembly's com- 
mittee to arrange for reduced rates of transportation for the Assembly 
which IS to meet in Allegheny. Vol. VII, p. 656, 1891. 

IV. On "RQiorm.— Resolved, That a permanent committee be 
created to be known as the Committee on Reform, to whom shall be 
referred all memorials and papers on the subjects of the Sabbath Tem- 
perance, Aational Reform, etc., and this committee shall consist of three 
ministers and two ruling elders. Vol. VI. p. 442, 1886. 

V. On Sabbath Schools.— See Sabbath Schools, Sec. 3, and Pub- 
hcation, Lonrd of, .Sec. 12. ^ , u. j. uu 

VI. On Ways and Means. — 7?«o/recf, That there be appointed 
annually a 1 ermanent Committee on Ways and Means, whose duties 
shall be as above mentioned [- to devise and execute proper measures for 
raising the money necessary to support the general work of the Church, 
and to report annuallyto the General Assembly :"] to consist of seven 
members, four of them living in one place, and the other three in diff- 
erent parts of the Clinrcli. Vol. VII, p. 33, 1888 

yii. On Young- People's Work. — l. That* a permanent com- 
mittee of hve be appointed to give general direction to the work amonc. 
our young people, with authority to prepare and publish a constitution 
tor young people s societies, in harmony with the principles and usa-es 



132 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

•of the United Presbyterian Church, and that the name at the head of 
the committee be retired each year and anotlier name be added at the 
foot. Vol. VII, p. 214, 1889. 

3. Expenses of Permanent Committees. — Resolved, 6. That 

committees to meet with committees ot other churches, and the perma- 
nent committees, report their expenses to the General Assembly for 
payment. Vol. IV, p. 453, 1877. 

XXVI. CONFEDERATION OF EVANGELICAL 
CHUKCHES. 

1. Confederation is not for Edification. — Resolved, That while 

-cherisliing kind and Christian regards lor every follower of Ciirist, and 
for all evangelical churches, and while holding itself ready to co-operate 
in any good work with the servants of Christ of ^txery name, yet this 
Assembly does not feel that it would be for edification for us to set 
aside, in principle or practice, any of its distinctive features as a portion 
of the visible church, or even seem to affect a union which could not in 
reality exist. Vol. Ill, p. 524, 1873. 

2. Conference on a Federation of Churches. — On the com- 
munication from tlie General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, re- 
questing the appointment of a committee to confer with similar com- 
mittees from otlier Cliurches for tlie purpose of securing a federation of 
the Cliristian Churches of this land, your committeee believe that the 
objects sought to be accomplished by such a conference are certainly 
very desirable and may be briefly stated as follows: (1) The 
-concentration of the influence and efforts of all evangelical Churches in 
the work of reclaiming the Christless masses. (2) The prosecution of 
home and foreign missionary work by the different Churches on the 
same principles of comity, so that different Churches may cultivate par- 
ticular fields and so avoid unseemly strife, (3) The education of the 
public conscience with scriptural views on marriage and divorce, the 
Sabbath, temperance, and other moral and social questions It seems to 
your committee that it is worth while to at least make the attempt to 
accomplish such desirable results, and therefore we reccommend for 
jour adoption the following resolution : 

Resolved, That be and hereby are appointed a committee of 

three to represent the United Presbyterian Church in the meetings of 
the Committee on Federation of the Churches of this land. Vol. VII, 
p. 674, 1891. 

XXVII. CORRESPONDING CHURCHES. 

1. Names of Corresnonding" Churches. — Associate Reformed 

Synod of the South. Vol? II, p. 487, 1868. 

General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America. (O. S.) Vol. I, p. 352, 1862. 

General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
■of America. (N. S.) Vol. I. p. 39, 1859. 

Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Vol. I, p. 494, 1863" 

General Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Cliurch. Vol. I, p. 
494, 1863. 



CORRESPONDING CHURCHES. 13S 

General Synod of the Reformed (Dutch) Churcli. Vol. II, p. 147, 
1865. 

General Synod of tlie Evangelical Lutheran Church of the United 
States of America. Vol. Ill, p. Ill, 1870. 

Synod of the Free Presbyterian Churcli. Vol. II, p. 152, 1865. 

Synod of the United Presbyterian Church in Canada. Vol. I, p. 123^ 
1860. 

Synod of the Canada Presbyterian Church. Vol. Ill, p. 11, 1869. 

Synod of the Presbyterian Church of the Maritime Provinces. VoL 
III,' p. 380, 1872. 

Synod of tlie Presbyterian Churcli of the Lower Provinces. Vol. 
Ill,' p. 380, 1872. 

General Assembly of the Presbyterian Cluirch in Ireland. Vol. I^ 
p. 32, 1859. 

Assembly of the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Vol. I, p^ 
39, 1859. 

Synod of the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland. Vol. I, p. 
39, 'l859. 

General Assembly of the Established Church of Scotland. Vol. IV, 
p. 39, 1874. 

Synod of the Presbyterian Church of England. Vol. I, p. 39, 1859. 

General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Vol, VI, 
p. 31,1884. 

National Council of the Congregational Churches. Vol. VI, p. 31, 
1884. 

Svnod of the Holland Christian Reformed Church. Vol. VII, p. 34, 
1888. 

Vaudois Churches in Italy. Vol. I, p. 123, 1860. 

Church of the Waldenses. Vol. Ill, p. 514, 1873. 

Free Christian Church in Italy. Vol. IV, p. 39, 1874. 

The Evangelical Society of Geneva. Vol. VI, p. 659, 1887. 

2. Expenses of Delegates to Corresponding Churches. — Be- 

solved, 6. That the delegates of the Assembly to other bodies report 
their expenses to the General Assembly for payment. Vol. IV, p. 453, 
1877. [This rule lias not been applied to delegates to Churches in for- 
feign countries or the Council of Presbyterian Churches.] 

3. No More Delegates to Corresponding Churches to be Ap- 
pointed. — Resolved, 1. Tliat after the present year the appointment of 
delegates to other churches be suspended, with the exception of the As- 
sociate Reformed Synod of the South. Vol. IV, p. 576, 1878. 

Resolved, That as it was understood that the main object of the- 
various branches of the Presbyterian family holding intercourse witb 
one another by delegates has been largely provided for by the General 
Presbyterian Council, and the Assembly has generally discontinued the 
practice; therefore, nothing more is required in this case, [viz: Gen- 
eral Synod of the Reformed Church.] Vol. V, p. 363, 1881. 

Resolved, That the rule in regard to the appointment of delegates be 
suspended for this year, and that they be appointed to these bodies, [vizr 
The General Synod of Reformed Church in America, and the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Synod.] Vol. V, p. 538, 1882. 

[Delegates were subsequently appointed as follows: 



134 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

To the General Synotl of the Reformed Cliurch in America, Vol. 
Y, p. 742, 1883; Vol. VI, p. 31, 1884; p. 417, 188G ; p. 684, 1887; 
Vol. VII, p. 35. 1888. 

To the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Vol. 
V, p. 31, 1884. 

To the National Council of Congregational Churches, Vol. V, p. 31, 
1884. 

To the Synod of the "Waldensian Church, Vol. VIII, p. 235, 
1889. 

To the Svnod of the Holland Christian Reformed Ciiurch, Vol. 
VII, p. 35, 1888. 

To the Centennial Meeting of the General Assembly of the Presby- 
terian Church in the United States of America, Vol. VI, p. 684, 
1887.] 

XXVIII. CORRESPONDING SECRETARIES. 

1. The Election and Term of OflBce of the Corresponding 

Secretaries of the Boards. — Tiiere shall be for eacli Board a Cor- 
responding Seci-eiary, elected by the General Assembly for a term of 
four years. Vol. IV, }). 22. 1874. 

2. Salary of the Corresponding" Secretaries. — See Salary. 

o. The Right of Corresponding Secretaries to Speak in the 

Assembly. — Tlie corresponding secretaries sliall liave tlie right to 
speak in the Assembly on all (juestions relating to the Boards with 
which they are severally connected. A"ol. IV, p. 22, 1874. 

4. Corresponding Secretaries are Ex-officio Members of 

the Boards. — Tiiere shall be for eacli Board, a Corresponding Secre- 
tary. * * :!= -who shall be ex-ojfficio a member of the Board. Vol. 
IV, p. 22, 1874. 

5. On the Corresponding Secretary of the Board of Home 
Missions Giving His Whole Time to the Wor^.— Resolved, 

Tljat the question of tiie propriety of employing and directing the Sec- 
retary to devote all his time to the work of iiis office, be referred to the 
Presbyteries, with instructions to repoi-t on the subject to the next Gen- 
eral Assembly. Vol. II, p. 410, 1867. 

Tlie Committee on Bills and Overtures presented a report on the 
ovei-tures, * * which was adopted. * * On tiie propriety of 
em|)loying and directing the vSecretary of the Board of Home JMissions 
to devote all his time to the work of his office, the following vote is re- 
ported by thirty-four Presbyteries ; Wlio'e number of votes given, 
454: number for employing a Permanent Secretary, 124; number 
against, 330. There is thus a decided majority against employing and 
directing the Secretary to devote all his time to his office. Vol. II, p. 
498, 1868. 

Resolved, That the Corresponding Secretary of the Board of Home 
Missions be requested to devote his time exclusively to the work of the 
Secretaryshij). Vol, VI, p. 468, 1886. 

6. On the Corresponding Secretary of Church Extension 
Giving His Whole Time to the '^or'^.— Resolved, 8. That the 

Board be directed to take under advisement the propriety or feasibility 



Dawson's appeals. 135 

of requiring the CoiTespondinj? Secretary to devote his entire time and 
attention to the work entrusted to tliis Board, and its judgment on the 
point be reported to the next General Assembly. Vol. V, p. 739, 
1883. 

[The Board reported : 

After carefully considering the subject in the light of our experience, 
keeping in view the constant and somewhat rapid enlargement of the 
work entrusted to our care, we earnestly recommend that such action be 
taken by the Assembly as will secure for this important department of 
the Cliurch's work the entire time and attention of the Corresponding 
Secretary of this Board. 

The Assembly took the following action :] 

Resolved, That the Assembly does not deem it expedient at the pres- 
ent time. Vol. VI, pp. 77, 3,3, 1884. 

XXIX. COVENANTING. 

Resolved, 1. That it is the duty of pastors to instruct their people in 
relation to the nature of the duty of public social covenanting, and the 
proper seasons for its observance, in common with other religious duties. 

2. That pastors and Sessions should carefully observe the dispen- 
sations of Divine providence ; and if the circumstances of congregations 
furnish a call, and it is deeme'd for edification, that they engage in the 
observance of the duty. Vol. I, p. 170, 1860. 

Resolved, That while congregations may consider the dealings of Di- 
vine providence with them and the church at large, to determine what 
is their duty in relation to this matter, this General Assembly does not 
see that the circumstances in which we are placed furnish a special 
providential call to the church to engage in the dut}^ of public social 
covenanting with God at the present time. Vol. 1, p. 483, 1863. 

Resolved, That the committee be instructed to prepare a brief chapter 
on social covenanting, and that it be embraced in this overture, [on the 
Directory for AVorship.] Vol. II, p. 27, 1804. 

XXX. DAWSON'S APPEALS. 
First : The Resignation of an Elder made void by an Appeal 

Sustained. — [James Dawson and otliers appealed from a decision 
of the Synod of Iowa, in a case carried up from the Presbytery of Keo- 
kuk. The following is a statement of the case :] 

At an adjourned meeting of the Presbytery of Keokuk, held at Wash- 
ington, la., Fel)ruary 24, 188.3, the Presbytery received and recorded 
the report of a Commission, appointed at a previous meeting, directing 
James Dawson, Alexander Knox, and James Skinner, members of Ses- 
sion of the First United Presbyterian Church of Washington, to resign 
their office as elders on the first Monday of March, 1885, at 2 p. m., and 
also directing Session to accept their resignations. An appeal from this 
action was taken by George Warrington, J. T. Tate, James Dawson, 
and Alexander Knox. The Session met at the time appointed, and 
James Skinner expressed his willingness to resign, but no action was 
taken by Session at this meeting. At a subsequent meeting, held 



136 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

April 27, 1885, tlie resignation of James Skinner was presented and 
accepted by the Session. 

AVhen the above appeal came before the Synod of Iowa, at Omaha, 
September 29, 1885, it was sustained, and the action of Presbytery re- 
versed. At a meeting of Presbytery held December 7, 1885, the ques- 
tion was raised concerning the standing of James Skinner as an elder in 
the First Church of AVashington. The Presbytery took tlie following 
action : " liesolced. That inasmuch as the appeal from Presbytery has 
been sustained by Synod and tlie action of Presbytery reversed, it is the 
opinion of Presbytery tliat James Skinner is still a member of the Ses- 
sion of the First Churcli." Of this action Robert Braden and others 
complained to Synod to meet at Cedar R;ii)ids, September 28. 1886. 
The action of Synod on this complaint was as follows : '■^Resolved, That, 
in view of all the circumstances, there is no valid ground of complaint." 
From this action the appellants bring their appeal to this Assembly. 
Your Committee find that the appeal is regularly before the Assembly, 
and recommend that it be taken up and issued according to order. 

The appeal was not sustained. Vol. VI, p. 664, 1887. 

Second : Right of an Elder to his Seat Pending an Appeal. — 

[A second appeal trom the Synod of Iowa was presented by James 
Dawson and others.] 

This appeal comes before the Assembly based on the following facts : 

After appeal No. 1 had been taken, the question was raised concern- 
ing the right of James Skinner to act witli the Session of the First 
Church of Washington while tlui appeal was pending concerning his 
right to a place in the Session. On this question the Synod of Iowa 
took the following action : '' Resolced, That in the judgment of this 
Synod he is entitled to sit and act with the Session." From this action 
tlie present appeal is taken to this Assembly. 

Your Committee find that the appeal is regularly before the Assem- 
bly. But inasmuch as the matter at issue in it has been terminated by 
the decision of appeal Ko. 1, the committee recommend the following 
action : 

Resolved, That no further proceedings in this case are necessary. 
Vol. VI, p. 680, 1887. 



XXXI. DEACONS. 

[A memorial was presented asking such a change in the Book of 
Government as would allow the election of Deaconesses, Vol. IV, p. 
153, 1875, when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed, whose duty it shall be to 
prepare for the next General Assembly a report on the subject of the 
deaconship, dealing particularly with the questions as to the perpetuity 
of the office, the functions pertaining to it, and the persons eligible to it ; 
said committee to furnish by February 1st, 1876, a copy of their report 
for publication in the periodicals issued peculiarly in the interests of our 
church. Vol. IV, p. 186, 1875. 

[This report, as published in the papers of the church, was brought 
before the next Assembly, when] after discussion, the further consider- 



DEACONS. 137 

ation of the whole subject was postponed, and the report of the commit- 
tee was referred to the next Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 301, 1876. 

[At the next Assembly this report was referred to a special commit- 
tee, Vol IV, p. 434, 1877, but their report was laid on the table, Vol. 
IV, p. 455, 1877. At the next Assembly the resolutions of the original 
report were adopted.] Resolved, 1. that the General Assembly, 
heartily approving of the teaching of its subordinate standards touching 
the Divine institution and permanent obligation of the office of deacon"^ 
and being persuaded also that it is of great importance for the welfare 
of the church that the teacJiing of these standards on this subject be re- 
duced to practice, hereby enjoins Synods, Presbyteries and Sessions to 
adopt measures, witli all becoming promptitude, to have deacons ap- 
pointed in the different congregations of the church, in the manner pre- 
Bcribed in the Book of Government and Discipline. 

2. That Presbyteries be, and they iiereby are, directed to report to 
the General Assembly, from time to time, the progress made in carry- 
ing into effect, in their respective bounds, the direction just given. 

3. That Synods be, and they hereby are, urged to take immediate 
steps for securing witiiin their respective limits such civil legislation in 
regard to the tenure of ecclesiastical property as may be requisite to en- 
able congregations to commit to deacons the ciiarge which now rests 
upon ordinary trustees. 

^ 4. That while the General Assembly does not find in Scripture suffi- 
cient authority for the ordination of women to the office of deacon, it is 
convinced that pious women may, with profit to themselves, and with 
great advantage to the cause of suffering humanity and of Christ, be 
organized to act as assistants of the deacon ; it being understood, how- 
ever, that those so devoting themselves and banded together, shall not 
be formed into sisterhoods living apart from ordinary society, after the 
manner of certain Popish devotees, or even of some'associations found 
in certain denominations of the Protestant Church. Vol. IV, p. 567. 
1878. ^ 

[Six Presbyteries reported the progress they had made in carrying 
into effect the action of the Assembly. The following was adopted :]° 

In view of the importance of this office, and especially of having 
deacons as spiritual officers of the church to take the place of trustees 
in the management of the temporal affairs of the congregations, the 
following action is recommended : 

Resolved, That all the congregations under the care of the Assembly 
be instructed to endeavor to have the law of the church in regard to 
this office carried out, by having deacons ordained and installed in their 
midst as soon as their circumstances permit. Vol. V, p. 28, 1879, 

[At the next Assembly memorials were presented from several Pres- 
byteries asking lor a modification of the acts of 1878 and 1879. The 
action taken is as follows :] 

Resolved, 1. That deacons are mentioned among the regular and per- 
manent officers of the New Testament church, but since elders are 
entirely competent to exercise the duties of the diaconate, those con- 
gregations in which these duties are successfully performed by the elders 
have fulfilled the spirit of the law, and nothing more is required. 

2. That the language of the Book of Government indicates that the 



138 DIGEST OF THK ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

duties of the diaconate are of two classes, those which belong essentially 
to the office and those which may be assigned to it. The first are spec- 
ified as those which belong to the collection and distribution of the 
church's charities, which include all the benevolent contributions of the 
church; the second to all such temporalities as maybe committed to 
their care. 

3. That there is nothing in the constitution of the church forbidding 
the aj)))ointment of trustees for the management of church property, 
under the restrictions of the Assembly of 1873. 

4. That the third resolution of 1878, intended to prepare the way 
through civil legislation for committing to deacons the legal ownership 
of church property now vested in trustees, be repealed as both dilficult 
and unnecessary. Vol. V, p. 194, 1880. 

2. Resignation of Deacons. — " To whom shall the ruling elder or 
deacon offer his resignation when desiring to retire from active service ; 
and what constitutional steps are necessary to complete the act?" 

Resolved, 1. He shall offer his resignation to the Session, which is the 
primary court of the elder or deacon. 

2. The same steps are to be taken as in the case of the teaching 
elder. Book of Government, Part II, Chap. VI, Art. IV. Vol. V, 
p. 720, 1883. 

XXXII. DELEGATE FUND. 

1. General Delegate Fund. — Resolved, l. That a committee be 
appointed to report to the next Assembly on the propriety of establish- 
ing a general delegates' fund. 

2. That the committee contemplated in the foregoing resolution, be 
instructed to report a plan for establishing and managing such fund, 
should they see fit to report in favor of founding it. Vol. II, p. 29, 
18G4. 

[The report of this committee was referred to a special committee, 
Vol. II, p. 142, 1865, which reported the following resolutions:] 
Resolved, 1. That a delegate fund be established by the Assembly. 

2. That a sum be assessed on the several Presl)yteries in proportion 
to the number of communicants under their care, sufficient to allow an 
average of thirty dollars per delegate to the Assembly, which, in the 
judgment of your committee, would amount to six thousand dollars. 

3. That Presbyteries be required to deposit their contributions in the 
hands of the treasurer of the Assembly annually, before the meeting of 
the Assembly. 

4. That the Committee on Credentials be authorized to furnish each 
commissioner to the Assembly with an order on the treasurer for an 
amount equal to his necessary expenses by the most direct route to the 
Assembly, or in proportion to such expense in case of a deficiency in 
the treasury. 

5. That if any Presbytery shall neglect to contribute their propor- 
tion, their commissioners shall not be paid, if there be a deficiency in 
the treasury. Vol. II, p. 1G9, 18Go. [These resolutions were referred 
to the next Assembly, but it seems they were never acted on.] 

[The Presbytery of Kansas memorialized the Assembly to institute 



DELEGATE FUND. 139 

a delegates' fund for tlie whole Church, but the Assembly in view of 
♦' previous experience,''] 

Resolved, Tiiat it would be unwise, at present, to make any change 
in this particular. Vol. II, p. 495, 1868. 

Resolved, \. That a committee be appointed, to whom shall be re- 
ferred for their report at the next Assembly the subject of making pro- 
vision for the entertainment of commissioners to the Assembly, as 
brought before this Assembly by the memorial from tlie Presbytery of 
Allegheny. Vol. Ill, p. 422, 1872. [This committee reported to the 
next Assembly, but no action appears to have been taken. Vol. Ill, 
p. 515, 1873.] 

[Certain memorials, asking for the establishment of a general dele- 
gate fund, and a sustentation fund, having been presented to the As- 
sembly, the following resolutions were adopted :] 

Resolved, 1. That we deem it inexpedient to establish either of these 
funds at the present time. 

2. That a committee of one member from each Synod be appointed, 
to whom all the papers relating to these subjects shall be referred, and 
whose duty it shall be to consider these subjects carefully, and report 
to the next General Assembly ; and also to publish their report in the 
papers of the church, at least three months before the meeting of the 
Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 543, 1873. [This committee reported, and 
their report was referred to the Committee on Bills and Overtures, 
which reported with reference to the sustentation fund, but not with 
reference to the delegate fund. Vol. IV. p. 12, 1874.] 

The memorial of the Presbytery of Monongahela asks that a general 
law be enacted requiring Presbyteries to pay the traveling expenses and 
the bills for boarding and lodging of their respective delegates during 
their attendance on the sessions of the General Assembly, and author- 
izing Presbyteries to refuse to pay in cases in which the congregation, 
\yith which the minister or elder who is a delegate is connected, is de- 
linquent in contributing to the delegates' fund. The committee admit 
that there may be injustice and unfairness in the present condition of 
things as complained of, but they are clearly of the opinion that the 
course recommended by the resolutions appended to the memorial w^ill 
not aiFord a sufficient remedy. We therefore recommend the adoption 
of the following i-esolution, viz.: 

Resolved, That the resolutions of the memorialists be not adopted. 
Vol. IV, p. 298, 187G. 

[Immediately on the adoption of the above, on motion, " the whole 
subject of providing a delegate fund Avas referred to the Committee on 
Bills and Overtures." The committee reported the following :] 

Resolved, That Presbyteries be requested to embrace their opinions 
on the subject of a general delegates' fund in their reports to the next 
General Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 308, 1876. 

Ten Presbyteries have reported favorably to the establishment of a 
delegate fund ; thirty-four have reported against the establishment of 
such a fund ; eleven have either not acted, or have failed to report their 
action on this subject. 

Resolved, That it is not expedient, at present, for the Assembly to at- 
tempt the establishment of a general delegate fund. A^ol. IV, p. 436, 1877. 



140 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY, 

[On the memorial of the Presbytery of Oregon for a general delegate 
fund, the Assembly appointed a committee to prepare a plan for con- 
sideration by the next Assembly, and to publish it not later than Jan. 
1, 1883. Vol. y, p. 533, 1882. No action appears to have been taken.] 

Resolved, 4. In reference to the memorials received from the Presby- 
teries of Oregon and Colorado, that a fund be established and known as 
the "General Delegate Fund," and that this Assembly make an assess- 
ment of ten (10) cents per capita on the membership of the whole 
Church, and that when Presbyteries pay the assessment in full, their 
delegates be reimbursed in full for their expenses incurred in attending 
Buch meetings; and in case any Pre.^bytery shall fail to pay its quota in 
full, the delegates from such Presbyteries shall be reimbursed in like 
ratio; that this Assembly appoint a Treasurer to take charge of said 
fund, giving him such insti'uctions as it may deem necessary. Vol. VI, 
p. 36, 1884. [No treasurer was appointed.] 

[The Presbytery of Colorado asked the Assembly to "take such 
action as may be necessary to carry into effect the action of 1884." The 
action taken is:] 

Resolved, 1. It shall be the duty of the Treasurer of the Assembly, in 
his yearly estimates for the Assembly's fund, to provide for the pay- 
ment of the actual traveling expenses of commissioners to the Assembly, 
over and above what would be paid by an assessment of ten cents per 
member in the Presbyteries from which they are delegates. 

2. It shall be the duty of the Treasurer of the Assembly to pay out 
of the Assembly's fund, all actual traveling expenses of delegates, which 
would not be paid by assessment of ten cents per member in Presbyteries 
represented, and not otherwise paid, upon the recommendation of the 
committee on Delegates' and Commissioners' Expenses. 

3. The Assembly shall appoint a standing committee of one on Dele- 
gates' and Commissioners' Expenses. Vol. VI, p. 431, 1886. 

[The committee on Delegates' Expenses reported that there were no 
funds in the treasury, and that therefore it was impossible to pay any 
part of the expenses of the delegates to this Assembly. The Assembly 
took the following action :] 

After three years' experience it is manifest the Church at large is 
not willing to maintain such a fund. 

We therefore recommend the repeal of the rule of 1884, establishing 
the " Delegates' Fund," as its remaining upon the books of the Church 
is productive of controversy and' disappointment. Vol. VI, p. 686, 1887. 

XXXIII. DIGEST OF THE DELIVERANCES OF THE GEN- 
ERAL ASSEMBLY. 

That however desirable it may be to have a digest of all the acts of 
the Associate Reformed Presbyterian, the Associate Presbyterian and 
the United Presbyterian Churches, the pecuniary condition of the 
church will not warrant us to engage in the publication of such a work 
at present ; therefore, •• 

Resolved, That it be postponed. Vol. I, p. 223, 1861. 

[So much of tlie report (on the Board of Publication) as refers to the 
codifying of the enactments of the various General Assemblies, was re- 



DIRECTORY FOR WORSHir. 141 

ferred to the Board of Publication, to report next year. Vol. Ill, p. 
544, 1873. No report was made.] 

[On memorials from the Presbyteries of First New York and Ten- 
nessee, tlie General Assembly appointed a committee of three to prepare 
and publish a digest of "tlie principal deliverances of the Assemblies 
since 1858, in a suitable form for convenient reference."] Vol. IV, p. 
299, 187G. 

[This committee reported to the next Assembly, Vol. IV, p. 493, 

1877, when the following action was taken:] 

Resolved, 1. That the work of your committee to prepare a digest be 
approved. 

2. That it be referred to the same committee, with instruction to 
make such revision as may be deemed necessary, and to incorporate in 
it such items from the proceedings of the present Assembly and that of 

1878, as is proper to complete the work to that date. 

3. Tliat the committee be instructed to publish this work, and with it 
the Book of Government and Discipline, as soon after the above date as 
possible. Vol. IV, p. 441, 1877. 

[The digest was published by the Board of Publication in accordance 
with the above action.] 

Resolved, 6. That the Board of Publication be directed to issue a 
new edition of the " Digest," bringing it up to date. Vol. VII, p. 224, 
1889. 

[The Board asked for instructions, and the Assembly gave the follow- 
ing:] 

Resolved, 5. That the Board be instructed to appoint a committee to 
prepare and publish a new edition of the Digest without delay, compris- 
ing all the information in as condensed a form as will be consistent 
with clearness of expression, and at the same time with as much fullness 
as mav be required, in its judgment, to meet the aim of such a book. 
Vol. VII, p. 433, 1890. 

Resolved, 2. Tliat the Board be directed to complete, as soon as possi- 
ble, the new edition of the Digest. Vol. VII, p. G37, 1891. 

XXXIV. DONALDSON'S APPEAL. 

In the case of appeal from the action of the Synod of New^ York, we 
find the papers of Air. James Donaldson very irregular; therefore. 
Resolved, That the case be dismissed. 'Vol. VII, p. 29, 1888. 

XXXV. DIRECTORY FOR WORSHIP. 

Resolved, Tliat a committee of three be appointed to prepare and 
publish a draft of a Directory for "Worship, public and family, and that 
this draft be sent in overture to the Presbyteries, and tliey be directed 
to report their judgment tiiereon, with sucli amendments as they may 
deem expedient, to the next Assembly. Vol. I, p. 119, 1860. 

[Such a araft was presented to the next Assembly, when the follow- 
ing action was taken:] 

Resolved, That the Directory for Worship, together with all the 
reports of the Presbyteries thereon, and any amendments of Presbyteries 



142 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

» 

or individuals, which may be sent in to tlieni up to the first of Novem- 
ber next, be committed to the same committee, wlio vsliall mature and 
publish the work ; that it is hereby sent down to tlie Presbyteries in 
overture, and tliat they report on the book, aye or no, to the next Gen- 
eral Assembly. Vol. I, p. 226, 18G1. 

[On this overture twenty-lour Presbyteries reported, but only eleven 
reported favorably. The following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the Directory be referred to a select committee, 
with instructions to re-write tiie document. 

2. That to tiiis committee be referred all the proposed amendments, 
either printed or in the reports of Presbyteries. 

3. That this select committee be required to report to the next Gen- 
eral Assembly. Vol. I, p. 3J4, 18G2. 

[This committee not being ready to re{)ort, tlie following action was 
taken :] 

Resolved, That the committee on tlie Directory for Worship be di- 
rected to report to the next meeting of the Assembly. Vol. I, p. 499, 
18G3. 

[This committee reported to the next Assembly, when the following 
action was taken :] 

Resolved, That the draft of a Directory for Worship be, in general, 
approved, and that it be hereby overtured to Presbyteries and Sessions, 
■with instructions to report their mind thereon to the next Assembly, 
particularly stating whether they approve of it so far as to be willing to 
adopt, yea or nay. Vol. II, p. 27, 1864. 

[Oathis overture, twenty-four Presbyteries reported yeas. 111, nays 
45. The following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the amendments in duplicate, suggested by Pres- 
byteries, be placed in tl)e hands of the committee having charge of the 
work of preparation of the overture, and that said committee be directed 
to take action on these recommendations, and submit to the Presby- 
teries the Directory as amended, for api)roval or disapproval. 

2. That said committee be directed to publish said overture that it 
may be distributed through the church by the first of September. 

4. That Presbyteries are hereby directed to report to the next Gen- 
eral Assembly the number of votes, yea or nay, on said overture. Vol. 
II, p. 160, 1865. 

[On this overture thirty-two Presbyteries reported the following 
vote: ayes, 299; nays, 72. The following action was taken :] 

Resolved, That the draft of the Directory for Worship be recommitted 
to the committee appointed to prepare it, with instruction to re-write 
the book, with reference to the amendments that have been suggested 
by the Presbyteries and with special view to making it more unique 
and systematic ; and that they publish the result of their labors not 
later than September 1st, 1866, and that the new draft be, and hereby 
is overtured to the Presbyteries, in order that they may vote aye or no 
upon it, and report to the next General Assembly. Vol. II, p. 295, 
1866. 

Resolved, That inasmuch as the Directory for Worship, overtured 
by the last General Assembly, has received a large majority of the votes 
of the church, as reported to the Assembly, it is hereby declared to be 



EDUCATION, HOARD OF. 143 

of authority in tlie cliurch until another shall have been adopted. Vol. 
II, p. 301, 18GG. 

[On account of some dissatisfaction witli the Directory, especially 
with the article on instrumental music, the followin^r action was taken:] 

Resolved, 1. That a committee be appointed with instructions to re- 
write the Directory for Worship with reference to the amendments sug- 
gested by Presbyteries, having special reference to greater uniformity 
and system in the work, and tliat they publish the result of their labors 
not later than P'ebruary 1st, 18G8, and tliat the new draft be, and it 
hereby is overtured to the Presbyteries in order that they may vote aye 
or nay upon it, and report the ayes and nays to the next General 
Assembly. 

2. That tlie article on instrumental music in tlie present Directory for 
Worship is liereby made a special overture, and Presbyteries are directed 
to vote aye or nay upon it, and report the ayes and nays to the next 
General Assembly. Vol. II, p. 408, 18G7. 

[On this overture the vote stood: Ayes, 229; nays, 58 ; when the 
Directory for Worship was declared by the Assembly to be constitution- 
ally adopted. Vol. 1I.[). 512, 18G8. On instrumental music,see p. 112.] 

[For the Directory for Worship, see Digest, p. 50.] 

2. Amendment to the Directory for ^or^hvp.— Resolved, 2. 

That this Assembly hereby ratifies the decision of tlie Presbyteries, and 
declares Sec. 5, Art. 2, Chap. 3, of the Directory for Worship [on in- 
strumental music] repealed. Vol. V, p. 525, 1882. [The vote on the 
above overture was: Ayes, 620^; nays, 612^; not voting, 9.] 

XXXVI. EDUCATION, BOARD OF. 
1. Charter of the Board of Education.— [Authorized by the 

General Assembly, Vol. I, p. 484, 1863, Vol. IV, p. 22, 1874, granted 
under a general law of the State of Illinois, Nov. 1, 1876, a^nd ap- 
proved by the Assembly, Vol. IV, p. 449, 1877.] 

I. Petition of the Board for Incorporatiox State of Illinois, 

Warren County, 5s — We, the undersigned, being citizens of the United 
States, desiring to form an association not for pecuniary profit, pursuant 
to an Act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled, 
"Ar Act concerning corporations,"" approved April 18th, 1?72, do 
hereby certify that t)ie following is the true statement of the name or 
title by which said association shall be known in law, the particular 
business and object for which it is formed, the number of its managers, 
and the names of the same selected for the first year of its existence, 
viz. : 

1. Name or Title — The Board of Education of the United Pres- 
byterian Church of North America. 

II. Particular Business and Object. 1, To cherish and diffuse 
an educational spirit throughout the church. 

2. To co-operate with the Presbyteries, Synods and General As- 
sembly of the said United Presbyterian Church of North America in 
the establishment of institutions of learning. 

3. To assist in the education of pious and promising young men in 
their literary and theological education for the ministry. 



144 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

4. To concert and execute such measures as may be judged proper 
for increasing the funds of the Board, and promoting the general cause. 

III. Number of Managers. — Five. 

IV. Names of Managers Selected for the First Year — 
John Scott, David A. Wallace, W. T. Campbell, Ed. F. Reid, and G. 
D. Henderson. [This petition was acknowledged by Wm. Marshall, 
Esq., notary public of Warren county, State of Illinois, October 31st, 
1876.] 

II. Certificate of Incorporation from the Secretary of 
State of the State of Illinois — State of Illinois, Department of 
State, Geo. H. Harlow, Secretary of State. To all to whom these Pres- 
ents shall come, greeting: — Whereas, a certificate, duly signed and ac- 
knowledged, having been filed in the office of the Secretary of State on 
the first day of November, A. D., 1876, for the orgranization of the 
Board of Education of the United Presbyterian Church of North 
America, under and in accordance with tlie provisions of "An Act con- 
cerning corporations," approved April 18th, 1872, and in force July 1st, 
1872, and "An Act to revise the law in relation to universities, colleges, 
academies and other institutions of learning," approved March 24th, 
1874, and in force July 1st, 1874, a copy of which certificate is hereto 
attached; now, tlierefore, I, George H. Harlow, Secretary of State of 
the State of Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by 
law, do hereby certify that the said "The Board of Education of the 
United Presbyterian Church of North America," is a legally organized 
corporation under the laws of this State. 

In testimony whereof I hereby set my hand and cause to be affixed 
the great seal of State. 

Done at the city of Springfield this first day of November, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-six, and of 
the independence of the United States the one hundred and first. 

George H. Harlow, 

Secretary of State. 

[The foregoing instruments of writing were recorded in the office of 
the recorder of deeds for the count}"^ of Warren and State of Illinois, on 
November 4th, 1876, in Vol. 61, of deeds, page 565.] 

III. Action of the Board •with Reference to this Act of 
Incorporation Whereas, the United Presbyterian General Assem- 
bly of 1874 directed her Boards, which had not already been incorpor- 
ated, to become incorporated, under the laws of the State where such 
Board is located, and whereas members of this Board have secured its 
incorporation under the laws of this State; therefore, 

Resolved, 1. That tlie legal document of incorporation be copied into 
and made a part of the records of this Board. 

2. That this Board thus becoming ojdy a body corporate or politic, 
but not changed in its relations to the General Assembly of the United 
Presbyterian Church of North America, hereby recognizes as binding 
on it the rules and regulations which have been given it by the said 
General Assembly ; also, its own actions and obligations, assumed whilst 
in a non-corporate state. 

2. Constitution of the Board of Education. — [A constitution for 
the Board of Education was adopted, Vol. I, p. 49, 1859, but it was 



EDUCATION, BOAKD OF. 145 

■superseded by the general constitution of the Boards, and the following 
new constitution :] 

1. This Board shall be styled "The Board of Education of the 
United Presbyterian Church of North America," and siiall be located 
in Monmouth, Illinois. 

2. It shall be the object and duty of tiiis Board to cherish and diffuse 
an educational spirit tliroughout the church ; to co-operate with Presby- 
teries, and Synods, and the Assembly, in the establishment of institu- 
tions of learning ; and to assist in tiie education of pious and [)romising 
young men for the ministry. It shall have power to devise and cany 
out such measures as may be proper for tlie promotion of the cause en- 
trusted to its care. Vol. IV, p. 2;j, 1874. 

3. Regulations of the Board of Education. — [The regulations 

of the Board of Education were approved by the Ai^sembly, Vol. I, p. 
■222, 1861, and publisiied. Vol. 1, p. 248, ISGl, and Voll II, p. 145, 
1865. They are as follows:] 

Meetings of the Board The Board holds four reaular meetings 

annually, viz.: On the first Tuesdays of August, Novembei-, February 
and May. Special meetings are held when necessary. The place of 
meeting is the First United Presbyterian Church, Monmouth, Illinois. 

Grants of Money — Pecuniary aid shall be granted young men 
only in accordance with the following princi|)les : 

1. All api)lications from theological students made at any meeting 
shall be first acted on, and then applications from literary students. 

2. Testimonials shall certify that the applicant is under the ciire of 
some Presbytery of the United Presbyterian Chui'ch, that he intends to 
enter the ministry, that he possesses liopeful piety, that his talents are 
such as to qualify iiim for usefulness in the ministry, and that he needs 
the sum asked. Such testimonials shall be given b}' the order of the 
Presbytery to which the applicant belongs, and be signed by the mod- 
erator and clerk. Under extraordinary circumstances, testimonials of 
three members of the Presbytery, of the above tenor, may be accepted; 
but such testimonials shall in all cases be substituted by regular Pres- 
byterial testimonials as soon as practicable. New testimonials shall be 
furnished every year that aid is granted. 

3. Grants exceeding one hundred dollars per annum shall not be 
made to any one individual, nor be continued more than four years, be- 
ginning with the senioi' year in college. 

4. Grants shall be due and payable to theological students in three 
installments, viz.: One-third on the first of September, one-third on the 
first of December and one-third on the first of March; and to literary 
students in four installments, one-fourth on each of the days mentioned, 
and one-fourth on the first of June. 

5. Beneficiaries shall give obligations of the following tenor: ''I do 
agree that if I do not in due course of time enter the ministry of the 
United Presbyterian Church, or, having entered it, do not continue in 
the same, the sum above mentioned shall then become due and payable 
at the pleasure of the Board, with interest at the rate of six per cent, 
per annum from date." 

6. No grant shall be made except by the Board at a regular or special 
•meeting. The regular time for acting on applications shall be the 

10 



146 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

August meeting, but grants may be made at any regular or special meet- 
ing duly called. 

7. While in all ordinary cases the Presbyteries must, in the very 
nature of the case, be responsible for the character of the beneficiaries 
of the Board, and ^vhile Presbyteries are urgently solicited to be careful 
to recommend only such young men as have the prescribed qualifica- 
tions; yet the Board sliall not knowingly furnish aid to any young man 
who lacks the [jrescribed qualifications, even though he be recommended 
by a Presbytei-y. 

In all ordinary cases, the Board should require its beneficiaries to at- 
tend some institution of learning, instead of pursuing their studies pri- 
vately; yet the assembly judges that in this matter something should be 
left to the discretion of tlie Board. 

Especial attention is invited to the following directions: 

1. Let young men desiring aid make application directly to the Pres- 
bytery for a certificate; if it be impracticable to lay the matter before 
the Presbytery in season, let a certificate be obtained from tliree mem- 
bers, and then, at tlie next meeting of the Presbytery, let a regular 
certificate be obtained. 

2. Let the certificate be forwarded directly to the corresponding sec- 
retary of the Board, accompanied by a statement of the following facts: 
1. The name in full of the beneficiary. 2. His post-office, town, county 
and State. 3. His standing as a student; if literary, of what class; if 
theological, of what year. 4. The college or seminary he purposes at- 
tending. 

3. Let the applications be forwarded in time to be laid before the 
Board at their meeting in August, if possible. 

4. Let Presbyteries be careful to certify all that is required by the 
constitution of the Board. No grants can be made without certificates. 
Applications made in regular form to the Board will, in all cases, re- 
ceive prompt attention. Many vexatious and unnecessary delays grow 
out of inattention to the regulations of the Assembly, which the Board 
cannot disregard. 

5. Presbyteries should recommend no one as a beneficiary who does 
not need and deserve assistance. Vol. II, p. 145, 1865. 

[These regulations were amended as follows:] 

Resolved, 3. That the third rule adopted by the General Assembly of 
1861 be changed so as to read thus: "The maximum of contributions 
to any one student be $1,000, and that it be left to the Presbytery and 
the Board to determine during what time this money shall be expended, 
and that contributions to any one student for one year shall not exceed 
$200." Vol. II, p. 145, 1865. 

Resolved, 3. That Articles iii and iv of the By-Laws, as amended by 
the Board, be published with the minutes of this Assembly. 

Article hi — Grants of Money 1. Other things being equal, 

applications in behalf of students shall have preference according to 
their advancement in their course of study. 

2. The General Assembly has ordered the use of three series of ques- 
tions, viz.: Tho first to be answered by the Presbytery to which the 
applicant belongs; the second by his instructors, literary or theological; 
and the third by himself. The one answered by the applicant should 



EDUCATION, BOARD OF. ] 47 

be sent to his Presbytery and retained by it ; the other two should Ije 
sent to the secretary of the Board. 

3. When a young man who has ah'eady been received as a bene- 
ficiary is recommended by his Presbyteiy for renewed assistance, an 
ofRcial statement to the effect, that the applicant is recommended as 
before will be sufficient. This shall be done every year that aid is 
granted. 

4. The Assembly forbids that grants exceeding two hundred dollars 
per annum shall be made to any one individual. Owing to scarcity of 
funds, the Boai'd does not, under any ordinary circumstances, grant 
more than one hundred and fifty dollars j>er annum, except that seniors 
in colleges may receive twenty-five dollars extra, to be paid in connec- 
tion with the last installment. No one shall receive more than one 
thousand dollars in tlie aggregate. 

5. Grants shall be due and payable to theological students, &c. See 
above, rule 4. 

G. Beneficiaries shall give obligations of the following tenor: "I 
have received from the Board of Education of the United Presbyterian 

Church of North America dollars; and I hereby agree, that if I 

do not in due course of time enter the ministry of the United Presby- 
terian Church, or do at any time voluntarily abandon the same, the sum 
above mentioned shall then become due and payable at the pleasure of 
the Board, with interest at the rate of six per cent, per annum from 
date." 

7. While in all ordinary cases the Presbyteries must in the very 
nature of the case, &c. See above, rule 7. 

AiiTiCLE IV — Ok Warrants, Notes, &c 1. At each quarterly 

meeting, a warrant of the treasurer, signed by the president and secre- 
tary, authorizing him to pay to parties therein named, the sums set op- 
posite to their names, shall be made out. 

2. The treasurer shall pay the sums named in the warrants, a3 
therein directed, and take notes from beneficiaries, and receipts from 
all other persons to whom money may be paid. The appropriations 
to beneficiaries, together with notes ready for signature, shall be re- 
mitted to the presiding officers of the institutions at which they may be 
in attendance, who are expected to pay out the same, secure the signa- 
tures of beneficiaries to the notes, and return the same to the treas- 
urer without unnecessary delay. The warrants of the Board, to- 
gether with the receipts and notes, shall constitute the vouchers of the 
treasurer. 

3. The treasurer shall submit to the Board, at each quarterly meet- 
ing, a statement of the receipts from the several Presbyteries during 
the quarter immediately preceding, and of the balance in tlie treasury, 
subject to the order of the Board. 

4. At each May meeting, an auditing committee shall be appointed, 
who shall serve for one year. The treasuj'er, at the close of each quar- 
ter, counting from May first, shall submit his books and vouchers 
for the quarter then closing, to the auditing committee, who shall 
examine and report on the same to the Board at its next quarterly 
meeting. 

5. At the close of the financial year, the treasurer shall submit his an- 



148 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

uual report to the General Assembly to the same committee, v/ho shall 
return the same with their certificate to the Board at its May meeting. 

6. The treasurer shall publish, at the close of each quarter, in tlie 
[papers of the churcli]. a detailed statement of his receipts during the 
quarter preceding. Vol. Ill, p. 540, 1873. 

[These Regulations were again amended as follows :] 

7. That every United Presbyterian theological student, in actual at- 
tendance at eitlier of our seminaries, shall receive $100 per year, with- 
out making formal application to liis Presbytery, but shall be required 
to conform to the rule touciiing the use of tobacco, and to refund the 
money so received, if lie fail to enter and remain in the ministry of the 
United Presbyterian Church. Vol. VII, ]). 28, 1888. 

[The Board reported that the funds at command would not be suffi- 
cient for tiie application of the above rule, and the Assembly adopted 
the following :] 

1. That aid be given only to those who are in actual need of assist- 
ance, and that tiiis aid be given to theological students, and to literary 
students of the Senior year who are intending to enter the ministry. 

2. Students receiving aid must be taken under tlie carp of Presbytery, 
and be in attendance at one of our denominational institutions. 

3. The regular appropriation of the Assembly shall not exceed $100, 
but the Board may have liberty of granting more, in exceptional cases. 

4. An application for aid may be made by any student, eitlier 
through the Presbytery to which lie belongs, or directly to the Board, 
which shall have power to act on all applications. 

5. The regulations adopted by the Assembly must be observed by 
the students as a condition of receiving assistance. 

We would recommend the following form of application : 

I. Name and address of student. 

II. Name of Presbytery. 

III. Theological student — The college of which you are a graduate. 

Literary student — 1 am a member of the Senior class of ■ 

college. 

IV. What seminary do you expect to attend during the year? 

V. What amount will "be necessary to meet your actual expenses? 

VI. Do you promise to be faithful in maintaining the principles pro- 
fessed by the United Presbyterian Church? 

VII. Will you obey the requirement o1 the General Assembly that 
♦'No student "addicted to the use of tobacco, in any form, shall be 
granted aid by this Board ?" 

VIII. Do you agree to refund the money received if you fail to enter, 
or should at any time voluntarily forsake the ministry of the United 
Presbyterian Church? 

Signed 

Date 

This is to certify that Mr. was on the day 

of 18 — received as a student of theology (or, literary student 

of the Senior year) by the Presbytery of -. 

This certificate to be signed by the clerk of presbytery or the pastor 
of the congregation of which the student is a member. Vol. VII, pp. 
229, 281, 1889. 



EDUCATIOY, BOARD OF. 140 

[The General Assembly, Vol. "VII, p. 432, 1889, appointed a com- 
mittee to devise a plan whereby ample aid may be furnished each 
student who may need help to prosecute his theological education in our 
own seminaries without encumbrance of debt at its completion. The 
committee submitted to the next Assembly the following report, which 
was adopted :] 

1. That tlie regular appropriation of the Assembly shall not exceed 
fifty dollars to licensed students of tlie third year; one hundred dollars 
to unlicensed seniors and to students of the second year. Students of 
the first year may receive one hundred and twenty-five dollars. 

2. If at any time tlie resources of the Board are not sufficient to pay 
the full appropriation to all students, the chief reduction is to be in the 
amount i)aid to the unlicensed seniors, and students of the second year. 

3. Tliat the rule now governing the Board, viz.: "An application for 
aid may be made by any student, either through the Presbytery to 
which he belongs, or directly to the Board, which shall have ])ower to 
act on all applications, when certified by tlie Clerk of Presbytery, or 
the pastor of the congregation of which the student is a member;" be so 
amended as to read, ''Aid may be secured on recommendation of the 
Presbytery to which the student belongs, or of the faculty of the sem- 
inary which he is attending, in connection with, and when certified by, 
the Clerk of iiis Presbytery." Vol. VII, pp. G23, 731, 1891. 

In order that the greatest good may be done to the greatest number 
of young men, therefore. 

Resolved, That this Assembly direct the Board of Education, when 
granting aid to students, to take into account the amount received by 
students from the other funds, so that no student shall receive aid in 
excess of one hundred and fifty dollars each year. Vol. VII, p. 653, 
1891. 

4. Aid to Literary Students.— [The Assembly, Vol. V, p. 39, 
1879, reaffirmed the action of 1875 limiting the beneficiaries of the 
Board to theological students. The Board was authorized to grant aid 
to literary students of the senior year, to an amount not exceeding one 
hundred dollars. Vol. VI, p. SO,' 1884.] 

5. That this General Assembly urge Presbyteries, recommending 
students to the Board, not to present the names of students, who are 
undergraduates and j)ersons not intending to graduate, unless the cases 
are rarely exceptional. Vol. VI, p. GG3, 1887. 

4. Literary students of the Junior and Senior years, intending to enter 
the ministry of the United Presbyterian Church, when properly certi- 
fied as needing aid, may be granted a sum not exceeding one hundred 
dollars, so soon as the proceeds of the Speers estate shall have been dis- 
tributed. Vol. VII, p. 434, 1890. 

[A memorial from the Presbytery of College Springs, asked the 
General Assembly "to direct the Board of Education under its rules to 
pay the tuition of literary students in the collegiate department, who are 
intending to enter the ministry, and to grant no other aid to literary 
students."] 

Resolved, That aid be granted to all students who have passed the 
freshman class, as the Board may be able. Vol. VII, p. 652, 1891. 

5. Aid in Proportion to Attendance. — Resolved, 3. That the 



].')() DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

aiKOunt paid to eacli student shall be proportionate to the time of his 
actual attendance at the Seminary during the session. Vol. Y, p. 357, 
1881. 

6. Beneficiaries may not use Tobacco.— i?eso/wc?, 2 That no 

student addicted to the use of tobacco in any form shall be granted aid 
by this Board. Vol. V, p. 39, 1879. 

2. That the refusal of tlie Board to aid young men preparing for the 
holv ministry, who are known to violate their solemn jjledges by the use 
of tobacco, is especially worthy of endorsement. Vol. VI, p. 225, 1885. 

4. That the Board be directed to continue the rule that beneficiaries 
shall not use tobacco. Vol. VI, p. GG3, 1887. 

7. Faculties to Report Observance of Regulations.— ^eso^t'ei, 

6. That a rule be adopted, asking tlie faculty of tlie seminary or college 
to report to the Board, before each payment, respecting the observance 
of the regulations adopted by the Assembly for the government of stu- 
dents receiving aid. Vol. VII, p. 28, 1888. 

8. Married Beneficiaries. — Resolved, That in case a beneficiary 
enters the marriMge relation, aid may be continued or not, at the discre- 
tion of the Board. Vol. III. p. 148, 1870. 

Resolved, That the Board be directed to make no discrimination among 
students on account ol' their marital relations, unless these increase the 
demands upon tin' Boai'd. Vol. III. p. 418. 1872. 

9. Competitive Examination of Beneficiaries. — Resolved, Tliat 

to secni-e the end ?c)u^lit. llie Boai'd is directed to provide and carry 
into effect, at as eaily a period as possible, a scheme of competitive ex- 
aminations. Vol.'IA', p. 45. 1874. 

10. Beneficiaries to be Reported. — Resolved, That the Board be 
directed to report every year to the General Assembly the names of the 
students under their care, for the information of the Assembly but not 
to be published in the minutes. Vol. IV, ]i. 317, 1876. 

1 1. Presbyteries to Exercise Care of Young" Men. — Resolved, 

That the Presbyteries he re(pi<'Sted to give s])ecia! care to the training 
of young men under tijeir care. Vol. V, p. 735, 1883. 

12. Aid to Literary Institutions. [The Board of Education was 
instructed to report to the Assembly what grants of funds may, and 
ought to, be made from the funds under its control in aid of academical 
institutions. Vol. V, p. 739, 1883. 

Tlie following regulations uere adopted:] 

The Board shall expend these funds according to the following rules 
and regulations: 

{a) Aid siiall be granted to academies, only so far as the supplement- 
ing of salaries of teachers is concerned, the rooms and grounds being fur- 
nished by the community in which the academy receiving aid is situated. 

(/>) For the present, the Board shall not grant more than five hun- 
dred dollars in one year to any academy. 

{c) It shall be the duty of the Board to recommend, and, as far as 
possil)le, secure the appointment of competent teachers. 

(c?) The Bo;ird shall report annually to tlie Assembly all its proceed- 
ings in the way of aiding academies, specifying the academies aided, 
the amount granted to each, the number of students in attendance, and 
other details. 



KDLCATION, BOARD OF. 151 

(e) All the proceedings of the Board in tliis particular shall be sub- 
ject to the control of tiie Assembly. Vol. VI, p. 30, 1884. 

1. The academies receiving aid from the Board must be incorporated 
institutions under the management of a board of trustees, in distinction 
from a private or individual enterprise. 

2. That the academy should own and occupy, or give assurance to the 
Board of the speedy erection of buildings, suited to the purposes of the 
school. 

3. Institutions receiving aid must be under the control of a board of 
trustees or managers, the majority of whom shall be in connection with 
the United Presbyterian Church. 

4. Report as to the work of tiie school, number of teachers and pupils 
and general management, should be made to the Board of Education 
annually, not later tiian the 2Utli of April. Vol. VI, p. 662, 1887. 

13. Aid to Colleges in Exceptional Cases.— [The Assembly 

made a grant of live liundn-d dollars to Tarkio Ctdlege for one year, 
Vol. VI, p. 22G, 1885, and a similar grant to Cooper Memorial Col- 
lege, in bothcase'? "with tlie distinct understanding that this is not to 
be regarded as establishing a precedent." Vol. Vll, p. 229, 1889.] 

14. Academies to Seek Endowment.— ^eso^ie^i, 7. That we re- 
commend academies to seek endowment, and thereby ensure a prolonged 
as well as useful existence. Vol. VI, p. 663, 1887.' 

15. Educational Institutions to Report to the Board.— i?e- 

solved, 5. That our seminaries, collf cres and academies be directed to re- 
port to the Assembly, througli the Board of Education, the number of 
instructors, number of students, the work and needs of the institution, 
the contributions received from the Church, and other matters pertain- 
ing to the educational work of the Churcli. Vol. VII, p. 28, 1888. 

[Memorials were presented to tiie Assembly from the Boards of 
Trustees of Monmouth and Westminster Colleges asking to report di- 
rectly to the Assembly. A paper granting the request and authorizing 
representatives of these colleges to appear in the Assembly and be heard 
in their behalf, was laid on tlie table until the next meeting of the Gen- 
eral Assembly. Vol. VII, pp. 203, 227, 1889. The institutions asked 
and obtained leave to witlulraw their memorial. Vol. VII, p. 409, 
1890.] 

16. National Aid for Education. — The officers of the Assembly 
were directed to sign and forward in tlie name of the Assembly, the fol- 
lowing petition to the Senate of the United States : 

To t/te Honorable Senate of (he United States : We, the undersigned 
citizens of the United States, profoundly concerned for the passage of 
the Blair Educational Bill, do respectfully entreat your honorable body 
to reconsider and enact it into a law. Vol. VII, p. 410, 1890. 

17. Day of Prayer for Colleges. — [For mnny years the Assem- 
bly designated a day of prayer for colleges.] 

Resolved, That the last Wednesday of January, 1892, and the same 
day of each succeeding year, until otherwise ordered, be set apart as 
the Day of Prayer for Colleges. Vol. VII, p. 656, 1891. 



152 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY, 

XXXVII. ELECTIVE FRANCHISE. 

1. Pastors Should Instruct Their Congregations in This 

Duty. — Resolved. That it is the duty of the pastor to instruct the peo- 
ple ot his charge, in rehition to the responsibility which rests upon them 
in tlie exercise of tlie elective franchise, as well as with regard to all 
other obligations which rest upon them as Christians and as citizens, as 
circumstances mnv require. Vol. I, p. 480. 1803. 

2. The Elective Franchise Should be Extended to the Col- 
ored Race. — 1. As this Ciiurch has deemed it a part of hermission in 
times past to " open her mouth for the dumb." she should labor still to 
set the black man right in view of all his wrongs. 

2. That class legislation is a curse. to any country, and we condemn 
as anti-Christian the silly notion that the circumstance of color should,. 
to any extent or in any sense, limit or enlarge the apj)lication of the 
sacred principles of human liberty. 

3. While we deem it alike indispensable to the safety and happiness 
both of blacks and whites to fully enfranchise the colored race, espec- 
ially in view of his loyalty and acts of valor done in our defence, it be- 
comes a claim of clearest moral justice. 

4. From what we have seen and known of prejudice against the col- 
ored race, we have reason to expect to this specific point of reformation 
deteimined and persevering opposition; and hence that our people be 
carefully warned to take no part in such opposition, "lest haply they be 
found figiiting against God." 

5. Believing that the circumstances of our country are such as are 
contemplated in our constitution, which is as follows, Chap. XXXI, 
Sec. 5 : *' Synods and councils are to handle or conclude nothing but 
that which is ecclesiastical, and are not to intermeddle with civil 
afiairs, which concern the commonwealth, unless by way of humble pe- 
tition, in cases extraordinary," we recommend the people under our 
care to petition Congress for such legislation as shall secure, according 
to the preceding declarations, the rights of the colored race. Vol. II, p. 
166, 1805. [A dissent, with reasons, was entered against this action 
of the Assembly. Vol. II, p. 107, 1805.] 

XXVIII. EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE. 
The World's Evangelical Alliance. — Resolved, That while the 

Divine direction and blessing are devoutly desired for the Alliance, 
in common with every movement that has for its end the promotion of 
the well-being of men and the glory of God ; yet the General As- 
sembly does not deem it expedient or important that it make any 
appointment of delegates or representatives to attend it. Vol. Ill, p. 
525, 1873. 

XXXIX. EVANGELISTS. 
1. Unlicensed Students as Evangelists. — Resolved, 5. That 

. . . our Presbyteries be recommended to fully employ their un- 
licensed theological students in evangelistic work during their vaca- 
tions. Vol. VII, p. 460, 1890. 



EVANS' APPEAL. • 153 

2. Institute for Training Evangelists.— [The General Assembly 

— 1890 — appointed a committee on tlie subject of training members of 
the Church for evangelistic labor:] 

The committee reported ; and the Assembly adopted the following 
plan for evangelistic training: 

1. That a Bible Institute be held in some central locality for the 
benefit of such members of our Church as may desire to fit themselves 
for more effective Christian labor than they are at present able to ac- 
complish. 

2. That such Institute be held annually in the month of July or 
August, for a term of not less than two nor more tlian four weeks. 

3. That should such Institute prove successful, it be removed from 
year to year to different sections of the Church, that the largest number 
may enjoy its benefits; or that two or more Institutes be held in the 
same year. 

4. That the course of instruction embrace the following principal 
topics: (1) The English Bible; (2) The Plan of Salvation"; (3) The 
Distinctive Principles of our Church ; (4) Methods of Ciiristian Work. 

5. That a committee of three be apjiointed wlio shall have charge of 
this matter, designate the place of holding the Institute, select the 
teachers, and announce the opening of the term of study. Vol. VII, p. 
629, 1891. 

3. Training in the Seminaries for Evangelistic Work.— The 

General Assembly appointed a committee "to consider plans lor secur- 
ing additional training of students in the seminaries lor evangelistic 
■work, and report upon the same to the Synods having oversightof the 
seminaries and to the next General Assembly." Vol. VII, n. 653, 
1891. ' 1 , 

XL. EVANS' APPEAL. 

[The appeal of Rev. J. C. Evans from the decision of a commission 
of the Synod of Iowa, was referred to a commission consisting of eight 
ministers and seven elders, to meet at Monmouth, 111., on the second 
Tuesday of October, 1883, with full power to take up and try the case, 
and instructed to submit a full record of its ))roceedings and findings to 
the next General Assembly.] Vol. V, p. 721, 1883. 

In the matter of the appeal of Rev. J. C. Evans vs. The Synod of 
Iowa. 

In the above entitled cause the Committee on Judiciary respectfully 
report : 

That on June 21st. 1881, Julia E. J. Evans filed a Libel with the 
Presbytery of Omaha, accusing the Rev. J. C. Evans of dishonesty j 
that on March 29th, 1882, the Presbytery of Omaha declared the 
charges contained in said Libel inadmissible; that thereafter the com- 
plainant, Julia E. J. EvariS, prosecuted an appeal to the Synod of 
Iowa; that said Synod appointed a commission to try and issue the 
case ; that said commission of the Synod of Iowa, at a meeting thereof 
in Indianola, Iowa, on November 14, 1882, found tlie said the Rev. J. 
C. Evans guilty of the 1st, 2d, 3d and 4lh specifications in said Libel, 
and directed the " Presbytery of Omaha to suspend the said Rev. J. C. 
Evans from the Gospel Ministry and from the sealing ordinances of the 



]o4 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Cliurcli ;" tliat thereafter tlie said the Rev. J. C. Evans appealed from 
the finding of said commission to tlie General Assembly; that the 
Twenty-fifth General Assembly appointed a commission to try and issue 
the case. 

We further report that said commission appointed by the Twentvfifth 
General Assembly conducted all its proceedings according to the rules 
of this court ; and that said commission did not exceed its powers, and 
in October, 1883, adjudged "that the appeal be nut sustained." 

We therefore recommend that the judgment of said commission be 
confirmed, and that the records of its proceedings b(i entered upon and 
become part of the records of this court, and that the Presbytery of 
Omaha be directed to execute the judgment of the commission of the 
Synod of Iowa, upon receipt of a certified copy of the proceedings of 
this court in the cause. A'ol. VI, p. 1.3, 1881. [For proceedings of 
the above commission, see Vol. VI, p. 44, 1884.] 

XLI. FAMILY AVORSHir AND INSTRUCTION. 

Resolved, 5. That our people be exhorted to the regular observance 
of praise in family worsliip, and to increased regard for the sanctity of 
the Lord's day and to family instruction. Vol. V, p. 537, 1882. 

XLII. FINANCE. 

1. Standing Committee on Finance. — See Rules of Order. 

Resolved, C). Tiiat tlie following be adopted as a Standing Rule : 
All resolutions offered in tlie General Assemlily, and all propositions 
coming from others than Boards and Standing Committees, appropriat- 
ing money, shall first be referred to the Committee of Finance, to be 
examined, and their judgment reported before final action. Vol. V, p. 
358, 1881. 

2. Permanent Committee on Finance. — [The Committee on 

Benevolence rt'|)orteil :] 

Resolved, That the Assembly appoint annually a Permanent Com- 
mittee on Finance ; said committee to be understood to have advisory, 
and not executive powers; and request said committee to procure, or 
prepare, and have published, as soon as j^ossible, and in such form as 
may be most instructive, an appeal on behalf of systematic beneficence; 
and it shall he the duty of said Finance Committee to report to the As- 
sembly from time to time, such suggestions as may tend to perfect and 
develop our financial strength. Vol. V, p. 200, 1880. 

Resolved, 1. That this Assembly appoint a Permanent Committee on 
Finance, to consist of five persons, one, the cliairman, to continue for 
five years, one for four years, one for three years, one for two years, 
and the other for one year ; and that hereafter one shall be appointed 
each year to fill the vacancy made by the time of one expiring. 

2. It shall be the duty of this committee to keep in close correspond- 
ence with the Secretaries of the Boards of our Church, so as to keep 
themselves thoroughly informed in regard to the operations, wants and 
necessities of each Board. Vol. V, p. 302. 1881. [The committee 
was enlarged to consist of seven members. Vol. V, p. 540, 1882.] See 
Assembly Monthly. 



FINANCIAL AGENTS. 15.J 

[Upon the transfer of the Assembly Monthly to the Board of Publica- 
tion, the committee was discliarged with thanks "for the faithful man- 
ner in which their duties have been performed." Vol. VI, p. 37, 
1884.J 

3. A Better System of Finance. — [Sundry memorials were pre- 
sented to the Assembly, asking i'or a better system of finance. A com- 
mittee was appointed to prepare a system, with a view to the correction, 
or at least the mitigation, of the evils dejilored ; to publish a prelim- 
inary report for the consideration of the Presbyteries, and, in the light 
of their suggestions, to prepare a final report for the Assemblv. Vol. 
VII, p. 045'; 1891.] 

XLIII. FINANCIAL AGENTS. 

1. Election of Financial Agents. — Resolved, ;>. That the dele- 
gates from each Presbytery shall nominate, and tlie Assembly annually 
appoint, a membei- of each Presbvtery financial agent for the same. 
Vol. I, p. 117, 18G(>. 

Resolved. That the clerks of Presbyteries be instructed to furnish the 
principal clerk, previously to the meeting of the Assembly, with a list of 
nominations for financial agents and superintendents of missions, with 
their post-office address, and that the clerk be instructed to report this 
list to the General Assembly foi- confirmation. Vol. Ill, p. 28, 1869. 

2. Duties of Financial Agents. — Resolved, 5. That the delegates 
from each Presbytery shall nominate, and the Assembly annually ap- 
point, a member of each Presbytery financial agent for the same, who 
shall be the medium of correspondence between the Boards and the 
Presbyteries, and who shall be charged with the special duty of seeing 
to it that the will of the Assembly is fully carried out in each Presby- 
tery. Vol. I, p. 117, 1860. 

Resolved, 2. * * * That financial agents be prompt in reporting to 
their Presbyteries and publishing in the papers, the contributions they 
have received, as well as from what congi-egations, and that they for- 
ward the funds on hand to the various treasurers at least quarterly, and 
oftener, if possible; and that Presbyteries see to it that these agents per- 
form their duties promptly, and also that non-contributing congregation^ 
be called to account lor their neglect, and that pastors, .Sessions and 
people be urged to meet their obligations to sustain our benevolent work 
at home and abroad. Vol. IV, p. 320, 1876. 

It is submitted, that the financial agent is the Assembly's officer, and 
in order to define the duties of the position, the following is recom- 
mended : 

1. To seek the counsel and co-operation of Presbyteries, by laying 
before them the work to be done, and securing, as far as possible, such 
wise and judicious action as will enlist the Sessions and people in the 
work. 

2. To kee]i before Sessions and people, by correspondence and per- 
sonal intercourse, the workings and wants of the Boards. 

3. To endeavor to have each congregation adopt some efficient plan 
for raising the funds of the church, recognizing the fact, that pastors 
and Sessions are divinely constituted agencies to do this work in each 
conirresration. 



156 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

4. To call attention of Sessions to any remissness on the part of any 
congregation in their contribution to any of the funds. 

5. To report to each regular meeting of Presbytery the condition of 
the financial work in its several congregations. 

6. To secure general conferences on the work of the church in the 
hands of the several Boards. 

7. To have their accounts audited by the Presbyteries each year. 
Vol. IV, p. 452, 1877. 

1. In view of the many delinquencies reported, that all Financial 
Agents and Presbyteries be and they hereby are directed to urge upon 
all our people and congregations to make some contributions to each 
and all of the Boards of the church annually, and rej)ort annually to the 
Assembly on the subject, in the hope that the present number of delin- 
quent congregations and Presbyteries may annually grow less. Vol. V, 
p. 198, 1880. 

Resolved, That Financial Agents be urged to attend all meetings of 
Presbytery, as the Assembly's officers, and be diligent in the discharge 
of their duties as laid down bv former Assemblies. Vol. VI, p. 238, 
1885. Also ]). 432, 188G. 

3. Financial Agents to Apportion the Funds Among the 

Congregations. — Resolved, That the financial agents be directed at 
an early day to api)ortion the sum required from their Presbyteries 
among the congregations, settled and vacant, and urge upon them the 
great importance of complvinjr with the above requisitions. Vol. II, p. 
28, 1864. 

4. All Contributions to be Made Through the Financial 

Agents. — Resolved, That congregations or individuals, forwarding 
subscriptions to the various Boards, should do so through the financial 
agents to their respective Presbyteries, and that the treasurers of such 
Boards acknowledge the same as received from such Presbyteries. Vol. 
II, p. 162, 1865. 

Resolved, 10. That all the contributions of churches. Sabbath -schools 
and societies shall be made through the financial agents of Presby- 
teries. Vol. Ill, p. 535, 1873. 

Resolved, 6. That congregations be instructed to forward their con- 
tributions through the financial agents of the Presbyteries, and that 
the financial agents be instructed to report, when requested by the 
Board to do so, the amount contributed by each congregation. Vol. 
IV, p. 302, 1873. 

[The Missionary societies were exempted from this rule.] 

Resolved, 1. That the resolution [6, above,] directing that all contri- 
butions shall be made through financial agents of Presbyteries, is hereby 
changed so as no longer to apply to Missionary societies, and that the 
Assembly recommend that these societies make all their contributions 
for missionary purposes through tlieir own Presbyterial Treasurers, 
Vol. VII, p. 220, 1889. 

5. Financial Agents to Acknowledge the Moneys Received 

by Them. — Resolved, That it be the duty of the financial agents to 
acknowledge such subscriptions in the local papers of the church. Vol. 
II, p. 162, 1865. 

Resolved, 3. * * * * That financial agents be directed to ac- 



riNANCIAL AGENTS. 157 

knowledge, by publishing in detail all moneys received by them, and 
that it be no part of the duty of the General Treasurer to publish re- 
ceipts of funds. Vol. Ill, J). 416, 1872. 

Resolved, 2. * * * * Tiiat financial agents be prompt in re- 
porting to their Presbyteries, and publishing in the papers, the contri- 
butions they iiave received, as well as from what conf^ref^ations. Vol. 
IV, p. 320, 187G. 

G. Blanks for Financial KgQntS.— Resolved, 9. That blank forms 
be prepared by tiie Assembly for tiie use of financial agents in remitting 
moneys to the different treasurers of the Boards and other funds of the 
Church, with directions as to the manner of using the same. Vol. Ill, 
J). o3o, 1873. 

8. That the clerks of Assembly be authorized and directed to procure 
a uniform set of books and blanks for reports, for the use of financial 
agents and treasurers of tlie Boards : and that they are hereby author- 
ized to draw upon the Assembly's Treasurer for the amount of the bill. 
Vol. V, p. 19'J, 1880. 

7. Persons to Co-operate With Financial Ag&nX^.— Resolved, 

3, That the Committee on Ways and Means be empowered to secure in 
every Presbytery the help of one or more persons, specially interested 
in bringing before the people of all our congregations the claims and 
needs of the general work of the Church, who shall advise and co-oper- 
ate with tlie financial agent in his work. Vol. VII, p. C41, 1891. 

8. A General Financial Agent for the Whole Church.— 

Resolved, That a committee of three be apjjointed to consider the sub- 
ject of appointing a general treasurer and financial agent for the entire 
church, and that they recommend a suitable person for this office, and 
report to the next General Assembly. Vol. II, p. 418, 18G7. [This 
committee presented a report, recommending the appointment of a gen- 
eral financial agent. This report was before several Assemblies, when 
it was overtured and rejected by the following vote: ayes, 208; nays, 
24o; not voting, 21. Vol. Ill, p. 150, 1870.] 

[Resolutions for the appointment of a general financial agent were 
introduced into the Assembly of 1875, Vol. IV, p. 189, and" were re- 
ferred to the next Assembly, when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, That the appointment of a general financial agent, as con- 
templated in the paper assigned to us, be postponed for the present. 
Vol. IV, p. 320, 187G. 

[Sundry memorials were presented asking the Assembly to appoint a 
general financial agent. The following action was taken:] 

1. That a committee be ai){)ointed to prepare, in the use of such time 
and study of facts, and careful deliberation, as the work needs and its 
great importance merits, a system of finance, with a view to the correc- 
tion, or at least to the mitigation of the evils deplored; that said com- 
mittee shall consist of [seven persons], with the Corresponding Secretaries 
of the Boards as advisory members; and that said committee be directed 
to publish first draft of its scheme in the Church papers on or before 
October 1, next. 

2. That the Presbyteries of the Church be directed to consider the 
scheme of finance, which the said committee may thus propose, and on 
or before February 1, 1892, report to the committee their views with 



158 DIGEST OK THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

reference to it, and any amendments tliey may think expedient, with 
their reasons for suggesting such amendments. 

3. That tlie committee carefully consider the views expressed by 
the Presbyteries, and the amendments proposed; and then revise and 
complete their scheme by the incorporation in it of such clianges as may 
seem to be expedient, in the light shed upon all parts of the subject by 
the advices from the Presbyteries. 

4. That the committee publish in the papers of the Church, about May 
1, 1892, their scheme of hnancial management, as thus completed; and 
finally, that tliey present it to the next As'^embly for action thereon. 

5. That to this committee be referred the various memorials on this 
subject now bei'ore the Assembly, including the memorial asking that 
the contributions of "Women's ^Missionary Societies be forwarded through 
the financial agents of the Presbyteries. Vol. VII, p. G4.3, IH'Jl. 

xLiv. forp:ign missions, board of. 

1. Charter Cf the Baard of Missions. — [Granted by the Legis- 
lature ot Pennsylvania, approved by the Governor, April 12, 18G6, and 
accepted by the General Assembly, Vol. II, p. 302, 186G.] 

Whereas, The General Assembly of the United Presbyterian 
Church of North America have a Board of Foreign Missions com- 
posed of ministers and laymen, members of the said Church, the design 
of which is tiie establishing and conducting Christian missions among 
the unevangelized or pagan nations, and the general diffusion of Chris- 
tianity ; and, 

Whereas, The aforesaid Board of Foreign Missions labors under 
serious disadvantages as to receiving donations and bequests, and as to 
the management of funds entrusted to them for the purposes designated 
in their constitution, and in accordance with tlie benevolent intentions 
of those from whom such bequests and donations are received ; there- 
fore, 

Section 1, Be it enacted, &c., That James Prestley, John B. Dales, 
Francis Church, Thomas II. Hanna, Samuel C. Huey, Wm. Getty, 
Thomas Stinson and William W. Barr, citizens of the United States, 
and of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and their successors, are 
hereby constituted and declared to be a body politic and corporate, 
which shall henceforth be known by the name of the Board of Foreign 
Missions of the United Presbyterian Church of North America, and as 
such shall have perpetual succession, and be able to sue and be sued in 
all courts of record and elsewhere, and to purchase and receive, take 
and hold to them and theirsuccessors forever, lands, tenements, here- 
ditaments, money, goods and chattels, and all kinds of estate which may 
be devised, bequeathed or given to them, and the same to sell, alien, 
demise and convey, also to make and use a common seal, and the same 
to alter and renew at their pleasure, and also to make such rules, by- 
laws and ordinances as may be needful for the government of the said 
corporation, and not inconsistent with the constitution and laws of the 
United States and of this State. Provided always, that the clear and 
annual income of the real and personal estate held by this corporation 
shall not at any time exceed the sum of twenty thousand dollars. The 



KOKEIGN MISSIONS, HOARD OF. 150 

corporation of persons above named shall hold their offices for three 
years from the date of this act, and until their successors are duly qual- 
ified to take their places, who shall be chosen at such times and in such 
way and manner as shall be prescribed by the said General Assembly of 
the United Presbyterian Church of North America. The said Board 
liereliy incorporated and their successors shall be subject to the direc- 
tion of said General Assembly of the United Presl)yterian Church of 
North America, have full power to manage the funds and property 
committed to their care in such manner as shall Le most advantageous, 
not being conti'ary to law. 

2. Constitution of the Board of Foreign Missions. — [A con- 
stitution toi- the iJoard of Foreign Missions was adopted. Vol. I, p. 45, 
185'J, but it was sujierseded by the general constitution of the Boards, 
and the following new constitution :] 

1. This Board shall be styled " The Board of Foreign Missions of 
the United Presbyterian Cliurch of North America," and shall be lo- 
cated in the city of Pliiladelphia. 

2. To this Board shall be entrusted, under the direction and control 
of the Assembly, the superintendence of the Foreign Missionary opera- 
tions of the church. To this Board shall belong the duty, though not 
the exclusive right, of nominating to the Assembly missionaries and 
agents, and of designating fields of labor. They shall also receive re- 
ports of the corresponding secretary, and give him needful direction, 
prepare, for the Assembly, estimates of all appropriations and expendi- 
tures of money, and take such action as may be necessary to secure the 
efficient and successful prosecution of the work committed to their care. 
Vol. IV, p. 23, 1874. 

3. Regulations of the Board of Foreign Missions. — [Approved 

by the General Assembh', A'ol. 1, ]>. 227, IbGl]. 

1. Every application to be recommended to the General Assembly, 
for an appointment to be a missionary in the foreign field, shall be given 
in to the Board at the earliest time convenient, that thus there may be 
an opportunity fur making all profier inquiries in regard to it. This 
application shall be presented in writing, briefly stating the applicant's 
age, habits, education, previous employment, the length of time he has 
been a professor of religion, his motives and reasons lor desiring to en- 
gage in the missionary service, the field of labor he prefers, the state of 
his health, his purpose or position in reference to marriage, and the 
probabilities of his permanent continuance in the mission work if ap- 
pointed and sent out. 

2. No student, licentiate or minister shall be recommended by this 
Board for an appointment who cannot give written testimonials from 
persons who have known him, in reference to his character and supposed 
fitness for the missionary service, and who has not also been specially 
recommended as possessing suitable qualifications by the Presbytery to 
which he belongs. It is also very desirable, if at all possible, that the 
Board shall have a personal interview or acquaintance with him. 

3. In no case shall the Board be held liable for debts of the candidate, 
contracted previously to his appointment, nor for any after it, unless 
they were authorized by the Board; and while his wishes in regard to 
his field of labor are to be carefully consulted, he is to hold himself at 



160 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

tlie direction of the Board, as the necessities of the whole field, or the 
emergencies of any particular part of it, may require. 

4. After iiis appointment the candidate is to keep the Board informed 
of his Post Office address, and wliile the whole matter of his ordination 
is left to the Presbytery, yet it is recommended that it be attended to at 
an early day, so that tliere may be no distraction or delay in his depar- 
ture on account of it — and also that it be at such time and place, if cir- 
cumstances will allow, as will best subserve the interests of the cause of 
missions. 

5. Every married missionary shall be allowed at least $400, from the 
mission funds, for an outfit, and every unmarried missionary $200, to- 
gether with all the expenses in each case, of traveling under the direc- 
tion of the Board, and of the passage from their home to the field of 
labor. The regular salary shall commence with the day of arriving in 
the field of labor. 

6. In all cases, apparatus, surgical instruments, books and durable 
property of any kind, which have been purchased by special grants of 
the Board, for any mission, shall be used and returned to the mission, 
as belonging to it, under the direction of the Board. 

7. On reaching tiie field of labor, the missionary shall see that com- 
munications from himself or from the mission are forwarded to the 
Board once in three months. In no case shall he engage in compensa- 
tory services outside of the regular mission work, without the consent 
of his brethren in the mission, subject to the review of the Board, and 
in case he is alone, he shall not so engage without the consent of the 
Board. 

8. It is understood that in all ordinary and minor matters, the mis- 
sionaries of the ibreign stations shall have much discretionary power — 
but inasmuch as even from the best of motives, and by the best of men, 
works might be projected and entered on, which the Board would not 
have the means of sustaining — which neither it nor the Church at 
large would apf)rove — and which migiit result in serious difficulties, and 
perhaps disasters ; it is hereby declared that no new mission shall be 
formed, no new station shall be taken up, no real estate shall be pur- 
chased at the expense of the Board, no money belonging to the Board 
shall be loaned or invested, and no new and heavy expenses shall be in- 
curred, without the knowledge and consent of the Board. 

9. If any missionary shall have a desire or a necessity, on account of 
ill iiealth, or from any other cause, to return to this country, he shall, in 
all cases that are practicable, request permission from the Board, the 
request being accompanied by a statement of the reasons for it, and by 
the opinion also of the members of the mission in regard to it. If the 
time and urgency of the case render it impracticable for him to obtain 
this permission, he must then obtain the consent of his brethren in the 
mission, and this consent shall be subject to the review of the Board. 

10. In all cases, unless otherwise expressly provided for, the salary 
of the missionary shall cease with his leaving his field — his traveling ex- 
penses shall be defrayed by the Board — and on his arrival in this coun- 
try, his salary may be resumed, if it is judged best by the Board, at 
half the previous rate for six months or one year, when, if he shall not 
return to his fi^ld, it shall entirely cease. All his traveling expenses 



FOREIGN MISSIONS, BOARD OF. 161 

under the direction of the Board, after his return, shall be paid out of 
the treasury oi the Board. 

11. Every mission sliall have, if practicable, a treasurer or financial 
agent, who shall keep the accounts, make out for the Board an annual 
report of the expenses, receipts, estimates, and an inventory of the 
property of the mission, receive the appropriations of the Board and 
distribute them to the members of the mission, according to the rates or 
salaries hxed by the Boanl. The financial year of every missionary 
shall begin Mith the hrst of January, and the financial report, estimates, 
^c„ (5cc., shall be forwarded to the Board so as to be received by the 
first of April in eacii year. No missionary shall draw any draft on the 
Ireasurer of the Foreign Missionary Fund witnout being authorized by 
tlie Board. ^ 

12^ An annual report shall be prepared in each mission, and sent to 
tiie Board b^y the first of April, to be incorporated with the annual re- 
port of the Board to tlie General Assembly. 

4. A Manual of Instructions for Missionaries.-i^.«o/^;erf, 4, 

Ihat the Board be directed to prepare and publish for missionary use 
such a manual of instructions and directions as their work demands 
Vol. V, p. o29, 1882. 

4. That the Assembly approve of the Manual that has been pub- 
lished, and direct tiiat it shall be put into the hands of all our mission- 
aries and those under appointment for the foreign work, and that its 
instructions and suggestions be earnestly carried out. Vol. V p. 730 
1883. ' r > 

5 Outfits, Salaries and Allowances of Foreign Missionaries. 

— [Ihe salaries and allowances of foreign missionaries were as follows- 
T r"" "jronn^.'^'f '«"^'T: Outfit, $oOU ; salary, $1,200 in Egypt and 
India, «>1,000 in Syria and China; for each child under ten year^ five 
per cent, of salary ; from ten to eighteen years, ten per cent., and a fair 
allmyance for house rent. For unmarried men : Outfit, S300 ; salary, 
$800 eacl^ except in Syria and China, $700 each. For unmarried 
women : Outfit $2()0 ; salary, in India and Egypt, $.300 each, and $450 
elsewhere. Vol. IV, p. 51, 1874. The salaries of missionaries in Cairo 
and Alexandria were advanced to $1,400 each for men and $550 for 
women. \ol, I\, p. 180, 1875. 

Resolved, G. That the Board be instructed to inquire further into the 
financial slate of our Missions, and make such modifications or chan<res 
in regard to the salaries, general expenses, etc., as the circumstances'ia 
the difierent cases may show to be desirable or necessary. Vol V d 
353, 1881. " ' ^' 

X ^Zt'ff: \- '^'"'^ J'ereafter the outfit for a married missionary shall 
be !i.300.00 ; for an unmarried male missionary, $150.00 ; and for a sin- 
gle female missionary, $100.00. 

2. That in addition to a house which shall be provided by the Board, 
the salaries of missionaries in the field shall be as follows : In E-ypt 
each married missionary shall receive, annually, $1,400.00; each Sv'le 
male missionary, $900.00; and each single female missionary, $550.00. 

;.n^''^"'' "^'"•'■'*^^ missionary, $1,200.00; each single male mis- 
sionary, $900.00; and each single female missionary, $500.00 

3. That for each child under the age of 18 years, in mission fami- 



162 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

ilies, $100.00 shall be paid annually, this rule applying to children in 
the field, in this country, or elsewhere. 

4. That no allowance sliall be made to missionaries for physicians' 
fees, except in extraordinary oases, which must be reported to the 
Board for action ; and no allowance shall be made for traveling ex- 
pense-, except where the missionaries are actually engaged in mission 
work, or in going to the sanitariums for the health of themselves or 
families. Vol. Y, pp. 529, o47, 1882. 

Resolved, Tliat in the judgment of the Assembly, no contract exists 
between tiie Board and a missionary in the foreign field which abso- 
lutely forbids it to make any change in the regulations in reference to 
salaries and allowances during his absence in the field ; but that care 
should be taken that such change work as little hardship as possible to 
the missionary. Vol. V, p. 731, 1883. 

6. Return of Foreign Missionaries. — Resolved, 2. That in the 

judgment of this Assembly missionaries laboring in foreign lands, and 
especially in warm climates, should return to their native land at inter- 
vals of about five years, to invigorate their health, and thus prolong 
their lives and usefulness, and otherwise advance the mission work. 
Vol. II, p. 1.37, 180.'). [This action was rescinded. Vol. II, p. 416, 
1867. Tlie "IManual" approved by the General Assembly, Vol. V, 
p. 730, 1883, says: The question of the return of a missionary must be 
determined in each case on its own merits . . . In no case will the 
Board feel free to sanction the return of any one who has not been at 
least ten years in the field, unless the requirements of health, or other 
providential interposition, shall plainly make in their duty so to do.] 

7. Salaries of Returned Foreign Missionaries. — See Regulation 
10. 

[The Board was authorized to continue to returned missionaries, in 
case of continued disability, the usual salary during the first six months 
after their return. Vol. II, p. 302, 186G. The Board was directed to 
pay missionaries, in all ordinary cases, at the rate of half salary in gold, 
while necessarily absent from the field of labor. Vol. II, p. 498, 1868. 

The action of 1806 and 1808 was rescinded, and regulation 10 was 
amended by substituting, "not more than twt) years," for "six months 
or one year." Vol. Ill, p. 19, 1809. The salaries of missionaries 
temporarily absent from their fields of labor were fixed as follows: Mis- 
sionaries with families at the rate of $1,000 a year, with no allowance 
for children ; single male missionaries, $500, and female missionaries 
$350, provided that these allowances shall not extend beyond one year, 
except at the discretion of the Board. Vol. IV, pp. 305, 327, 1876.] 

8. Allowance to Widows of Foreign Missionaries. — Resolved, 

12. That the Board of Foreign Missions be instructed to pay to the 
widows of missionaries who 1 ave died, or may die, in the service of the 
Board, the sum of $20 a month, during their widowhood. Vol. II, p. 
157, 1805. [The widow of a missionary, who has died in the service 
of the Board, if she be without children, may be employed as a sin- 
gle female missionary, provided she has the necessary qualifications. 
Manual.] 

9. Allowance to the Children of Foreign Missionaries Sent 

to This Country. — Resolved, 13. That the sum of $100 be paid an- 



FOREIGN MISSIONS, BOARD OF. ] G3 

nuallj for the support of each of the children of our missionaries wlio 
have b(.en returned to tliis country to obtain an education, and that 
they be provided with tuition free in any college under the care of the 
United Presbyterian Church. Vol. IIJ, p. 19, 18G9. [This allowance 
was fixed at the uniform rate of $lo() a year for children under eio-h- 
teen years ot age, and whose parents are not in this country. Vol. fv, 
pp^oO.*, 327, 1870. It was changed to SlOO a year. Vol. V, pp, 529' 

10. The Training- of Native Missionaries.— T^^'so/j-e^/, 8. That 

in view ot tiie comparatively short lite of American missionaries in 
heatlien countries, and the frequent necessity of returnincr borne to re- 
cruit their strengtl) ; and in view of the length of time and the ^reat 
abor necessary to acquire the use of the difficult lan-^ua^es of most 
heathen countries; and in view of the great disadvantage which a for- 
eigner must always experience in commanding the popular mind of any 
people when he has to address them as a foreigner ; and in view of the 
vastly greater expense of sustaining the work by exporting the laborers 
at such disadvantages, and at such great distances from the bases of 
supply and management, we recommend to our Board that the idea 
should be constantly kept in view, that the present system of conductin^r 
foreign missions should be regarded as introductory to the more perma- 
nent and efficient system by which the work will be mainly carried for- 
ward by native teachers and missionaries from home sources of support • 
therefore, we recommend to the Board to give special attention to the 
raising up of native teachers and ministers, and thus layin-^ deeply and 
broadly such foundations as may secure efficient native laborers, and in 
due time make the respective institutions self-sustainin^. Vol. II n 
498, 1808. ° ' ^* 

On the subject of training a native ministry, referred by the Board to 
the Assembly, the Committee on Foreign" Missions recommend the 
adoption of the following: 

liesolvech 1. That it is the judgment of this Assembly that this is 
necessary to the final success of the missionary cause, and that they 
hereby instruct all their missionaries in the foreign field to <r\xe special 
attention to this part of the work; and that they also direct" the Board 
to encourage and co-operate with missionaries in carrvin'^ out this in- 
struction ; assuring both the Board and missionaries of ?he sympathy 
and hearty co-operation of the Assembly. 

2. 'J'hat this Assembly heartily approves of the action of our mission- 
aries in Kgypt, 111 establishing and conducting a literary and theoloc'ical 
institute ior this purpose ; and should the Board, on consultation with 
the 1 resbytery of Egypt, deem it necessary to the wants of the mission 
to establish an additional institute, they are instructed to do so, the lo- 
cation and management to be under the direction of the Presbytery. 
The Assembly also directs the Board, if on consultation with the breth- 
ren in Syria they deem it necessary, to establish a similar institute in 
Damascus, or wherever they may deem it best, its management to be 
under the direction of the mission. 

3. That the Board be directed when they shall have ascertained 
what means are necessary in books, apparatus or monev, and shall 
have secured competent person or persons to take charge of these insti- 



364 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

tutions, then to bring the whole matter before the Church, and make a 
special appeal to our people, urging the great importance of this work, 
^nd its demands upon their liberality and their prayers. 

This direction is to be understood as extending to all our foreign mis- 
sions. Vol. Ill, p. 413, 1872. 

Resolved, 7. That the Assembly approves the establishing of a train- 
ing college and mission seminary at Osiout, and that $2,500 be devoted 
to the building fund of the college, out of the appropriation for Egypt 
ioT this year. Vol. IV, p. 35, 1874. 

Hesolved, 11. That the Assembly heartily approves of the proposal 
to establish a theological seminary in India tor the training of a native 
.ministry, and that the Presbytery of Sialkot be encouraged to establish 
the same as soon as in their judgment it may be deemed proper, and 
the money at their disposal will warrant ; but in the present state of 
the treasury of the Board, it is not deemed advisable to appoint any ad- 
ditional laLorers for that field, or become responsible for any expense 
;additional to the present estimates. Vol, IV, p. 305, 1876. 

11. The Education of Native Women. — Boarding Schools for 

girls were established at Asyoot and Cairo in Egypt. The Girls* 
Training Institute at Sialkot, India, was commended to the churches 
for special contribution, '* with an earnest view of raising up the women 
in our ditferent fields to their proper slate." Vol. V, p. 730, 1883. 

12. China Mission.— See Chinese Mission. 

13. S3nria Mission. — [On memorials from the Synod of Illinois and 
•from the Presbytery of Frankfort, asking for the consolidation of the 
foreign missions ol the church, it was] 

Resolved, 4. That the Board is hereby instructed to make, as soon as 
practicable, such arrangements with the Irish Presbyterian Church as 
•shall relieve us of all responsibility with regard to the Syrian mission. 
Vol. IV, p. 444, 1877. 

[By tiie terms of the agreement with the Presbyterian Church of 
Ireland, which had joint charge of the mission and an equal ownership 
in the property, either party withdrawing would leave the other in pos- 
session of all the property, and in entire ownership and charge of the 
mission. The mission was transferred to the Church of Ireland, "with 
a right for us to return and resume labors with them in it, if at any 
time hereafter it shall be deemed best." The buildings in Bludan were 
the exclusive property of the United Presbyterian Church, and were 
sold to the Church of Ireland. Vol. IV, p. 598, 1878.] 

Resolved, 7. That the Board be, and hereby is, directed to place the 
proceeds resulting from the sale of the Bludan property in Syria, to- 
gether with tiie stock of the Merchants and Manufacturers' Bank, 
Pittsburgh, to tlie credit of the investment fund. Vol. IV, p. 577, 
1878. 

14. Women's Foreign Missionary Societies. — Resolved, lO. 

That it is the judgment of this General Assembly that the great de- 
mand for female laborers, in view of the condition of their sex in foreign 
lands, requires that the women of the United Presbyterian Church take 
a deeper interest in this important department of the foreign work, and 
■exert themselves in order to sustain the female missionaries now in the 
field, and to increase the number and secure the support of additional 
female laborers. Vol. Ill, p. 407, 1872. 



FOREIGN MISSIONS, BOARD OF. 1 6ff 

Resolved, 9. That the ■women of our cliurch at large be urged to make 
special efibrts in behalf of these schools, [suitable boarding schools for 
girls], and in the Zenana work or work which Christian women may 
do, in visiting and endeavoring to teach and evangelize heathen women, 
in the seclusion and privacy of their homes. Vol. IV, p. 3G, 1874. 

Resolved, 6. That, as in all our missions, the Board is ui-ging the 
missionaries to encourage and carry on, as far as may be possil)le, and 
in the best ways jn-acticable, the work of educating and evangelizing 
heatlien women, the Assembly urge the women in all our churches to> 
make individual contributions for this purpose, or organize and carry on 
societies for it, that the Board niiiy have in its general fund tlie means? 
of more and more thoroughly and usefully performing this in common 
with the oilier parts of our great work, and we rejoice to know that 
quite a number of our churches have formed such societies with gratify- 
ing results. Vol. IV, p. 182, 187;'). 

Resolved, 4. That in order to secure unity of purpose and action in 
all our operations, the Assembly direct that no work in behalf of the 
foreign mission cause be undertaken l)y women's missionary societies, 
or by any otlier society, apart from and independent of the Board of 
Foreign Missions, and that such work shall be taken up only when 
asked for by tlie missions in the foreign field, and sanctioned by the 
Board. Vol. IV, p. r)77, 1878. 

IG. Missionary Associations. — [An association of the members of 
the mission in Egypt, lor all business outside of Presliyterial matters, 
was formed, and its constitution was approved by the Assembly. Vol. 
Ill, pp. 140, 175, 179, 1870. For Constitution of the Association, see 
Vol. Ill, p. 180, 1870. A similar association was formed in connec- 
tion with the India Mission, but its constitution is not given in the 
Minutes of the General Assembly.] 

Resolved, G. Tiiat the rules of the Manual be so amended as to allow^ 
the female missionaries, who assume all the responsibilities of mission- 
aries, to sit as members in the Missionary Associations, to advise and 
to vote in all matters |)ertaining to their work. Vol. VII, p. 427,. 
1890. 

10. That Missionary Associations in the foreign field be earnestly re- 
minded that the Board of Foreign Missions is the appointed agency of 
the Cliurch for carrying on the work, and that all their communications, 
with the Church at home, in the intei-est of the work, should be con- 
ducted with a full recognition of tiie authority of the Board. Vol. VII, 
p. 633, 1891. 

17. Special Work. — Resolved, 4. Tliat the Assembly has heard 
with intei-est tlie special work that has been undertaken, liy congrega- 
tions and individuals, to send out and support new missionaries. Vol. 
VII, p. 219, 1889. 

8. That while there are some dangers and disadvantages in the send- 
ing out of special missionaries by congregations, societies, or individuals 
assuming their support ior a term of years, yet it is the judgment of 
the Assemlily that an interest is aroused in mission work by this rnetliod,„ 
and an amount of money contributed for its sujiport, whicli could not 
otherwise be secured. \o\. VII, p. G3.'], 1891. 

lo. The Medical Work Transferred to the Women's Auxili- 



166 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

ary Boaird. — [The Board of Foreign Missions reported that it had 
handed over to the Women's Auxiliary Board the work of establishing 
a hospital in connection with the mission in India. Vol. VII, p. 41, 
1888.] 

Resolved, 2. That . . the Board of Foreign Missions be directed to 
give the management of the medical work into the hands of the 
Women's Board, in so far as it extends to the nomination of the medi- 
cal missionaries, and to all the details in carrying on the medical work 
in hospitals and elsewhere, and that the Women's Board be directed to 
report annually to the Assembly. Vol. VII, p. 220, 1889. [A com- 
mittee appointed by the Assembly of 1890, reported regulations govern- 
ing this work, Vol. VII, p. 73G, 1891, but no action was taken on 
them.] 

18. A Monthly Publication to be Issued by the Board of 

Foreign Missions. — liesolved^ 4. That the Board be authorized and 
recommended to issue a monthly missionary publication in a cheap form 
for general circulation through the church. Vol. I, p. 118, 1860. 

Resolved, 4. That the missionary paper proposed to be published by 
the Board of Foreign Missions be recommended to the pastors and peo- 
ple of the United Presbyterian Cliurch. Vol. I, p. 227, 1861. 

Resolved, 5. That for the purpose of disseminating information on the 
subject of our foreign missions, the Board * * be directed to in- 
quiie into the expediency and practicability of establishing and publish- 
ing monthly a missionary paper to be devoted principally to giving in- 
formation on the subject of our missions, home and foreign. Vol. Ill, 
p. 407, 1872. 

1 9. An Itemized Statement of Expenses to be Given by the 

Board. — Resolved, 8. That an itemized statement of all expenditures 
and investments of funds intrusted to the Board, and its liabilities, be 
made hereafter to the Assembly. Vol. VI. p. 440, 1886. 

20. Mission to the Upper Nile. — The American Missionary As- 
sociation tendered to the Board of Foreign Missions $20,000 to com- 
mence a mission in the regions towards Central Africa, or, more espec- 
ially, along the Upper Kile. The Board was instructed to examine the 
wisdom of establishing such a mission, with authority to undertake the 
woik, if the way be clear, and appeal to the Church for the men and 
the nioney necessary for its prosecution. Vol. V, p. 730, 1883. The 
Board reported that it had found the work impracticable and had de- 
clined tl>e proposition. Vol. VI, p. 53, 1884. 

21. The Gibson Trust Fund. — [Dr. William Gibson of James- 
town, Pa., about the year 1875, by deed conveyed to the Board of 
Foreign Missions certain properties in P>ie, Pa., the income of which 
is to be used, under the direction of the Board, for " the circulation of 
the holy Scriptures in Arab-speaking countries." By the conditions of 
the trust, tliis fund must be kept separate, and be known as " The Gib- 
son Trust Fund." A report of the fund is made to each General As- 
sembly. Vol. V, p. 204, 1880; p. 373, 1881.] 



FREEDMEN, BOARD OF MISSIONS TO THE. 167 

XLV. FREEDMEN, BOARD OF MISSIONS TO THE. 
1. Charter of the Board of Missions to the Freedmen.— 

f Granted liy tlie Legislature of Pennsylvania, approved by the Gov- 
ernor, Marcli 25, 1868, accepted and adopted by the Assembly, Vol. II, 
p. 509, 1868.] 

Section i. Be it enacted, &c., that John B. Clark, C. A. Dickey, 
A. Calhoun, Wm. J. Reid, S. B. Reed, W. H. Andrew, John Dean, 
James Mitchell, James Patterson, and their successors, duly chosen, as 
liereinafter specified, are hereby created a body politic and corporate in 
deed and in law, by the name, style and title of. The Board of Missions 
to the Freedmen of the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian 
Church of North America. 

Sec. II. Tliat the said corporation by that name shall have and enjoy 
perpetual succession, and be able to sue and be sued, plead and be im- 
pleaded, in all courts of law and elsewhere, and shall be able and capa- 
ble in law and equity to take, purchase, hold and receive to them and 
their successors any lands, tenements, goods, chattels, sum or sums of 
money, which are now, or shall, or may at any time hereafter, become 
the property of said corporation by purchase, gift, grant, bargain, sale, 
conveyance, devise, bequest, or otherwise, from any person or persons 
whon)soever, and the same to grant, bargain, sell, mortgage, improve or 
dispose of for the use and benefit of the said corporation or body politic, 
and in general to do all things which may be lawful and necessary for 
the well being and proper management of the said corporation ; Pro- 
vided, that the net yearly income from the real state of said corporation 
shall not exceed three thousand dollars. 

Sec. III. Tiiat the said corporation shall have power to make and 
use a common and corporate seal, and to alter, destroy and renew the 
same at pleasure ; and to make such by-laws, rules and regulations as 
shall be necessary for the government of the said corporation, and fer 
the management and safe-keeping of the funds and other property 
thereto belonging, and their appropriation and use in accordance with 
the intent and jjurposes of its institution: Provided, that no by-law, 
rule or regulation as aforesaid shall be valid, if inconsistent with the 
constitution and laws of this Commonwealth, the constitution and laws 
of the United States, or the discipline of the United Presbyterian 
Church of North America. 

Sec. IV. That the object of the said corporation shall be to educate 
the freedmen of the South in secular and religious knowledge, by estab- 
lishing and supporting schools and churches amongst them, and by such 
other means as are appropriate to missionary operations. 

Sec. v. That tlie members of the said corporation shall be such as 
the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church of North 
America shall choose and appoint, and shall consist of nine persons, 
wiio shall be divided into three classes, as at present constituted, three 
persons being in each class, whose term of membership shall be three 
years, so that one class of three persons shall be annually appointed, and 
one class of three persons shall annually go out. 

Sec. VI. That the officers of said corporation shall be a president, 
vice-president, secretary and treasurer, wiio shall remain in office during 



168 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

a term of one year, or until their successors are duly elected and quali- 
fied, and sliall be chosen by the corporation from its own membersliip, 
on the first Tuesday of July of each and every year; and that until an 
election shall be had under tiiis act, William J. Reid shall be Presi- 
dent, S. B. Reed, A'ice-president, John B. Clark, Secretary, and John 
Dean, Treasurer, of the said corporation. 

Sec. VII. That no misnomer of said corporation or their successors 
shall defeat or annul any jzitt, grant, devise or bequest, to or from 
said corporation; Provided, that the intent of the party or parties shall 
sufficiently appear upon the face of the sift, grant, will, or other writ- 
ing, whereby any estate or interest was intended to pass to or from the 
said cory)oration. 

2. Constitution of the Board of Missions to the Freedmen. — 

[A constitution lor the Board of Missions to the Freedmen was adopted, 
Vol. I, p. 498, 1803, but it was superseded by the general constitution 
of the Boards, and the following new constitution:] 

I. This Board shall be styled " The Board of Missions to the Freed- 
men of the United Presbytei'ian Church of North America," and shall 
be located in the city of Pittsburg. 

II. To this Board shall be entrusted, under the direction and control 
of the General Assembly, the direction and oversight of Missions to the 
Freedmen. They shall iiave the right to select and recommend fields 
of labor; appoint missionai-ies and teachers; prepare, for the Assembly, 
estimates of all ai)propriations and expenditures of money, and take all 
action that may be necessary to secure the successful prosecution of the 
•work committed to their care. Vol. IV. p. 23, 1874. 

3. Regulations of the Board of Missions to the Freedmen. — 

[No regulations ior the government of this Board have been adopted by 
the Assembly.] 

4. History of the Board of Missions to the Freedmen.— [Mis- 
sions among the freedmen were carried on under tiie direction of several 
Presbyteries previous to 18G3, when the Board of Missions to the Freed- 
men was organized. With a view of transferring the work of this Board 
to other Boards of the church, the following action was taken:] 

Resolved, 2. Tliat the school work in the literary department be dis- 
continued at the end of the present jear. 

3. That the congregations at Nashville and Vicksburg be placed under 
the care of the Presbytery of Tennessee, and referred to the executive 
committee of the Board of Home Missions for aid, to whatever amount 
may be necessary to support the pastors of tiiese congregations. 

4. That the Board of Freedmen's Missions be directed to deed their 
property at Nashville, Vicksburg and Leavenworth to the Board of 
Church Extension, and transfer any funds tiiat may be in their hands 
to the Board of Home Missions. 

5. That they be directed to make careful inquiry for young men of 
piety and talent in these missions, having the gospel ministry in view, 
and needing aid, and have these placed under the care of the Board of 
Education. 

6. That the Board of Freedmen's Missions be directed to settle their 
business, if possible, by the end of the year, and as soon as their busi- 
ness is settled, discontinue their organization. Vol. Ill, p. 388, 1872. 



FREEDMEN, BOARD OF MISSIONS TO THE. 169 

[The next Assembly continued tlie Board by the following action :] 

Resolved, 4. That the Board of Freedmen's Missions be continued as 
ore of the regular Boards of the church, and that said Board have a 
general supervision over our educational enterprises among tiie freed- 
men. Vol. Ill, p. 530, 1873. 

[A resolution to consolidate the Boards of Freedmen's Missions and 
of Home Missions was introduced into the Assembly of 1874, but it 
was negatived. Vol. IV, p. 18, 1874. A plan for consolidating the 
Boards of Freedmen's Missions, Home Missions and Ctmich P^xtension 
was overtured to the Presbyteries. Vol. IV, ]). 570, 1878. 

The vote on this overture was : Ayes, 97 ; nays, 543 ; not voting, 
36.] 

Resolved, That these Boards be not consolidated. Vol. V, p. 23, 
1879. 

5. A Normal School Among- the Freedmen.— Resolved, 4, That 

the Assembly regards with special favor the erection of a normal school, 
in which individuals may be trained up for missionaries and teachers 
among the peo{)le of their own color; and that it be left with the Board 
to adopt such measures as to tiiem may seem best for the accomplish- 
ment of this object. Vol. II, p. 154, 1865. 

Resolved, 4. Tliat tiiis Asseml)ly do endorse the resolution of the last 
Assembly and the late report of the Board in recommending tlie erec- 
tion of a normal school for the pur])nse of qualifying freedmen for mis- 
sionaries and teachers. Vol. II, p. 310, 1866, 

Resolved, 4. That the Board W instructed, as soon as the necessary 
funds can be obtained, to establish at such a_place in the South as it 
may deem most advisable, a normal school for the training of colored 
teachers. Vol. Ill, p. 13, 1869. 

Resolved, 3. That we recommend the Board to proceed, as soon as 
may be, with the establishment of a normal school somewhere in the 
South, and that they be authorized to draw upon the Church for the 
funds necessary for this purpose. Vol. Ill, p. 156, 1870. 

Resolved, 1. That the Board be urged to secure funds and establish a 
normal school as soon as possible. Vol. Ill, p. 275, 1871. 

Resolved, 1. That all efforts to establish a normal school among the 
freedmen be discontinued. Vol. Ill, p. 388, 1872. 

Resolved, 1. That the matter of establishing a normal school among 
the freedmen of the South be referred to the Board of Missions to tiie 
Freedmen, with instructions to investigate the subject, and if the funds 
can be obtained and a suitable location can be secured, and if in their 
judgment the establishment of such an institution would be wise, that 
they be authorized to begin the work, and tiiat they report their action 
to the next Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 529, 1873. 

The Assembly of last year revived tiiis work, and instructed the 
Board to establish a normal school. These instructions have been car- 
ried out with promptness. Knoxville has been selected as the location 
which promises the best results. * * * Tiierefore, 

Resolved, 1. That the conduct of the Board in this work be approved. 
Vol. IV, p. 18, 1874. 

Resolved, 1. That the Board of Freedmen's Missions be directed to 
proceed immediately to erect the necessary buildings for a mission train- 



170 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

ing school among the freedmen, and to open said school as soon as pos- 
sible. Vol. IV, p. 176, 1875. 

[The school was opened in September, 1875, and later became 
known as Knoxville College. A similar school was opened in Chase 
City, Va., in 1876, and one in Norfolk, Va., in 1882.] 

6. Dormitories Resolved, 1. That we recommend to the Board 

the propriety of providing dormitories and cheap boarding for pupils at 
Knoxville as soon as tliey may be able to do so. Vol. IV, p. 442, 1877. 

7. Students' Fund, — Resolved, 4. That we authorize the Board to 
establish a fund for the assistance of worthy students, which shall be 
permanently vested, and the interest used annually for the aforesaid 
purpose. Vol. IV, p. 442, 1877. 

2. We recognize the importance of a students' fund, judiciously em- 
ployed, to enable poor students to continue in school without inter- 
ruption, and we commend this object to the special consideration of the 
benevolent as worthy of patronage. Vol. V, p. 741, 1882. 

8. A Home for Orphan Children. — [The Board reported the 
opening of a home for orphan girls from tiie age of five to fifteen years. 
The Assembly approved the action :] Resolved, 3. That the new depart- 
ment for orphan children, instituted and supported by private enter- 
prise, should be continued, and the Board is authorized to draw from 
the general fund for its support. Vol. V, p. 741, 1883. 

9. Industrial Schools for the Freedmen. — Resolved, 4. That, as 

earnest and reasonable recjuests are made for the establishment of in- 
dustrial schools in our missions in Virginia, attention be given to this 
branch of training, so far as practicable and the means will afford. 
Vol. VII, p. 217, 1889. 

7. That the establishing industrial schools is looked upon with favor 
by the Church, and that this special work is commended to the liberality 
of those of large means. Vol. VII, p. 425, 1890. 

10. Evangelistic Work Among the Freedmen.— i^eso/verf, 3. 

We recommend to the consideration of this Board the propriety of 
making an advancement in this work, more especially in the direction 
of doing evangelistic work among the Freedmen. Vol. VII, p. 217, 
1889. 

3. That promising and pious young men who have graduated from 
the schools and are looking to the ministry, be employed as missionaries 
among the colored people oi' the South. Vol. Vll, p. 425, 1890. 

11. A Commission to License and Ordain Ministers Among 

the Freedmen. — Resolved, O. That inasmuch as the Freedmen's Mis- 
sion is far removed from any of the organized Presbyteries of our 
Church, and inasmuch as some exercise of Presbyterial control will be 
necessary in selecting and employing young men as missionaries, and in 
establishing stations and the organizing of congregations, it is hereby 
ordered that the ordained ministers in the South be constituted a com- 
mission with power, under the advice and approval of the Board, to 
employ missionaries, to license men to preach, to ordain ministers after 
completing their course of study, to organize congregations, and ordain 
elders; and the said commission shall report to the General Assembly 
through the Board. Vol. VII, p. 425, 1890. [No action has been 
taken under this appointment.] 



GENERAL ASSEMBI-Y. 171 

XLVI. FREE PEWS. 

Resolved, 2. That Sessions and trustees be recommended to abolish 
the system of" renting pews, as inconsistent with freedom of worship, as 
a hindrance to benevolence, and as making merchandise of the house 
of God. Vol. Ill, p. 534, 1873. 

XLVII. GAILEY'S APPEAL. 

[Rev. R. Gailey appealed from the Presbytery of Mansfield to the 
Eirst Synod of the West, which issued the case, the Synod being then 
vested with final power in matters of discipline, the General Assembly 
having appellate power in doctrine and order only. After the erection 
■of the Synod of Oiiio out of a part of the First Synod of the West, 
Mr. Gailey brought his appeal to the Synod of Ohio, which Synod, 
being co-ordinate with the First Synod of the West, decided not to en- 
tertain his appeal. From this decision he appealed to the Assembly. 
The Assembly sustained the Synod of Ohio, and adopted the following 
resolution :] 

Hesohed, That the api)eal and accompanying papers of Rev. R. 
■Gailey be and they hereby are returned to him. Vol. II, p. 314, 1866. 

XLVIII. GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

1. Charter of the General Assembly. — [Ordered by the As- 
sembly, Vol. 1, p. 37, 1859 ; gi-anted by tlie Legislature of Pennsyl- 
vania; approved by the Governor, March 22, 1860, and accepted by 
the Assembly. Vol. I, p. 114, I860.] 

Section i. Be it enacted, «fcc.. That James McCandless, Graham 
Scott, John Alexander, Thomas McCance, William Getty, William M. 
Bell and David Reed, and their successors in office, duly elected as 
hereinafter specified, be and they are hereby constituted and declared a 
body politic and corporate in deed and in law by the name, style and 
title of Trustees of the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian 
Church of North America. 

Sec. II. That said corporation shall have perpetual succession and 
the right to hold lands, tenements, rents, franchises and other heredita- 
ments and all personal property which heretofore have been conveyed, 
assigned, transferred, devised and bequeathed to the ministers and elders 
composing the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church 
of North America, or to any person or persons in trust for them ; and 
the same is hereby vested in said corporation forever for such uses and 
purpose as said conveyances, assignments, transfers, bequests and de- 
vises were respectively made or intended ; and said corporation is hereby 
declared to be seized and possessed of such estates and interest as in 
and by said conveyances, assi<rnments, transfers, bequests and devises 
thereof is or are declared, limited, expressed or intended ; and, further, 
said corporation shall have all the rights, franchises and powers which 
by law pertain to corporations, the right to hold and possess real and 
personal property, yielding a net annual income not exceeding twenty 
thousand dollars, and the same to dispose of at pleasure, but said limi- 
tation not to be construed as including the annual or periodical coUec- 



172 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

tions and voluntary contributions made in the churches under the care 
of said General Asseembly or contributions from any other source. 
Provided that in cases where special instructions for the management 
and disposal thereof sliall be given by the General Assembly in writing 
under tlie hand of their clerk, it shall be the duty of said corporation to 
act according to such instructions. 

Sec. III. That no misnomer of said corporation shall defeat or annul 
any gift, grant, devise or bequest to or from said corporation; provided 
that the intent of such gift, grant, devise or bequest shall sufficiently 
appear that the same was intended to pass to or from said corporation. 

Sec. IV. That said corporation shall have power to adopt and use 
one common seal, and the same to break, alter, amend and renew at 
pleasure. 

Sec. v. That said corporation by the name, style and title aforesaid 
shall be able to sue and be used, to plead and be impleaded in any court 
of law or equity, or before any justice of the peace or alderman in all 
manner of suits, complaints, pleas, matters and demands of whatever 
nature, kind or form the same may be. 

Sec. VI. Tiiat said corporation shall have full power to make, pass 
and establish by-laws for the proper administration of the funds and the 
due government of said corporation; provided, that said by-laws be not 
repugnant to the constitution and laws of the United States, or the con- 
stitution or laws of this Commonwealth. 

Sec. VII. That said corporators shall compose the Board of Trustees 
of said corporation until the next regular meeting of the General As- 
sembly of the United Presbyterian Church of North America, when 
two trustees in addition shall be elected by said General Asseml)ly who, 
with said corporators, shall constitute thereafter a full Board of Trustees 
who shall be divided into three classes, of three members each, in 
alphabetical order, and whose term of office shall expire as follows, to 
wit: the term of office for the first class shall expire on the first Tuesday 
of July, A. D. one thousand eight bundled and sixty-one; the term of 
office of the second class shall expire on the first Tuesday of July, A. D. 
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two; and the term of office of the 
third class shall expire on the first Tuesday of July, A. D. one thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-three. Further, said General Assembly shall, 
at their regular meeting in the year one thousand eight hundred and 
sixty-one, and annually thereafter, elect three persons to serve as trus- 
tees to supply the places of those whose term of office shall expire as 
aforesaid ; provided, however, that on failure to elect trustees as afore- 
said, or in case of deatli, resignation or other inability, those remaining 
in office shall have full power to fill such vacancies until the next regu- 
lar meeting of tlie General Assembly. 

Sec. viii. That five members of this corporation shall constitute a 
quorum, and be a sufficient number to transact the business of said 
corporation, to make by-laws, rules and regulations, whose regular 
meetings shall be on the first Tuesdays of July, October, January and 
April; provided, that previous to any special meeting of said corpora- 
tion not appointed by adjournments, it shall be the duty of the officer 
calling a meeting to cause notice to be sent by mail to each member ten 
days prior to such meeting, and said corporation may, as often as shall 



GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 173 

be prescribed by the by-laws, elect from said Board of Trustees a presi- 
■dent, vice-president, secretary, treasurer, or other officers. 

Sec. IX. TJiat all questions before said corporation shall be decided 
by a majority of the trustees present, and said corporation shall keep 
regular and fair entries of their proceedings, and a just account of their 
receipts and disbursements in a book or books kept for that purpose, 
and the treasurer shall exhibit to said General Assembly, at each reg- 
ular meeting, an exact state of the accounts of said corporation. Vol. 
I, p. 334, 1861. 

2. Oflacers of the General Assembly, Order of Business, Ac- 
See Rules of Order. 

3. Time of the Annual Meeting of the General Assembly.— 

[Thougii there is no law on this point, usage has fixed the fourth 
"Wednesday of May as the time for the annual meeting of tlie General 
Assembly.] 

4. Ratio of Representation in the General Assembly.— i?e- 

solved. That for the present the ratio of representation as fixed by the 
Twelfth General Synod of the Associate Reformed Church be, and the 
same hereby is adopted and continued in the United Church as follows: 
Every Presbytery containing two ministers shall be entitled to send one 
minister and one ruling elder; every Presbytery containing five minis- 
ters shall be entitled to send two ministers and two ruling elders ; every 
Presbytery containing eight ministers shall be entitled to send three 
ministers and three ruling elders ; every Presbytery containing fourteen 
ministers shall be entitled to send four ministers and four ruling elders; 
every Presbytery containing more than fourteen ministers shall be en- 
titled to send for each additional four ministers, one minister and one 
ruling elder. Vol. I, p. 31, 1859. 

Resolved, That the next General Assembly be composed of commis- 
sioners from the Presbyteries according to the proportion proposed by 
the Book of Discipline now in overture. Vol. 1, p. 123, 1860. 

Resolved, That the next General Assembly be constituted on the 
basis of representation recognized in our proposed Book of Government 
and Discipline. Vol. I, p. 226, 1861. [For ratio adopted, see p. 22.] 

[After the Book of Government and Discipline was adopted, a com- 
mittee was appointed by the Assembly to consider the propriety of re- 
ducing the ratio of representation, Vol. Ill, p. 422, 1872. This 
committee reported to the next Assembly, but no action seems to have 
been taken, Vol. Ill, p. 515, 1873.] 

[The Presbytery of Keokuk requested the General Assembly " to so 
change the basis of representation, that the ministers only who are 
actually engaged in the work of the ministry, be counted in the basis of 
representation."] 

It is submitted that the rights and privileges, pertaining to the min- 
isterial office, are not founded on the exercise of that office. By ordi- 
nation to the office of the ministry, authority to govern, as well as to 
teach, is conferred. The non-exercise of the right to teach does not in 
any way affect the right to govern. Since the above desired regulation 
would infringe upon the ordained prerogatives of the ministry ; there- 
fore, 

Resolved, That the request can not be granted. Vol. IV, p. 440, 
1877. 



174 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

[The Presbytery of Omaha asked tliat the General Assembly submit 
an overture for the change of the basis of representation from seven to 
ten ministers. The Assembly took the following action :] 

While many good and substantial reasons may be urged in support of 
the petition in the line of economizing money and time, and, in many 
cases even, of the more efficient transaction of the actual business of 
the Assembly; yet we believe that the increased moral and S[)iritual in- 
fluence, resulting from the larger Assembly, will more than compensate 
for all the loss sustained. Up to the point where the Assembly l)ix-omes 
too unwieldly to transact its business, its efficiency in doing the work of 
the Church is increased, and believing that this point has not yet been 
reached. 

Resolved, That the petition be not granted. Vol. YII, p. 631. 1891. 

5. The Number of Ministers in the Presbytery to be Stated 
in the Credentials of Commissioners. — Resolved, That the clerk of 

each Presbytery be directed to state on the face of credentials to the 
Assembly, the number of ministers in his Presbytery. Vol. I, p. 500, 
1863. 

6. Alternates of Commissioners. — [During the calling of the 

Roll the right of an alternate from the Presbytery of Keokuk, but not 
of the absentee in the order of their names, to a seat in the Assembly, 
was called in question. The Assembly decided that he was not entitled 
to a seat. Vol. VI, pp. 5, 8, 1884.] 

[Several persons who were not reported by the Clerks of Presbyter- 
ies as delegates or alternates, asked to have their names put on the roll, 
in the absence of other representatives.] 

Resolved, That in the failure of the Presbytery to appoint an alter- 
nate, the General Assembly cannot admit one to a seat as a Commis- 
sioner. Vol. VII, pp. 201, 221, 1889. 

7. Expenses of Commissioners to the General Assembly.— 

See Delegate Fund. 

8. Commissioners to the General Assembly should not Ab- 
sent Themselves. — Resolved, That the Assembly deprecates and 
hereby expresses its un(jualiHed disapprobation of the course pursued by 
members in absenting themselves from the Assembly, except in cases 
of extreme emergency, and recommends to Presbyteries the election, as 
commissioners, of such members only as pledge themselves, God will- 
ing, to remain and attend closely to the business during the entire 
meeting. Vol. I, p. 115, 1860. 

9. Appellate Power given to the General Assembly in Cases 

of Discipline. — [Tiie Book of Government of the Associate Reformed 
Church, accepted at the time of the Union, restricted appeals in cases 
of discipline to the Synods. An amendment to the Book of Govern- 
ment and Discipline, giving appellate power to the General Assem- 
bly in cases of discipline, was submitted to the Presbyteries as a separate 
overture. Vol. I, p. 351, 1862. This overture was adopted by the 
following vote: ayes, 327; nays, 158; not voting, 4. Vol. 1, p. 490, 
1863.] 

10. Fund of the General Assembly. — Resolved, That a fund be 

created, to be called " The Fund of the General Assembly," to which 
our congregations are enjoined to contril)ute annually. Vol. I, p. 37, 
1859. 



HILL S CASE. 175 

II. Printing, Stationery, &c., for the Assembly.— Hesoh-ed, 7. 

That the clerks be authorized to give warrants for the payment of bills 
for printing, stationery, and other expenses necessary to the work of the 
General Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 453, 1877. 

XLIX. GORDON'S APPEAL. 

[Rev. Henry Gordon and others appealed from a decision of the 
Synod of New York in the case of J. M. Hall, carried up by appeal 
from Uie Presbytery of Argyle. This appeal Avas declared "not admis- 
sible," because the appellants were not original parties in the case, and 
because the interests of truth and righteousness were not injuriously 
affected by the decision of Synod. Vol. Ill, p. 420, 1872. This case 
was brought before the Assembly of 1873 by the memorial of Rev. G. 
M. Wiley, who claimed that the result of the action of the Assembly of 
1872 was to send tlie case of J. M. Hall back to the Synod of New York 
for adjudication, and that the said Synod had refused to take up and 
issue the case ; and who asked the Assembly to require the Synod to 
take up the case. This memorial was disposed of as follows :J From 
an examination of the action of the Assembly of last year, your com- 
mittee do not understand said action as referring the case back to the 
Synod for final adjudication; therefore, 

Resolved, That the request of the memorialist be not granted. Vol. 
Ill, p. 547, 1873. 

L. GRANT'S APPEAL. 

[Alex. Grant appealed from a decision of the Synod of New York to 
the General Assembly of 1888, but in the unavoidable absence of the 
appellant, the case was laid on the table until the next Assembly, and 
in 1889, was again continued.] 

The appeal of Alex. Grant was taken from the table. * * The 
appeal was not sustained. Vol. VII, p. 423, 1890. [There is nothing 
in the record to indicate the ground of the appeal or the principles in- 
volved.] 

LI. GREEN'S APPEAL. 

[The appeal of Adam Green from a decision of the Synod of Illinois 
was "dismissed as irregular," because there was nothing to show that 
the appellant had furnished a copy of his reasons of appeal, either to the 
moderator or clerk, within the time required by law, or afterwards. 
Vol. II, p. 394, 1867.] 

LII. HILL'S CASE. 

[Rev. R. A. Hill, a member of the Presbyterty of Sialkot, presented 
a memorial to the Assembly, complaining of the action of the Pres- 
bytery, which refused to admit him to sacramental communion on the 
ground of his views on the subject of intercommunion, and then sus- 
pended him for declining their authority. The following action was 
taken:] 

Resolved, 1. That, without expressing any opinion as to the views of 



176 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Rev. R. A. Hill on the question for which he was suspended by the 
Presbytery of Sialkot, this Assembly deem the action of said Pres- 
bytery in suspending Mr. Hill, when he had declared that he would not 
agitate the question, or preach, or teach, contrary to the principles of 
the United Presbyterian Churcii, so long as he remained in her connec- 
tion, as irregular and unwarrantable; and, therefore, that the suspension 
fihould be removed. 

2. That the Assembly direct the said Presbytery to furnish Rev. R. 
A. Hill, at his request, with an attested copy of their whole minutes in 
his case. 

3. Tiiat the Assembly recommend the Presbytery, in case Rev. R. 
A. Hill should come to the conclusion that it is his duty to unite with 
another branch of the church, to take no further action in his case than 
to strike his name from their roll. 

4. That this Assembly is not prepared to express any opinion as to 
the charges made against Mr. Hill, subsequent to the 10th of April, 
which charges, the Presbytery expressly declare are not mentioned in 
their final action as proved, but as charges to which he was liable. 

5. That should Mr. Hill continue as a member of the Presbytery of 
Sialkot, he be specially enjoined to pursue the things that make for 
peace. 

6. That this action of the General Assembly shall not be construed 
as giving any countenance to unrestricted communion. Vol. I, p, 231, 
1861. 

[Tills case came before the Assembly of 1862, by a protest and peti- 
tion of the members of the Sialkot Presbytery, who complained that the 
case came before the Assembl)' of 1861, without their knowledge, and 
without an opportunity of their being heard in their own defense, and 
that the action of the Assembly was based on a misapprehension of 
Presbytery's action. The following action was taken:] 

Resolved, 1. Tliat the Presbytery be directed to restore Mr. Hill to 
his former standing upon declaring his willingness to submit to the 
authority of Presbytery, and declaring his resolution to abide by our 
professed principles on the subjects that have occasioned these troubles, 
and to study the things that make for peace. 

2, That if any of the parties, that is, Mr. Hill or any other member 
of the mission, cannot accede to this as,a final end to all their disastrous 
troubles, the Board of Foreign Missions be directed to recall him or 
them from tiie field, and take measures to supply their places, that this 
once prosperous mission be restored to the confidence and support of the 
church. Vol. 1, p. 354, 1862. 

[The Presbytery attached other conditions to those required by the 
Assembly. Mr. Hill refused to withdraw his declinature, and appealed 
to the Assembly, when the following action was taken:] 

■liesolved, 1. That the appeal of Mr. Hill is, in some respects, irregu- 
lar; yet, considering the peculiar circumstances of the case, we think it 
will be expedient to give judgment respecting it. 

2. That the appeal of Mr. Hill be sustained, so far as relates to the 
form in which the questions of the Presbytery were proposed to him. 

3. That it be not sustained so far as relates to his refusal to withdraw 
his declinature. 



HOME MISSIONS, BOARD OF. 177 

4. That his case be now issued. 

5. That on Mr. Hill's declaring his acquiescence in the directions of 
the Assembly of 18G2, and also his withdrawal of his declinature of the 
authority of the Presbytery of Sialkot, he be restored to good standing 
in the United Presbyterian Church. 

The moderator then read to Mr. Hill the resolution of the Assembly 
requiring him to withdraw his declinature, to which he responded in the 
affirmative. He also read to him the act of the last Assembly, to which 
he expressed his agreement. The following resolution was then 
adopted : 

Resolved, That the answer of Mr. Hill be considered satisfactory, and 
that he be declared in good standing in the United Presbyterian Church. 

The following was adopted : 

Resolved, That the clerk be directed to furnish Mr. Hill with a certi- 
fied extract of the minute in his case, and that any Presbytery under 
the care of this Assembly, to which he may apply, is authorized to re- 
ceive him as in regular standing. Vol. I, p. 492, 1863. 

LIII. HOME MISSIONS, BOARD OF. 
1. Charter of the Board of Home Missions.— [Ordered by the 

Assembly, Vol. Ill, p. 405, 1872; granted by the Court of Commoa 
Pleas of Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, March 21, 1874, and re- 
corded in the office for the recording of deeds, &c., in said county, on 
the 10th day of April, 1874, in charter book Vol. IV, p. 511.] 

Article i. Be it remembered that John G. Brown, William J. Reid, 
A. G. Wallace, Wm. J. Robinson, J. W. Witherspoon, W. S. Owens, 
R. A. Cunningham, James McCutcheon, S. Mahood and G. M. Reed, 
and their successors, elected and appointed as hereinafter directed, being 
citizens of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, are hereby associated 
under the name and title of the Board of Home Missions of the United 
Presbyterian Church of North America, and by said name and title 
shall have succession, and be able and capable in law to sue and be sued, 
plead and be impleaded in any court or courts, and in all causes and 
matters whatsoever ; to make and use a common seal, and to alter and 
renew the same at pleasure ; to purchase, receive, acquire, hold, use and 
dispose of, for the purpose and objects herein named, lands, tenements, 
rents, annuities, franchises, moneys, goods, chattels and hereditaments; 
to make rules, by-laws and ordinances not repugnant to the constitution 
and laws of the United States, the constitution and laws of the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania, or to this instrument. 

Article ii. The object of this corporation shall be the publication 
and extension of the gospel of Jesus Christ on the continent of North 
America, subject to the authority and direction of the General Assembly 
of the United Presbyterian Church of North America, and in accord- 
ance with the authorized standards and usages of said United Presby- 
terian Church, by the employment and support of ministers and mis- 
sionaries, and by other lawful and appropriate means. 

Article hi. Tlie officers of the corporation shall be a president, 
vice-president, secretary and treasurer, and such other officers and agents 
as may be from time to time required. 
12 



178 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Article iv. The corporation sluill consist of the following persons 
and their successors, viz.: Rev. J. W. Witherspoon, S. Mahood and 
James McCutcheon, who have been elected and appointed members of 
said Board to serve until tlieir successors shall be elected in the year 
1874, as provided in Article v of this instrument : Rev. A. G. "Wallace, 
Rev. Wm. J. Robinson and G. M. Reed, who have been appointed to 
serve until their successors shall be elected in like manner, in the year 
1875 ; Rev. Wm. J. Reid, W. S. Owens and R. A. Cunningham, who 
have been appointed to serve until their successors shall be elected in 
like manner, in the year 187G ; and the corresponding secretary elected 
by the General Assembly of said United Presbyterian Church (now 
being the Rev. Jolin G. lirown) and his successor in odice sliall be ex- 
officio a member of said Board, and tive of said members or their suc- 
cessors in otHce shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of busi- 
ness. Said Board shall once in each year exhibit to the General As- 
sembly of said United Presbyterian Church an exact statement of its 
accounts, funds and property. 

Article v. The General Assembly of the United Presbyterian 
Church of North America shall, in the year 1874, and annually there- 
after, elect three persons as members of this corporation, to serve for a 
period of three years ; and in case of a vacancy in the membership 
thereof by reason of death, resignation or other cause, the remaining 
members of said Board shall elect a person to fill the unexpired term, 
provided, however, that such election shall be reported to the next Gen- 
eral Assembly. 

Article vi. The officers and agents of this corporation shall be 
elected or ap])ointed from time to time in such manner and for such 
term as shall be prescribed in the by-laws. 

2. Constitution of the Board of Home Missions.— [A constitu- 
tion for the Board of Home IMissions was adopted, Vol. I, p. 45, 1859, 
but it was superseded by the general constitution of the Boards, and the 
following new constitution:] 

1. This Board shall be styled '' The Board of Home Missions of the 
United Presbyterian Church of North America," and shall be located 
in the city of Pittsburgh. 

2. The general supervision, under the direction and control of the 
General Assembly, of the whole work of home missions, shall be en- 
trusted to the general committee of home missions, which shall be com- 
posed of one delegate from each Presbytery of the Church, elected 
annually by the Presbytery. The general committee shall annually 
make a distribution of the men and means placed at its disposal, and 
take action upon any other matters affecting the cause of home missions, 
being governed in its proceedings by the "Rules for the Regulation of 
Home Mission Work." It shall be the special duty of the Board of 
Home Missions to carry out the plan of operations recommended by the 
general committee, and revised and adopted by the General Assembly. 
The Board shall have charge and oversight of the work of home mis- 
Bions, and shall have power to meet emergencies arising during the year. 
Vol. IV, p. 23, 1874. 

[Amended by the adoption of the following:] 

2. There shall be added to the General Committee one delegate from 



iiomp: missions, board of. 179 

the Board of Home Missions, to be .elected annually by tlie Board 
Vol. V, p. 23, 1879. ^ 

3. Regulations of the Board of Home Missions.— [Regulations 

tor the Board ot Home Missions were adopted. Vol. 1, p. 40, 1859 and 

^^'^^^'^''^^'m'^'''- ^' '*• ^^^' ^*^^^'' ^'«'- ^' I'- 240, 1861; Vol. II, p.'olS, 
l»bS. lliese regulations as thus amended were superseded by the fol- 
lowing new regulations:] 

1. Regulations you PRESBYXKniKS 1. Each Presbytery shall 

appoint, annually, one delegate to represent it in the general committee 
of home missions. If it be possible to avoid it, Presbyteries shall not 
appoint as delegates persons receiving or expecting aid from the home 
mission lund. 

2. Presbyteries shall report annually, not later than tlie 20th of 
April, to the corresponding secretary of the Boord of Home Missions: 
[Amended so as to read : within five days after their spring meetings, 
but not later than the 20th, etc. Vol. VI, p. 71 1, 1887.] 

(o) The names of mission stations for which aid is needed, and the 
amount which, in the judgment of the Presbytery, should be granted to 
eacli one. ° 

{b) Tlie number of missionaries whose services they desire for the 
next year. 

(c) The names of all unsettled ministers and probationers connected 
with the Presbytery, who are suitable and willing to receive appoint- 
ments. ^ ' 

((/) Answers to any questions which the Assembly may authorize to 
be addressed to them. 

(e) The names of delegates to the General Committee. 

[These reports are to be made by the superintendents of missions of 
the several Presbyteries. Vol. VI, p. 4G8, 1886.] 

3 In making recommendations for aid. Presbyteries shall observe 
4^V i8--'l° ''"^''^ ■ '-^''"' ^""'■"'"^'^ °^ application for aid, see Vol. IV, p. 

(0) No station shall be recommended in which the contributions of 
the people are not in reasonable proportion to their ability, nor shall 
any amount be asked beyond what, in the judgment of the Presbytery, 
IS really necessary. "' 

{h) Whenever practicable, mission stations and congregations shall 
be grouped together in convenient pastoral charges, and no station shall 
be recommended tor aid which can be conveniently united with a neicrh- 
boring station or congregation in one charge, for which no help would 
be necessary. 

4. No station or congregation, not contributing to the Boards of the 
Church, or which obtaining aid from the Board of Church Extension 
refuses the required security, shall receive aid. 

,.i- I'i'esbyteries shall assign the missionaries appointed to them to 
ditterent stations as they may judge best, and shall be under obligations 
to keep them employed, or otherwise to pay them at the re'^ufar per 
diem. o f 

6. Leave to supply themselves shall not be granted to stations and 
vacancies when such permission would leave without employment mis- 
sionaries assigned to the Presbytery, and willing to fulfill appointments. 



180 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

7. Presbyteries shall not Tse under obliojation to find employment for 
men not appointed to labor in their bounds, or merely referred back to 
them. 

8. When a missionary is settled by any Presbytery, who has unful- 
filled missionary appointments outside its bounds, that Presbytery shall 
supply his place out of the appointments made for it, if there be any. 

9. In case any missionary shall fail to fulfill his appointments, with- 
out giving satisfactory reasons, the Presbytery concerned shall report 
the facts to his Presbytery. 

10. Each Presbytery shall nominate, annually, to the General 
Assembly, one of the ministers connected with it, for appointment as 
superintendent of missions for the Presbytery. It shall be his duty to 
superintend the mission work in his Presbytery; to obtain a quarterly 
report from stations receiving aid, and from missionaries laboring in the 
Presbytery; to make a quarterly report, in the form approved by the 
Assembly, to the corresponding secretary of the Board of Home Mis- 
sions; to receive from the treasurer of the Board, receipt for, and dis- 
tribute the money appropriated to aid congregations and stations, and 
in oreneral to act as the organ of communication between the Board and 
the Presbytery, and perform such duties as the Assembly may direct. 

11. Regulations FOR THE Geneual Committee — 1. The general 
committee of home missions shall meet annually, at or near the place 
appointed for the meeting of the Assembly, seven working days before 
the session of the Assembly begins. A majority of delegates, duly ap- 
pointed by Presbyteries, shall be a quorum. 

2. The general committee when assembled, shall be called to order 
by the corresponding secretary of the Board of Home Missions, who 
shall be, ex-officio, pernjanent secretary of the general committee and 
shall preside until an organization is effected. He shall call the roll, 
and, if a quorum be found present, the organization shall be completed 
by the election of a chairman and an assistant secretary. 

3. The business of the general committee may be taken up m the 
following order : 

(a) Consideration of the Annual Report of the Board, so far as 
necessary. 

(b) Appropriation of money. 

(c) Distribution of men. 

(d) Miscellaneous business. 

4. On the second day of the meeting two committees shall be ap- 
pointed, the members of which shall be nominated by the chairman, 
viz.: 

(a) A committee on special missions. 

(b) A committee on resolutions and recommendations to the As- 
sembly. 

[Eesolved, That the General Committee shall appoint a standing 
Committee on New Stations, to which shall be referred all applications 
for aid to such places. Vol. V, p. 561, 1882.] 

5. In the appropriation of money the general committee shall keep 
in view the interests of tlie whole field and the relative importance and 
necessities of the different parts. The following order of procedure 
may be observed : 



HOME MISSIONS, BOARD OF. Ibl 

(a) Fix the maximum amount to be appropriated. 

(b) Take up the application of Presbyteries in the order in which 
they stand on the secretary's record of reports. 

(c) As each Presbytery is taken up hear the delegate from that 
Presbytery, taking care to ascertain that the rules relating to recom- 
mendations for aid have been observed, and then take action on each 
separate application. 

(d) When the list has been gone through, the appropriations may be 
revised, if it is found necessary. 

6. In the distribution of men, also, the general committee shall keep 
in view the interests of the whole field, and the relative claims of dif- 
ferent parts. Appointments shall not be made for less than three 
months, except in the case of probationers expecting to return to the 
theological seminary. Care shall be taken that the appointments of a 
missionary be not unnecessarily scattered, and his reasonable wishes, if 
known, shall be regarded so far as the circumstances of the case will 
permit. The following order of proceeding may be observed : 

(a) Take up the names of missionaries separately, in the order in 
which they are entered on the secretary's book as reported by Presby- 
teries. 

(b) The delegate from the Presbytery reporting the name may be heard. 

(c) Applications for his services may be received. If there are 
several, they shall be noted by the secretary or his assistant in the order 
in which they are recognized and announced by the chairman. 

(d) Hear statement of claims from the different Presbyteries in 
order as noted, and any other remarks. 

(c) The vote shall then be taken. The following order in taking 
the vote is recommended where there are several applications : I. 
Let the request of competing Presbyteries be arranged and voted on in 
order as follows: Those covering the whole year; those for more than 
one quarter; those for the several quarters in order. 2. If for any of 
these periods there are competing requests, let the vote in favor of each 
competing Presbytery be taken by raising the hand, or by rising, and 
let tlje highest vote decide. 

7. Under the head of miscellaneous business, the general committee 
shall receive and act upon the reports of committees, and take such 
action as may be thought proper on any matter relating to the home 
mission work. 

8. When all business is thus transacted, a full report of the proceed- 
ings shall be prepared. This report shall be signed by all the officers, 
and shall be presented to the Assembly as soon as possible after the 
opening of its sessions, for revision and final adoption. If possible the 
whole report shall be printed and copies distributed among the members 
of the Assembly, before it comes up for action. 

III. Regulations for the Board 1. The Board of Home Mis- 
sions shall meet on the second Monday of every month. At the first 
meeting after the adjournment of the General Assembly in each year, 
they shall elect from their own number a president and a recording 
secretary to serve one year. They shall elect a treasurer, at the same 
time and for the same term, and shall require from him such security 
as may be judged necessary. 



182 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

2. It shall be tlie duty of the Board to carry out the measures adopted 
l)y tlie General Assembly, from year to year; to take general supervis- 
ion and control of the work; to meet emergencies arising during the 
year; and to make safe and proper investment of all funds int(;nded by 
the donors or ordered by tlie General Assembly to be invested. 

3. The Board is forbidden, exce])t in case of extreme necessity, to 
grant appropriations of money to any station whose application for the 
current year has been considered and rejected by the general committee 
or the Assembly. 

4. Near the close of each quarter, the corresponding secretary shall 
forward to the superintendents of missions, blanks in the form approved 
by tlie General Assembly, for quarterly reports. When the reports are 
received, lie shall number them in the order of date of the application, 
and shall draw orders on the treasurer nnmbered in the same order, for 
the amount due to each Presbytery. In determining the amount due, 
those stations only shall be counted which are reported by the superin- 
tendent of missions as having fulfilled the conditions of the grant. 

a. The treasurer shall pay the orders drawn by the corresponding 
secretary in the order of their number. He shall pay the amount due 
to each Presbytery to the superintendent of missions for that Presby- 
tery. He shall not pay out any of the funds in his hands without an 
order from the corresponding secretary, or from the President and re- 
cording secretary of the Boar^l. 

G. As a general rule no money shall be paid upon any appropriation 
to which unfulfilled conditions are attached, without the authority of the 
Board. The Board is required to exercise great caution in removing 
or changing the conditions attached to grants of money, and shall not 
do so in any case unless upon the formal re(iuest of the proper Presby- 
tery, accompanied by a statement of reasons, entirely satisfactory to 
the Board. 

7. Before the meeting of the general committee of home missions in 
each year, a full rej)ort shall be prei)ared and adoi)ed by the Board, de- 
tailing its operations during the year; the conditions, prospects, and 
necessities of the work entrusted to its care, and the recjuest of Presby- 
teries for men and money for the ensuing year; together with such 
recommendations as may be thought proper. This report shall be 
printed, laid before the general committee of home missions on the first 
day of its meeting, and also before the Assembly. 

8. It shall be the duty of the corresponding secretary, before each 
meeting of the general committee, to make out a roll of its members 
fro:i' the official reports received by him from Presbyteries. 

9. The Board shall see that the accounts of the treasurer are properly 
audited at the close of each A'ear, and that this is ])roperly certified 
upon his annual report. 

IV. MiscELLANEors Regl'LATIOXs 1. All contributions for home 

missions siiould be forwarded through tiie financial agent of the Presby- 
tery to the treasurer, and the financial agent shall forward to the 
treasurer at least once per (juarter. 

2. Ministers engaged in secular employment shall not receive aid 
from tiie home mission funds. 

.3. Missionaries assigned to any Presbytery shall be for the time sub- 



HOME MISSIONS, BOARD OF. 183 

ject to the control of that Presbytery and sliall not leave its bounds 
without permission. In case of inability to fulfill appointments, it shall 
be their duty to notify the superintendent of missions. 

4. Missionaries are earnestly exhorted to the performance of pastoral 
-duty in the stations to which they may be sent. They shall make a re- 
port of tl)eir labors at the end of each quarter to the superintendent of 
missions of llie Presbytery, statinjj the time spent at each place ; what 
amount of pastoral work has been done; whether they have been fully 
paid so far as it was tlie duty of stations to pay them, and any other 
facts of importance. Vol. IV, p. 159, 1875. 

4. Amendments to the Regulations of the Board of Home 

Missions. — Resolved, o. Tliat m tiie second rule of tiie regulations 
for Presbyteries with reference to home mission?, sections {b) and fc) 
be rescinded, and the following: adopted, viz.: That Presi)yteries be re- 
quired to re{)ort each year the names of all unsettled ministers and 
licentiates under their care who may be able and suitable for work, lo 
the jreneral committee of home missions, for appointment, and also all 
vacant congreprations and mission stations under their care, together 
with the amount of preaching they may desire and are able to make 
provision for during the coming year. Vol. IV, p. 339, 1876. 

Besohed, [by the General Committee,] That the Assembly be re- 
quested to restore the rule, [Regulations for Presbyteries, 2, c] which 
required Presbyteries '' to report tlie names of all unsettled ministers 
and |)robationers connected with Presbytery, who are suitable and will- 
ing to receive appointments;" and that Pi-esbyteries be urged to carry 
out the spirit of this rule. Vol. VII, p. 259, 1889. [Adopted by the 
Assembly, p. 212.] 

5. Special Missions. — Resolved, l. That at its next meeting, and 
annually thereafter, the General Committee shall designate what mis- 
sions shall be regarded as special missions, and shall refer such stations 
to the Board of Home Missions for a given term of yeais in each case; 
and it shall be the duty of the Board to make appropriations of money 
and appointments of missionaries to such missions during the specified 
term. Vol. V, p. 22, 1879. 

4. That in order to preserve as far as possible the rights which the 
principles of Presbyterianism give to the people to choose their religious 
teachers, it shall be tiie rule governing the appointment of all stated 
supplies, that no appointment shall be made for more than one year, 
and no one shall have a second appointment to a position unless his ser- 
vices have been asked for, or are known to be desired by the people over 
whom he is to be placed. Vol. V., p. 223, 1880. 

Whereas, It is essential to the plan of Sjiecial Missions, adopted by 
the last Assembly, tliat the Board of Home Missions should be able to 
secure the services of the most efiicient missionaries; and. 

Whereas, It is essential that the rights of the Presbyteries which 
have the oversight of said Special Missions, or mission congregations, 
be preserved ; tiierefore, 

Resolved, 8. Tliat it shall be the duty of the Board of Home Missions 
lo report annually to the General Assembly the names of missionaries 
whose services they have secured for tlie ensuing ecclesiastical year, and 
the several stations for which they have secured them. 



184 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

9. Before sending a missionary to any station, tlie Board shall obtain 
the consent of the Presbytery having supervision of the said station or 
congregation. 

10. In the interim of the meetings of the Assembly, the Board shall 
have power to appoint missionaries to special missions, which have been 
committed to their care, provided that tlie consent of the Presbj'teries 
having the oversight of said missions shall have been secured. Vol. V, 
p. 223, 1880. 

Resolved, 1. Tliat the relation, authority and duty of the Presbytery 
to any of its churclies referred to the Home Mission Board as special 
missions, are not, and cannot be, annulled or modified by such reference. 

2. That while the executive duties imposed on the Board of Home 
Missions do not deprive Presbytery of any of its authority, or release it 
from any of its duties in earing for the spiritual interests of a church 
which has been made a special mission, the organic law under which 
the Presbytery holds its authority requires its most earnest co-operation 
with the Board of Home Missions in the care of the spiritual interests 
of such church. 

3. If, during any part of its term as a special mission, the Board is 
unable to supply a missionary to such church, it is the right and duty 
of Presbytery to furnish such supply. Vol. VII, p. 656, 1891. 

6. Sliding- Scale of Appropriations. — Resolved, 1. That the 

appropriations to all stations wliich have been receiving aid for ten or 
more years shall hereafter be reduced annually one-third of the amount 
granted in 1882, or of the last preceding appropriation. 

2. That the appropriations to all stations which have been receiving 
aid for from five to ten years shall hereafter be reduced annually not 
less than one-fifth of the amount granted in 1882, or of the last preced- 
ing appropriation. 

3. That the appropriations to all stations which have been receiving 
aid for less than five years, and to all new stations, shall hereafter be 
reduced annually not less than twenty per cent, on the fifth appropria- 
tion. 

4. That if any Presbytery should conclude that a station under its 
care ought to be made an exception to the above rules, it shall, at least 
two months before the meeting of the General Assembly, report to the 
Board of Home Missions all the facts in the case, and the Board shall 
report its finding of the facts, together with its judgment thereon, to the 
General Committee. 

5. That the Board of Home Missions be directed to introduce the 
above principles into the regulations governing Home Mission work^ 
and report the regulations as thus amended to the next Assembly. 
Vol. V, p. 561, 1882. 

1. That the Sliding Scale System is hereby re-affirmed. 

2. That the reduction of one-third on stations which have received 
aid ten years or more, be changed to one-fourth. 

3. That Rule No. 4, which requires Presbyteries to present cases for 
exemption from the operation of the rules to the Board at least two 
months before the meeting of the General Assembly, be modified so as 
to read " Not later than the 20th of April." 

4. That when a station has been exempted from the operation of the 



HOME MISSIONS, BOARD OF. 185 

rules, the amount of the last appropriation made shall be the basis on 
which reduction under the scale shall be determined thereafter. Vol. 
V, p. 766, 1883. 

2. That in cases where congregations have been in good faith disor- 
ganized, and afterwards organized in more favorable circumstances, the 
years, during which aid has been received, sliall be counted in applying 
the sliding scale, from the date of reorganization. Vol. VI, p. 68, 
1884. 

1. The Board advises a modification of the rules applying the slid- 
ing scale so as to require uniformly one-fifth of the grant upon which 
the reduction begins, as the reasons for any other scale of reduction no 
longer exist. Therefore, Resolved,, that Rule No. 1, applying to the 
sliding scale, be repealed. Vol. VII, p. 258, 1889. 

7. Property of Congregations Receiving Aid to be Secured 

to the Churcn. — Resolved, That as a condition of receiving aid from 
the Home Mission fund, Presbyteries are required to give assurance to 
the Board that the property of congregations asking aid is properly 
vested in the United Presbyterian Church, and that as far as possible 
they have complied with the rule of the General Assembly of 1873. 
Vol. IV, p. 472. [This rule was amended, Vol. V, p. 741, 1883, and 
again, Vol. VII, p. 213, 1889, and is as follows: 

In trust that the said premises shall be used and kept, maintained 
and disposed of as a place of divine worship, for the use of the ministers 
and members of the United Presbyterian Church of North America, 
Bubject to the Standards and Acts of said Church, as from time to time 
authorized and declared by the General Assembly of said Church : and 

in case the United Presbyterian Congregation of shall cease to 

exist, be dissolved, or cease to be connected with and subject to the 
jurisdiction of the General Assembly of the said Church, or shall lose 
its corporate existence, the trust shall terminate, and the title shall vest 
absolutely in the "Trustees of the General Assembly of the United 
Presbyterian Church of North America," who shall then have the right 
to sell and convert the same into money without any liability of the 
purchaser to see to the application of the proceeds of such sale. And 
whenever in the judgment of the said Trustees of the General Assembly 
of the United Presbyterian Church of North America, it shall be proper 
or right, for any cause, to terminate such trust and sell or otherwise 
dispose of the said property, the said Trustees may, in their discretion, 
act accordingly.] 

Resolved, That Presbyteries be directed to make special inquiry in 
the case of each congregation asking aid, whether the property is se- 
cured according to the requirements of the General Assembly. Vol. 
VII, p. 259, 1889. 

Resolved, That the Board of Church Extension be required to fur- 
nish the Board of Home Missions with a statement of the congregations 
to which aid has been given by the Board of Church Extension, and 
the security given by each congregation receiving such aid, that its 
property siiall not be alienated from the United Presbyterian Church. 
Vol. IV, p. 472, 1877. 

8. Consolidation of the Boards of Home Missions, Church 
Extension and Freedmen's Missions. — [The First Presbytery of 



186 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Ohio memorialized the Assembly, Vol. IV, p. 636, 1878, for the con- 
solidation of the Boards of Home Missions, Ciiurch Extension and 
Freedmen's Missions, the organization of a new Board of two members 
from each Synod to be nominated by tlie Synods and confirmed by the 
Assembly, and the election of a general secretary who should give his 
•whole time to the work. The following action was taken :] 

Resolved., That the memorial of the First Presbytery of Ohio be pub- 
lished, and the several Presbyteries report their views on this subject to 
the next Assembly for final action. Vol. IV, p. 570, 1878. 

The vote on this overture is as follows: Ayes, 97 ; nays, 543 ; not 
voting, 36. Therefore, 

Resolved, That these Boards be not consolidated. Vol. V, p. 23, 
187U. 

[A memorial from a missionary convention asked, with other changes, 
the consolidation of the above Boards. It was referred to a committee. 
Vol. VII, p. 413, 1890. The Committee reported against tiie consoli- 
dation. Vol. VII, p. 732, 1891.] 

9. Plan for Re-arranging the Work of the Board of Home 

Missions. — [Tiie Presbytery of IMansfield asked tiiat a change be made 
in the nietliod of carrying on the home mission work, by distinguishing 
between vacancies which do not require aid and mission stations; and 
also between unsettled ministers and licentiates, and those properly 
enrolled as missionaries; by leaving vacancies, and unsettled ministers 
and licentiates not enrolled as missionaries, entirely under the control 
of their own Presbyteries; by organizing a corps of home missionaries, 
carefully selected, and wiio will agree to be absolutely subject to the 
appointment of the Board and Assembly, and who shall receive fixed, 
uniform and liberal salaries; by appointing missionaries to mission 
stations; and by requiring mission stations to pay their contributions for 
the support of the gospel directly to the treasury of the Home Mission 
Board. The following action was taken:] 

Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed to perfect a plan by 
which the change proposed by the Presbytery of Mansfield may be 
carried out; that this committee publish their report in the papers of 
the church by the first of February next ; and that the several Presby- 
teries present their views on this subject to the next Assembly. Vol. 
IV, p. 570, 1878. 

Resolved, 9. That the recommendations contained in the report of the 
Board of Home Missions, " tiiat the Board shall have the entire con- 
trol of all special missions, with power to grant all appropriations and 
designate all missionaries," be referred to the special committee to pre- 
pare a plan for re-arranging the work of the Board of Home Missions. 
Vol. IV, p. 572, 1878. 

\ Tiie vote on this overture is as follows : Ayes, 40 ; nays, 322 ; not 
voting, 23. There are 22 Presbyteries that either took no action, or 
acted only on a certain part, or parts of it. 

Resolved, That the proposed re-arrangement be not made. Vol. V, 
p. 22, 1879. 

[A memorial was presented from a missionary convention asking a 
change in the home mission system.] 

Resolved, 5. "That this Assembly appoint a committee, consisting of 



HOME MISSIONS, BOARD OF. 187 

one member from each Synod, and the Corresponding Secretaries of 
the Boards of Home Missions, Church Extension and Freedmen's 
Missions, which committee shall meet and consider the whole subject of 
changes in our home mission system, and report to the next General 
Assembly." Vol. VII, p. 413, 1890. [The committee met at Indian- 
apolis, Ind., and prepared a report to the Assembly. Vol. VII, p. 732, 
1891. The following action was taken:] 

Resolved, That be appointed a committee to perfect a plan in 

detail by which the changes proposed in the Home Mission system by 
the Indianapolis Committee can be carried out; that this committee 
publish their report in tiie papers of the Church by the first of October 
next, and that the several Presbyteries present their views on the sub- 
ject at the next Assembly. Vol. VII, p. 645, 1891. 

[For the report of this Committee, see Vol. VIII, p. 113, 1892. It 
was adopted; p. 30, 1892. For amended Constitution and revised 
Regulations, see Appendix to this Digest.] 

10. The Appointment of General Missionaries.— ^e^o/yec?, 5. 

That in cases of special necessity for missionary service, as in some of 
the frontier Presbyteries, the Board recommend an appropriation of 
money to be made for general missionary purposes, it being understood 
that the work of exploration and of visiting distant and important 
stations be done by an ordained minister, appointed either by the 
Presbytery or by the executive committee at the request of the Presby- 
tery ; and further, it is recommended that the appointment of a man to 
fill the place of a settled minister, who may be employed in the work 
above specified, be left with the executive committee. Vol. II, p. 42, 
1864. 

Resolved, 4. That two men be appointed by the Board a«» general 
missionaries for the territory west of the Mississippi river, to explore 
and preach, and with the consent of the' Presbytery in whose bounds 
they may be laboring, to organize congregations and report monthly 
their work to the Presbytery, and each of these general missionaries to 
have a salary of $1,500 a year. Vol. IV, p. 339, 1876. [The ser- 
vices of general missionaries were dispensed with. Vol. IV, p. 472, 
1877.] 

12. That the Board employ a special missionary to labor under their 
direction in exploring and developing new fields, especially in Western 
Kansas, Western Nebraska and Colorado. Vol. V, p. 710, 1887. 

1. That in accordance with the judgment of the Board, concurred in 
by the General Committee, and by the missionary, the appointment of a 
special missionary be discontinued. Vol. VI, p. 58, 1888. 

11. Presbyterial Missionaries. — Resolved, 2. That the Board be 
authorized, with the advice and co-operation of Presbyteries, to appoint 
Presbyterial missionaries to devote their whole time to missionary work 
within such territorial limits, and for such times, as the necessities of 
the field may justify, and to make provision for their support. Vol. 
VI, p. 59, 1888. 

12. Stated Supply "Dq^Q^..— Resolved, 8. That by '' stated sup- 
ply," shall be understood hereafter the continuous labors of a missionary 
lor not less than three months in one place. Vol. II, p. 177, 1865. 

2. That discretionary power be given the Board so that in excep- 



188 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

tional cases the appropriation granted by the Assembly upon condition 
of Stated supply may be paid when preaching and pastoral labor have 
been performed in one charge for six weeks successively. Vol. V, p. 
190, 1880. 

13. Rule for the Appointment of Stated Supplies. — Resolved, 

4. That in order to preserve as far as possible the rights which the 
principles of Presbyterianism give to the people to choose their religious 
teachers, it shall be the rule governing the appointment of all stated 
supplies, that no appointment shall be made for more than one year, and 
no one shall receive a second appointment to a position unless his ser- 
vices have been asked for or are known to be desired by the people over 
whom he is to be placed. Vol. V, p. 223, 1880. [See also Sec. 24.] 

14. Selection of Fields. — Resolved, 5. That Presbyteries be en- 
joined to exercise due care in the occupancy of new fields, and select 
those which promise the best immediate results. Vol. V, p. 724, 1883. 

4. That we declare it to be unwise to establish missions in places 
where other evangelical churches are at work in sufficient force to 
supply the religious needs of the community, unless there be special 
reasons for so doing. Vol. VI, p. 711, 1887. 

14. A Boarding Place to be Provided for Home Missiona- 
ries. — Resolved, 3. That in all cases, the mission station or vacancy, in 
which the missionary labors, shall carefully endeavor to designate, as 
far as possible, a fixed and convenient boarding place during the time 
of his service in their midst : and the Presbyteries shall endeavor to 
see that this regulation is faithfully carried out. Vol. II, p. 42, 1864. 

Resolved, 7, That the question of boarding, or paying their [Home 
Missionaries'] boarding be referred to the several Presbyteries to deter- 
mine. Vol. V, p. 352, 1881. 

16. Per Diem of Home Missionaries. — Resolved, That eight dol- 
lars be allowed to missionaries for each Sabbath spent in missionary 
service. Vol. I, p. 37, 1859. 

[In reply to a memorial for the reduction of the per diem, the As- 
sembly refused to take action. Vol. 1, p. 349, 1862. 

Presbyteries were directed to recommend congregations, as far as 
possible, to pay ten dollars per week. Vol. II, p. 42, 1864. 

The compensation was advanced from ten to twelve dollars per Sab- 
bath. Vol. II, p. 314, 1866. 

Two Presbyteries memorialized the Assembly to raise the per diem 
from twelve to fifteen dollars. The memorials were not granted. VoL 
II, p. 495, 1868.] 

The per diem of home missionaries should not be less than fifteen 
dollars. Vol. Ill, p. 534, 1873. 

Resolved, That the per diem of home missionaries be fixed at twelve 
dollars. Vol. IV, p. 37, 1874. 

17. Presbyteries are to Employ and Remunerate the Mis- 
sionaries assigned them by the Assembly. — Resolved, l. That the 

Assembly recognizes it as the duty of Presbyteries, who have asked and 
obtained missionaries from the Board of Home Missions, and thereby 
prevented their receiving appointments in other Presbyteries to employ 
them, and to the extent of their ability, remunerate them. Vol. I, p. 
225, 1861. 



HOME MISSIONS, BOARD OK. 189 

Resolved, C. That whenever a missionary is appointed to a Presbytery 
at its request, that Presbytery be required to make up to^ liim for any 
failures there may be in it to give him appointments. Vol. II, p. 42, 
1864. 

[See also Regulations of the Board of Home Missions for Presby- 
teries, No. 5.] 

18. Disabled Home Missionaries may Receive Half-pay.— 

Resolved, 15. That missionaries of the Home Board are required to give 
themselves wholly to the work, and as their compensation is insufficient 
to enable them to lay up store against the day of need, — 

16. That when these missionaries are broken down in the service of 
the church, that during such disability they shall be continued on half- 
pay, at the discretion of the executive committee. Vol. II, p. 314, 
1866. 

19. Duties of Home Missionaries.— -ffwoZret^, 4. That every mis- 
sionary of this Board be required not only to furnish the ordinary ser- 
vice of the Sabbath, but also to organize and attend to Sabbath Schools 
and prayer meetings, to visit and catechise, and to use every means 
which he conscientiously believes are in his power to promote the mis- 
sionary work. Vol. II, p. 42, 1864. 

Resolved, 4. That in adopting this report, the Assembly directs all 
missionaries to fulfill their appointments, unless they can make arrange- 
ments satisfactory to all parties concerned to be released, and until the 
Presbyteries in whose bounds they propose to labor shall furnish accept- 
able substitutes. Vol. IV, p. 166. 1875. 

20. Pastoral Visitation Defined.— i^esoZvetf, That by pastoral 

visitation is understood visitation with the purpose of promoting the 
spiritual interests of those visited, and not simply social visitation. Vol. 
IV, p. 472, 1877. 

21. Congregations Grouped for Settlement. — Resolved, 5. that 

the General Assembly instruct Presbyteries that they should group their 
stations wherever practicable, so as to make it possible to employ Mis- 
sionaries without aid from the Board, and that pastoral settlements be 
encouraged wherever congregations so grouped have a reasonable pros- 
pect of soon becoming self-sustaining. Vol. V, p. 352, 1881. 

[The General Assembly directed the attention of the Presbyteries to 
the above regulation] so as to secure self-supporting pastoral charges, 
and so to arrange their mission work as to secure the wisest expenditure 
of the Church's contributions. Vol. VII, p. 258, 1889. 

22. Appropriations to Pastors. — Resolved, 3. That when an ap- 
propriation is made to a place in which there is a settled pastor, it shall 
be regarded as on condition of settlement, and ceases when the relation 
is dissolved. Vol. 3, p. 139, 1870. 

23. The Board to Keep a Roll of Missionaries — Resolved, 3. 

The Board of Home Missions is hereby authorized to secure and keep 
on record the names of ministers and licentiates who are willing to labor 
as home missionaries, and to furnish to Presbyteries the names of such 
as may be available to labor in mission fields within their respective 
bounds. Vol. VII, p. 258, 1889. 

24. Appointments for a Y%d.V.— Resolved, 4. As a general rule a 
missionary shall not be appointed to a Presbytery for less than a year. 



190 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

"When one is found to be available and suitable for any particular field, 
the Board of Home Missions, with the endorsement and co-operation of 
the Presbytery, may appoint him to that field, to be continued from 
year to year as may be found advisable. Vol. VII, p. 258, 1889. 

25. Delinquent Appointees to be Reported. — Resolved, 7. That 

Superintendents of iVlissions be directed to report delinquent appointees 
to their respective Presbyteries, in order that tiiey may be called to ac- 
count for their delinquency. Vol. VI, j). 242, 1885. 

26. Election of Delegates to the General Committee.— i?e- 

solved, 2. Tliat Presbyteries be reciuested to ek'ct delegates to the Gen- 
eral Committee as early in the year as practicable, and provide for hav- 
ing them fully informed in regard to tlie congregations and stations for 
which missionaries or grants of money are to be asked. Vol. VI, p. 
711, 1887. 

27. Aid Withheld if a Church is not "Rmli.— Resolved, 3. That 

the Board be authorized to wilhiiold aid from any congregation that 
has been organized over three years without having taken steps in good 
faith to erect a church buildinjr. Vol. VI, p. 468, 1886. 

28. Women to be Employed as Missionaries. — Resolved, A. 

That we recognize with pleasure the efficiency of women as missionaries 
in our home mission field, and encourage the employment of such valu- 
able aid. Vol. VII, p. 460, 1890. 

29. Representative of the Board of Church Extension in 

the General Committee. — Reaohed, 8. That the Corresponding Sec- 
retary of the Board of Ciiurch Extension, or some representative of that 
Board, be directed to meet each year with the General Committee of 
Home Missions, Vol. VII, p. 413, 1890. 

30. Instrumental Music in Mission Stations.— See Church 

Music. 

31. Warm Spring's Indian Mission. — See Indians. 

32. The Corresponding Secretary to Visit the Theological 

Seminaries. — ResuU-ed, 3. Tliat the Corresponding Secretary be re- 
quested to visit the Theological Seminaries and present the claims of 
Home Mission work >to the students and urge upon them the duty of 
entering upon this work. Vol. VII, p. 258, 1889. 

LIV. HUTCHISON'S APPEAL. 

[Revs. W. R. Hutchison and J. "W. Dorrance appealed from a 
decision of the Synod of Kansas. It appeared that Sec. 4, Art. 3, 
Chap. XII, of the Book of Discipline, had not been complied with,] 
Therefore, 

Resolved, That this case be dismissed on the ground of irregularity. 
Vol. VII, p. 28, 1888. 

LV. INDIANS. 

Missions Among the Indians. — [A committee appointed by the 
Fifth General Assembly on the propriety of establishing a mission 
among the aborigines of our country, reported :] From the disturbed 
condition of the tribes on our northern and southwestern borders, from 
the means needed to carry on our missionary enterprises in other quar- 



INDIANS. 191 

ters, and the provision already made by other churches for the religious 
instruction of tribes in the peaceful parts of our land, we are prepared 
to recommend the adoption of the following : 

Resolved, That there is not, at present, sufficient encouragement to 
justify the Assembly in establishing a mission among the aborigines. 
Vol. II, p. 4, 1864. 

Resolved, IG. That the executive committee of the Board of Home 
Missions be instructed to inquire into the practicability and desirable- 
ness of establishing a mission in connection with our church among the 
American Indians ; and should the executive committee deem it best, it 
is hereby authorized to begin the work at once, it being the un- 
derstanding that all the expenses will be borne by the United States 
Government, and that we shall only be expected to furnish the mission- 
aries. Vol. Ill, p. 2G4, 1871. 

Resolved, Thai the executive committee of the Board of Home Mis- 
sions be directed to consider the wants of the Indians, and, if they deem 
it advisable, that they establish a mission among our North American 
Indians. Vol. Ill, p. 405, 1872. 

Resolved, 7. That this General Assembly take whatever steps are 
necessary to secure from the General Government the transfer of the 
fiuperintendency of the Warm Springs Indians, in Oregon, to the 
United Presbytefian Church, and that the secretary of the Board, in 
conjunction with Rev. S. G. Irvine, D. D., of Albany, Oregon, be ap- 
pointed to secure, if possible, such transfer. Vol. IV, p. 339, 1876. 

[The assignment of the "Warm Springs Indians to the United Pres- 
byterian Church was secured, and the mission was undertaken. The 
missionary was appointed in 1877, and arrived at the field early in 
May, 1878. In 1879 there were 63 members. Voh IV, p. 604, 1878 ; 
Vol. V, p. 52, 1879. The missionary resigned, and it was found diffi- 
cult to obtain another, and therefore the Assembly gave the Board dis- 
cretionary power as to the continuance of the mission. Vol. V, p. 
766, 1883. The following Assembly directed further effiart to secure a 
missionary, but in case of failure to secure a missionary within a reas- 
onable time, the Board was empowered and instructed to relinquish the 
charge of the mission. Vol. VI, pp. 67, 68, 1884. A missionary was 
obtained, and the work was prosecuted. Vol. VI, p. 259, 1885.] 

Mission Buildings. — [The General Assembly requested the Board 
of Ciiurch Extension to erect the necessary premises. Vol. VI, 1885. 
The Board reported that the buildings had been erected. The As- 
sembly took the following action :] 

Resolved, 4. That we now commit this property to the care of the 
Board of Home Missions. Vol. VI, p. 669, 1887. 

Contract for the Schools. — Resolved, That the Board be directed 
to prosecute the endeavor to get the management of the school work 
under contract with the Government. Vol. VI, p. 710, 1887. [The 
following Assembly authorized the Board to perfect its contract with the 
Government, and provided for the expenses involved. Vol. VII, p. 
58, 1888. In consequence of the change of policy in the management 
of the schools by the Government, no further effort was made in regard 
to the control of the schools.] 

Transfer of the Mission to the Women's Board.— ^[The Board 



192 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

was authorized to complete the neo^otiations for the transfer of the mis- 
sion to the care of tlie Women's Auxiliary Board, to be prosecuted as a 
special work, under tiie primary jurisdiction of the Oregon Presbytery. 
Vol. VII, pp. 451, 460, 1890. This transfer was made under the fol- 
lowing regulations :] 

*' Resolved, That this work is hereby transferred to the "Women's 
Board, with the following understanding: 

" 1. This action takes effect from July 1, 1890. 

" 2. In the management of the work tlie Women's Board shall sus- 
tain to the Presbytery of Oregon, to which the primary control and sup- 
ervision of the AVarm Springs Indian Mission belongs, the same relation 
now sustained by the Board of Home Missions. 

" 3. The house erected at Warm Springs Agency as a home for the 
missionary shall be held by the Board of Home Missions in trust for the 
Women's Board ; the free use of said house to be given to the Mission- 
ary as heretofore, and in case of sale the proceeds of the entire property 
to be paid to the Women's Board. 

" 4. All stated reports from the missionaries and all applications on 
behalf of the mission shall be made to the Women's Board, through the 
Presbytery of Oregon, and payments shall be made and accounts kept 
by the Women's Board. 

" 5. The Women's Board shall annually, in the month of April, 
make to the Board of Home Missions a general statement of the condi- 
tion of the mission and of the cost of its support during the year ending 
with the 31st of March preceding. 

*' 6. When missionaries are to be appointed or removed, and in all 
other cases involving changes in the mission work or in the methods of 
its management, the Women's Board shall not take final action until the 
matter has been submitted to the Board of Home Missions for counsel 
and advice. 

" 7. The Board of Home Missions agrees to give advice and assist- 
ance, when called upon, in the management of the work." Vol. VII, 
p. 670, 1891. 

LVI. JEWS. 

Missions Among' the Jews. — Resolved, That * * * be a com- 
mittee, whose duty it shall be to inquire regarding the accessibility of 
the Jewish people in the United States to the influence of a simple Bible 
Christianity, and to report to the next General Assembly ; and if the 
result of their inquiry be favorable, also to report any other facts of im- 
portance, as connected with such missionary enterprise, and designate, 
if in their power, a suitable person or persons for the work. Vol. I, p. 
157, 1860. 

[This committee reported to the next Assembly, recommending the 
establishment of a mission among the Jews in the city of New York, 
Vol. I, p. 306, 1861, when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the former committee be continued, and that they 
issue an appeal in behalf of the Jews of our own land through the peri- 
odicals of the church, embodying the facts in their report, and asking 
special contributions for their benefit. 



JEWS. 198 

2. That the contributions thus obtained be used for the obtaining and 
circulating such a Christian literature as is likely, by the blessing of 
•God, to benefit the Jew. 

3. Tiiat they continue their inquiries in reference to the accessibil- 
ity of the Jews, and the best means of reaching them with a knowledge 
of the Saviour, and report to the next Assembly. Vol. I, p. 219, 1861. 

[On the recommendation of this committee the following resolutions 
were adopted :] 

Resolved, 1. That pastors of congregations be instructed to preach, as 
soon as convenient, a discourse presenting to their people the claims 
which the Jews in general, and those of them resid-ent in the United 
States in particular, have upon the church, and urging the duty of con- 
tributing for tlieir special benefit. 

3. Tiiat, should the state of the treasury warrant such action before 
the next meeting of the Assembly, the executive committee of the Board 
of Home Missions be authorized to employ, at such salary as may seem 
proper, an agent to labor amonir the Jews in New York, Philadelphia or 
Cincinnati. Vol. I, p. 439, 1862. 

Hesolced, 1. That this Assembly hereby expresses its continued inter- 
est in the saving conversion of the Jews, and its desire to have the 
United Presbyterian Church enter upon the work of their evangeliza- 
tion whenever it is believed God has opened up the field and raised up 
the man or the men to enter in and occupy it. 

2. That this Assembly have confidence in Rev. Abraham C. Tris as 
a minister of Christ and a friend of Israel, and recommend him to the 
"work of visiting the churches and of endeavoring to excite in all who 
love our Lord .Jesus Christ a new or a deeper interest in the salvation 
of this long outcast and painfully spiritually needy people. Vol. II, p. 
13, 1864. 

Resolved, 1. That ministers be recommended to preach to our people 
on the history and condition of the Jews as they illustrate the provi- 
dence ot God, and the fulfillment of prophecy, and upon their prospect- 
ive conversation and its influence upon the churcii and the world. 

2. That special collections be taken up in all our churches for the 
'estal)lishment of a fund for the mission, and that the supervision of this 
fund be entrusted to the executive committee of the Board of Home 
Missions. 

3. That Rev. A. C. Tris be appointed to labor as a missionary 
among the Jews, under the First Presbytery of New York, and that he 
be paid by the Board of Home Missions at the rate of $800 per annum. 
Vol. II, p. 168, 1865. 

Resolved, 1. That this Assembly recognize it to be our duty as a 
<!hurch, as God gives us ability and opportunity, to seek after the lost 
sheep of the house of Israel in our midst. 

2. That the mission to the Jews be placed under the Board of Home 
Missions. 

3. That Rev, A. C. Tris be assigned to the First Presbytery of New 
Y^ork, to labor es])ccially among tlie Jews, under the direction of the 
Presbytery, and that $1,000 be appropriated from the home mission 
fund for the support of the missionary for the year. Vol. II, p. 315, 
1866. 

13 



194 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEAIBLY, 

Resolved, 3. That the Jewish mission in the city of New York be for 
the present abandoned, and Rev. A. C. Tris be refenvd to the execu- 
tive committee with a view to employ him as a missionary in a com- 
munity of Hollanders. Vol. II, p. 410, 18G7. 

[A paper from the American Christian Society for promoting; Chris- 
tianity amon^ the Jews was referred to a special comniiilcc, Vol. Ill, 
p. 113, 1870. This committee presented a report vhidi was noi 
adopted. Vol. Ill, p. 139, 1870.] 

LVII. KNIGHTS OF LABOR. 

[The following; report was adopted :] 

The Committee on Bills and Overtures, to which was ri'iriifd the 
memorial of the Presbytery of Albany, finds it impossible to irpdri any- 
thing of a decided cliaractt-r in regard to those associations, known as 
" Knights of Labor," and other kindred associations, becaust- we have 
no adequate knowledge of their true character, or of tiie forms and ex- 
tent of the obligations whicli are assumed at the time of initiation. 

There is, however, too much reason to believe that these associations 
require a surrender of j^ersonal liberty to act in accoi'dance with llie in- 
dividual's own conscience of right and wrong, and hence are an en- 
tanglement and a snare, wliich we earnestly counsel all our members to 
avoid. 

Your committee would have the Assembly direct all our sessions to 
carry out the rules of our church in dealing with any members who have 
joined, or who may be about to join, any of the associations in que.-iion, 
as they shall obtain such positive information as will enable them to act 
intelligently in the case. 

We recommend the adoption of the following, viz.: 

Resolved, Tliat we enjoin upon all our members to abstain from con- 
nection with any association which might lead to acts of violence, or to 
the invasion of the rights of property, or interference with the liberty 
of men to engage in honest labor wheie and when, and for whomsoever 
they may choose. Vol. VI, p. 436, 1886. 

LVIII. LEGACIES. 
1. Permanent Investment of Legacies. — Your committee are 

unanimous in recommending to the ditlerent Boards of the church the 
setting aside of all legacies and bequests as a permanent investment, 
believing that the or<iinary expenses of the Boards should be paid out 
of the annual contributions of the church ; believing also that if such a 
disposition could be maile of bequests, a mut:h larger sum would be 
given to the Boards ; and that in a few vcjii-s these investments would 
become endowments. Vol. Ill, p. 270, 1871. 

Resolved, Tliat tjje Trustees of this Assembly be, and here!)y are, in- 
structed to invest an}' becjuest tliej' may i-eceiveoii behalf of tlie Assem- 
bly, and until otlierwise ordered, appropriate the i-evenues only to the 
general work of the church. Vol. Ill, p. 419, 1872. 

[A committee was appointed by the Assembly of 1872 to report an 
answer to the question : " Shall Boards to wiiich bequests are made, in- 
vest and use the income only, or at once use the entire legacy ?" Vol. 



LEGACIES. 196 

III, pp. 416, 417, 1872. This committee presented the following re- 
port, which was adopted :] All legacies or bequests left to tlie General 
As-^embly, or any of tlie Boards of the church, should be held as sacred 
trusts, and used or disposed of only as directed by the testator ; but 
when left, as is frequently the case, without specific directions to the 
Trustees of the Assembly or the Boards of the church, such bequests 
may be used temporarily, until the next meeting of the General As- 
sembly, when all such legacies, together with all the facts connected* 
with the same, shall be reported to the Assembly, and be subject to its 
direction and order. Your committee would also express the opinion, 
that unless urgent exigencies re(]uire the immediate use of bequests, 
thev should be invested in undoubted securities, and the interest only 
used. Vol. Ill, p. r>46, 1873. 

6. That we recommend and direct that all moneys belonging to the 
church, which are not accompanied by limitations or restrictions, shall 
be kept for tlie use of the chui-ch, invested in such available securities 
as can on short notice be converted into cash. Vol. V, p. 199, 1880. 

7. That the Board [of Foreign Missions] be authorized to invest 
temporarily any bequest that may come into their hands, which may be 
used as collateral security in borrowing money in case of emergency, and 
also to use so far as necessary said bequests after careful examination of 
each case, in extending operations in fields already occupied, in securing 
necessary buildings and providing such helps and apj)liances as are 
judged necessary to the prosperity and success of the mission cause ; and 
that so far as practicable these grants be made proportionately between 
the two mission fields. Vol. V, p. 192, 1880. 

Resolved, 3. That the bequests now made to this Board [of Home 
Missions] be permanently invested, and the interest annually appropri- 
ated to the work of the Board. Vol. Ill, p. 428, 1872. 

Resolved, That hereafter any bequest made to the Board of Home 
Missions that is not especially designated by the testator for investment 
may be used to meet the current expenses of the Board. Vol. Ill, p. 
565, 1873. 

[A bequest was made to the Board of Home Missions, by Archibald 
Stewart, Esq. A part of this was used to pay indebtedness and meet 
the current expenses. The Assembly authorized the Board to invest 
the remainder, and use the principal only in extraordinary cases, at its 
discretion. Vol. V, p. 190, 1880.] 

Resolved, 6. That the General Assembly direct the legacy of Archi- 
bald Stewart, Esq., to be set apart as a reserve fund of the 13oard, from 
which temporary loans may be made to meet pressing emergencies, and 
that the management of said legacy be left with the Board, under such 
restrictions as the Assembly may see fit to impose. Vol. V, p. 352, 
1881. 

2. General Rule Concerning- Bequests. — Resolved,!. That when 

a bequest is made to the General Assembly, or its Trustees, for mission- 
ary purposes, the Trustees be directed to appropriate it to the Boards of 
Foreign Missions, Home Missions, Freedmen's Missions and Churchi 
Extension, in the proportion in which the appropriations were made for 
these Boards by the preceding General Assembly. 

2. That when a bequest is made to the General Assembly without 



J 96 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

iiny limitation, it be applied to all the Boards and to the General 
-Assembly's fund, on the same principle. Vol. IV, p. 449, 1877. 

LIX. LICENSURE. 

1. Presbyteries to Exercise Care in Licensing Students. — 

Mesoloed, Tliat the Presbyteries be enjoined to exercise tenderly, but 
faithfully, their authority in judginjr of the piety, mental gifts and ac- 
<juirements, and general fitness for the office, of all candidates for the 
.ministry; to give them, during the progress of tiieir studies, the full 
benefits of a seminary course, as also of such oversight as it belongs to 
Presbyteries to take of their theological students ; and that they be es- 
j)ecially enjoined to guard agaiiist premature licensures, or whatever 
would unnecessarily come short of the established conditions of licensure. 
Vol. Ill, p. 528, 1873. 

Resolved, That Presbyteries be enjoined to adhere more strictly to 
ihe instructions of the General Assembly in the licensure of young men. 
Wol. IV, p. 450, 1877. 

Jieso/ved, That as an able as well as a godly ministry is of the ut- 
tinost importance to our success as a church, this General Assembly 
earnestly exhort all our Presbyteries to exercise the greatest care 
Ml training men for the office of tlie ministry. Voh IV, p. 592, 1878. 

2. Presbyteries to Maintain Uniformity in Licensing Students. 

'[In response to a memorial from certain persons, the Assembly adopted 

■.the following:] 

The memorialists represent that while the Book of Government and 
Discipline, Part 1., Chap. V, Sec. 2, requires that in ordinary cases no 
student of theology shall be admitted to trials for license until he has 
completed a course of theological study of three full years after the time 

-of his admission by the Presbytery, it is a well-known fact that many 
students "receive license at the end of their second year." Such dis- 
regard of the law of the church on this subject is on many accounts 
'dee|)ly to be deplored. That law is a wise provision to guard the in- 
troduction of persons into her ministry before they are fitted by previous 
theological training for rightly expounding and dividing the Word of 
Truth. Uniformity in its enforcement is of highest imf)Ortance ; other- 
wise it becomes a dead letter. If some of the Presbyteries of the church 
violate this law, its obsei-vance by other Presbyteries is of little or no 
iivail, and the end for which it has been placed in our Book of Govern- 

.'Mient and Discipline has been defeated. 

Therefore, your Committee recommend to the Assembly the follow- 
ing for adoption : 

Resolved, That all our Presbyteries be and are hereby earnestly en- 
joini-d to conform in letter and in spirit to the law of the church touch- 
i«ig the licensure of candidates for the gospel ministry. Vol. V, p. 538, 
1882. 

3. Theological Students not to be Licensed till the Comple- 
tion of their Regular Theological Oonise.— Resolved, 2. That it 

be recommended to Piesbyteries not to license any student until he has 
-completed the entire course. Vol. II, p. 486, 1868. 

. Resolved, 6. That the Presbyteries be especially enjoined to guard 



LICENTIATES. 197 

against premature licensures, or what would unnecessarily come short 
of the estaljlished conditions of licensure, which, according to our Form 
of Government, Part II, Chapter o, Section 2, are that "In ordinary 
cases, a student is not to be admitted to trials for license until he has 
completed a course of tlieolojrical study of three full years after the time 
of his admission by the Presbytery, and produced testimonials of good 
conduct, and proficiency in his studies " Vol. Ill, ]>. 528, 1873. 

Resolved,2. Tliat the committee take the liberty of expressing it as 
their unanimous opinion, tliat the best interests of students require their 
uninterrupted attendance during the tliree sessions previous to licensure, 
an<l earnestly entreat Presbyteries to act accordingly. Vol. IV. p. 88.. 
1874. ■ . - 1 

[The General Assembly of 1873 required the Presbyteries to report 
10 each Assembly the names of persons licensed during the year and 
the number of terms spent at the seminary. Vol. Ill, p. 529. The 
First Presbytery of New York reported the licensure of two students at 
the end of the second year. The Ibllowing action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the action of the First Presbytery of New York 
in licensing students of Theology before the completion of their studies 
be disapproved by the Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 184, 1875. 

[The above order of the Assembly was annulled. Vol. V, p. SO^ 
1879. See Licentiates, Sec. 1.] 

4. Change in the Time of Licensure.— [The Presbytery of 

Wheeling, asked that the Book of Government be so changed as to admit 
the licensure oi" students at the end of the second year. AVhereupon 
the Assembly submitted the following overture :] 

Shall Part II, Chapter V, Sec. 2, of the Book of Government and 
Discipline be changed so that it shall read, '• In ordinary cases, no stu- 
dent of Theology shall be admitted to trials for licensure until he has 
completed a course of Theological study of two full years after the time 
of his admission by the Presbytery, and produced testimonials of good 
conduct and proficiency in his studies, and he shall be required to spend 
a third session at the Seminary?" Vol. VII, p. 225, 1889. 

[On this overture the vote was: ayes, 734 ; nays, 210. Thereupon- 
it was] 

RekoJved, That the General Assemldy does now enact that Part 11,. 
Chap. V, Sec. 2, of the Book of Government Ije so changed that it shall 
read as follows : [as proposed in the overture.] Vol. VII, p. 414. 1890. 

5. Trials of Theological Students Need not all be Heard at 

the Time of Licensure.— [The striking out of Part II. Chapter 5. Sec- 
tion 4, first clause, " These trial exercises shall be iieard at the time of 
licensure," was overtured to Presbyteries, Vol. Ill, p. IG, 18G'J, when 
it was stricken out by the followinsr vote : Ayes, 549 ; nays. 52 ; not 
voting, 21. Vol. Ill, p. 150, 1870!] 

LX. LICENTIATES. 
1. Licensures to be Reported to the Assembly.— /?^'so/rec7, That 

Presbyteries be required to report to eacli (xeneral Assemi)ly the names 
of persons licensed during the year, and to give account in each ca-^e of 
the number of sessions spent at the theological seminary, auil the train- 
ing given by the Presbytery itself. Vol. Ill, p. 52'.), l.s7o. 



198 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

[Tliis action was le-affiTmed hv the Assembly, Vol. IV, p. 184, 
i875.] 

Resolved, 3. Tiiat tlie action of the Assembly of 1873, requiring 
"Presbyteries to re|)ort to the General Assembly the names of persons 
licensed during tlie year, and to give account in each case of the number 
of sessions spent at the Theolojiical Seminary and the training given by 
tlie Presbytery itself," be annulled. Vol. V, p. 39, 1879. 

2. Licentiates Desiring to Attend the Seminary are to be 

Released from Appointments. — Jtesolved, 3. That the Assembly 
will give no appointments to any licentiate during the sessions, who 
wishes to attend tiip seminary. 

4. That the BomimI be authorized to release from his ap|)ointments 
during the period of his attendance at the seminary, any licentiate who 
desires to secure the benefit of such attendance, provided the Board is 
able to fill his appointments by other missionaries. Vol. IV, 339, 1876. 

{]See also Students.] 

LXI. LOGUE'S COMPLAINT. 

In the case of complaint by Rev. J. "W. Logue and others against the 
decision of the Commission of the First Synod of the West, in the matter 
of the appeal of Rev. S. R. Frazier and others from the Presbytery of 
Cleveland, your committee would submit the following report: We 
have examined the papers in this case and find that the complaint is not 
regular because vre))iuturc ; it having been made against the action of a 
Commission which had not yet reported to the court appointing it. The 
4aw of commissions reads as follows: "It," that is, the Commission, 
'' shall submit a full record of its proceedings to the court appointing it, 
which, if the proceedings have been regular, and the Commission has 
rot exceeded its powers, shall become part of the records of the court. 
The right of dissent, protest and complaint, and the rules of pro- 
cedure therein, siiall be tlie same as in full court. Tiie reason for pro- 
test, appeal or complaint, shall be lodged with the Moderator or the 
Clerk of the court appointing the Commission." (See Minutes of As- 
sembly, Vol. V, p. 527, Sections 5 and 6.) 

Now this language plainly implies that the records of the Commission 
fihall be submitted to the appointing court, and be declared regular, and 
within the limits of the Commission's power, before an appeal or com- 
plaint against its action can be admitted. Until this action has been 
taken by the appointing court, the higher court can have no access to the 
records of the Commission in case of complaint or appeal, and could not, 
therefore, issue the case. Also, the law declares that the reason for 
protest or complaint shall be lodged with the Moderator or Clerk of the 
court appointing the Commission. These conditions not having been 
complied with in this case, we, therefore, recommend that the complaint 
be dismissed. [Adopted.] Vol. VI, p. 419, 188G. 

LXII. McCAUGHAN'S APPEALS. 

First. [The following is a statement of the case:] 
At a meeting of the Presbytery of Des Moines a memorial was re- 
ceived from twenty persons claiming to be members of the congregation 



m'cune's case. 199 

of Oskaloosu, representing that they were aggrieved by the introduction 
of instrumental music into the services of worship in said congregation, 
and asking for such relief as the case required. In response to this the 
Presbytery found that nine of these persons were on what was called a 
"dead list" of members in the congregation, and of the remaining 
fleven only five contributed to the support of the Church, and that to a 
limited degree, and that only one had ever made complaint to session 
iibout the "matter. For these reasons the Presbytery refused to grant 
the petition of the memorialists. From this decision the present appel- 
lant took an appeal to the Synod of Iowa. The Synod refused to sus- 
tain his appeal, and from that decision he appeals to this Assembly. 

[The action of the Assembly was:] Resolved, That the appeal be 
sustained, because the lower courts passed judgment on the memorialists 
unheard. Vol. Yl, p. G79. 1887. 

Second. [Rev. C. T. McCaughan, D. D., appealed from a decision 
of the Synod of Iowa in a judicial case. The action of the Assembly 
was:] 

Two kinds of cases may be appealed from a lower to a higher court: 
First, A judicial case, in which the " right of appeal belongs to the 
party against whom the decision is made." Second, Cases in which 
■"the purity of the church or the interests of truth and righteousness are 
injuriously affected by a decision," in which any member of the court 
may appeal. The case before us is of tiie former class, and the parties 
iigainst whom the decision is made have not appealed. There is no evi- 
dence before us that they are even aggrieved. 

In view of the above, and also in view of the fact that there is no 
■evidence before us that the purity of the church or the interests of truth 
and righteousness are injuriously aflected by the decision from which 
tlie appeal is taken, and that it is not even so alleged in the appeal; 
therefore, 

Resolved, That the appeal is not legally before the Assembly. Vol. 
VII, p. 210, 1889. 

LXIII. M'CUNE'S CASE, 

[Certain Presbyteries brought against Rev. Wm. C. M'Cune, of the 
First Presbytery of Ohio, the charge of holding and defending funda- 
mental and serious errors on the subject of church fellowship, and in 
support of their charge, they referred to a book published by him. The 
following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the action of the Presbyteries in bringing this 
matter to the notice of this Assembly be and hereby is approved. 

2. That we regard it as inconsistent with that integrity which should 
characterize the followers of Christ to espouse a profession, and under 
the garb of that profession to assail its well known and acknowledged 
principles. 

3. That the case of Rev. Wm. C. M'Cune be submitted to the First 
Presbytery of Ohio, of which he is a member, that proceedings may be, 
if they are not already, instituted by that Presbytery, for his trial in 
regard to doctrines which he has taught, or opinions which he has pub- 
lished on the subject of church fellowship, represented to this Assembly 



200 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

by several Presbyteries to be in opposition to our standards, erroneous^ 
and therefore censurable. Vol. II, p. 307, 1866. 

[Mr. M'Cune was put on trial, and tlie case was broujfht before the 
next Assembly by the appeal of Rev. Samuel "Wilson and others from 
the decision of the Second Synod, acquitting him. It being shown that 
the endorsement on the appeal was incorrect, the moderator of the 
Second- Synod was allowed to correct the error, when the case was 
issued by tlie Assembly. Vol. II, p. 398, 1867.] The question was 
then put, — Shall the appeal from the decision of the Second Synod of 
the West, acquitting Rev. W. C. M'Cune of the charge in the lirst 
specification, namely: "making determined opposition to one of our 
distinctive })rinciples, namely, the sixteenth article of the Testimony," 
be sustained? Ayes, 124; nays, 3; not voting, 7. 

Shall the appeal from the decision of the Second Synod of the "West, 
acquitting Mr. M'Cune of "holding and defending serious error on the 
subject of church fellowship," be sustained? Ayes, 110; nays, 21 ^ 
not voting, 1. 

Shall the appeal from the decision of the Second Synod of the West, 
acquitting Rev. W. C. M'Cune of holding and defending fundamental 
error on the subject of church fellowship," be sustained? Ayes, 91; 
nays, 38; not voting, 3. 

The vote was then taken viva voce on the main question as a whole. 
The appeal was sustained. Vol. II, pp. 401, 402, 403, 404, 1867. 

[The following was adopted as the final disposition of the case:] 
The Assembly having sustained the appeal of Dr. S. Wilson and others^ 
from the decision of the Second Synod of the West, in the case of Rev. 
W. C. M'Cune, charged with "liolding and defending serious and 
fundamental error on the subject of church fellowship," hereby reverse* 
the decision of the Synod, and declares said charge proved. 

This judgment is not simply because of Mr. M'Cune's interpretation 
of the 26th chapter of the Confession of Faith, or his "determined op- 
position" to the sixteenth article of the Testimony, a part of the basis 
of union on which this church was organized ; but also, because of his 
enunciation and advocacy of principles which, if fully carried out, 
would work a complete subversion of the church as a visible organiza- 
tion. 

By this judgment, Mr. M'Cune is fairly liable to the severe censure 
of the church. But, in consideration of the facts that he appears to 
have labored under a misapprehension of what the doctrine and law of 
his church are on the subject of church fellowship, and that this ques- 
tion is now definitely settled by a judicial decision of her highest court, 
it is deemed sufficient to remit his case to his Presbytery, with instruc- 
tions to admonish him that he must respect tl'e authority of the cliurch 
in this decision, abstain from divisive courses, and follow the things 
that make for peace. Vol. II, p. 406, 1867. 

[A dissent against the legality of the ])roceedings in the case of IMr. 
M'Cune was entered, Vol. II, p. 407, 1867, and answered. Vol. II, {>. 
413, 1867.] 



MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE. 2()1 



LXIV. MANSES. 



"Whereas, Tie necessity tliat each congrefration should have a manse 
is so apparent and so pressing in most cases ; therefore, 

Hesoived, That tiie Presbyteries under the care of this General As- 
sembly be instructed to inquire of the churches under their care what 
they have done, or what they propose doing, in behalf of this object, and 
that in order to awaken additional attention to the subject, that the 
Presbyteries address a pastoral letter to their churches, urging upon the 
people the necessity ot taking early and earnest action to erect manses, 
and thereby secure comfortable homes for their ministers. Vol. II, p. 
298, 18GG. 

See also, Church Extension, Board of. Sec. 25 : The Parsonage Fund. 

LXY. MAPvRIAGE AND DIVORCE. 

1. Sacredness of the Marriage Contract. — Resolved, 2. That we 

enjoin our ministers to be iaithful in the instruction of the people on the 
sacredness and binding chaiacter of the marriage contract. Vol. VII, 
p. 422. 1800. 

2. Marriage with Irreligious Persons. — Resolved, Tiiat it is the 

duty ot parents to counsel and warn tiieir cliildren against the formation 
of such matrimonial connections, and that ministers of the gospel should 
show iVom the Scriptures tiieir dangerous tendency, with a diligence 
proportioned to the danger to which young people are exposed from the 
social influences with which they are surrounded. Vol. I, p. 224, 1861. 

3. Marriage Within the Forbidden Degrees of Consanguin- 
ity. — Resolved, 1. That ministei's be instructed to bring this subject be- 
fore the people in their public ministrations, in order that the purity of 
the marriage relation lie preserved. 

2. Tiiat the Presbyteries and Sessions be directed by the proper exer- 
cise of discipline, to enforce the established principles of tiie Confession, 
in all cases where marriages have been contracted within the degrees 
forbidden by the law of God. Vol. II, p. 319, 1866. 

[The Session of Cedarville, Presbytery of Xenia, memorialized the 
Assembly in reference to Chapter XXIV, Article IV, of the Con- 
fession of Faith, requesting such a deliverance as would secure uni- 
formity of action or conformity to the law. The following action was 
taken :] It is submitted that the law on this subject is specilic ; that it 
should be a part of the Church's organic law; has recently been re- 
asserted by the Church, and inasmucli as no modification of the law, so 
as to require re-overture, is asked, but only such a deliverance as 
would secure consistent action by the inferior courts ; therefore. 

Resolved, That faithful teaching be enjoined that infractions of the 
law may be prevented, and that violations of the law be dealt with by 
Sessions consistently with its spirit and design. Vol. IV, p. 446, 
1877. 

4. Marriage with a Deceased Wife's Niece. — Resolved, That 

the foregoing question — Is it agreeable to the word of God, and the 
standards of the United Presbyterian Church, for a man to marry his 
deceased wife's niece ? — be answered in the negative. Vol. II, p. 503, 
1868. 



202 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

5. Marriage with a Deceased Wife's Sister.— [A Mr. Paden, 

a member of the congregation of Bethel in the Presbytery of Mercer, 
having married the sister of his deceased wife, was arraigned by the 
Session, and the following sentence pronounced : " Resolved, That Mr. 
Paden be admonished before the Session, and that a public intimation 
of the same be made to the congregation." From this decision, a mi- 
nority of the Session appealed to the Presbytery. Presbytery sustained 
the appeal, and instructed the Session of the congregation of Bethel to 
suspend Mr. Paden from the privileges of the Church until he gave 
evidence of repentance. From this decision an appeal was taken, and 
the case brought before the First Synod of the West. The Synod sus- 
tained the appeal from the decision of the Presbytery. From this de- 
cision, certain members of Synod appealed to the Aseembly. Vol. Ill, 
p. 11, 186'J. This appeal from Synod was sustained; ayes, 6G ; nays, 
62. Vol. Ill, p. 21, 1869.] 

6. Overture with Reference to Marriage with a Deceased 

Wife's Relatives. — Resolved, That the following question, a definite 
answer to which, yea or nay, shall be reported to the next General As- 
sembly, be and hereby is transmitted in overture to the Presbyteries of 
the church, namely: Shall the declaration contained in the Westminster 
Confession of Faith, Chap. XXIV., Sec. 4, "The man may not marry 
any of his wife's kindred nearer in blood than he may of his own, nor 
the woman of her husband's kindred nearer in blood than of her own," 
be repealed? Vol. Ill, p. 26, 1869. 

[This overture was rejected by the following vote: Ayes, 127 ; nays. 
536; not voting. 65. Vol III, p. 150, 1870.] 

7. Polygamous Converts not Admitted to Membership.— [A 

memorial and petition were presented against the action of the Presby- 
tery of Sialkot concerning the admission of converts from heathenism 
who have a plurality of wives to baptism and membership in the church. 
As there has been no official communication from the Presbytery on 
the subject, the Presbytery was directed to report to the next Assembly 
their official action and the grounds on which it was based. Vol. V, p. 
29, 1879. Tlie Presbytery reported accordingly, and the Assembly 
took the following action:] 

Resolved, 2. That the question really and properly brought before the 
committee and the Assembly is the following, which is expressed in an- 
other part of the paper : " Can a ])olygamist be received into the church 
during its transition state in a polygamous country, with the express 
understanding that this polygamy is only tolerated, and that while in 
this state he (the polyganiist) can never be admitted to any official posi- 
tion in the church ?" 

On the question, as here stated, the committee reply in the negati%'e, 
and declare that it is not proper to ad nit a polygamist to membership in 
the church, even under the circumstances specified. Vol. V, p. 188, 
1880. 

8. Divorce. — Resolved, That these questions be referred to a select 
committee, to report to the next Assembly, viz.: 1. Does a divorce, se- 
cured on the ground of wilful desertion, leave the party at liberty to 
marry again ? 2. If not, and yet a member of the church marries such 
a person in good faith and under the impression that it is entirely law- 



MAKSHALI.'S APPEAL. 203 

ful, liow far should a church court extend forbearance in such a case? 
Vol. HI, p. 17, 1869. 

[Majority and minority reports were presented. Vol. HI, pp. 408- 
412, 1872, the former maintaining that "the Scriptures allow but one 
justifiable cause of divorce," viz., adultery, the latter concludinir with 
the resolution, "that the doctrine of divorce is scrij)turallv exhibited in 
the teaching of the Westminster Confession on the subject." These re- 
ports weie referred to the next Assembly, by which tlieir consideration 
was indefinitely postponed. Vol. Ill, j). 547. 1873.] 

The Presbytery of "Westmoreland ask that the necessary steps be 
taken to have the words, "or such wilful desertion as can in no way be 
remedied by the Church or civil magistrate," be stricken from Section 
6, Chapter XXIV. of the Confession of Faith. For various reasons it 
is not thought best, at the present time, to submit such an overture to 
the Presbyteries ; therefore. 

Resolved, That the prayer of the memorialists be not granted. Vol. 
VII, p. 20, 1888. 

y. Divorce Legislation. — Resolved, 2. That there is a loud call for 
some legislation to secure uniformity in the matter of divorce, and pre- 
vent the great and growing evils so appalling under the present regula- 
tions. 

3. That this Assembly earnestly invokes State governments to take 
measures to secure such legislation, and allow divorce only upon Scrip- 
tural ground. Vol. V. p. 40, 1884. 

1. That we as a Church most emphatically condemn all laws relating 
to divorce, which |)ermit the l)reaking up of the marriage relation on 
other than Scriptuial ground, and declare that the nation and people 
that permit such laws to exist are in imminent neril of the judgments of 
God. ^ '' ° 

4. That we advise all our people to use their influence in endeavor- 
ing to secure the repeal of all divorce laws that are contrary to the 
Scriptures, and the enacting of such State and National laws as shall 
recognize onlv Scriptural grounds for divorce. Vol. VII, p. 422, 
1890. 

10. Ministers Forbidden to Unite in Marriage Persons Un- 

SCripturally Divorced. — Resolved, l. That in the judgment of this 
Assembly no minister should join in marriage any person who is known 
to have been divorced on other than Scriptural grounds. Vol. VI, p. 
40,1884. " ^ 

3. That it is contrary to the law of God for any minister or otlier 
officer to unite in marriage parties, one or both of which have been sep- 
arated from former partners on other than Scriptural grounds, even al- 
though the State may recognize such marriage as lawful. Vol. VII, p. 
422, 1890. 

LXVI. MARSHALLS' APPEAL. 

[The appellants, Eleanor, Jaue L. and Catharii^.e Marshall, were 
libelled by the Session of the Amity congregation, to which they be- 
longed, for neglect of ordinances. At the time set for trial, the accused 
sent in papers declining the authority of Session, on the ground of in- 
competency. Their reasons were deemed gioundii'ss by the Session, 



204 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

and the appellants were cited to appear a second time for trial ; when 
they all appeared, and again declined the authority of the Session, and 
protested ajruinst the action of the Session in deciding their declination 
unwarrantable ; and appealed to Presbytery. The accused then left the 
court, and in their absence they were tried and convicted of the charge 
contained in the libel. Tiie only question coming belore the Presby- 
tery was the competency of the Session to try the case. 'I'he Presby- 
tery sustained the Session, regarding it as competent, and the declina- 
ture of the accused as unwarrantable. An appeal was taken from the 
Presbytery to the Synod of Ohio. In Synod the appeal was not sus- 
tained, thereby affirming the decision of tiie Presbytery. From this 
action an appeal was taken to the Assembly, but the appeal was not 
sustained, and the concurrent decisions of tiie lower courts were 
affirmed. Vol. II, p. 297, 1866. Tlie appellants protested against this 
action. Having removed from their former place of residence, the As- 
sembly, on the ground that meml)ers under suspension are still under 
the jurisdiction of the Church courts, passed the following resolutions :] 

Resolved, 1. That Eleanor, Jane L., and Catharine Marshall be and 
hereby are placed under the care of the Session of the First congrega- 
tion, Monmouth. 

2. That tiie Session of Amity congregation be and hereby is directed 
to transmit to the Session of the First congregation of Monmouth all 
the papers in their possession pertaining to the case. Vol. Ill, p. 276^ 
1871. 

LXVII. MATHEWS' MEMORIAL. 

[Rev. G. D. Mathews presented a memorial, complaining of certain 
action on the part of the Second Presbytery of New Yoik. The As- 
sembly returned his memorial, on the ground that tlie Synod of New 
York was the proper court in which to seek to redress. Vol. IV, p. 27, 
1874.] 

LXVIII. MEMBERS OF THE CHURCH. 

Terms of Admission to Membership. — The United Presbyte- 
rian Church has explicitly declared that an adlierence to the Westmin- 
ster standards and to the declarations contained in iier testimony will be 
required of those seeking communion with her. Vol. I, p. 61, 1869. 

2. Tenderness in Admitting Members. — In the case of the ad- 
mission of members. Sessions are affectionately recommended to use 
great tenderness towards the weak or such as are earnestly inquiring 
after the truth. Vol. II, p. 31. 1864. 

3. Jurisdiction of Church Courts over Dismissed Members. 

— Have tiie courts of tliis church jurisdiction over ministers and mem- 
bers dismissed to other churches equal to that exercised over ministers 
and members dismissed to other Presbyteries or congregation of the 
United Presbyterian Church? As the granting of a certificate of dis- 
mission is not the same thing as excommunication, or deposition and 
excommunication, and as it cannot take the holder of it out of the power 
of the court wliicli granted it till it has been presented to another court 
and accepted by it ; therefore. 

Resolved, That the above question be answered in the affirmative. 
Vol. Ill, p. Iu8, 1870. 



MEMORIAL, THE LIMIT OF. 205 

4. Duty of Sessions to Members Removing — Resolved, l. That 

sessions be enjoiin-d to exercise u Caitiitul oversight of the congregation, 
and of every individual member thereof, observing as far as may be 
possible the conduct of those who remove to other localities, frequently 
reminding them by letter, or otherwise, of their duty to continue in the 
communion and fellowsiii)) of the church, and warning them not only 
of the danger of losing theii' standing in the church, but of the dishonor 
they do to religion and the injur}' they bring upon their own souls. 

2. Tiiat any member who, after being thus admonished, continues 
out of the communion of the ciiurch for one year without furnishing 
satisfactory reasons to the session, may be indefinitely suspended and 
liis name stricken from the roll of members. Vol. V, p. 34, 1879. 

1. Tiiat j)astors and sessions be urged to look after members remov- 
ing from the boun<ls of their respective congregations, so that they may 
be saved to our branch of the Church. Vol. VI, p. 16, 1884. 

"). Blank Certificates for Members Removing. — Resolved^ 2. 

That the Board of Publication be directed to consider the propriety of 
publishing, for the use of the Church, a book of blank certificates of 
membershi]), to include also the baptized membership, in which there 
shall be added to tiie form now in use, forms for notifying sessions con- 
cerning persons certified to them, and for acknowledging their recep- 
tion. Vol. VI, p. 17, 1884. 

G. Names of Members Removing without Certificate to be 

£rased from the Register. — Resolved, 3. That any member leaving 
a congregation without applying ior the usual testimonials, and remain- 
ing away lor two years, the session in the meantime having no knowl- 
edge of his deportment shall remove his name from the church register. 
Vol. V, p. 34. 1879. 

7. Unpaid Subscriptions of Members Removing from one 

Congregation to Another. — Resolved, That when church members 
sutter the pastoral year lo expire without withdrawing their names from 
the suliscription list. Sessions are authorized to withhold the certificates 
of such withdrawing meml)ers until they pay all their pecuniary liabil- 
ities for the ])astor's salary up to the time of their removing, and pay, 
also, their share of the benevolent contributions of the congregation 
wherein they are reported in the statistical table as being members. 
Vol. IV, p. 43, 1874. 

LXIX. MEMORIAL, THE LIMIT OF. 
A Case may not be Transferred to a Higher Court by 

Memorial. — in the case of the memorial Irom tiie session of the Second 
Chuicii of Xenia, Ohio, the paper itself shows that this memorial was 
laid before the Presbytery of Xenia, and that said Presbytery took 
action thereon, which was not satisfactory to the memorialists. They 
now seek to bring their case from the Presbytery to this Assembly in an 
irregular manner. Your committee therefore recommend, that the paper 
be returned to IJev. J. G. Carson, D. D., as Moderator of the session, 
for the following reason : 

Because a memorial is not one of the methods by which '■'every de- 
cision in any church court is subject to the review of the superior court," 



206 DKiEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEiMBLY. 

and l)y which a case may be brought from an inferior to a superior 
court. Book of Discipline, Chapter XII, Section 2. Vol. VII, p. 24, 
1888. 

On that part of the Xenia memorial in which a complaint is made of 
the action of the last Assembly in returning this memorial to the 
Moderator of the Session, your Committee recommend tiie adoption of 
the following: 

Inasnuicii as we have not all the facts before us whicli influenced the 
last Assembly in its action on said memorial, tlierefore, 

Resolved, That this memorial be published in tiie minutes of this As- 
sembly, and that we give no expression of opinion on the matter. Vol. 
VII, p. 222, 1889. 

LXX. MINISTERIAL RELIEF, BOARD OF. 

1. Aged Ministers' Fund. — [On the recommendation of the Board 
of Home Missions, Vol. 1, p. 3G9, 18G2, a committee was appointed to 
prepare a plan for the establishment of a fund for the support of aged 
and infirm ministers, Vol. I, p. 345, 18G2. This committee presented 
a report, which was adopted, creating '• The Aged and Infirm Ministers' 
Fund," requesting pastors to bring the subject before their people and 
take up a collection, and appointing a committee to mature plans for the 
management of tlie fund, and report to the next Assembly. Vol. I, p. 
347, 18G2. This committee reported a plan creating a fund for the re- 
lief of superannuated and disabled ministers, and the widows and families 
of deceased ministers, this fund to be raised by annual collections and 
placed in the hands of the Trustees of the General Assembly, to be dis- 
bursed on the recommendation of the Presbyteries having charge of 
the applicants, the fund to be managed by a committee of at least three 
of the Trustees, the chairman of whom should keep the subject before 
the church ; the Trustees to report to the General Assembly. 

In order that there might be a permanent fund, the principal to be 
invested by the Trustees of the General Assembly, donations and lega- 
cies were solicited. Vol. II, p. 14, 1864.] 

[A Committee was appointed by the Assembly of 1868 to inquire 
into the [jropriety of making provision for the support of indigent widows 
of deceased ministers. Vol. II, p. 501, 1868. The plan reported was 
referred to the Presbyteries, Vol. Ill, p. 34, 1869, and was rejected. 
Ayes, 60 ; nays, 69 ; not voting, 13. Vol. Ill, p. 150, 1870.] 

[The subject was again brought before the Assembly in 1873, when 
the Board of Ministerial Relief was established. Vol. Ill, p. 545, 1873.] 

2. Charter of the Board of Ministerial Relief.— [Granted by 

the Court of Common Pleas, No. 2, of Pi)iladelphia, Pa., May 8, 1875, 
recorded in the office for recording deeds for said county in Charter Book 
No. 2, page 126, etc., and accepted by the General Assembly, Vol. IV, 
p. 163, 1875.] 

The petition of John B. Dales, D. D., W. W. Barr, D. D., James 
McCandless, John Alexander, Wm. Getty, Wm. Arrott and George B. 
Shelton, all of the city of Philadelphia, and James Brown, of the city 
of Pittsburgh, respectfully represents : 

1. That the United Presbyterian Church of North America has, by 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF, BOARD OF. 207 

its General Assembly, appointed and constituted your petitioners, to- 
gether with Henry Harrison, of the city of New York, a Board or com- 
mittee thereof to efiectuate the ends hereinafter set forth. 

2. That your petitioners, together with the said Henry Harrison, 
have heretofore, as a voluntary association, performed the trusts im- 
posed upon them by their appointment, as aforesaid. 

3. That the business of the said association, or Board, would be 
greatly facilitated by their erection from a voluntary association into a 
corporation and body politic. 

4. That your petitioners therefore desire to avail themselves of the 
provisions of an Act of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, approved April 29tli, A. D. 1874. 

5. That, under the provisions of the said Act, they certify as follows : 

I. That the proposed name of the contemplated corporation is " The 
Board of Ministerial Relief of the United Presbyterian Church of 
North America." 

II. That the purpose for which it is formed is the relief of disabled 
and superannuated ministers, and the widows and orphans of deceased 
ministers of the said Church. 

III. That the places of business of the proposed corporation are : 
First, the city of Philadelphia, and second, such other phices as may be 
designated by the General Assembly of the said Church. 

IV. That its existence is to be perpetual. 

V. That there is no capital stock, and no subscriptions thereto, and 
consequently your petitioners cannot certify the residences of any such 
subscribers. 

VI. That the number of its directors is nine, three of whom shall be 
elected annually by the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian 
Church of North America; the directors for the present year are your 
petitioners, and the said Henry Harrison, whose names and residences 
are herein set forth. 

Your petitioners therefore pray, as follows: 

I. Tliat your honors will decree, that three or more of the petitioners 
herein named, and named in the certificate of the recorder of deeds, 
hereunto annexed, having acknowledged this petition as their act and 
deed, and due proof of tiie publication of notice of intention to apply for 
the benefit of the above named act, having been required and heard 
upon the recording in the office of the recorder of deeds for Phila- 
delphia, as well of this petition and the certificate of acknowledgment 
thereof, as the decree thereon, your petitioners shall be a corporation 
under the laws of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 

II. That the corporate name of the said corporation shall be "The 
Board of Ministerial Kelief of the United Presbyterian Church of North 
America." 

III. That by that name your petitioners and their successors in the 
above recited trust shall have perpetual succession. 

IV. That by that name it shall have power to maintain and defend 
judicial proceedings. 

V. That it shall have power to make and use a common seal and 
alter the same at pleasure. 

VI. That it may hold, purchase and transfer such real and personal 



■208 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

property as the purposes of the corporation may require, and may re- 
ceive and liold any and all bequests, devises, or legacies which may be 
^iven to it, conditionally or unconditionally, in fee simple, or for a 
lesser estate; provided that it shall not hold real estate to an amount, 
the clear yearly value, or income whereof, shall exceed twenty thousand 
dollars. 

VII. That it shall have power to appoint and remove such subordinate 
olficers and agents as the business of the corporation requires, and to 
allow them a suitable compensation. 

VIII. That it shall have power to make by-laws, not inconsistent with 
law, for the management of its property, the regulation of its affairs, 
and the investment, funding and distribution of its moneys. 

IX. That it shall have power to enter into any obligation necessary 
to the transaction of its ordinary affairs. 

X. That it shall have all and singular the powers not herein above 
specified, which may be enjoyed by corporations created under and by 
virtue of the act aforesaid. And your petitioners will ever pray, &c. 
Vol. IV, p. 215, 1875. 

3. Constitution of the Board of Ministerial Relief.— [A Con- 

litution tor the Board of Ministerial Relief was adopted. Vol. IV, pp. 
28, 76, 1874; repealed. Vol. IV, p. 183, 1875, being superseled by the 
general constitution of the Boards and the following new constitution:] 

1. This Board shall be styled "The Board of Ministerial Relief of 
the United Presbyterian Church of North America," and shall be 
located in the city of Philadelphia. 

2. The object of this Board shall be the relief of disabled and super- 
annuated ministers, and the widows and orphans of deceased ministers 
of the United Presbyterian Church. 

3. This relief shall be granted only to ministers who are in good 
standing in the United Presbyterian Church, and to the families, in said 
church, of ministers who were in such standing at the time of tiieir de- 
cease, and, ordinarily, relief shall not be extended to children over six- 
teen years of age. Vol. IV, p. 25, 1874. 

4. Regulations of the Board of Ministerial Relief. — [Adopted 

by the General Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 183, 1875.] 

1. Regulations 1. This relief shall be granted only to ministers 

who are in good standing in the United Presbyterian Ciiurcli, and to 
the families in said church of ministers who were in such standing at 
the time of their decease, and, ordinarily, it shall not extend to children 
•over sixteen years of age. 

2. All applications for relief shall be accompanied by a certified 
statement endorsed by tiie Presbytery to which the applicants belong, 
or in whose bounds they reside, stating the condition and circumstances 
of the applicants, and every renewal of application shall be accompanied 
by a similar statement, including any changes that may have occuired 
during the year, and no appropriations shall be made in any case unless 
these conditions are complied with. 

\_Amendtnent Resolved, 1st. That the rules regulating the operations 

of the Board be so changed, that aid can be granted in cases of renewal, 
by simple application of Presbytery, signed by the Moderator and 
Clerk. Vol. VI, p. 17, 1884.] 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF, BOARD OF. 209 

3. "While the responsibility of recommending applicants rests with 
the Presbyteries, and shall largely govern the action of the Board, yet 
the Board shall reserve to itself the right to appropriate according to the 
merits of each case and the state of the treasury. 

4. The fund of this Board shall be created by annual contributions 
from the churches, from endowment donations, and from legacies. 

5. All bequests and special donations, when not otherwise designated, 
shall be vested in a permanent fund. 

6. The annual contributions and offerings from churches and in- 
dividuals, and the interest from the permanent fund, shall form a con- 
tingent fund, which shall be used in carrying out the object of the 
Board. 

II. By-Laws — 1. The stated meetings of this Board shall be held 
quarterly, viz.: On the first Tuesday of July, October, January and 
April. 

2. The election of the officers shall be at the first meeting after the 
General Assembly each year. 

3. All moneys paid out by the treasurer shall be on the order of the 
Board or executive committee, signed by the president and secretary. 

4. The following shall be the order of business: 1. Prayer. 2. 
Reading of the minutes. 3. The report of the executive committee in 
writing. 4. The correspondence of the secretary. 5. The report of 
the treasurer in writing. G. The reports of committees. 7. Applica- 
tions for relief. 8. Granting of orders. 9. Unfinished business. 10. 
New business. 11. Adjournment. Vol. IV, p. 76, 1874, p. 183, 1875. 

4. Conditions of Grants to Beneficiaries. — i- Grants to bene- 
ficiaries are made only on application of Presbytery. The Board re- 
serves the right to accept or reject, or alter the amount, as the state of 
the treasury, or other circumstances, warrant. 

2. All moneys are remitted quarterly, in June, September, Decem- 
ber and March. 

3. Grants are made always for one year. Vol. V, p. 71, 1879. [For 
renewal, see above, under Reg. 2.] 

0. Presbyteries to Aid in the Work. — Resolved, 3. That Pres- 
byteries be reminded of the importance of seeking out and reporting to 
the Board, all requiring aid. Vol. VI, p. 17, 1884. 

6. Limitation of Grants. — Resolved, 3. That the Board be, and 
hereby is, instructed to limit the distribution of its funds to the objects 
designated in the charter. Vol V, \>. 361, 1881. 

7. Report of the Board — Resolved, 2. That we request the Board 
to publish in their annual report, 1st, the number of disabled and de- 
pendent ministers ; 2d, the number of dependent families ; 3d, the 
whole amount each has received up to date, designating them by con- 
secutive numbers ; 4th, the whole amount disbursed to date ; 5th, the 
amount of the endowment fund. Vol. VII, p. 216, 1889. 

8. Endowment Fund. — Resolved, l. That the Assembly establish 
a permanent endowment fund, and aim, in the course of time, to in- 
crease it to the amount of $50,000, including the amount already in- 
vested by the Board. Vol. IV, p. 448, 1877. 

[The Assembly asked special donations for this fund. Vol. V, p. 26, 
1879.] [The amount to be raised for the Endowment Fund was in- 
14 



210 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

creased to $100,000. Vol, VI, p. 678, 1887. This fund now amounts 
to $92,000. Vol. VII, p. 70G, 1891.] 

9. Mutual Aid Association. — [The Board of Ministerial Relief 
reported a plan for a Ministers' Mutual Aid Association. Vol. IV, p. 
78, 1874. It was not adopted.] 

LXXI. MINISTERS. 
1. Ministers From Other Churches. — [The following overture 

was submitted to Presbyteries :] Presbyteries shall carefully examine 
as to their doctrinal views all ministers and licentiates from other de- 
nominations applying for admission to this Church, and they shall sub- 
ject those admitted from foreign churches to a probation of not less than 
six months, previous to their settlement over any congregation. Vol. 
I, p. 358, 18G2. 

[The vote on this overture was, ayes, 411 ; nays, 56; not voting, 7. 
Vol. I, p. 490, 1863. No action was taken by the General Assembly, 
except the record of the vote. The rule does not appear in the Book 
of Government subsequently adopted.] 

. 2. Ministers Supplying in Vacancies. — Resolved, 2. That min- 
isters and licentiates be and are hereby forbidden to make any arrange- 
ments with congregations for preaching, except through the Presbytery 
under whose care such congregation may be. Vol. IV, p. 339, 1876. 
5. That sessions of vacant congregations in seeking to have their pul- 
pits filled, together with ministers and probationers desiring employ- 
ment or settlement, be directed to apply to the respective Presbyteries 
to have their wants supplied, and also to conform to the rules of the 
General Assembly respecting Home Mission work. Vol. V, p. 20, 
1879. 

3. Rights of Unemployed Ministers. — [The Presbytery of Keo- 
kuk asked for a rule that only ministers actually engaged in the work of 
the ministry, be counted in the basis of representation in the Assembly. 
The Assembly took the following action :] The rights and privileges, 
pertaining to the ministerial office are not founded on the exercise of 
that office. By ordination to the office of the ministry, authority to 
govern as well as to teach is conferred. The non-exercise of the right 
to teach does not in any way affect the right to govern. Vol. IV, p. 440, 
1877. 

4. Increase of the Number of Ministers. — The Directors of 

the Allegheny Theological Seminary asked the Assembly to take steps 
looking to the increase of the ministry. A committee was appointed to 
have charge of this matter for the coming year, and to report to the 
next Assembly. The committee reported tliat a letter to the churches 
had been prepared and published in the Church papers, and, subse- 
quently, by the Allegheny Seminary. Vol. VII, p. 215, 1889 ; p. 502, 
1890. 

Resolved, That we urge upon parents and pastors throughout the 
Church to use wise endeavors to turn the promising young men into the 
ranks of the ministry. Vol. VII, p. 460, 1890. 

5. That ministers and elders, and especially our college professors, be 
urged to press upon young men the claims of God upon them for the 
work of the gospel ministry. Vol. VII, p. 635, 1891. 



MINISTliY, AVITHDKAWAL FKOM THE. 211 

5. Ministers in Secular Pursuits.— [Tlie Garnett Presbytery 

asked that the law of the Church be so amended as to exclude ministers 
who are devoted to pursuits from the right to vote in cases of discipline. 
The Assembly adopted the following :] 

Desirable as this change may appear, we yet think that ministers, who 
are in good standing, cannot with propriety be deprived of this right. 
As long as they have the right to preach, they have, according to Pres- 
byterianism, (which we hold to be the law of Christ,) a right to rule, 
and this includes the right to vote in cases of discipline. Vol. VII n 
15, 1888. ' ^' 

(3. Inefficient Ministers may be Removed.— Resolved, 5. That 

. . Presbyteries be earnestly requested to exercise a more watchful 
care over the churches and promptly remove ministers or eldere when it 
is known that congregations are declining because of their inefficiency, - 
Vol. VII, p. 640, 1891. ^ 

7. Record of Deceased M.imsters. —Besolved, 3. That a brief re- 
cord of deceased ministers be preserved in the minutes of the Assembly 
in suitable tabular form. Vol. IV, p, 171, 1875. 

Resolved, 2. That the record of ministers deceased be published in the 
minutes from year to year. Vol. IV, p. 585, 1878. 

Resolved, 3. That the report of the Permanent Committee on Narra- 
tive shall give, in statistical form, an account of the deceased brethren 
as to parentage, time and place of birth and death, collegiate and theo- 
logical education, their places of labor and kind of employment, &c , &c 
Vol. V, p. 359, 1881. ' » • 

8. Memorial Service for Deceased Ministers.— i?eso?wrf, 2u 

That the Permanent Committee [on Narrative] be instructed to carry- 
out the arrangement for a memorial service, [viz : That a memorial ser- 
vice for the dead be held each General Assembly under the direction of 
the chairman of the Committee on Narrative and State of Reli^^ion T- 
Vol. V, pp. 188, 242, 1880. ° -"'' 

[The first Friday evening after the meeting of each Assembly, was 
set apart for the memorial services. Vol. V, p. 359, 1881. This ser- 
vice has not been held uniformly at this time.] 

9. A Record of the Ordination of Ministers.— i?eso/yerf, 8. That 

the second clerk be directed to collect, in such way as he may judge- 
best, statistics to show the date of ordination of each minister in the 
church, and the name of the Presbytery in which he was ordained, and 
report the same to the next Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 137, 1870. 

[This record was prepared and published with the Alphabetical List 
of Ministers in the Minutes of the General Assembly.] 

Resolved, That the second clerk be instructed to publish the record 
of ordinations once in each volume of the Minutes. Vol. IV, n 584 
1878. ^ ' 

LXXII. MINISTRY, WITHDRAWAL FROM THE. 

[The Presbytery of Butler submitted to the Assembly the following 
question : " A gospel minister in good standing feels that it is the Mas- 
ter's will that he should withdraw from the active ministry and engage 
in some secular occupation. What steps should Presbytery take in- 
order to enable him to do so and remove his name from the roll?" 



212 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

The memorial was referred to the Committee on Judiciary, which 
submitted a report, Vol. Ill, p. 233, 1889. After partial action the 
memorial was referred to a committee, to report to the next Assembly. 
This committee reported. Vol. VII, p. 500, 1890. After discussion, 
the paper was referred to a special committee, p. 405, 1890. The report 
presented by this special committee, p. 435, 1890, was referred to the 
next Assembly. When this report was taken up by the following As- 
sembly, a substitute was entertained and adopted. It is as follows:] 

On the subject of the Demission of the Ministry, which was brought 
before the Assembly of 1889, by the Presbytery ©f Butler, the follow- 
ing is the judgment of the Assembly: 

I. Every one, who rightfully occupies the ministerial office, has been 
called to that position by the voice of Christ, the King and Head of the 
Church, Rom. x. 15, and Heb. v. 4. Ordination by a Presbytery is an 
official act, done in the name of Christ, setting a man apart to the office 
to which, it is judged, the Lord has called him. 

The evidences on which a Presbytery bases its judgment as to a man's 
call to the ministry are mainly the possession of natural, acquired, and 
gracious endowments fitting him for the office; leadings of Providence 
guiding him in that direction, and a persuasion apparently wrought in 
the man's soul by the Spirit of the Lord that he is called of God to this 
office. It is quite possible that an applicant for ordination should be 
mistaken in his conviction concerning the call of the Lord, and a Pres- 
bytery may also be mistaken in its judgment of the matter, so that a 
man may come into the ministery by the mistakes of men and not by 
the will of God. When experience has made such a niistake apparent, 
it is plainly the duty of Presbytery to undo it by annulling the act of 
ordination and releasing the man from his office. 

II. There may be cases where a man has been called by the Lord 
into the ministry for a time, but has been laid aside by some providence 
intervening, which unfits him entirely and permanently for the duties 
of his office, but leaves him with ability to serve the Lord in other ways. 
It would appear to be clearly the will of the Master, in such cases, that 
the man should be released from his office that he may be free to serve 
the Lord in those duties for which he is capable. In such cases the 
minister should himself ask to be released, but it is competent to the 
Presbytery to take the initiative if he does not. In this latter case the 
Presbytery should not take final action in releasing the minister without 
first obtaining his consent. These cases, however, are to be carefully 
distinguished from those where old age or other infirmities have parti- 
ally or entirely rendered a minister unable for the duties of his office. 
It is evidently the will of the Lord that such servants of his should re- 
tain their office to the end of life, although unable to discharge the act- 
ive duties of it. 

III. There are, no doubt, instances where a man has been called and 
set apart to the ministry by the will of God, but who, through neglect 
to cultivate his talents, or by yielding to the allurements of the world, 
has grown weary of his sacred office and desires to be released from his 
ordination vows. If a Presbytery should grant him such a release with- 
out censure, it would be to become partaker of his sin. It is the duty of 
Presbytery in such cases to endeavor to reclaim the man to the path of 



MIXUTES OF THK GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 213 

dutv, or, if failing in that, to inflict u\)Ou him the censures of the churcli. 
Vol. YII, p. G30; 1891. 

Lxxiii. minutp:8 of the general assembly. 

1. Compensation for Superintending the Publication of the 

Minutes. — One hundred dollars were appropriated to the committee to 
superintend the printing and publication of the ^Minutes. Vol. II, p. 
321, 18GG. 

Resolved, That the clerks of the General Assembly be authorized to 
expend a sum, not exceeding S50, for the revision of the Minutes of the 
General Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 535, 1873. \j^'2ij additional was 
granted to the Clerks for preparing the Minutes. Vol. VI, p. 238, 
1885.] 

2. The Minutes to be Published by the Board of Publication. 

[The Minutes of the General Assembly had been published in connec- 
tion with the Evangelical Repository. ~\ 

Resolved, 1. That hereafter the publication of the Minutes be com- 
mitted to the Board of Publication, and that, under the superintendence 
of the clerks of the Assembly, they be issued in the name of the Board, 
in the same way as are other publications. Vol. Ill, p. 33, 1869. 

Resolved, 3. That the publication of the Minutes of the General As- 
sembly be committed to the Board of Publication, the size of the edition 
to be issued, and the price per copy to be left to the discretion of the 
Board. Vol. Ill, p. 281, 1871. 

3. An Index of the Minutes to be Prepared by the Clerks. — 

Resolved, 2. That, hereafter, a full index of each number of the Min- 
utes be prepai-ed on the same plan, by the clerks of the Assembly, and 
appended, and a general index at the close of each volume. Vol. II, p. 
511, 1868. 

4. The Minutes Not to be Transcribed. — [Resolutions with 

reference to transcribing the IMinutes wert^ presented to the Assembly 
of 1871, Vol. Ill, p. 285. They were referred to the clerks of the 
Assembly, with instruction to take legal advice thereto and report to 
the next Assembly. This legal advice was reported to the Assembly, 
Vol. Ill, pp. 379, 380, 1872, when the following action was taken:] 

Resolved, 1. That the princijjal clerk be not required, after the 
present meeting, to transcribe the Minutes into a book prepared for that 
purpose. 

2. That, instead thereof, he be directed to certify, over his own sig- 
nature, to the correctness of at least ten copies of the printed Minutes; 
one to be preserved among the archives of the Assembly as the official 
copy, and one to be deposited in the library of each of our theological 
seminaries. Vol. Ill, p. 380, 1872. 

5. Expense of Binding the Minutes. — Resolved, 3. That the ex- 
pen se of binding the official minutes for preservation be defrayed out ot 
the Assembly's fund. Vol. V, p. 3.S, 1879. 

6. Gratuitous Copies of the Minutes. — [By order of the General 

Assembly, copies of tlie jNIinutes of the General Assemljly are furnished 
by the Board of Publication gratuitously to the Corresponding Secre- 
taries of the several Boards, to the Library of each Theological Semin- 



.214 DIGEST or THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

ary, to each foreign missionary, to the clerks of Synods and Presby- 
teries, to Financial Agents and Superintendents of Missions, and to the 
delegates from corresponding Churches, the expenses to be paid out of 
the funds appropriated to the Board of Publication.] Vol. Ill, p. 
-33. 1869, Tol. IV, p. 33, 1874. 

LXXIV. MISSIONARY PRESBYTERIES. 
1. The Relation of Missionary Presbyteries to the Assembly. 

"Whereas, The subordination and supervision of Churcii courts con- 
stitute a fundamental principle of Presbyterianism ; and, 

"Whereas, Our foreign missionary Presbyteries, and the Presby- 
teries of Oregon and San Francisco, are not related to any Synod, and 
are not subject to have their proceedings reviewed by such a court-; 
therefore, 

Resolved, That our foreign missionary Presbyteries and the Presby- 
tfciies of Oregon and San Francisco stand in the same relation to the 
-General Assembly as that in which any Presbytery at home stands to its 
Synod, and that these Presbyteries henceforth be required to send up 
ctrtified copies of their minutes annually to the General Assembly for 
revision ; but it is understood that in cases of disciphne, appeals cannot 
be entertained. Vol. IV, p. 189, 187.5. [This paper was laid on the 
table.] 

[See also Oregon. Presbytery of.] 

[The question of tlie relation of the foreign mission Presbyteries to 
the General Assembly was referred to the Committee on Judiciary, and 
-the following action was taken :] 

AVhereas, It is a fundamental principle in our Presbyterian polity 
that every subordinate court shall be under the control and subject to 
.the revision of the superior courts; and. 

Whereas, The Presbyteries of Egypt and Sialkot are isolated and 
without Synodical connection and control, and therefore their proceed- 
ings have not been subject to revision of a superior court; and. 

Whereas, These Presbyteries, from the very necessity of the case, 
have practically Synodical powers; therefore, 

Resolved, That the Presbyteries of Egypt and Sialkot be directed to 
submit to each General Assembly a certified copy of their records for 
revision. Vol. V, p. "29, 1879. 

■2. Minutes of Foreign Missionary Presbyteries.— ^eso/ve^/, 

'That the Presbyteries of Egypt and Sialkot be directed to submit to 
• each Assembly a certified copy of their records for revision. Vol. V, 
p. '29, 1879. 

1. That Presbyteries in foreign lands be directed to forward their 
minutes annually, in Englisii translations. Vol. V, p. 200, 1880. 

[The Missionary Association of Egypt asked that the Presbytery of 
"Egyjit be exempted from sending a copy of its minutes for revision. 
On this the action was :] 

Resolved, That the Presbytery of Egypt, in view of the labor in- 
volved in a translation of the entire proceedings of its meetings, be 
■excused, as requested, and be directed instead to forward a full abstract 
of the proceedings in Englisii. Vol. VII, p. 41G, 1890. 



MISSIONS, SPECIAL FUND FOR. 215 

3. Preservation of the Records of Foreign Presbyteries.— 

Resolved, That in view of tlie danger to which tliese Presbyteries are 
exposed, of the loss or destruction of their papers, these copies of their 
minutes be placed in the charge of the United Presbyterian Historical 
Society, to be deposited with other valuable historical documents. 
Vol. Y, p. 200, 1880. 

LXXV. MISSIONARY WORK AMONG FOREIGNERS. 

1. Missionary Work Among- the Germans.— Whereas, There 

are tliousands of German people within the bounds of our congregations 
in whose spiritual condition great civil and moral, as well as religious, 
interests are involved ; 

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to consider the 
best means of reaching these people, especially in the way of giving 
more attention to the German language in our educational institutions, 
and providing a Psalter and other United Presbyterian literature in the 
German language, said committee to report to next Assembly. Vol. 
Y, J). 743, 1883. 

[This committee reported, Vol. VI, p. 9o, 1884. The Assembly 
adopted the following :] 

Resolved, 5. Inasmuch as there are metrical versions of the Psalms 
in the German language, it is unnecessary to undertake the work of 
providing any additional version at the present time. Vol. VI, p. 30, 
1884. 

2. Missionary Work Among Our Foreign Population.— [A 

memorial was presented from the Fourth Church, Allegheny, in regard 
to missionary work among the rapidly increasing foreign element in 
our country. The Assembly adopted the following:] 

Resolved, 8. That the Board of Home Missions be instructed to in- 
augurate work among our foreign population, if a way to do so be found 
practicable. Vol. VII, p. G3o, 1891. 

LXXVI. MISSIONS, SPECIAL FUND FOR. 

[A memorial from the Mission Boards set forth tliat an individual 
had ))roposed to give fifty thousand dollars towards a special fund of five 
hundred thousand dollars for missioiis. The memorial was referred to 
a committee, to report to the next Assembly. Vol. VII, p. 36, 1888. 
This committee reported, and the Assembly accordingly postponed ac- 
tion, and appointed a committee to present to the next Assembly a defi- 
nite plan for raising this or a similar fund. Vol. VII, pp. 231, 294, 
1889. This committee reported, p. 498, 1890, and the Assembly 
adopted the following:] 

Resolved, 5. After considering carefully the report of the Committee 
on a Special Fund for Missions, we deem it advisable to recommend the 
continuance of this committee another year, allowing them to act as their 
discretion may direct. We would also commend to the Assembly a re- 
commendation of this committee, viz.: "That a more vigorous effort be 
made to augment the contributions of our churches for mission work 
through the ordinary channels, and that Presbyteries be instructed to 
have all the congregations under their care visited by energetic men, to 
bring this burning subject before the people." Vol. VII, p. 429, 1890, 



216 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

[The committee renewed its former report that the time did not seem 
opportune for the movement, adding : If this Assembly, composed of 
different commissioners from the former Assemblies that have acted on 
this matter, and with a fuller knowledge than we possess of the ability 
and willingness of those they represent to contribute of their substance 
to this fund, should decide to raise this money, we would recommend the 
appointment of a committee to vigorously prosecute the work. If, how- 
ever, the prospects are not flattering, we recommend the discharge of 
your committee. Vol. VII, 729, 1891. The report was referred to the 
Committee on Appro[)riations, p. 623, but no action was taken.] 

LXXVII. NATIONAL REFORM. 

1. Religious Amendment to the Constitution of the United 

States. — Resolved, That we lament that there is not a more distinct 
and full recognition of the existence of God, and the supremacy of his 
law, as revealed in the Scriptures, in our national constitution than it 
contains ; that an amendment introducing a becoming recognition of 
God into it, at least the preamble or adopting act of the constitution, is 
much to be desired; and that we instruct our people that it is their 
duty, as Christian citizens, to favor and co-operate with every legitimate 
effort that may be made for this end. Vol. I, p. 498, 1863. 

Resolved, 1. That, in the judgment of this Assembly, it is desirable, 
and a duty, that the constitution of the United States be ?o amended as 
to recognize the supremacy of God and his law, and of his Son, our 
Lord Jesus Christ, in his character as the Governor of the nations. 

2. That it be recommended by this Assembly to the ministers and 
other members of the United Presbyterian Churcii to co-operate in all 
proper measures with their fellow citizens for amending the constitution 
of the United States, so as to secure the accomplishment of this import- 
ant end. Vol. II, p. 28, 1864. 

Resolved, 1. That we cordially sympathize with that movement which 
has for its object such an amendment of our national constitution, that 
it shall contain a distinct recognition of the true God ; an acknowledg- 
ment of Jesus Christ as the Ruler of the nations ; and the supreme au- 
thority of the sacred Scri[)tures. 

2. That we recommend to all tlie members of the United Presbyte- 
rian Church to co-operate in all proper efforts to secure the accomplish- 
ment of this desirable object. Vol. II, [). 493, 1868. " 

Whereas, God is the su})reme source of civil authority, and his law 
as revealed, not only by the light of nature in reason and conscience, 
but also as more clearly revealed in the Scriptures, is the fundamental 
rule by which nations are to be guided in the conduct of their civil 
affairs ; and, whereas, it pleased God in his eternal purpose to choose 
and ordain the Lord Jesus, his only begotten Son, to be the heir of all 
things, and Judge of the world, by virtue of which appointment he ex- 
ercises a dominion over all created persons and things, which dominion 
all intelligent beings, to whom he has been revealed, are bound to ac- 
knowledge in their respective stations and relations ; and, whereas, the 
constitution of the United States contains no explicit recognition of 
God, or of the supremacy of his law, or of subjection of the nation to 
the Lord Jesus Christ ; therefore. 



ORDINATION OF MINISTERS. 217 

Resolved, 1. That this omission, whether due to oversight or inten- 
tion, is a serious defect in that otherwise excellent instrument, and one 
which should, by legal and constitutional means, be removed. 

2. That the removal of this defect from our fundamental law is nec- 
essary to harmonize it with the Christian laws and usages of our people. 

3. That the want of harmony between the principles on which our 
State constitutions and laws are founded, and those which underlie the 
constitution of the United States, cannot continue. The result will be, 
and in the nature of things must be, that our laws will be brought down 
to the level of the constitution, or the constitution will be elevated to 
the plane of our Christian legislation. Vol. V, p. 201, 1880. 

Resolved, 2. That we commend the work of the National Reform As- 
sociation to the sympathy and support of the members of our Church. 
Vol. V, p. 714, 1883. 

Resolved, 1. That the various utterances of former Assemblies, relat- 
ing to National Reform, be reaffirmed. Vol. VI, p. 432, 1886. 

Resolved, 2. That pastors be recommended to keep this reform before 
our people, and to afford opportunities for the presentation of this cause 
by the district secretaries, and to ask for it the liberal contributions of 
their congregations. Vol. VI, p. 675, 1887. 

Resolved, 1. That we endorse and commend the National Reform 
movement, the aim of which is to secure a national acknowledgment of 
Almighty God as the source of all authority in civil government, of the 
Lord Jesus Christ as the Ruler of nations, and of his revealed will as 
the supreme standard by which to decide all moral issues in national 
life, and to place all the Christian laws, institutions and usages of the 
government upon an undeniably legal basis in the fundamental law of 
the land. Vol. VII, j). 422, 1890. 

On a petition from the Secretary of the National Reform Association 
in behalf of the recognition of Christ and the Bible by political parties, 
etc : 

Resolved, That the petition be granted, and that it be signed by the 
Moderator and Clerk and returned to the petitioner. Vol. VII, p. 631, 
1891. 

LXXVIII. ORDINATION OF MINISTERS. 
La3ring on of Hands by Ruling Elders.— [The Presbytery of 

Steubenville asked a deliverence on tlie following question : " Is the 
imposition of hands by ruling elders, in the ordination of ministers, 
required or permitted in our Book of Government?" The General 
Assembly adopted the following:] 

In our judgment, ordination is valid in the case of ministers only as 
authorized by Presbytery in constituted capacity. 

When so authorized, its administration by the imposition of hands is 
technically the act of Presbytery, if performed only by the presiding 
officer in the name and as the exponent of Presbytery. 

This appears involved in a strict construction of Book of Govern- 
ment, Part II, Chap. 6, Art. 2, Sec. 7, which also expressly points to 
a minister as the officer to preside on the occasion ; as though in 
recognition of Part I, Chap. 4, Art. 2, which directly imputes to 
"teaching elders " the power of ordination, and specifies for them a 
duty to "ordain successors." 



218 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Moreover, our Book, Part I, Chap. O, Art. 2, Sec. 5, indicates a 
Presbytery to be duly constituted if composed only of three ministers, 
and hence competent, without a ruling elder, to authorize and to ad- 
minister ordination. 

It is therefore respectfully submitted, that the imposition of hands on 
the part of elders not teaching is not required for the ordination of 
ministers, and as it is not required, and especially in view of the 
omission from the Book of any indication of such prerogative as per- 
taining to elders of the second rank, it is technically to be regarded as 
not permitted. Vol. Y, p. 17, 1879. 

LXXIX. OREGON, PPvESBYTERY OF. 
The Presbytery of Oregon Recognized as a Part of the 

United Presbyterian Church. — The Presbytery of Oregon signify 
their cordial reception of the Testimony and other doctrinal standards 
of the United Presbyterian Church ; but, owing to their remote position, 
they reserve the right of final jurisdiction over all matters, except such 
•as may be appealed directly to the General Assembly; and, moreover, 
reserve the right of sending delegates to the General Assembly, as they 
may deem expedient. 

Hesolved, That the General Assembly cordially acquiesce in the 
proposal of the Presbytery of Oregon, and regard it as one of the Pres- 
byteries under its care. Vol. I, p. 107, 18G0. 

LXXX. OVERTURES. 

1. A Two-thirds Vote Necessary in Order to an Overture. 

— Resolved, 2. That in order to prevent and remedy this evil, [viz., the 
bringing before the Assembly subjects likely to require overture, or 
produce unnecessary or injurious agitation,] the Assembly do adopt it 
as a rule of procedure for the future : That no subject shall be handed 
down in overture to the Presbyteries, except on a vote of two-thirds of 
the members of the Assembly present. Vol. Ill, p, 150, 1870. 

"Whereas, The Assembly of 1870 adopted it as a standing rule of 
f)rocedure, that no subject shall be handed down in overture to the 
Presbyteries, except by a vote of two-thirds of the members of the As- 
sembly present; therefore, 

Resolved, That any further action on the transmission of overtures 
is unnecessary, Vol. V, p. 16, 1879. 

2. Definition of "a Clear Majority." — [The Assembly was 

asked to give a definition of tlie expression " a clear majority of the 
votes of the whole Church," in Part I, Chap. A', Art. IV, Sec. 5, of the 
Book of Government. The following was adopted :] 

A vote is something difterent from not voting. One more than half 
the votes cast is evidently " a clear majority." The majority voting 
settles the matter, without reference to those not voting. They are then 
reckoned with the majority, according to Rule of Order, No. 65. Vol. 
V, p. 367. 1881. 

3. Overture on Amendment to the Law of Overtures. — 

[The General Assembly appointed a commitlee of five persons to con- 
sider the propriety of overturing an amendment to the law of overtures, 



OVERTURES. 219 

and report to the next Assembly. Vol. V, p. 740, 1883. The com- 
mittee reported, and tlie General Assembly submitted to the Presby- 
teries the following overtures:] 

Shall Section 5, Article IV, Chapter V, Part I, of the Book of Gov- 
ernment be amended so as to read as follows : 

No regulation affecting the doctrine, worship or government of the 
Church shall be adopted, until, by a two-thirds vote of the General As- 
sembly, it shall have been transmitted in overture to the Presbyteries. 
A vote thereon shall be taken in each Presbytery, and carefully re- 
corded, and, together with the number of members present when the 
vote was taken, shall be duly certified to the General Assembly. When 
an overture is approved by a majority of the members thus present, the 
General Assembly shall enact such regulation, unless peculiar circum- 
stances, in view of two-thirds of the enrolled members, render it inex- 
dient. 

The General Assembly shall have power to make such regulations as 
may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. Vol. A^I, 
p. ie, 1884. 

[The vote on this overture was : Ayes, 113; nays, 791. Twenty- 
one Presbyteries were reported as not voting. Whereupon the Assem- 
bly declared the overture not adopted.] Vol. VI, p. 224, 1885. 

[Several Presbyteries asked that an overture be sent down to the 
Presbyteries on the law of overtures, specially with reference to changes 
in the mode of submitting an overture, and concerning who shall vote, 
and the manner of summing up the vote. The General Assembly, 
"while conceding the necessity for further legislation on this subject," 
•was "of the opinion that the time had not yet yet arrived" for any ac- 
tion, and declined to grant the prayer of the memorialists. Vol. VI, 
p. 224, 1885.] 

4. The Moral Right to Change the Standards by Overture. 

— The memorialists represent themselves as loyal members of the church, 
asking for protection in the rights which they claim were guaranteed to 
them as members of the church. They say, "In accepting our profes- 
sion of agreement with these standards, the church guaranteed to us the 
right to all the privileges and immunities of membership, and came 
under solemn obligation to protect us in these privileges and immunities 
•while we continue to adhere to this profession. But in permitting a 
different mode of worship to be introduced from that which the church 
required us to profess and maintain as the only mode agreeable to the 
word of God, that protection has been withdrawn from us." They also 
say, "While the church has a legal right under her law of overture to 
repeal the rule in her standards, excluding the use of instruments from 
•worship, we believe she had no moral right to do so." 

In answer to these claims, the Assembly asserts that the protection 
and privileges of the church are guaranteed only to those who accept of 
her profession, and this profession plainly and distinctly involves the 
law of overture by which the rule upon this question has been changed, 
as these memorialists themselves admit, when they concede the church 
the legal right to make the change. And the Assembly further declares 
that, as the legal right to make the change involves the moral right, 
when the church in the exercise of the right repeals any of her laws she 



220 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

is under no obligation to protect those who are in opposition to the 
change thus made, excepting that of the law of forbearance in love. 
Vol. VII, p. 29, 1888. 

LXXXI. PASTORAL CHARGE. 

1. Definition of "a Pastoral Charge." — [The Presbytery of 

Westmoreland asked the General Assembly to define what constitutes a 
" pastoral charge," as the term is used in the Form of Government, 
Chap. V, Art. II, Sec. 1. The report of the Committee on the Judi- 
ciary was adopted as follows :] 

Your Committee are ol the opinion that the phrase is here used in its 
common and ordinary sense. What this is, may be clearly ascertained 
from the uniform practice of the Church, and from its use in the con- 
stitution of the Board of Home Missions, which reads as follows ; 
" Whenever practicable, mission stations and congregations shall be 
grouped together in convenient pastoral charges, and no station shall be 
recommended for aid which can be conveniently united with a neigh- 
boring station or congregation in one charge, for which no help would 
be necessary." 

This language evidently teaches that a pastoral charge may consist of 
a number of congregations grouped by a Presbytery, and comprising 
one pastoral settlement, or so grouped by the Presbytery as to form a 
suitable charge for one pastor, and so grouped, also, on the ground that 
they are able and willing to support a pastor. 

We therefore submit, for the adoption of the Assembly, the follow— 

Resolved, That in the judgment of this Assembly, a pastoral charge 
is a regularly organized congregation under a pastor, or a group of reg- 
ularly organized congregations recognized by the Presbytery as under 
the charge of one pastor ; or it is such a congregation, or sucii a group 
of congregations, as is able and willing, with or without aid, to support 
a pastor, and which, in the judgment of the Presbytery, would be suit- 
able to form one pastoral settlement. And only such congregation, or 
group of congregations, according to our Book of Discipline, can be 
represented in a Presbytery by one ruling elder. Vol. V, p. 512, 
1882. 

2. Proposed Change of "Pastoral Charge " to Session." — See 

Presbytery, Constitution of. 

LXXXII. PASTORS. 

1. How a Pastor may be Called and Installed in an Iso- 
lated Congregation. — The Session of the congregation of San Fran- 
cisco ask to be advised in the steps they shall take in making out a call 
as they wish Mr. Gibson, your missionary, to become their permanent 
pastor. Owing to the facts that this congregation is not under the care 
of any Presbytery; that the person of their choice is laboring in their 
midst ; and that he is the only ordained minister you have within hun- 
dreds of miles of them; your committee are of opinion that a somewhat 
unusual course sliould be taken in the case. 

Your committee think that upon placing this congregation under tlie 



PRAYER, A DAY OF SPECIAL. 221 

Presbytery of most convenient access, that Presbytery might either ap- 
point Mr. Gibson himself to moderate in the call, or authorize some one 
of the ruling elders of tliat congregation to do so, and that, upon receiv- 
ing and sustaining that call, and receiving by letter Mr. Gibson's 
acceptance of the call, the Presbytery might declare him the settled 
pastor of said congregation. We therefore recommend the adoption of 
the following resolutions : 

Resolved, 1. That the congregation of San Francisco be placed under 
the care of the United Presbyterian Presbytery of Oregon. 

2. That this Presbytery be directed to take measures, as soon as 
practicable, to consummate the wishes of the congregation, Vol. II, p. 
397,1867. 

2. Presbyterial Oversight of the Payment of the Salaries 

of Pastors. — Resolved, That the Presbyteries be directed to use dili- 
gent means and measures to secure the full payment of the salaries of 
the pastors within their respective bounds. Vol. V, p. 720, 1883. 

LXXXIII. PATTERSON'S APPEAL. 

[Mrs. Mary A. Patterson appealed to the General Assembly from a 
decision of the Synod of Illinois. The Judiciary Committee reported 
an agreement of compromise entered into by the representatives of the 
parties. This was approved by the General Assembly and the case dis- 
missed. Vol. VII, p. 418, 1890.] 

LXXXIV. PEACE. 

International Arbitration. — Resolved, That it is the duty of the 
church, and especially of the ministers of the gospel, to labor in every 
proper way for the advancement of the cause of peace, and that we hail 
with heartfelt gratitude the effort now being put forth both in this 
country and in Europe, by eminent Christian statesmen and philanthro- 
pists, to provide a system of international arbitration for the settlement of 
difficulties that may arise between nations, and that we hereby pledge 
to our own government our hearty sympathy and co-operation in all 
proper efforts for securing this glorious result. Vol. IV, p. 319, 1876. 

[A memorial was presented to the Assembly from a committee of the 
General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States, 
asking the appointment of a delegate to a joint committee of Churches 
to petition the governments of the world in favor of peace. The As- 
sembly adopted the following :] 

Resolved, 1. That the petition be granted. 

2. That be appointed a delegate, who shall meet the delegates 

from other bodies addressed. Vol. VII, p. 631, 1891. 

LXXXV. PRAYER, A DAY OF SPECIAL. 

[A memorial from a convention held at Xenia, 0., was presented, 
asking the appointment of a day of prayer, and the following action 
was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That this Assembly, taking into consideration the great 
work which the Lord is giving us as a Church to do, together with the 



222 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

responsibilities wliich it involves, and overwhelmed with the sense of 
our obligations to him for his unmerited favor in blessing the work of 
our hand in all the various fields of labor in which he has given to us 
to be co-workers with him, and at the same time deeply conscious and 
ashamed of our own ingratitude and our vast shortcoming in this work^ 
and of our unmeetness for the great responsibilities that are upon us for 
the future, by reason of the weakness of our faith and the power of un- 
belief in us, the want of whole-hearted devotion to the person and cause of 
our glorious Lord and Captain of our salvation, and our worldliness, and 
most earnestly desiring to embrace and improve the opportunities which 
he is offering to us in his providence, hereby calls the whole church to 
xtnite in the observance of a day of special prayer, in which we will 
agree together in fervent supplication with thanksgiving and confession 
of sins to the Lord our God, beseeching him to ''be merciful to us and 
shine on us with his face," that in the way of enabling us to take hold 
of his covenant of grace and renewing our engagements to him and to 
each other, we may receive a fresh baptism of the Holy Spirit, for the 
removal of hindrances and difficulties, the restoration of mutual confi- 
dence and the revival of all grace in us, " that so his way may be known 
in the earth and his saving liealth among all nations." 

2. That the first Wednesday of September, 1885, be designated for 
this purpose. Vol. V, p. 238, 1885. 

LXXXYI. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCHES. 
1. Union of Presbyterian Churches. — [On the memorial of the 

Reformed Presbyterian Synod, delegates were appointed to a conven- 
tion for prayer and conference on the subject of union among the vari- 
ous branches of the Presbyterian family. Vol. II, p. 404, 1867- The 
proceedings of this convention were laid before the Assembly, when 
five delegates were appointed to meet with a like number appointed by 
the other churches, with instructions to endeavor to obtain such terms 
of union as would not involve any relinquishment of the principles of 
our profession. Vol. II, p. 493, 1868. The joint committee, com- 
posed of delegates from the United Presbyterian Church, the Presby- 
terian Church, N, S., and the Presbyterian Church, O. S., adopted the 
following basis, which was submitted to the Assemblies:] 

1. The Old and New Testament Scriptures are acknowledged to 
be the inspired word of God and the only infallible rule of faith and 
practice. 

2. The Westminster Confession of Faith, as the same has been mod- 
ified by the churches here represented, in its doctrines concerning the 
powers of the civil magistrate, together with the Larger and Sliorter 
Catechisms, shall be received and adopted as containing the system of 
doctrine taught in the Holy Scriptures. 

3. The United Church shall receive and adopt the Presbyterian form 
of church government. 

4. Firsts It is the will of God that the Book of Psalms should be 
used by the church in his worship to the end of the world. And the 
united body shall, at the earliest practicable day, prepare as faithful 
and acceptable a version of those Psalms as may be, for use in the 
churches. 



rUKSBYTEUIAN CHUKCHES. 223 

Secondli/, Any of the chiirclies desiringto use the Psalms exclusivelv 
in the service of song shall always have the right, unchalleno-ed, to do 
so. Vol. Ill, p. 29, 1869. 

[The following action was taken by the Assembly:] ^Vhereas, in 
tlie negotiations between the United and the Old and "New School Pres- 
byterian Churches, a Christian spirit has been manifested, and also an 
evidently increasing regard for the distinctive principles of the United 
Presbyterian Church ; and. 

Whereas, This General Assembly is not prepared to adopt the 
basis of union presented by the joint committee, yet in the confidence 
that a mutual interchange of views in a truly Christian spirit would be 
productive of mucli good; therefore, 

ResoIvecL Tiiat, witiiout expressing approval of all the results, and 
while regarding as seriously defective at least one of the conclusions, 
namely, that pertaining to Psalmody, reached by the joint committee, 
a report of whose proceedings has been submitted to us, this Assembly 
agree to continue their committee to confer, according to instructions 
given by tlie last Assembly, witli similar committees which may be 
appointed by other branches of the Presbyterian family. Vol. Ill, n 
29, 1869. ^ 

[The joint committee failed to meet.] On the fourth of August, the 
time appointed by the preceding convention, a meeting was'^held in 
Pittsburgh. On this occasion a majority of the committee of the United 
Presbyterian Church were present, but only one member of the Old 
School, and not one of the New School Presbyterian Church, were in 
attendance. In consequence of the failure of our brethren to attend at 
the time appointed nothing, could be done. Tiie convention conse- 
quently adjourned sine die. Vol. Ill, p. 132, 1870. 

[Another committee was appointed. Vol. Ill, p. 145, 1870, who re- 
ported as follows:] The joint committee met in Pittsburgh, March 7th, 
1871, and continued its session until the ninth. A most delightful spirit 
pervaded the devotional exercises of the committee, and the very full 
and free discussions had with reference to the points of difference be-- 
tween the two bodies were characterized by the utmost friendliness and 
cordiality. 

In one of the early conferences the United Presbyterian branch of the 
committee submitted the following as a basis of union : 

The Westminster standards as the general basis, with these additional 
propositions: 

1. The Psalms of the Bible, in the best possible version, are to be 
the authorized Psalmody of the church. 

2. In all ordinary cases the sacraments are to be restricted in their 
administration to those over whom the church has autliority. 

3. All associations, whether formed for political or benevolent pur- 
poses, which impose upon their members an oath of secrecy, or an ob- 
ligation to obey a code of unknown laws, are inconsistent with the spirit 
and genius of Christianity, and church members ought not to have fel- 
lowship with such associations. 

After some consideration given to the subject matter of this basis, it 
was referred to the Presbyterian brancli of the committee, who subse- 
quently reported, recommending the following as general terms of union : 



224 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

The Westminster standards as the general basis, with these additional 
propositions : 

1. That we regard the "Psalms and Hymns and Spiritual Songs" of 
the Bible as peculiarly entitled to our consideration and use in public 
and private worship, because of their divine inspiration, and we re-affirm 
our testimony in their favor as authorized by the word of God. 

2. That in all ordinary cases the sacraments are to be restricted in 
their administration to those over whom the church has authority. 

3. That the genius and spirit of Christianity furnish the best incen- 
tive, the highest motive, and the truest basis for all work of benevolence 
and reform, and that the church, in her organized capacity, is the most 
efficient agent for the prosecution of this work, and should be preferred 
by all who love our Lord Jesus Christ. 

It was finally and unanimously decided in joint committee, in view of 
the impossibility of fully reconciling divergent views, that the two bases 
be submitted to the respective Assemblies. 

In thus submitting our report, your committee would say, that while 
unable to come to a perfect agreement on the propositions before us, we 
were greatly gratified and encouraged by the nearness to an agreement 
at which we arrived, and we do most earnestly commend the union of 
our churches to the continued consideration of our Assemblies. With this 
view, we recommend the appointment of committees for further confer- 
ence and negotiations on the subject, with such instructions accompany- 
ing the appointment as by the Assemblies may be deemed desirable. 
Vol. Ill, p. 313, 1871. 

[No action was taken by the Assembly, except to appoint a commit- 
tee to continue negotiations. Vol. Ill,, p. 284, 1871. This committee 
reported to the next Assembly, Vol. Ill, p. 380, 1872, when the follow- 
ing action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That in the judgment of this General Assembly there do 
not appear to be encouraging grounds for a further prosecution of this 
work at present. 

2. That this General Assembly hereby declares again its desire for 
union with sister churches on any proper grounds that will be mutually 
satisfactory, and is ready to co-operate, especially with the Presbyterian 
Church, in any proper effiort to secure such a union, to the glory of our 
common Saviour, and the greater prosperity and good of his cause in 
the world. 

3. That with this expression on the general subject of union, and of 
the facts in the case as they are understood by this Assembly, the com- 
mittee on union shall be continued, to meet with any similar committee 
that may be appointed by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
Church to engage in any further conferences that may be called for on 
this subject. Vol. Ill, p. 394, 1872. 

2. A Conference of Presbyterian Churches. — [A minute of the 

General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of 
America on tlie subject of a conference with other Presbyterian Churches 
was presented to tlie Assembly. Tlie following was adopted in refer- 
ence to it :] 

We reciprocate the desire expressed for the advancement of the king- 
dom of Jesus Christ in the world, and of the faith and order held in 



PRESBYTERIAN CHURCHES IN INDIA. 225 

common by Presbyterians in this land, arid are willing and ready to co- 
operate with our brethren in any proper way that will promote purity 
in worship and an earnest zeal for the word of God as the rule of faith 
and practice in building and extending the kingdom of Jesus Christ in 
this and every land. 

But as the action of that General Assembly is more expressly ad- 
dressed to those "united in the Alliance of the Refomed Churches hold- 
ing the Presbyterian System," and as our church has, for reasons ex 
pressly stated, withdrawn from that Alliance ; therefore. 

Resolved, 1. That we are not now j^repared to propose any plan of co- 
operation for the purpose suggested by our brethren. 

2. That we are ready now, as we have always declared ourselves to 
be, to co-operate with our brethren of other Presbyterian denominations 
in promoting unity of faith and practice in any way consistent with what 
we believe to be the law of Christ's house and will of our Divine Mas- 
ter. Vol. VI, p. 683, 1887. 

[The General Assembly appointed a committee of three to represent 
the Assembly in the Centenary of the General Assembly of the Presby- 
terian Church in the United States of America. The committee re- 
ported that marked Christian courtesy had been shown in the case. 
Vol. VI, p. 684, 1887 ; Vol. VII, p. 31, 1888.] 

3. A Consensus Creed for AU Presbyterian Churches. A 

paper was presented from a committee of the General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, asking the ap- 
pointment of members of a joint committee to prepare a short consensus 
creed for the use of all the Presbyterian Churches, to be used as the 
common creed of these Churches ; not as a substitute for the creed of 
any particular denomination, but to supplement it for the common work 
of the Church. The Committee on Correspondence reported : " It is 
the judgment of your committee that it would not be wise for this 
Assembly to take any action which would seek to shorten the West- 
minster Confession, or eliminate from it any of its articles, or which 
might indicate that we are not fully satisfied with it." The Assembly,, 
therefore, adopt the following : 

Resolved, Tiiat this Assembly respectfully declines to enter upon the 
work of preparing a consensus creed. Vol. VII, p. 647, 1891. 

LXXXVII. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCHES IN INDIA. 
1. An Alliance of Presbyterian Churches in India.— [As 

early as January, 1871, a movement in favor of closer union among 
Presbyterians in India was begun. A meeting of delegates was held in 
November of the same year, to consider the advisability of forming a 
Presbyterian Alliance. It was agreed that, from time to time, general 
conventions of Presbyterian ministers and elders should be held for the 
purpose of consultation and co-operation in all that pertains to the ex- 
tension of Christ's kingdom in India. At a general convention held at 
Allahabad in the next year, it was Resolved, That "without reference 
to an organic union, as speedily as possible, the different Presbyterian 
Churches in India should be consolidated together for consultation and 
co-operation in furtherance of a common Evangelistic work, but in no 
degree compromising the position which they occupy in connection 
15 



226 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

■with their respective Churches at home." At subsequent meetings the 
purpose was defined to be : 1. To promote mutual sympathy and the 
sense of unity among Presbyterian Cliurches in India. 2. To arrange 
for co-operation and mutual help. 3. To promote the stability and self- 
support of the native Churches, and to encourage them in direct labor 
for the Evangelization of India. 4. To prepare the way for an organic 
union among the native Presbyterian Churches in India. 

The First Council of tlie Alliance was held in December, 1877, the 
second in 1880, the third in 1883, the fourth in 1886, and the fifth in 
1889. See Vol. VII, p. 502, 1890.] 

2. Appellate Power Refused to the Alliance.— [The Second 

Council of the Presbyterian Alliance in India sent to all the supreme 
judicatories represented in India, asking the recognition of the appellate 
jurisdiction of the Alliance in certain cases in regard to native 
Churches, office-bearers, and members. The General Assembly took 
the following action :] 

Resolved, 2. That it is the judgment of this Assembly, that it would 
not be expedient for it to recognize the appellate jurisdiction of the Alli- 
ance over any of its churches, office-bearers, or members ; and that it, 
therefore, respectfully refuses the request of the Alliance, asking for 
such jurisdiction. Vol. V, p. 354, 1881. 

3. Union of the Presbyterian Churches in India Proposed.— 

[In 1889, by circular letter sent out by the Lahore Presbytery, a Gen- 
eral Committee was formed to consider " the difficulties in the way of 
union, with the best method of overcoming them, and prepare a carefully 
matured plan of union, to be submitted to tlie Presbyteries." This 
General Committee, in which the majority of the Presbyterian bodies in 
India were represented, prepared a basis of union, and submitted it to 
the Presbyterian Alliance of India, by which it was approved and sent 
to the Presbyteries, to be transmitted to the home Churches for final 
consideration It was transmitted to the General Assembly by the 
Presbytery of Sialkot with an adverse judgment. This basis provides 
as to polity and worship: 

1. That a constitution shall be drafted, based upon the constitutions of 
the Presbyterian Churches in Europe and America. 

2. That in all meetings of Church courts in which the United Pres- 
byterian Church of North America is represented, psalms alone shall be 
sung, out of respect to their opinion, and also because the psalms alone are 
a sufficient medium by which to express divine praise. 

3. Official members of these missions, refusing to sever their connec- 
tion with the home courts, are to be only advisory members of the courts 
in India, while those severing this connection and submitting to the 
courts in India are to be full members. All shall be free to choose one 
of these relations. 

4. The Synod is to be the court of last resort, except that it shall 
have power to refer cases to the General Assembly for advisement or 
decision. 

The doctrinal basis is to consist 1st, of the Apostles' Creed; 2d, the 
Nicene Creed, 3d, a modern statement of doctrine, which is not yet pre- 
pared. The Westminister Confession of Faith and Catechisms and the 
Heidelberg Catechism are to be held in veneration, and as useful for 



PRESBYTERIAN COUNCIL. 227 

edification. There is to be a General Assembly with five subordinate 
Synods, embracing all the Presbyterian Churches in India. 

In the judgment of the Assembly this basis, if adopted, would be an 
abandonment of the Standards of the Church for a creed not yet pre- 
pared, would authorize in India a confession of faith not accepted at 
home, and would sever the mission from the mother Church. It was 
therefore :] 

Resolved, That the Basis of Union of the Presbyterian Churches in 
India, submitted to this Assembly by the Sialkot Presbytery, be not ap- 
proved. Vol. VII, p. 426, 1890. [For the Basis in full, and the action 
of the Sialkot Presbytery, see p. 502, 1890.] 

LXXXVIII. PRESBYTERIAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 
Presb3rterian Historical Society. — Resolved, That the Assembly 

cordially commends tlie society to the enlarged liberality of all our 
churches and congregations. Vol. II, p. 12, 1864. 

Resolved, That a copy of each of the publications of our Board of 
Publication be presented to this society to be preserved in its collection. 
Vol. Ill, p. 545, 1873. 

Resolved, 2. That the records now on hand, and those which may be 
hereafter procured, b'i placed in the fire proof building of the Presby- 
terian Historical Society, when it shall be completed, for safe keeping, 
and that a copy of all those which may be printed be placed in our own 
publishing house. 

3. That Presbyteries be requested to collect the histories of their 
own congregations, and have them bound in one or more volumes, with 
the history of tlie Presbytery, with a view of depositing them in the 
fire proof building already mentioned. Vol. IV, p. 301, 1876. 

Resolved, 2. That we earnestly recommend every congregation 
which has not already contributed to its funds, to take up, on the first 
Sabbath of November, 1877, or as soon after as possible, a liberal col- 
lection to aid in securing for this society what it most needs; namely, a 
place of safety for what it has so successfully gathered. Vol. IV, p. 
446, 1877. 

Resolved, 2. That it be commended still to our people for donations 
to its collections, and for funds for its endowment. Vol. IV, p. 574, 
1878. 

Resolved, 1. That the Assembly hereby expresses its continued satis- 
faction with this society in its efibrts to collect and place in secure 
position material of so mucli interest to the friends of Presbyterianism. 

2. That a committee be appointed to co-operate with tlie society in 
its efibrts to procure such material, and that the Synods and Presby- 
teries be recommended to continue their committees for this purpose, 
and thus further the interests of this society for the benefit of the entire 
Presbyterian family. Vol. V, p. 533, 1882. 

LXXXIX. PRESBYTERIAN COUNCIL. 
1. An Alliance of the Presbyterian Churches. — [The General 

Assembly received a memorial from the General Assembly of the Pres- 
byterian Church in the United States in America on the confederation 



228 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

of all the Presbyterian Churches throughout the vvorlJ. The following 
action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That there be appointed a committee to confer with 
the other committees which may be appointed by the Presbyterian 
bodies, with a view to securing the objects proposed ; and, 

2. That, while doing all they can to secure these objects, the com- 
mittee be directed to do nothing to compromise the peculiar principles 
and practices, for the maintainance of which the Assembly believes her- 
self called upon, in providence and by the Head of the Church, to sus- 
tain a separate ecclesiastical organization. Vol. IV, p. 37, 1874. 

[This committee reported to the Assembly, when the following action 
was taken :] 

Resolved, 2. That the Assembly expresses its gratitude to the Saviour 
for the harmony he has given to the deliberations of these committees, 
and its conviction that this agreement in a statement of revealed truth 
so full as that contained in the propositions adopted, is a precursor of a 
closer union among the Churches holding the great doctrines of the 
Bible. Vol. IV, p. 186, 1875. [For the propositions agreed upon and 
the draft of constitution for an Alliance of the Reformed Churches 
holding the Presbyterian System, prepared by the American delegates, 
€ee VoL IV, pp. 223-225, 1875.] 

[The Assembly also adopted the following :] 

Whereas, Several churches adhering to Presbyterian polity and 
Calvinistic doctrine are, on conscientious grounds, opposed to the use 
of uninspired hymns in the worship of God ; and, whereas, the inspired 
Book of Psalms has been acknowledged by every branch of the Church 
of Christ, at least by every Presbyterian one, to contain matter suitable 
for praise in the service of song ; and, whereas, the exclusive use of the 
hymns embraced in this sacred collection by the proposed confederation 
in its meetings would not only evince a generous regard for the cher- 
ished convictions of many Presbyterians, but also, it is believed, tend to 
prove and promote the unity of the Church of Christ; therefore, 

Resolved, 1. That this Assembly respectfully, but earnestly, asks that 
in the particular referred to, the " Consensus of the Reformed 
Churches" be respected by the confederation in its devotional exercises, 
and that a specific guarantee to this effect be incorporated in the con- 
stitution which may be adopted. 

2. Further, that our committee be directed to urge this matter by 
letter, or otherwise, in the convention about to be held in London. Vol. 
IV, p. 186, 1875. 

[The delegates reported that they had forwarded the above action to 
the Alliance, and submitted to the Assembly the correspondence had, 
Vol. IV, p. 356, 1876, when their action was approved. Vol. IV, p. 
318, 1876.] 

[Delegates were appointed to the First General Presbyterian Coun- 
cil, Vol. IV, p. 455, 1877, who reported to the Assembly, Vol. IV, p. 
635, 1878, when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 2. That while gratified to know that during the late meet- 
ing the Council used in its exercise of praise only the Psalms of Scrip- 
ture, the Assembly regrets that no constitutional provision has been 
made for the continuance of this practice, and no definite pledge given 



PRESBYTERIAN COUNCIL. 229 

to that effect, and hereby instructs its delegates to the meeting of 1880 
to use their influence to have this matter adjusted in accordance with 
the action of the Assembly of 1875. Vol. IV, p. 576, 1878. 

[Delegates were appointed to the General Presbyterian Council. Vol. 

V, p. 42, 1879; p. 744, 1883. Power was given to the delegates 
present at the Third Council to fill vacancies in the delegation. Vol. 

VI, p. 41, 1884.] 

2. Committee of Correspondence With the Alliance.— [At 

the request of the Clerks of the Presbyterian Alliance, the General 
Assembly appointed a standing committee of correspondence, consisting 
of three persons. Vol. V, pp 337, 344, 1881.] 

3. Expenses of the Alliance — [The Third Council requested 
the Churches represented to bear the expenses of the Council in pro- 
portion to their membership. These expenses heretofore had been met 
by individual contributions. The Committee on Finance reported :] 
For lack of sufficient information, and the Assembly having no " con- 
tingent fund," your committee cannot recommend the appropriation of 
any sum. Vol. VI, p. 237, 1885. 

Resolved, 2. That the Principal Clerk of the Assembly be, and is 
hereby, directed to issue an order on the Assembly's Treasurer for the 
payment of $2G9.00, our proportion of the expenses already incurred bj 
the Alliance. Vol. VI, p. 423, 1886. 

4. Withdrawal of the General Assembly from the Alliance. 

— [The delegates to the Third General Council reported their attend- 
ance, and that another Council had been appointed.] "It is for the 
Assembly to determine whether it will continue its connection with the 
Alliance. . . . We suggest that this whole matter be referred to a 
committee to report to the next General Assembly. Vol, VI, p. 298, 
1885. [The committee was appointed and submitted a report, which 
was amended and adopted :] 

Whereas, The constitution of the Presbyterian Alliance provides 
that there shall be no interference with the internal order or discipline 
of any Church which has joined the confederation; and, 

Whereas, In 1875, our General Assembly adopted a paper on this 
subject, asking that in consideration of the fact that several of the 
churches are, on conscientious grounds, opposed to the use of uninspired 
hymns in the worship of God, and that every Presbyterian branch of 
the Church of Christ has acknowledged that the inspired Book of 
Psalms contains matter suitable to be employed in the praise service, 
the consensus of the Reformed churches be respected by the Confedera- 
tion in its devotional exercises, and that a specific guarantee to this 
effect be incorporated in the constitution which may be adopted ; and 

Whereas, The guarantee thus sought has not been given, while at the 
last Council our position was even practically disregarded by the use, 
to some extent, of uninspired compositions in the devotional exercises of 
the meetings; and. 

Whereas, In the reception of churches to its confederation, the Al- 
liance has shown a disposition to interpret in a very lax and, in our 
view, an improper manner the phrase, "the consensus of the Reformed 
churches;" and. 

Whereas, The good likely to be accomplished by the Alliance seems 



230 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

hardly commensurate with the expenditure of time and money required; 
therefore, 

Resolved, 1. That this Assembly, representing "The United Presby- 
terian Church of North America," hereby discontinues its connection 
with the Presbyterian Alliance. Vol. VI, p. 423, 1886. 

[A letter was received from the Secretary of the Alliance, expressing 
regret at the action of the Assembly. The following was adopted:] 

Whereas, No guarantee has been offered that the faith and practice 
of our denomination, in the matter of Psalmody, will be respected in 
the future; and, 

Whereas, Definite action was taken by the Assembly last year in 
withdrawing from that organization : 

Resolved, That this Assembly take no further action in the case at 
present. Vol. VI. p. 683, 1887". 

5. Renewal of Relations to the Presbyterian Alliance.— [Rev. 

T. W. Chambers, D. D., and Rev. George D. Matthews, D. D., Sec- 
retary, addressed the General Assembly on behalf of the Alliance of 
Presbyterian Churches. The matter of the relation of the General 
Assembly to the Alliance was referred to a committee of five to report 
to the next Assembly. Vol. VII, p. 421, 1890. This committee re- 
ported according to appointment, and the report was amended and 
adopted :] 

... In the judgment of your committee, it would be well for the 
General Assembly to appoint delesrates to the Council to meet in 
Toronto, in 1892, and ask that the United Presbyterian Church be re- 
ceived into the Alliance and her delegates admitted to seats in the 
Council. 

We believe that our connection with the Alliance may prove of great 
value to us in preventing encroachments in the foreign field. We have 
been at different times threatened with an invasion of our territory by 
other churches. One of the great objects of the Alliance is to prevent 
collision among the Churches in the foreign field and see that the 
rights and interests of the several Reformed Churches are duly re- 
spected by others. 

We further believe that our connection with the Alliance will be 
favorable to the general maintenance of the venerable consensus of the 
Reforu ed Churches, including the preservation of the principle, that a 
Scripture Psalmodv alone should be used in celebrating the praises of 
God. 

For these reasons, and inasmuch as the constitution of the Presby- 
terian Alliance provides that there shall be no interference with the 
internal order or discipline of any Church belonging to the Alliance, we 
recommend the adoption of the following resolutions: 

Resolved, 1. That, as the Assembly has fceen assured by the secretary 
of tiie Alliance that any departure from the exclusive use of the Scrip- 
ture Psalms in the devotional meetings thereof was not by its authority, 
and that such departure will be carefully guarded against in future 
meetings, the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church of 
North America hereby declares its desire to be re-admitted into ''the 
Alliance of the Reformed Churches throughout the world holding the 
Presbyterian system." 



PRINCIPLES OF THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 231 

2. That we will appoint a full delegation of ministers and elders as 
our representatives to the Council to meet in Toronto, Canada, Sep- 
tember, 1892. 

3. That the Clerk of the Assembly be directed to transmit a copy of 
these resolutions to the secretary of the Alliance. Vol. VII, p. 736, 
1891. 

XC. PRESBYTERY, CONSTITUTION OF. 

[The Lake Presbytery presented a memorial to the General Assembly 
asking the submission of an overture to the Presbyteries for a change 
in the law on the constitution of a Presbytery — Sec. 1, Art. 2, Chap. 
V, Part I. of Book of Government — so as to admit an elder from each 
session instead of from each "pastoral charge." The following was 
adopted :] 

The change thus proposed has at least one thing to recommend it. It 
would secure in Presbyteries the representation of all the sessions in 
their respective bounds. But while this is in itself desirable, it would 
be attended with this serious disadvantage, that the numerical equality 
between the ministers and the ruling elders in the Presbytery would be 
destroyed. Your committee is of the opinion that the proposed change, 
all things considered, is not desirable. We, therefore, recommend the 
adoption of the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the prayer of the Lake Presbytery be not granted. 
Vol. VII, p. 15, 1888. 

XCI. PRINCIPLES OF THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN 

CHURCH. 

1 . Distinctive Principles of the Church to be Maintained. — 

[Memorials relating to the distinctive principles of the United Presby- 
terian Church were presented from the Presbytery of Wheeling and 
various members of the Assembly. Whereupon the Assembly adopted 
the following:] 

Resolved, 1st. That the General Assembly hereby declares anew its 
devotion to all the distinctive principles of the Church, and its deter- 
mination, so far as in it lies, to have all under its supervision properly 
instructed in these principles, and to have them carried out by kind and 
faithful discipline. 

2d. That the sessions of all the congregations throughout the Church 
be directed to see that the distinctive principles of the Church are prop- 
erly taught in the Sabbath Schools under their care, and that pastors 
are enjoined to give careful and needed instructions upon these subjects 
in their public and private ministrations. 

3d. That the sessions of the Churches be enjoined to be faithful in 
requiring the intelligent assent of those whom they admit to member- 
ship in the Church to all her distinctive principles, and to exercise the 
discipline which the Scriptures and the standards of the Church require 
in the case of any who violate these principles. 

4th. That Presbyteries are hereby enjoined to exercise proper Pres- 
byterial care with respect to the distinctive principles of the Church, by 
seeing that sessions, of which they have the oversight, are faithful in 



232 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

the admission of members and the exercise of discipline; by Presby- 
terial conventions relating to these matters, and by such other means as 
may be best adapted to secure the end in view ; and that they report 
their obedience to this injunction annually to the General Assembly, in 
connection with tlieir report upon the Narrative and State of Religion. 
Vol. VI, p. 233, 1885. 

Resolved, That the attention of Presbyteries and the Permanent 
Committee on Narrative and State of Religion be directed to the fol- 
lowing action of the Assembly of 1885, viz.: That the Presbyteries, &c. 
[Resolution 4. above.] Vol. VI, p. 682, 1887. 

Resolved, 3. Tiiat we urge pastors and sessions to do all in their power 
to have members acl consistently and in harmonv with all tlie principles 
of our Church. Vol. VII, p. 434, 1890. 

2. Annual Report to the General Assembly. — Resolved 4. 

That Presbyteries are hereby enjoined to exercise proper Presbyterial 
care with respect to the distinctive f)rinciples of tlie Church, by seeing 
that Sessions, of which they have the oversight, are faithful in the ad- 
mission of members and the exercise of discipline; by Presbyterial con- 
ventions relating to these matters, and by such other means as are best 
adapted to secure the end in view: and that they report their obedience 
to this injunction annually to the General Assembly in connection with 
their report upon the Narrative and State of Religion. Vol. VI, p. 
233, 1885. 

3. Aid not to be Asked for Congregations Ignoring- the Prin- 
ciples of the Church. — Resolved, Tliat wiiiie this Assembly urges 
upon our members and congregations the great importance of faithfully 
maintaining the principles of our Clnirch, the agencies to which tiie dis- 
tribution of funds belong must act on the presumption that Presbyteries 
will recommend for aid only those congregations which are faithful to 
their profession, and active in their efforts to advance the interests of 
Christ's Kingdom ; and Presbyteries are hereby urged not to recommend 
any congregation for aid, either to the Home Mission Board or Church 
Extension Board, which is known to ignore the principles of the United 
Presbyterian Church. A^ol. VII, p. 222, 1889. 

4. The Boards Do Not Have Presbyterial Supervision of 

Congregations. — The agencies to wiiich tlie distribution of funds be- 
longs must act on the presumption that Presbyteries will recommend for 
aid only those congregations which are faithful to their profession. Vol. 
VII, p. 222, 1889. 
See Sec. 3, above. 

5. Presbyters May Propose a Change in the Principles of 

the Church The memorial asks the following question: "Can a 

minister or elder be and continue to be in good standing in the United 
Presbyterian Church, who proposes or votes to overture the question of 
expunging any article of the Confession of Faith or of the Testimony, 
or any distinctive principle or ordinance of worship, held and observed 
by the said United Presbyterian Church, or who labors and votes in 
the Presbytery for such overture after it has been sent down by the 
Assembly?" 

The question of the memorialist is somewhat indefinite. "We do not 
regard it as wise, ordinarily, for the Assembly to decide hypothetical 



rKOA'ISIONAL SESSIONS. 233 

cases, when the existing laws of the Church are sufficient for all practical 
purposes, if properly enforced. 

Sec. 5, Art. IV, Chap. V, of the Book of Government, reads as follows : 
" Before any regulation affecting the doctrine, worship or government 
of the Church shall be adopted or made binding, it shall be transmitted 
in overture to all the Presbyteries," etc. This language plainly implies 
that such matters are subject to the test of overture, and any member 
of the Church has a right to proceed in an orderly manner in the exer- 
cise of the privileges implied in this law. And according to the articles 
of union, the forbearance in love, required by the law of God, is to be 
exercised toward any brethren who may not be able fully to subscribe to 
all the standards of the United Church, while they do not determinedly 
oppose them, but follow the things which make for peace and things 
whereby one may edify another. Vol. VI, p. 663, 1887. 

XCII. PROVISIONAL SESSIONS. 

Resolved, [by the General Committee on Home Missions and adopted 
by the Assembly,] 5. That Presbyteries are cautioned against the 
hasty organization of congregations until persons qualified for the elder- 
ship may be found in the congregations; and that until such persons be 
found the stations be governed by a provisional session. Vol. VII, p. 
259, 1889. 

Presbyteries should be directed to exercise greater care in organizing 
congregations, and, where necessary, appoint a provisional session that 
shall have autiiority in these new congregations until, in the judgment 
of the Presbytery, the congregations are able to govern themselves. 
Therefore, 

Resolved, 6. That this Assembly appoint a committee of five, con- 
sisting of three ministers and two elders, which shall consider the whole 
subject of a provisional session, define its powers and its relations to the 
Presbytery, and report to the next Assembly. Vol. VII, p. 413, 1890. 

[The committee submitted the following report, which was adopted 
by the General Assembly:] 

In the enlargement of the Church new congregations are formed. 
These, especially in the mission field, are composed of those who have 
recently professed their faith in Christ, or have removed from other 
congregations, but recently drawn together, all comparative strangers to 
each other, and few of them with any considerable experience in Chris- 
tian work. They are few in number, and may not have among them 
men qualified as yet to take charge of them as elders. But, even more 
than at a later time, they need the counsel, the instruction and the help 
■which can be given by experienced "overseers of the flock." The 
missionary also needs the support of a body of elders, ready to receive 
the confession of those who believe, to administer the sacraments, and 
to exercise the care which belongs to their office, until some in the mis- 
sion have attained that degree of experience, and have shown the 
Christian character, prudence and good judgment which qualify for 
permanent official position. 

Experience has shown that, in many cases, premature organization 
has seriously impaired the life of the congregation. For the same 



284 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

reason that the spiritual welfiire of a mission, or congregation, is better 
met by a stated supply than by supplies from Sabbath to Sabbath, a 
stated session, the same body of men having the oversight as long as 
there is need for it, is better than special appointments from time to 
time. 

Also, by the death or removal of its elders, a congregation may be 
left without a session, and the circumstances may be such that this con- 
dition will continue for a considerable period. Such a time is full of 
peril to the life of the congregation. The danger may be averted by 
the appointment of a session to have the oversight until the congrega- 
tion is prepared to elect its own elders. 

The power to make such provision for the care of a mission or dis- 
organized congregation, is iuherent in the Presbytery. "It belongs to 
the Presbytery to order whatever pertains to the spiritual welfare of the 
churches under its care." The wisdom of such an appointment has 
been shown by experience. 

Such a temporary, or provisional session is appointed to perform the 
duties of an ordinary session; that is, to receive members and have the 
spiritual oversight and care of the congregation and exercise discipline. 
But the Presbytery may restrict or enlarge its powers, according as 
circumstances may require. 

It may exercise the powers peculiar to a commission of Presbytery 
only when distinctly so instructed by the Presbytery. 

The provisional session derives its powers from the Presbytery, and 
exercises its authority by virtue of its appointment by the Presbytery 
and at its discretion. Being constituted for tiie work of a session, its 
proceedings are subject to review by the Presbytery, and those under 
its care have the same rights as under a regular session. But its mem- 
bers are not elected by the congregation or mission, and in the proper 
sense of the word are not officers in the congregation. Ordinarily they 
are not members of the congregation. They, therefore, cannot take 
part or vote in its meetings, and cannot represent it in the higher 
courts. But in the case of a congregation partially disorganized, its 
rights as to the higher courts are not lost by its temporary misfortune, 
and it may be represented by an elder of its own election who is a mem- 
ber of the provisional session. 

The committee therefore submits the following to the General As- 
sembly for adoption : 

1. A Provisional Session is one appointed by the Presbytery for an 
unorganized mission, or for a congregation which has become partially 
or wholly disorganized. 

2. The object of the Provisional Session is the oversight and care of 
the mission or congregation until such time as it may be prepared to 
elect its own elders and become invested with the powers and rights of 
an organized church. 

3. The powers of a Provisional Session are such as may be defined in 
its appointment. If there is no such definition, it has the ordinary 
powers of a session as to the admission of members, the administration 
of ordinances, the spiritual oversight of the congregation, and the exer- 
cise of discipline. But it has not the power to organize a congregation 
by the election, ordination and installation of elders without the express 
commission of the Presbytery. 



PSALMODY. 235 

4. The Provisional Session is directly subject to the Presbytery and 
continues to exercise its powers at its discretion, and should report its 
proceedings, and submit its records for review, at every regular meeting 
of the Presbytery. The rights of members under its care are the same 
as under a regular session. 

5. The Provisional Session is not a part of the congregation, or mis- 
sion, its members have not a right to vote at its meetings, or represent 
it in the Presbytery. But in the case of a partially disorganized con- 
gregation an elder duly installed in it, who is a member of the Pro- 
visional Session, may be admitted to a seat in Presbytery as a member 
from a pastoral charge. Otherwise the mission or congregation may 
appear in the Presbytery by a commissioner. 

6. When a Provisional Session has been discharged from its appoint- 
ment, it should place its records in the hands of the Presbytery, to be 
transmitted to the congregational session, and become part of its per- 
manent records. Vol. VII, p. 733, 1891. 

XCIII. PSALMODY. 

1. Ministers are not to Sanction Human Compositions in the 

IVIatter of Praise. — Is it consistent with our standards for our minis- 
ters to enter into any arrangements to unite in the public or social wor- 
ship of God, where human compositions are employed as the matter of 
praise? It is not consistent with our profession to enter into any 
arrangements by which we may, in any sense, sanction or approve of 
the use of human compositions in tlie worship of God. Vol. I, p. 114, 
1860. 

2. Paraphrases are not to be used as Songs of Praise in the 

Worship of God. — Resolved, 1. That the use of paraphrases as songs 
of praise in the worship of God is not consistent with the principles and 
usages of the United Presbyterian Church. Vol. Ill, p. 419, 1872. 

3. Interpretation of the Law on Psalmody. — In the memorial 

the following question is asked : " Does the declaration of our Testi- 
mony on Psalmody, Article XVIII, permit members of the United 
Presbyterian Church to join in the singing of the compositions of unin- 
spired men, in connection with religious services, held anywhere or 
under any circumstances?" 

That Article XVIII clearly requires us to use only the songs con- 
tained in the Book of Psalms, in the worship of God, needs no argu- 
ment ; and that uninspired songs may be sung otherwise than as acts of 
worship is equally clear. 

No definite rule can be laid down by which all can be enabled to de- 
termine between acts of worship and exercises of a kindred but less 
solemn character. Something must, therefore, be left to the good sense 
and Christian prudence of each individual. 

The intention of others, with whom we may be expected to join in 
singing, will generally be a valuable help in determining this question. 
If they are engaged in worship according to their own declaration, then 
we, in joining with them, will be regarded as uniting in their worship. 
"But if any man say unto you, this is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat 
not," is a direction that may safely be followed in many things that are 



236 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

not properly classed with idolatry. We, therefore, recommend the 
adoption of the following: 

Resolved, That the question of the memorial be answered in the 
negative. Vol. VI, p. 680, 1887. 

4. An Amended Version of the Psalms. — Resolved, That the 

Board of Publication be authorized to prepare a revised edition of the 
metrical version of the Psalms now in use. Vol. I, p. 41, 1859. 

[The Board of Publication presented versions of the Psalms to the 
next Assembly, when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That * * * be a committee, with the Board of Pub- 
lication, on the subject of revising the present version of the Psalms. 

2. That the whole subject of a revised edition of the Psalms be re- 
ferred to the Board of Publication thus strengthened, that they publish 
the version as amended, and that they report to the next General As- 
sembly. Vol. I, p. 114, 1860. 

[The report of this committee was brought before the next Assembly, 
when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That we highly approve the labors of this, committee, 
and hereby send their amended version in overture to the Presbyteries 
under our care. 

2. That in reporting on this overture, the Presbyteries are instructed 
to report to the next General Assembly : 1. On the overture, aye or 
no. 2. That should any Presbytery have objections to the amended 
version, they shall specify particularly to the General Assembly the 
grounds of their objection, and should they desire any amendments or 
alterations, they shall make them in their own language. 

3. That Presbyteries having objections or desiring alterations or 
amendments, shall communicate them to the committee on an improved 
version of the Psalms before the first of February, 1862 ; and that the 
committee be directed to take such suggestions into careful considera- 
tion, and embody such as meet their approbation info their report in 
full to the next General Assembly, for adoption, should the Assembly 
approve them. Vol. I, p. 221, 1861. 

[This committee reported to the next Assembly, when the following 
action was taken:] It appears: 1. That the amended version of the 
Psalms overtured to the church is not adopted. 2. That a decided 
majority of Presbyteries are in favor of proceeding with the present 
effort under proper restrictions. In view of these conclusions: 

Resolved, 1. That the General Assembly refer the amended version 
of the Psalms to a select committee, consisting of three members. 

2. That the committee be limited in the amendments wliich they shall 
propose to the removal of obsolete words, the correction of errors in 
grammar, errors of punctuation, and defective lines. 

3. That this committee be instructed to report to the next General 
Assembly. Vol. I, p. 349, 1862. 

[This committee reported to the next Assembly, when the following 
action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the Assembly express their thanks to the com- 
mittee for their services, and the progress made by them in improving 
our version of the Psalms. 

2. That the proposed amendments be re-committed to the same com- 
mittee, with instructions to report to the next Assembly. 



PSALMODY. 237 

3. That tlie Presbyteries be directed to forward to the committee 
fiuch suggestions as may aid them in their work. Vol. I, p. 498, 1863. 

[This committee reported to the next Assembly, when the following 
action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the amendments proposed by the committee on 
amending the present version of the Psalms, together with those adopted 
at this meeting of the Assembly, be and they hereby are overtured to 
the Presbyteries for their consideration, with instructions to report 
thereon to the committee before January, 1865. 

2. That Presbyteries be directed to report to said committee such 
amendments as they would desire to have made, whether these have been 
proposed by the committee or not. 

3. That Presbyteries be further instructed to report yea or nay, 
•whether they would be willing to accept of the version as amended by 
the committee and Assembly, in case such additional amendments as 
may be suggested should not be adopted. 

5. That the committee on amending our present version of the Psalms 
have our hearty thanks, that they be continued, and that they are 
hereby instructed to prosecute their work until they have amended the 
whole of the version, and report to the next assembly. Vol. II, p. 36, 
1864. 

[This overtured version was not adopted. Yeas, 56 ; nays, 12G. Vol. 
II, p. 160, 1865.] 

[An amended version of the Psalms was published by the Board of 
Publication, concerning which the followincr action was taken:"! 

Resolved, 1. That the corrected edition of the authorized version of 
the Book of Psalms published by the Board of Publication, and laid on 
the table of this Assembly, be approved as the standard edition of our 
authorized Psalter. 

2. That while approving of this book, the Assembly desires to express 
its regret that the Board should have made this publication without the 
direction of the Assembly. 

3. That the Board be directed not to proceed with the publication of 
the proposed series of Psalm Books, until it receives further direction 
from the Assembly. Vol. II, p. 165, 1865. 

Resolved, 6. That the Board of Publication be directed to complete 
the work of amending the present version, according to the plan partially 
executed and approved by the Assembly at Washington, Iowa, in 1865. 
Vol. II, p. 490, 1868. 

Resolved, That * * * be appointed a committee to complete the 
•work of preparing an amended version of ihe Psalms, as committed to 
the Board of Publication by the last Assembly, and report their amend- 
ments to the next Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 35, 1869. 

Your committee, however, are of opinion that they [the amendments 
proposed to the old version] are more numerous than is desirable or 
necessary ; and as great care should be taken not to impair the integrity 
of our present excellent version, or unnecessarily to change language 
dear and familiar to so many, they recommend the adoption of the fol- 
lowing resolution: 

Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed, * * * to which 
these amendments shall be referred, with instructions to use them accord- 



238 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

ing to their best judgment, in amending the text of the present version 
in such a way as shall not impair its identity; and farther, that they have 
authority to incorporate and publish an edition of the same as the author- 
ized version. Vol. Ill, p. 144, 1870. 

Resolved, 3. That said commtttee, with the Board of Publication, be 
directed to publish, at as early a day as possible, an edition of the pres- 
ent version, when amended as proposed above, with the new versions 
inserted in their proper places. Vol. Ill, p. 145, 1870. 

Resolved, 1. That the revised edition of the present version of the 
Psalms and the new versions, published in the same volume, by direc- 
tion of the Twelfth General Assembly, be authorized to be used accord- 
ing to the action of that Assembly. 

2. That the committee are entitled to the thanks of the Assembly, 
and the church, for the faithfulness and ability with which their duty 
has been performed. 

4. That the present committee, * * * * be continued, to 
supervise and correct any typographical and verbal inaccuracies that 
may occur in the publication of this authorized edition. Vol. III. p. 
284, 1871. 

5. A New Version of the Psalms. — Resolved, l. That the version 
of the Book of Psalms now used by the United Presbyterian Church 
be retained without any change that would affect its integrity. 

2. That to be used in connection with this, it is desirable to have an 
entirely new version of equal fidelity, and up to the present state of 
literature and laws of versification. 

3. That a committee be appointed to take charge of this work, and 
either by selections from versions extant, or the labors of a competent 
person, endeavor to have such a version in readiness to report to the 
next Assembly ; that in this work, they be instructed to make fidelity to 
the original an object of special attention ; and that, as they progress, 
they publish the results of their labors in the periodicals of the church. 

4. That this version, when reported to the Assembly, if deemed 
worthy, shall be overtured to the Presbyteries. Vol. I, p. 36, 1859. 

Resolved, That the committee on the preparation of a new version of 
the Psalms be instructed to correspond with the other churches who use 
the Book of Psalms, and endeavor to secure their co-operation. Vol. I, 
p. 36, 1859. 

[This committee reported to the next Assembly, when the following 
action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That * * * be a committee, and they be author- 
ized to complete the work assigned them, and report to the next As- 
sembly. 

2. That in the meantime they shall publish the result of their labors 
in cheap pamphlet form, for the examination of the church. Vol. I, p. 
120, 1860. 

[This committee reported to the next Assembly that they had pre- 
pared new versions of sixty-seven Psalms, when the following action 
was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the new and improved version of a portion of the 
Book of Psalms, prepared by the committee appointed by the General 
Assembly of 1860, be overtured to the Presbyteries under our care. 



PSALMODY. 239 

2. That Presbyteries be instructed to examine it carefully and report 
to the next General Assembly. Vol. I, p. 223, 1861. 

[The Assembly of 1862 instructed this committee to report progress 
to the next Assembly, Vol. I, p. 365, 1862. To the next Assembly the 
committee reported that they had prepared fifteen new versions, when 
they were continued, enlarged, and instructed to publish specimens of 
the versions prepared by them. Vol. I, p. 495, 1863. The committee 
reported to the next Assembly, when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, That the further consideration of this version of fifteen 
Psalms be postponed till the question of the copyright of Abner Jones 
is satisfactorily settled. Vol. II, p. 27, 1864. 

[Owing to the difficulty with Prof. Abner Jones concerning his copy- 
riglit, a new committee was appointed, and the work of preparing anew 
version of the Psalms was begun anew :j 

Resolved, \. That * * * be appointed a committee to take charge 
of the preparation of a new version ; that they be empowered to offer 
premiums for the best versions of Psalms, and take such other measures 
as they may deem proper for attaining the end contemplated ; and that 
they report to each successive Assembly such versions of any of the 
Psalms as they may judge suitable, which, when approved by the church, 
shall be inserted in the Psalm Book, and be authorized to be sung in the 
worship of God. 

2. That each Synod be requested to appoint, at its first meeting, one 
or two of its own members to act as corresponding and consultative 
members of this committee. 

3. That this committee be enjoined to meet at their earliest conveni- 
ence, and prosecute their labors with diligence ; their respective Pres- 
byteries, when necessary, supplying their pulpits in their absence. Vol. 
II. p. 37, 1864. 

[This committee reported that they had prepared versions of sixty- 
three Psalms, when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That this Assembly highly approves the manner in which 
the committee intrusted with the preparation of a new metrical version 
of the Psalms has performed its work. 

2. That in considering the versions of Psalms reported by this com- 
mittee, the Assembly will proceed as follows : The moderator shall an- 
nounce each version, beginning with the first ; any member may move 
to strike out the version announced ; if the motion prevail, the particu- 
lar version under consideration shall be rejected ; if not, or if no motion 
to reject be made, the version shall be declared approved. 

3. That the versions now approved by the Assembly, viz.: All con- 
tained in the volume published by the committee on the preparation of a 
new version, be and hereby are overtured to the Presbyteries for their 
approval or rejection. 

4. That the Presbyteries be and hereby are instructed as follows: 
First, To act on this overture as early as possible, before the fifteenth 
day of September next, at farthest, and to call special meetings for the 
purpose. Second, To vote aye or no on each version of a Psalm now 
overtured. Third. To communicate their action, without delay, to the 
moderator, specifying particularly their objections to the versions they 
may reject. Fourth. To report to the next Assembly. 



240 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

5. That the moderator be instructed to count the votes received hj 
him, and transmit, on or before October 1, the result, together with the 
objections of the Presbyteries to rejected versions, to the committee on 
the preparation of a new version. 

6. That the Assembly, earnestly desiring the completion of the work, 
and being persuaded that the versions now in overture will receive the 
approval of the church, do hereby call upon the committee above men- 
tioned to proceed, without delay, in the preparation of new versions of 
the remaining Psalms, and publish the result of their labors as soon as 
possible. 

7. That such versions as may be thus published by the committee be 
and hereby are overtured to the Presbyteries for their adoption or 
rejection. 

8. That Presbyteries be and hereby are instructed as follows: First. 
To vote aye or no on each version of a Psalm thus published. Second. 
To communicate their objections to such versions as they may reject, to 
the committee. Third. To report to the next Assembly. 

9. That the Assembly hereby declares its earnest desire that the 
committee on the new version, the Presbyteries, and the next Assem- 
bly, will give the whole subject such prompt, earnest and careful atten- 
tion, as shall be necessary to bring the work to a speedy close, and 
furnish the church with a complete version suited to its wants. 

11. That the Presbyteries be instructed to supply the pulpits of such 
of their members as are members of this committee while engaged in 
the work assigned them by the Assembly. Vol. II, p. 149, 1865. 

[At the next Assembly, the vote of the. Presbyteries on the over- 
tured Psalms was counted, and the following action was taken:] 

Resolved, 1. That the twenty-five versions, specified in the list as 
having a majority of three-fourths of the vot<iS cast, be adopted, as 
amended by the committee. 

2. That the versions which the Assembly shall not adopt at this 
meeting, except the fourteen specified in the list as rejected, be con- 
tinued in overture until the meeting of the next General Assembly, to- 
gether with the amendments adopted by the committee; and also the 
second volume be continued in overture. 

3. That any versions which may be approved by this Assembly shall 
be considered subject to amendment until the whole work of preparing 
a new version is finally completed. 

4. That any version finally receiving the sanction of the church shall 
be incorporated and published with the present authorized version. 

5. That it be distinctly stated by this Assembly that, in adopting a 
portion of the versions in overture, it is not intended to set aside the use 
of the present authorized version or any part of it, nor is it intended to 
require the introduction of the new versions into any congregation, nor 
even to encourage the introduction of them when this would be offensive 
to the people, or any considerable portion of them. It is also earnestly 
recommended to pastors and Sessions to do nothing rashly in this 
matter whereby the peace of congregations might be marred. 

6. That the present committee to prepare a new version be released 
in compliance with their request, and that a special committee be ap- 
pointed to nominate the members of a new committee. Vol. II, p. 306, 
1866. 



PSALMODY. 241 

fThis committee reported to the next Assembly, when the following 
action was taken:] 

Resolved, 1. That all the versions of volume first, excepting seven, 
which have majorities below fifty, be adopted. 

2. That these seven be referred to the committee to be amended, and 
that they then be sent down to the Presbyteries in overture. 

3. That the amendments proposed by the committee be referred to 
the Assembly for their decision. 

4. That all the versions adopted by the Assembly be still subject to 
amendments, and that Presbyteries be asked to send any alterations they 
feel ought to be made, to the chairman of the committee on the new ver- 
sion of the Psalms. Vol. II, p. 416, 1867. 

Resolved, 1. That * * * be and hereby are appointed a com- 
mittee to canvass and publish the votes of the Presbyteries on the over- 
ture of the new version of volume second. 

2. That all the reports of Presbyteries now on the table of this Assem- 
bly be placed in the hands of the aforesaid committee. 

3. That this committee be directed to procure, as soon and as far as 
practicable, the reports of the Presbyteries on the second volume of new 
versions now among the papers of the last Assembly. 

4. That the chairman of said committee having ascertained the 
Presbyteries from which there is no report, he hereby is directed to 
notify the moderator or clerk of such Presbyteries, and call for their 
reports. 

5. That all Presbyteries which have sent up their reports have leave 
to amend them, if they so desire. 

6. That the committee close the reception of reports on the second 
volume of new versions, on the first day of November, 1867, and all 
Presbyteries which desire their voice to be heard in the decision must 
have their reports in by that date. 

7. That on the first of November, proximo, the committee shall pro- 
ceed to canvass and make up the vote on each version, and shall publish 
in the papers of the church the numbers of all the versions which shall 
have received a majority of two-thirds and over of the votes cast on each 
version. 

8. That all versions of Psalms in the second volume thus sanctioned 
by such votes, shall, as soon as officially announced by the chairman of 
said committee, be held as authorized in the worship of tlie clmrch. 

9. That the committee prepare such versions as are adopted for pub- 
lication, in pamphlet form, by the Board of Publication. Vol. II, p. 
414, 1867. 

[At the next Assembly the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed, to which shall be re- 
ferred the versions of Psalms in the second volume prepared by the 
committee, with instructions to select out of those having a majority 
over fifty such as appear to be least liable to objection, and report the 
same to this Assembly, with a view to their being adopted, as authorized 
to be used in the worship of God. Vol. II, p. 502, 1868. 

[At the recommendation of this committee sixteen versions were 
adopted. Vol. II, p. 508, 1868.] 

[The following action was also taken :] 
16 



242 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Resolved, 2. That * * * be and hereby are appointed a com- 
mittee on revision, to which the versions now adopted shall be referred^ 
for such modifications and amendments as they may think needful. 

3. That the above committee report the result of their labors to the 
next Assembly for its action. 

4. That * * * constitute the committee on versification. 

5. That the versions overtured last year, and not adopted, be re- 
committed to said committee, with instructions to revise carefully 
twenty versions and present them to the next General Assembly for 
overture to Presbyteries. Vol. II, p. 490, 1868. 

[The committee on versification reported to the next Assembly that 
they had prepared twenty eight additional versions, which were over- 
tured to Presbyteries. Vol. Ill, p. 15, 18G9. These twenty-eight ver- 
sions, with four exceptions, received the requisite majority, and were de- 
clared adopted. Vol. Ill, p. 14o, 1870.] 

[A committee was appointed to revise the versions already adopted. 
On the report of this committee, the following action was taken:] 

Resolved, 1. That the corrections and emendations reported be re- 
ferred to a committee of five, * * * with instructions to embody 
them, as their judgment may dictate, in a collection of versions to be 
published as soon as possible. 

2. That the Assembly concur with the recommendation of the com- 
mittee, except in regard to Psalm VI, 8s and 7s, and agree to strike 
out or rescind the action of former Assemblies adopting the following 
versions, namely: Psalms XX, C. M.; XXXIX, L. M., six lines; 
XLIII, L. M.; LXXXIX, L. M.; CXXXVII, L. M., and CXLVI, 
L. M., six lines; as being either altogether unnecessary, or not as faith- 
ful translations as others that have been adopted, or as faithful as can 
be made of these Psalms; and that the committee be directed to carry 
out this in preparing the next edition for publication. Vol. Ill, p. 144, 
1870. 

Resolved, That the work of preparing new versions be discontinued 
for the present. Vol. Ill, p. 144, 1870. 

[The committee on versification, appointed by the Assembly of 1869^ 
reported that they had prepared thirty-three new versions, when the 
following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That, excepting the versions of Psalms XXXII, L. M., 
and LXXII, 10s, they be sent down in overture to the Presbyteries, 
with instructions to report their judgment, yea or nay, to Dr. Beveridge, 
the chairman of the committee of five, already named, not later than 
December 1, 1870; and that they regard all having a majority of two- 
thirds as adopted. 

2. That said committee be authorized to count the votes, and incor- 
porate those adopted with the new versions already approved. 

3. That said committee, with the Board cf Publication, be directed 
to publish, at as early a day as possible, an edition of the present version 
when amended, with the new versions inserted in their proper places. 

4. That the Board of Publication be directed to publish the overtured 
versions as speedily as possible, and transmit to the clerks of Presbyter- 
ies a sufficient number of copies to supply the ministers and elders of 
each Presbytery respectively. Vol. Ill, p. 144, 1870. 



PSALMODY. 243 

[This committee reported that twenty-six of these versions had re- 
ceived a majority of more than two-thirds, and had been incorporated 
in the revised edition of tlie Psalms, published by the direction of the 
Assembly. Concerning this revised edition of the Psalms, the follow- 
ing action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That the revised edition of the present version of the 
Psalms, and the new versions published in the same volume, by direc- 
tion of the Twelfth General Assembly, be authorized to be used'accord- 
ing to the action of that Assembly. 

2. That the committee are entitled to the thanks of tie Assembly 
and the church for the faithfulness and ability with which their duty 
has been performed. 

4. That the present committee, * * * be continued to super- 
vise and correct any typograpliical and verbal inaccuracies that may 
occur in the publication of this authorized edition. Vol. Ill, p. 284, 
1871. 

[T)ie history of the preparation of the new version of the Psalms is 
thus given by the committee :] 

It is now forty.four years since the propriety of amending our version 
of the Psalms, and introducing additional duplicate versions, was su<r- 
gested in the " Religious Monitor," Vol. I, pp. 497-500. The proposal 
at the time met with little favor, but has never since been entirely for- 
gotten. During the twelve years since our union, committees have 
been again and again appointed to attend to this business. There have 
now been prepared and published by these committees 173 versions, not 
including twelve which were only republished with amendments. Of 
these 173, there have been adopted 145, and nearly all by majorities of 
more than two-thirds, and not a few almost unanimously. Seven of 
these have since, for various reasons, been dropped ; leaving still 138 
versions, embracing 117 Psalms, authorized to be used, in worship, by 
the church. Vol. Ill, p. 313, 1871. 

6. The Introduction of the Amended and New Versions into 
Congregational Worship.— i^eso^rec?, l. That the revised Psalma 
are commended to all our congregations, with increased confidence in 
their fidelity, excellence and peculiar fitness for the praise of the 
churches at the present time. 

2. That we do affectionately and sincerely recommend that all our 
congregations introduce the revised Psalms into all their worship, in 
private and in public, as soon as practicable. 

3. That it is the deliberate judgment of this General Assembly, 
which we solemnly commend to the consideration of all our people, 
that by the early and harmonious introduction of the revised Psalms^ 
they will contribute their best influence for the conservation and perl 
petuation of the Psalms of the Bible in the Church of God Vol III 
p. 388, 1872. ' ' 

Ee&olved, That it is the province of the Session to decide when the 
revised Psalm Book shall be introduced into the confrreffations Vol 
IV, p. 33, 1874. ° ^ 

7. Selections from the Psalms to be Published by the Board 

or Publication.— i?eso/rcc?. That the Board of Publication be author- 
ized to publish selections from the revised edition of the Book of Psalms 



244 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

for use in prayer meetings and Sabbath Schools. Vol. IV, p. 189, 
1875. 

8. Version and Copyright of Prof. Abner Jones — [When the 

committee had printed sixty-seven selected and prepared versions, Prof. 
Abner Jones, who had published a version, gave notice that he would 
regard the publication of" them an infringement of his copyright. Vol. 
I, p. 305, 1861. The Assembly appointed a committee to confer with 
him on the subject. P. 223. Prof. Jones presented to the Assembly 
of 18G4 a memorial on the subject of his copyright, and the Assembly 
suspended further consideration of the versions then before it until the 
question of copyright was settled, and at tiie same time assured Mr. 
Jones that it would not do anything that would infringe his right or that 
of any other author, without permission and satisfactory compensation. 
It also appointed a committee to confer with Mr. Jones. Vol. II, pp. 
27, 30, 1864. 'Jliis committee reported to the next Assembly, and the 
Assembly again disclaimed any intention of interfering with the copy- 
right of Mr. Jones, and approved tiie determination of the committee to 
avoid borrowing from his version. Vol. II, p. 159, 1865. Mrs. Jones 
proposed to the Assembly to sell the coi)yright of her late husband, and 
the Assembly appointed a committee to confer with her on the subject, 
and report to the next Assembly. Vol. II, p. 490, 1868. The subject 
does not again appear.] 

9. Cop3rright to the New Versions. — The publishers of the Sab- 
bath School Quarterly of Chicago asked permission to use the revised 
edition of the Book of Psalms in making selections for their publication. 
The privilege was granted on condition they would give a like privilege 
concerning the music published with the selections. Vol. IV, p. 590, 
1878. 

See also Psalter, Sec. 3. 

10. The Psalter and Bible Songs. — See Bible Songs, and 

Psalter. 

11. A Conference of Psalm-singing Churches. — A communica- 
tion was received from the Associate Reformed Synod of the South, 
asking the appointment of delegates to a conference of Psalm-singing 
Churches. The appointment was made. Vol. VI, p. 31, 1884, The 
conference was held in Pittsburgh, Pa., on September 25, 1884, and 
was composed of delegates from the Associate Reformed Synod of the 
South, the Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, the General 
Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, and the General Assem- 
bly of the United Presbyterian Church. A paper was adopted to be 
transmitted to the different churches represented, that they might ex- 
press their judgment for the direction of a future conference. This 
paper was referred to a committee, but no further action appears. Vol. 
VI, pp. 220, 296, 1885. 

12. A Psalmody Alliance Proposed. — [A paper was submitted to 

the Assembly, proposing the formation of a " Psalmody Alliance."] 
In the judgment of the General Assembly such an alliance could not 
bear more effective testimony for an inspired psalmody than is now 
borne by the United Presbyterian Church. [The Principal Clerk was 
therefore, instructed to reply that the Assembly respectfully declines to 
enter the proposed alliance.] Vol. VII, p. 35, 1888. 



PSALTEU, THE. 245 



XCIV. PSALTER, THE. 



1. The Psalter. — Whereas, Uniformity in singing the praises of 
our Zion, in all our congregations, is desirable ; and whereas, experience 
has proved that a Psalter prepared with appropriate music set to each 
psalm in the hands of every worshiper, is essential to the accomplish- 
ment of this end, and at the same time is an efficient aid to singing by 
the whole congregation ; and, whereas, Rev. R. li. Robertson and Rev. 
John Gailey have with great care, and we believe with a good measure 
of success, prepared such a Psalter, and are now ready to put it into the 
hands of of our people ; 

Resolved, That we cordially commend this book to our people. Vol. 
Ill, p. 417, 1872. 

[The Psalter was purchased by the Board of Publication.] 
Resolved, 1. That the Board [of Publication] take steps to so revise 
the Psalter as to obviate the above difficulty, [viz : often presenting the 
music on one side of the leaf and the words on the other.] 

2. That a limited number of chants and anthems be inserted as an 
appendix, and that as regards the musical changes proposed, the Board 
be directed to consult the Committee on Selections. Vol. IV, p. 590, 
1878. 

2. Revision of the Psalter. — Resolved, 2. That the Board [of 
Publication] be directed to make, or have made, such a revision of the 
Psalter as in their judgment shall be deemed wise and proper, and to 
submit the same to the next General Assembly for approval. Vol. VI, 
p. 37, 1884. 

Resolved, 2. That the Board be directed to continue the work of re- 
vising the Psalter, and report to the Assembly at as early a period as 
is consistent with the requirements of the work. Vol. VI, p. 229, 
1885. 

[The Board reported progress, and the Assembly requested the com- 
pletion of the work, and directed its publication as soon as completed. 
Vol. VI, p. 441, 188G. The Board reported to the Assembly that " the 
new Psalter has been published and is now before the Church." Vol. 
VI, p. 722, 1887.] 

3. Copyright on Psalter and Bible Songs. — [The Presbytery 

of Omaha memorialized the General Assembly to order the abandon- 
ment of the copywright to the Psalter and Bible Songs held by the 
Board of Publication. The Assembly took the following action :] 

Resolved, That the Board of Publication be directed to take into con- 
sideration the questions suggested by the request of the Presbytery of 
Omaha, and act as it may deem best calculated to protect and promote 
the interests committed to its charge. Vol. VII, p. 211, 1889. 

[The Board reported : " The Board expresses its judgment that these 
copyrights should be retained." The Assembly adopted the follow- 

3. That the conclusions reached by the Board regarding its copy- 
rights to the Revised Psalms, Psalter and Bible Songs be approved. 
Vol. VII, pp. 473, 433, 1890. 

4. The Denominational Imprint on the Psalter.— [The Presby- 
tery of Omaha memorialized the General Assembly to direct the Board 



246 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

of Publication to publish the Psalter and Bible Songs without its im- 
print, or the name of the United Presbyterian Church upon them. The 
Assembly directed the Board of Publication "to take into consideration 
the questions suggested by the request of the Presbytery of Omaha, and 
act as it may deem best calculated to protect and promote the interests 
committed to its charge." Vol. VII, p. 211, 1889. Tlie Board re- 
ported to the Assembly: "The Board believes it would not accrue to 
the advantage of our Church, or to the cause of Christ in any way, to 
leave off' the imprint of the Board from the Psalter and Bible Songs." 
The Assembly took the following action :] 

Resolved, 4. That we approve of tlie work ©f the Board in publishing 
its imprint on ti)e " Bible Songs " and " Psalters." Vol. VII, pp. 474, 
433, 1890. [See also, Bible Songs, Sec. 5.] 

XCV. PUBLICATION, BOARD OF. 
1. Charter of the Board of Publication.— [Granted by the 

Legislature of Pennsylvania; approved by the Governor, April 14, 
18G3, and accepted by the Assembly, Vol. I, p. 484, 1863.] 

Section 1. Be it enacted, &c., that Rev. David R. Kerr, D. D., 
Rev. James Prestley, D. D., Rev. James Rodgers, D. D., Rev. John 
G. Brown, D. D., Rev. George C. Vincent, Charles Arbuthnot, James 
McCandless, James Robb and William Stevenson and their successors 
in office be and they hereby are constituted and created a body politic 
and corporate, in deed and in law, by the name, style and title of the 
United Presbyterian Board of Publication; and by that name to have 
perpetual succession, to sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, in all 
the courts of law and equity, or before any Alderman or Justice of the 
Peace, in all manner of suits, complaints, pleas, matters and demands 
of whatever nature or kind the same may be, and to adopt and use a 
common seal, and the same to change at pleasure. 

Sec. 2. That said corporation shall have power to take, hold, re- 
ceive and possess goods, chattels, rights, credits, moneys and bequests; 
and use, sell, convert and dispose of the same for the objects and pur- 
poses hereinafter set forth. All conveyances of real estate shall be 
made to the Trustees of the General Assembly of the United Presby- 
terian Ciiurch of North America, in trust for said United Presbyterian 
Board of Publication. Provided.; That the net annual income shall not 
exceed $20,000. 

Sec. 3. That the object of said corporation shall be two-fold : First. 
To purchase or print and circulate the Holy Scriptures, or parts of the 
Holy Scriptures, in the authorized version, together with tlie Psalms, 
in metre, according to the version approved by the United Presbyterian 
Churcii. Second. To select and publish such tracts, papers, periodicals 
and books as shall be a sound and suitable religious literature for Sab- 
bath-schools, ministers, congregations, and the community at large, and 
to take such measures as may be necessary for the distribution and cir- 
culation of the same. 

Sec. 4. That, besides the general publication fund, said corporation 
shall keep a separate fund to be known by the title of the Bible Fund; 
and all donations and bequests made to that fund, shall be so credited, 



PUBLICATION, BOARD OF. 247 

and applied to no other object than that specified in the first part of 
section third. 

Sec. 5. That said Board of Publication shall be under and subject 
to the control of the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian 
Church, and it shall be their duty to report annually at the meeting of 
the said Assembly, for their approval, the amount of donations and be- 
quests made throughout the year, to the Bible Fund, as well as to the 
general publication fund, what amount has been expended in each of 
these departments, and how expended, the state of the treasury, stock 
on hand, and any other items of information which it may be import- 
ant for the Assembly to know. 

Sec. G. That the persons herein designated as corporators shall, as 
soon as practicable, organize and elect a Board of Managers, not ex- 
ceeding nine in number, who shall determine the manner of electing 
members and officers of the Board, when the term of such members and 
officers shall expire, how vacancies of members and officers shall be 
filled, the time of meeting, the number necessary to constitute a 
quorum, and make rules, regulations and by-laws necessary to carry out 
the objects herein set forth. Provided, That said rules, regulations and 
by-laws be not repugnant to the constitution and laws of this Common- 
wealth, and the constitution and laws of the United States. 

[A supplement to the charter of the Board of Publication was ordered 
by tlie Assembly. Vol. I, p. 484, 18G3; granted by the Legislature- of 
Pennsylvania, and approved by the Governor, April 18, 1864.] 

Section 1. Be it enacted, &c., that the business of the United 
Presbyterian Board of Publication shall be under the control and man- 
agement of a Board of nine managers, five of whom shall constitute a 
quorum ; the said managers shall be elected by the General Assembly 
of the United Presbyterian Church, and shall hold tlieir office for three 
years; but the term of office of the present Board shall expire as fol- 
lows : The first three named, in one year from the time of their elec- 
tion, the next three in two j-^ears, and three members shall be elected 
hereafter annually. 

Sec. 2. So much of the sixth section of the act to which this is a 
supplement, as is inconsistent herewith, be and the same is hereby re- 
pealed. 

[An amendment to the charter of the Board of Publication was 
granted by the Legislature of Pennsylvania ; approved by the Gov- 
ernor, April 3, 1872, and accepted by the General Assembly, Vol. Ill, 
p. 389, 1872.] 

Section 1. Be it enacted, &c., that section second of said act of in- 
corporation be and hereby is so amended as to read as follows, viz.: 

" Sec. 2. That said corporation shall have power to take, hold, re- 
ceive and possess goods, chattels, rights, credits, bequests and titles to 
real estate made or to be made, and to use, sell, convert and dispose of 
the same for the objects and purposes hereinafter set forth." 

Sec. 2. That said Board of Publication shall have power to fill 
vacancies occuring in the interval between the meetings of the General 
Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church, the persons so appointed 
to hold office only till the meeting of said Assembly. 

Sec. 3. This act shall take effect and be of force when accepted by 



248 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church of North 
America. 

[The supplement to the charter, Sec. 1, was so amended as to make 
the Board consist of " fifteen managers, eight of whom shall constitute 
a quorum." Vol. V, p. 796, 1883 ; Vol. VI, p. 78, 1884.] 

2. Constitution of the Board of Publication. — [A constitution for 

the Board of Publication was adopted, Vol. I, p. 47, 1859, but it was 
superseded by the general constitution of the Boards, and the following 
new constitution :] 

1. This Board shall be styled " The Board of Publication of the 
United Presbyterian Church of North America," and shall be located 
in the city of Pittsburgh. 

2. The duties and powers of this Board shall be to select and publish 
such tracts, papers, periodicals and books as shall be a sound and suit- 
able literature for families. Sabbath-schools, ministers and the com- 
munity at large ; to take proper measures for the widespread circulation 
of its publications, and to publish whatever the Assembly may direct. 
The affairs of the Board shall be so managed, that its liabilities shall 
not exceed its assets available within the year, and so as to furnish its 
publications at the cheapest possible rates. Vol. IV, p. 25, 1874. 

3. Regulations of the Board of Publication. — [Certain regula- 
tions were recommended, Vol. IV, p. 89, 1874. The following were 
adQpted, Vol. IV, p. 590, 1878:] 

First Your committee would recommend that the Board of Pub- 
lication be instructed to form by-laws, defining the duties of the corre- 
sponding secretary, viz.: 

1. To edit any periodical authorized to be published by the Board. 

2. To receive all matter for publication, and submit it, with his judg- 
ment, to the Board. 

3. To conduct all correspondence with authors, and fix the price 
of copyright, subject to approval by the Board ; to prepare all works for 
the press, and be responsible for the accuracy of the same. 

4. To prepare the annual report of the Board to the General Assem- 
bly, containing a full statement of the condition, wants and work of 
the Board, said report to be submitted to the Board for approval at 
its last regular meeting previous to the meeting of the General Assem- 
bly ; also, to prepare a report of more general character as to the work 
and condition of the Board, to be presented to the different Synods each 
year. 

5. To be ex-officio a member of the permanent committees, except 
the auditing committee. 

Second. — Your committee would recommend that the Board be in- 
structed to create the office of business manager, and that his duties shall 
be as follows : 

1. This officer shall be under the more immediate control of the 
executive committee, and shall take charge of the Board's buildings, 
books, stereotype plates and other property, as the committee may 
direct. 

2. He shall make all contracts for printing, binding, engraving, stereo- 
typing and advertising ; make all purchases of material used in the bus- 
iness ; and give all orders for work or material on behalf of the Board, 
subject to the approval of the same committee. 



PUBLICATION, BOARD OF. 249 

3. He shall lay before the auditing committee, at its monthly meetings, 
all bills due by the Board. 

4. He shall take charge of sales, and use all practical means to ex- 
tend them ; he shall give his undivided time to tlie Board, and not be 
allowed to engage in any other business ; he shall receive all orders for 
books, and conduct all correspondence with booksellers, and other busi- 
ness correspondence. 

5. He shall report to the corresponding secretary in full, as per forms 
adopted by this Assembly, the business of the year, in time for him to 
make his report to the Assembly and be adopted at the regular May 
meeting of the Board, previous to the meeting of the Assembly. 

6. He shall report monthly to the Board the amount of the sales of 
each month, and any other information the executive committee may re- 
quire. Vol. IV, p. 634, 1878. 

Hesolved, I. That the blank forms prepared by this committee for 
annual exhibits be recommended for use. 

2. That the Board have authority to provide a business manager who 
shall be directly responsible to the Board. 

4. That the Board be authorized to make such provision for aid to the 
manager as will enable him to prosecute, systematically and efficiently, 
all the work connected with the publishing house, and that they take 
note of all mutters to which attention is called by your special commit- 
tee. Vol. IV, p. 590, 1878. 

4. The Board to Collect Material for a History of the 

Church. — Reavlved, 3. That tlie Board be instructed to obtain all the 
material that they can for a complete history of the United Presbyte- 
rian Church. Vol. I. p. 223, 18GI. 

5. The Board to Establish a Bible and Psalm Book Fund.— 

Resolved, 5. That the Board be authorized and directed to establish 
a fund, with a view to publishing the Scriptures, and along with them, 
an approved metrical version of the Psalms, when such a version shall 
have been prepared and adopted by the Assembly ; and that the be- 
quests and donations already made to the Board for this purpose be the 
commencement of this fund. Vol. I, p. 487, 1863. 

Resolved, 6. That we recommend the establishment of a Psalm Book 
fund, to which special contributions may be invited, to enable the Board 
to make donations of Psalm Books as donations of Bibles with the 
Psalms are now made, and that $1,000 be appropriated to this fund 
from the funds contributed to the Board during the year. Vol. Ill, p. 
389, 1872. 

6. The Board to Establish Depositories. — Resolved, Q,, That this 

Assembly recommends that a depository for the sale and distribution 
of the publications of the Board be established in each Synod subordi- 
nate to the Assembly, and that the location of such depository be under 
the direction of the several subordinate Synods respectively, and that 
ministers be urged to call the attention of the people to these publica- 
tions. Vol. I, p. 487, 1863. 

Resolved, 3. That in accordance with the memorial from the Presby- 
tery of Delaware, and in order that the publications of this Board may 
be more easily obtained by all the members of our church and all others 
who desire them, the superintendent be directed, upon application of 



250 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Presbyteries, with approved security, to establish an agency within the 
bounds of each Presbytery, wliere all the publications of the Board may 
be obtained, at the lowest retail prices of the Board. Vol. Ill, p. 389, 
1872. 

Resolved, 3. That the Board is hereby directed to carry out the regu- 
lation adopted in 1863, and establish, as soon as practicable, deposito- 
ries in the various Synods, with a view to supplying our people with a 
sound literature. Vol. V, p. 37, 1879. 

7. The Board to Make Donations to Weak Congregations 

and Sabbath Schools. — Resolved, 7. That the Board be and hereby 
is authorized to make donations of books and libraries to weak and indi- 
gent Sabbath Schools, and that discretionary power be granted to it in 
the selection of such schools. Vol. I, p. 487, 1863. 

Resolved 3. That applications to the Board for donations to Sab- 
bath Schools in weak congregations and mission stations be made 
through the superintendents of missions in the Presbyteries, or if at all 
practicable, through the Presbyteries. Vol. Ill, p. 18, 1869. 

Resolved, 3. That the Board be authorized to donate to missions. Sab- 
bath Sciiools, theological students and missionaries, in suitable books, an 
amount equal to the contributions made during the year. Vol. IV, p. 
591, 1878. 

8. The Board Authorized to Encourage the Preparation of 
Original Works by Paying for Manuscripts and Offering 

Prizes. — Resolved, 2. That the Board be authorized to encourage the 
preparation of original works, by paying a reasonable price for manu- 
scripts, which, in their judgment, are suitable for publication. Vol. Ill, 
p. 18, 1869. 

Resolved, 1. That this Assembly heartily commend the Board of Pub- 
lication in its efforts to increase our own church's literature, and we do 
hereby authorize said Board to offer prizes for the best manuscripts from 
members of the United Presbyterian Church, said offers to be subject to 
the regulations mentioned in the printed statement of the Board to this 
Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 323, 1876. 

9. The Board to Publish a Church Register and Blanks for 

the Use of Sessions, etc. — Resolved, That in accordance with the 
petition of tlie Westmoreland Presbytery, the Board of Publication be 
authorized to prepare and publish a church register and blanks for the 
use of Sessions, missionaries and financial agents, in such form and in 
such numbers as the exigencies of the Church may, in the judgment of 
the Board, di^mand. Vol. I, p. 487, 1863. 

10. The Board to Establish a System of Colportage.— [The 

General Assembly instructed the Board to establish a system ot colport- 
age. Vol. V, p. 37, 1879. The Board reported regulations for this 
work, and the Assembly approved the same. Vol. V, p. 231, 1880.] 

11. Sabbath-School Publications Purchased. — [The proprietors 

of the Sabbath-School publications in general use in the Church pro- 
posed to sell them to the Board of Publication. The Assembly adopted 
the following:] 

Resolved, 1. That the Board are hereby instructed to purchase these 
publications, and proceed as soon as possible to take them under their 
control and management, provided they can be purchased on equitable 
and satisfactory terms. 



PUBLICATION, BOARD OF. 251 

2. That in case the purchases are made, the appointment and com- 
pensation of the editor or editors of the periodicals shall be left, for the 
current year, to the Board, subject to the approval of the General As- 
sembly. Vol. V, p. 197, 1880. 

[The Board reported to the next Assembly that the purchase had 
been made.] 

12, Consolidation of the Sabbath-School Commitee and the 

Board of Publication. — [A report was submitted to the General 
Assembly of 1882, by a joint committee composed of the Committees 
on Sabbath-schools and the Board of Publication, recommending that 
the Permanent Committee on Sabbath-schools and the Board of Pub- 
lication be consolidated. The subject was referred to a special com- 
mittee to report to the next Assembly. This committee reported that 
the Sabbath-school work would be made more efficient by the proposed 
consolidation, and submitted the following plan :] 

1. The Supplement to the Charter of the Board of Publication shall 
be so amended as to place it under the management of a Board of 
fifteen (15) managers, eight (8) of whom shall constitute a quorum. 

II. The Board of Publication is hereby directed to appoint at its first 
regular meeting after the aforesaid amendment to the charter has been 
secured, and annually thereafter, six (6) of its members who, with the 
editor of the Sabbath-school periodicals, shall constitute the Sabbath- 
school Committee of said Board, and it shall be the duty of this com- 
mittee to have general oversight of the Sabbath-school interests involved 
in the work of the Board, to prepare and present to the Board suitable 
action with reference thereto, and to perform, subject to the approval of 
the Board, all the duties now devolving upon the Assembly's Permanent 
Committee on Sabbath-schools. 

III. The Board is also instrucfed to direct its editor to present the 
Sabbath-school work, when practicable, to the Synods and Assemblies 
and in the Theological Seminaries, urging its importance, describing its 
improved methods of teaching and managing, and giving whatever other 
information will be likely to create for it a greater interest and promote 
its usefulness. 

IV. The Board of Publication is hereby directed to secure such legal 
action as will carry these resolutions into effect. 

V. The Permanent Committee is hereby declared to be dissolved so 
soon as the Board of Publication has been organized in accordance with 
the foregoing resolutions. 

Resolved, 1. That the plan of consolidation of the Board of Publica- 
tion and the Permanent Committee on Sabbath-schools, reported by the 
Committee on Consolidation, be adopted. 

2. That the general constitution of the Boards of the Church be 
amended so as to read : " 1. The several Boards now in existence shall 
each be composed of not less than nine members." Vol. V, pp. 796, 
722, 1883. 

13. The Board to Publish Tracts on the Work and Principles 

of the Church. — Resolved, 3. Tliat with a view of promoting an in- 
telligent interest in the general work of the Church, the Board of Pub- 
lication be instructed to have prepared and published an inexpensive 
pamphlet on the subject. Vol. VI, p. 681, 1887. 



252 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

6. That the Board be instructed to prepare and publish without de- 
lay, in tract form, a brief, concise and inexpensive statement of the 
doctrines and distinctive principles of our Church, suitable to put into 
the hands of young Christians and others not familiar with them. Vol. 
VII, p. 433, 1890. 

14. The Board to Publish Temperance Literature. — Resolved, 

4. That the Board of Publication be instructed to prepare a tract, em- 
bodying the deliverances of the General Assembly on the subject of 
Temperance, and to provide such literature on present reform move- 
ments as may be suitable and demanded, for gratuitous distribution. 
Vol. VII, p. 638, 1891. 

5. Statistics of Contributions to the Board of Publication.— 

The General Assembly gave order that the column in the statistical 
tables iieaded — " Publication " be discontinued, and that the contribu- 
tions to this Board be included in "General Contributions." Vol. VII, 
p. 637, 1891. 

XCVI. QUARTER CENTENNIAL COMMISSION. 

1. A Memorial Fund. — [The Synod of New York presented to the 
General Assembly a petition that steps be taken to raise a special fund 
of $500,000 for church work, as a memorial of the union in which the 
Church was organized. In view of the effort necessary to meet the in- 
creased appropriations to the Boards, the Assembly regarded it inexpe- 
dient to undertake to raise the special fund. Vol. V, j). 533, 1882. 

Subsequently a general convention, held in the First Church, Alle- 
gheny, Pa., on September 6, 1882, "endorsed the proposed movement 
to raise $500,000 as an expression of gratitude to God for his grace; 
designated the objects to which contributions should be made; ordered 
that contributions should be made to no other objects except in certain 
specified cases ; asked the Assembly to distribute all money not desig- 
nated by the donors; appointed a committee, called the Quarter-Cen- 
tennial Commission, to liave charge ot the movement, to use all neces- 
sary means to bring it to the attention of the Church, and to exercise 
all diligence to prosecute it to completion ; and directed the Commission 
to report in full to the next General Assembly." 

The Commission reported to the Assembly that their efforts had met 
with a most cordial response; that tlie subscriptions to the fund 
amounted to $387,984.70, of which $131,593.30 had been paid; and 
suggested that the work be continued during another year. Vol. V, p. 
792, 1883. 

In order to the better prosecution of its work, the Quarter-Centennial 
Commission became an incorporated body. 

The General Assembly expressed its gratification at the work accom- 
plished by the Commission; continued the Commission for another 
year, with instructions to complete the work of canvassing the entire 
Church, and to report its diligence to the next Assembly; instructed it 
to prepare and publish for free distribution a history of the Memorial 
Fund, and devoutly acknowledged the grace of God, and returned 
thanks to the donors. The General Assembly also set forth at length 
the principles governing it in the distribution of the fund, and gave the 
following orders:] 



QUARTER CENTENNIAL COMMISSION. 253 

Resolved, 1, That all designated contributions of the Memorial Fund 
be applied strictly to the objects designated. 

2. That the Boards of Publication and Education, and other objects 
not specified by the original Conference, yet subsequently admitted to 
shares of the Memorial Fund by designation of donors, and approved 
by the Commission, be granted the sums designated respectively to them, 
and no more. 

3. That the Memorial Fund, less the sum of all these designations to 
such other objects, be ordered to be appropriated to objects, and accord- 
ing to a schedule of percentage, as follows : To Foreign Missions, 20 
per cent.; Home Missions, o per cent.; Church Extension, 14 per cent.; 
Freedmen's Mission, 4 per cent.; Ministerial Relief, 4 per cent,; Alle- 
gheny Theological Seminary, 9 percent.; Xenia Theological Seminary, 
9 per cent.; Westminster College, 12 per cent.; Monmouth College, 12 
per cent.; Muskingum College 8 per cent.; Knoxville College's per 
cent.; provided the aggregate contributions designated to any of the 
above objects do not exceed the above percentage in its behalf: but if 
there should be such excess in the designations to any, or to several of 
the above named objects, then, on such condition, all the above appor- 
tionments not thus exceeded by such designations shall suffer corres- 
ponding diminution joro rata. 

4. That of the undesignated money in the Memorial Fund, there be 
distributed to the objects specified in the third resolution respectively 
such sums as, with the designations to the same, will make up the 
percentages ordered. 

[Also the following in relation to moneys now or hereafter comin^ 
into the hands of the Treasurer :] 

Resolved, That the Treasurer be and hereafter is directed to make a 
quarterly disbursement of all moneys received and designated by donors 
to objects specified by the preliminary Conference, or approved by the 
Commission, to the objects designated, and that of the undesignated 
money received by him, he make disbursement according to the above 
schedule of apportionment ; that he make the first disbursement the 15tli 
of June, 1883, and quarterly disbursements thereafter until the accounts 
be closed and subscriptions to the Quarter-Centennial Fund be settled. 
Vol. V. pp. 792, 737, 1883. 

[The Commission was continued from year to year for the completion 
of its work of collection and settlement, and made annual reports. Vol. 
VI, pp. 93, 1884 ; 294, 1885 ; 495, 1886 ; 737, 1887 ; Vol. VII, pp. 88, 
1888 ; 289, 1889 ; 429, 492, 1890.] 

[The final report gives the following summary :] 

The total amounts received by the Boards, Institutions, etc., from the 
Quarter-Centennial Commission in cash, notes and property, or paid to 
them direct by the donors, and receipts sent to the Quarter-Centennial 
Commission, are as follows : 

Board of Foreign Missions $71 760 00 

Board of Home Missions 21,594 08 

Board of Freedmen's Missions 14,352 00 

Board of Cliurch Extension 50 232 00 

Ministerial Relief 14,352 00 

Allegheny Seminary 32|292 00 



254 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Xenia Seminary $32,292 00 

Westminster College 43,056 00 

Muskingum College 28,704 00 

Monmouth College 43,056 00 

Knoxville College 10,764 00 

Orphans' Home 9,714 80 

Lincoln College 682 02 

Franklin College 3,079 00 

Indian School at Carlisle 16 00 

Assembly Fund 1 00 

Cooper Memorial College 363 85 

Chartiers Church, McKee's Rocks 200 00 

Mount Washington Mission 100 00 

Richmond Congregation 250 00 

Portland Mission 25 00 

Oakland Chapel 182 50 

Board of Trustees of General Assembly 3,000 00 



$380,068 25 



[Under the influence of the Quarter-Centennial movement many con- 
gregations were enabled to pay off old debts, while some others built 
churches and parsonages. So far as ascertained, the amount so raised 
was $329,490, as a part of the memorial movement, making the total 
sum raised by the commission director under its influence, $709,558.25. 
The auditing committee submitted the following report :] 

We, the undersigned, appointed to audit the accounts of James J. 
Porter, Treasurer of the Quarter-Centennial Commission, do certify 
that we have examined the foregoing statement and compared the 
vouchers for the disbursements, and do find it to be correct. We find 
that the total amount collected (in cash and notes), is $380,068.25, and 
that the expense attending the entire work has been $1,873.66 (lessthan 
one-half per cent.), and that the Fund has been so capably managed, 
that the interest received in excess of that paid out, is $1,049.54, which 
reduces the actual expense of the work done by the Commission to 
$824.12, or less than one-fourth per cent, on the sum collected. It is 
worthy of note that in the entire work no expense has been incurred by 
the officers of the Commission for traveling expenses or clerical work. 
Vol. VII, pp. 493, 494, 1890. 

[The General Assembly adopted the following:] 

6th. In receiving the final report of the Quarter-Centennial Commis- 
sion, properly audited and certified, we recommend its approval, and 
the discharge of the Commission with the adoption of the following res- 
olutions : 

Resolved, 1. That great gratitude is due the King and Head of the 
Church for inspiring his servants to conceive the movement ; for put- 
ting a spirit of liberality into the hearts of the members of the Church, 
whereby they were led to contribute to this fund ; for the increased effi- 
ciency that has come to the Boards and educational institutions of the 
Chnrch from the funds thus provided ; for the increased liberality of the 
Church, aroused by this movement, and for its benign influence in uni- 
fying and centralizing the energies of the Church during a period of 
serious apprehension. 

2. That the official and unofficial membership of the Church be com- 
mended for the generosity and hearty co-operation which characterized 



REED ESTATE. 255 

them in helping forward tlie enterprise, and attention be called to what 
the Church can accomplish when her energies are aroused and properly 
directed. 

3. That this Assembly recognizes the great burden and responsibility 
that rested upon the Commission, and that it hereby expresses its deep 
thankfulness to all the members for their fidelity, and for their unselfish 
expenditure of time, and means, and energies in the successful accom- 
plishment of the enterprise committed to their supervision. 

4. That inasmuch as the Commission suggests the appointment of 
some one to look after the collection of subscriptions not yet paid, and 
other business that may arise relative to this matter requiring attention, 
that Mr. J. J. Porter be appointed for this purpose. Vol. VII, n. 429*, 
1890. 

A Memorial Service.— [On the recommendation of the Quarter- 
Centennial Commission, the General Assembly held a memorial per- 
vice in the Second Church, Allegheny, Pa., on the twenty-fifth anni- 
versary of the formation of the United Presbvterian Church, Saturday, 
May 26, 1883, at 10 a. m. Vol. V, pp. 717,' 795, 1883.] 

XCVII. "QUOTA." 

Definition of " The Quota. "—In reply to the memorial of certain 
brethren asking a definition of the term "quota," as applied to the con- 
tributions of the congregations to the Boards of the Church, your com- 
mittee would submit the following: So far as the Assembly is concerned, 
the term is not employed. Upon the representation of Boards, the 
Assembly from year to year makes appropriations for the work of the 
several Boards. The sums so appropriated divided by the membership 
of the Church give the average required of each, in order that the 
amount may be realized. But the Assembly has never proposed to 
assess either the individual members or congregations. All are to give 
as they are able — as the Lord has prospered them. In reporting the 
amounts contributed, the congregations are instructed to include all 
their contributions to the several Boards, irrespective of the agency by 
•which they are gathered and the channel through which they are trans- 
mitted. If then the "quota" is to be recognized by the Assembly, it is 
the judgment of your committee that all moneys reaching the Boards, 
through whatever channel transmitted, are to be reckoned as part of 
said quota. Vol. VII, p. 646, 1891. 

XCVIII. REED ESTATE. 

The undersigned would respectfully represent that the' late William 
Eeed, of Sewickley, Pa., in his will appointed Revs. D. S. Kennedy 
and Samuel Collins, and Mr. James R. Reed, trustees and executors, 
"with power to perpetuate their succession," and to employ a secretary 
and counsel. As neither Mr. Kennedy nor Mr. Reed could serve, 
Messrs. Wm. P. Murray and F. C. Osburn were appointed and duly 
qualified in their places. 

The will, after directing the sale of all the property 'and the payment 
of all debts and sundry personal bequests, provides, "jThat all the bal- 
ance be appropriated as follows: The principal to be 'invested in some 



256 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OP THE ASSEMBLY. 

good and secure bonds, the interest to be divided yearly for thirty 
years, one-third to assist pious, indigent young naen to get an education 
to fit them for the office of ministers of the gospel in this country ; one- 
third to go to assist weak and struggling congregations to build houses 
of worship, to be given as a loan from three to ten years, without in- 
terest, said loans to be made through the Board of Church Extension 
of the United Presbyterian Church of North America; and the remain- 
ing third to be paid to the Board of Foreign Missions, to be applied to 
the education ot young men in foreign fields preparing for the ministry 
of our Lord and Saviour, if such tliere are, needing assistance among 
the natives attached to the Foreign Missions of the United Presbyterian 
Churcli of North America." "After the thirty years before mentioned 
have expired, the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church 
may continue the distribution of the funds and interest for twenty years 
longer if, in their judgment, they will in that way be most beneficial to 
the cause of religion ; or they may alter the proportion to the objects 
mentioned ; or may apply it all to the home field or the foreign field ; 
but in no case shall any of this fund be applied to support colleges, or 
confer a secular education, or to pay any part of ministers' salaries, 
either for teaching or preaching, except in the case of foreign missions, 
for a short time, in case of an emergency." 

"After fifty years have expired the said General Assembly may ap- 
propriate the whole fund, then on hand, for the support of students 
studying at the different theological seminaries under their charge in 
this and foreign lands, so as to assist them according to their financial 
needs and abilities in all future time, so long as this fund shall last." 

"The acts of the trustees, heretofore appointed, shall be subject to the 
supervision of said General Assembly, to whom they shall report once 
in each year; and in the event of a majority of the trustees resigning or 
dying without electing their successors, the General Assembly at its 
next meeting, shall fill such vacancy; and in the event of said trustees 
not reporting to said General Assembly, said Assembly shall appoint a 
commission to examine the accounts of said trustees, and if anytiiing is 
found wrong in their transactions shall take charge of the funds and 
papers until the next General Assembly, who shall declare the trustees' 
office vacant and elect others to fill the vacant place or places." 

In accordance with the requirement in the foregoing extracts we 
would respectfully report to this General Assembly that the estate of 
Mr. Reed, which at the date of the will, January 8, 1875, was quite 
large, had at his death, October, 1887, by heavy losses and unproduc- 
tive investments, been greatly reduced. It consisted largely of wild 
lands in West Virginia and Missouri. These were covered with tax 
titles and other claims, requiring large sums and prompt action to save 
them from entire forfeiture. By selling certain tracts, for there was no 
cash, no stocks or bonds of any value belonging to the estate, money 
was raised to pay all known debts. Until within a few months it was 
not supposed that, after paying the debts and personal bequests, there 
would be any "residue" for the Church funds named. But the death 
of Mrs. Reed in January last, releasing some $30,000, and a greater 
demand for the wild lands, render it probable there will be a balance of 
thirty to fifty thousand dollars for these funds. Hence the occasion for 
this report. 



REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 257 

To perhaps 400,000 acres of wild lands in West Virginia and Ken- 
tucky, costing large sums of money, the title is very doubtful. Some 
have been sold for taxes; steps have been taken to clear up these titles. 
To other tracts the titles are undisputed, and negotiations are on foot 
for their sale. It is hoped we will be able to report decided progress 
next year. Vol. VII, p. 512, 1890. 

FThe Trustees reported to the General Assemblv. Vol. VII, p. 
739, 1891.] 

XCIX. READING SERMONS. 

Resolved, That the Assembly expresses its decided disapprobation of 
this practice. Vol. II, p. 309, 186G. 

C. REFORM MOVEMENTS. 

Resolved, That it be, and hereby is earnestly urged upon the minis- 
ters and members of our Church to co-operate, as God in his providence 
and by his Spirit may call, witli our fellow Christians of otiier branches 
of the Churcli, in those measures of reform which seek to destroy the 
kingdom of Satan and establish the kingdom of Christ. Vol. VII, pp. 
227, 295, 1889. 

CI. REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, 

[General Synod.] 

Union with the Reformed Presbyterian Chvoccla..— Resolved, 

That tiie committee on correspondence be instructed to inform the Gen- 
<^ral Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, to meet in Philadel- 
phia on the 25tii instant, of tlie receipt of tiieir communications to the 
General Synod of tlie Associate Reformed Church, and the Synod of 
the Associate Church, referred to this Assembly by those bodies; to 
transmit to them a copy of the basis of union, and the action had upon 
it; and to invite them to take similar action, with a view to their be- 
coming a part of tiie United Presbvterian Church. Vol. I, p. 30, 
1859. 

Gratefully acknowledging the goodness of the Head of the Church, in 
crowning our past efforts to promote union among those of " like precious 
faith" with such signal success, we would be encouraged to still iurther 
labors in the same great cause; therefore, 

Resolved, That the committee on correspondence be directed to ad- 
dress, on tills subject, both branches of the Reformed Presbyterian 
Church in our own land. Vol. II, ]>. 160, 1865. 

Resolved, 1. That this Assembly have heard with no ordinary degree 
of pleasure the unfeigned desire of our bretiiren of the Reformed Cliurch 
to enter into an organic union with us, that we sincerely reciprocate this 
desirt, and most cordially concur in the sentiment so well expressed in 
the letter of their delegate, "that those who have the least to separate 
them ouglit first to come together." 

2. That a committee be now appointed by this Assembly to confer 
with the committee which has already been appointed by them with re- 
gard to this desired union. Vol. II, p. 319, 1866. 
17 



258 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Resolved, 1. That we hail with much pleasure the proposal of the Gen- 
eral Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, to appoint committees 
to meet and confer together, with a view to effect a union between the 
two churches. 

2. That * * * be appointed a committee to meet with a similar 
committee of the Reformed Presbyterian Churcii. and that a meeting 
be held on the thirtieth day of June next, in the First United Presby- 
terian Church, Pittsburgh. Vol. II, p. 510, 1868. 

[This committee reported to the next Assembly a proposed basis^ 
which had been under discussion by the joint committee, Vol. Ill, p. 
12, 18G9, when the following action was taken:] 

Resolved, That the committee be re-a])pointed to prosecute the work 
in which they have been engaged, should the Reformed Presbyterian 
Church see lit to continue the negotiation. Vol. Ill, p. 12, 1869. 

[This committee reported the following basis, which was approved by 
the Assembly :] 

Whereas, An organic union between the General Assembly of the 
United Presbyterian Church and the General Synod of the Reformed 
Presbyterian Churcli is most desirable and of the utmost importance to 
the maintenance and more general diffusion of the principles which they 
hold in common ; therefore. 

Resolved, 1. That these churches agree to form an organic union on 
the basis of the ])riiiciples embraced in common in their respective 
Testimonies, and tiie other subordinate standards. 

2. That th"se cliurches, when united, shall be called the United 
Presbyterian Church, consisting of the Reformed Presbyterian Church 
and the United Presbyterian Church, and that the Supreme Judicatory 
of the United Churcii shall be called the General Assembly of the 
United Presbyterian Church of jSorth America. 

3. That the different Boards and institutions of the respective 
churches shall not be affected by this union, but shall have the control 
of their funds, and retain all their corporate or other riglits and privi- 
leges, until the interests of the church shall require a change. Vol. 
Ill, p. 131, 1870. 

CIl. REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. [SYNOD.] 
1. Union with the Reformed Presbyterian Church (Synod.) — 

[A memorial was presented, asking the General Assembly to open nego- 
tiations with the Reformed Presbyterian Church with a view to union. 
The Assembly adopted the following:] 

Resolved, 1. That a committee of six be appointed by this Assembly, 
to meet with a similar committee to be appointed by the Reformed 
Presbyterian Synod at Newburg, if it should see proper to do so, to 
meet at such time and place as mutually agreed upon, to confer in re- 
gard to the subject of union of these two churches, and report the re- 
sult of their deliberations to the next General Assembly. Vol. VI, p. 
683, 1887. 

[The Committee reported:] 

The Committees appointed by the General Assembly of the United 
Presbyterian Church and the Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian 



REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 25D 

Church, after full and frank conference, have agreed upon the following 
statement : 

1. That the Churches which they represent, as they most firmly be- 
lieve, harmonize in the maintenance of the doctrine embodied in the 
testimony of each Church, that our Lord Jesus Christ, as Mediator, is 
vested with authority over all creatures, and that his revealed will is 
supreme and ultimate law for nations, as well as for the Church and 
individuals ; and tliat it is the duty of nations to acknowledge their re- 
lation of subjection to the Prince of the kings of the earth, and his 
authoritative law. 

II. The Committees recognize the fact that the Churches which they 
respectivelv represent are not in harmony in the application of the 
above doctrine of Christ's dominion over the State. 

The United Presbyterian Church, on the one hand, leaves it with the 
individual conscience to decide wliether the nation does, or does not, so 
far comply with the requirements of the word of God as to permit the 
followers of Christ consistently to take part in the administration of the 
government under the compact of the written Constitution of the United 
States. 

On the other hand, the Reformed Presbyterian Church regards this 
written Constitution as an agreement from which all appeal to the 
authority of Christ and his law in national affairs has been excluded, 
and as an agreement to administer the government without an appeal to 
the law of Christ as being over the Constitution and the nation itself, 
and on this ground requires her members not to become parties by any 
act to what she believes to be an immoral compact. 

Holding, as these Churches do, to these diverging views in the prac- 
tical application of accepted truth, it is the judgment of the Committee 
that the way to organic unity is is not yet open. 

III. Holding to the same great principles of truth, and diftering only 
in their application, the joint Committees express the hope that the 
closer brotherly co-operation in the Master's work at large, and the 
more earnest and united labors of the two churches for the ascendency 
of the principles of Christian government, will at length remove what 
at present seems to be the great barrier in the way of organic union. 

The following resolution was then passed: 

Resolved. That while we have not been able to formulate a basis of 
agreement to be submitted to our respective Churches, we are assured 
that this fraternal conference has been mutually helpful, and that it will 
tend toward ultimate union by discovering to us more clearly how fully 
■we are in accord in great fundamental principles, and the precise point 
at which we diverge in the application of these principles. Vol. VII, 
p. 92, 1888. [The report was approved and the Committee discharged, 
p. 34. 1888.] 

2. Delegate to the S3mod of the Reformed Presbyterian 

Church. — Resolved, 2. That a delegate be now ap[)ointed to proceed 
forthwith, as soon as the Assembly adjourns, to 'the meeting of that 
Synod, and carry our fraternal greetings and submit this action [with 
reference to union] to that body. Vol. VII, p. 683, 1887. 



260 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

cm. REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCHES. 

Union with the Reformed Presbyterian Churches.— [A me- 
morial was presented from a Union Convention held in Pittsburg, Pa., 
asking for steps towards a union of the Reformed Presbyterian Churches. 
The Assembly] 

Mesolved, That a committee of five be appointed as delegates by this 
Assembly to meet in joint council or convention with delegates from the 
above named churches, or either of them, for the purpose of forming a 
basis of union. Vol. VII, p. 434, 1890. 

[The Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Cliurch refused to appoint 
a. committee, and no further steps were taken.] 

CIV. REPORT OF PRESBYTERIES. 

1. Reports of Presbyteries to be Omitted from the Printed 

IVEinuteS. — The committee on the ])ublication of the minutes was 
ordered by the General Assembly to omit the reports of Presbyteries 
from the printed minutes. Vol. II, p. 3'21, 18G6. 

2. Blanks to be Furnished Presbyteries for their Annual Re- 
ports. — The Clerk of the Assembly was directed to prepare a printed 
blank "formula of report on narrative and state of religion," and send 
two copies to tlie clerk of each Presbytery, one to be filled and returned 
to the Assembly. Vol. II. p. .504, 1868. 

The permanent commit tee on Narrative and State of Religion was 
instructed to prepare and distribute tlirough the Second Clerk of the 
Assembly, blanks for congregational and Presbyterial reports. Vol. 
IV, p. 15, 1874. 

The permanent committee on Narrative and State of Religion was 
directed to prepare an outline for a report, specifying the general 
objects on which information is desired, selecting only such as will show 
the spiritual condition of the Church, the general drift of religious senti- 
ment, and the friendly or opposing influences, to be sent to each Pres- 
bytery, a conference to be held on the subject, and a narrative prepared 
.and sent to the committee. Vol. V, p. 241, 1880. [Each Permanent 
•Committee prepares the blank according to its own judgment, and 
■sends the copies direct to the Presbyteries.] 

3. Time of Forwarding Reports of Presbyteries.— ^esofoerf, 2. 

That it shall be the duty of the Presbyteries to forward to the chairman 
-of the committee [on Narrative and State of Religion] their reports on 
the state of religion in the Churches under their care, not later than 
the first day of May, each year. Vol. Ill, p. 518, 1873. 

[This date was ohanged to " not later than the 20th of April." Vol. 
IV, p. 16, 1874. 

CV. ROMANISM. 

Resolved, 1. That the Assembly admonish our people of the actual 
danger from this source, and advise tliem to use all legal and honorable 
means to prevent the perversion of school funds for the use of any 
xjhurch or sect. 

2. That our Board of Publication be instructed to keep for sale and 



RUI-ES OF ORDER, 2G1 

advertise such books as expose the character and tendency of Roman- 
ism. Vol. IV, p. 187, 1875. 

CVI. ROSEBERG'S APPEAL. 

In the case of protest and appeal by Rev. Geo. A. Roseberg against 
the decision of the Commission of the First Synod of tlie West in the 
Youngstown case, your committee would submit the following report : 
We have examined the papers in tiiis case and find that, as in the case 
of complaint by Rev. J. W. Logue and others, already decided by this 
Assembly, this appeal is premature, and therefore irregular luiving 
been taken before the decisions of the Commission were recorded, by 
the Synod appointing it. AVe, therefore, recommend that the appeal be 
respectfully returned. Vol. VI, p. 422, 1886. 

CVII. RULES OF ORDER. 
[Rules of Order were adopted, Vol. I, p. 99, 1860 ; amended. Vol. I, 
p. 120, 1860 ; amended and printed. Vol. I, p. 440, 1862. These 
Rules of Order were superseded by those now in use. Vol. Ill, p. 117, 
1870. For Rules of Order see Digest, p. 72.] 

Rules of Order Amended.— i?eWverf, That hereafter there be 
added to the Standing Committees of the Assembly, a committee on 
^Nominations, which shall nominate to the Assembly persons to fill the 
vacancies occurring in all the Boards each year. Vol. IV, p. 172, 1875. 
[The time for the appointment of the Committee on Narrative and 
State of Religion was changed so that it " shall be appointed before each 
Assembly rises, that it might report to the next Assembly." Vol. Ill, p. 
158, 1870. This action was rescinded and the following was adopted :] 
Resolved, 3. That the rule defining the duties of th'e Committee oa 
Narrative and State of Religion be so amended as to require said Com- 
mittee to report to the General Assembly following its appointment ; and 
in order that this report may be made more intelligently, it shall 
be the duty of the Presbyteries to forward to the chairman of said com- 
mittee their reports on the state of religion in the churches under their 
care. \ol. Ill, p. 518, 1873. [It is, however, the custom to appoint 
two committees on Narrative and State of Religion, each year; one a 
standing committee, to report to the Assembly by which it was 
appointed : the other a permanent committee, to report to the Assembly 
following its appointment.] 

Resolved, 5. That the following be adopted as a standing Rule : All 
resolutions offered in the General Assembly, and all propositions com- 
ing from others than Boards and Stauding Committees appropriating 
money, shall first be referred to the Committee on Finance, to be ex*^ 
amined, and their judgment reported before final action. Vol. V, d 
358, 1881. ^ 

Resolved, 3. That there be added to the standing committees of the 
Assembly a Committee on Appropriations, consisting of one member 
from each of the Committees on tiie Boards, and one member from the 
Committee on Finance, to which shall be referred all the estimates of the 
Boards, and all other claims for money to support the general work of 
the Church, and whose duty it shall be to report the appropriations for 



262 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

the general work as entrusted to the Boards or to special agencies, and 
to recommend proper measures to secure liberal and systematic contri- 
butions to the funds and institutions of the Church. Vol. VII, p. 33, 
1888. 

CVIII. RULING ELDERS. 

1. The Term of OflBce of the Ruling- Elder. — [A memorial from 

the Presbytery of Cleveland, in relation to the election of elders for a 
limited term, was referred to the Judiciary Committee. This committee 
j)rese)ited a report, which was adopted. For Resolutions 1, 2, and 3, 
see next section.] 

Resolved, 4. That it is tiie duty of the Presbyteries to use all proper 
means to bring up tiie eldership of the church to tiiat standard of effici- 
ency in tlieir work, so imperatively demanded in the position which they 
are called to occupy. 

5. That the Assenil)ly enjoins Sessions and congregations to abide by 
the law of the church in tlie election of elders. 

G. Tiiat we heartily rejoice in the evidences, on the part of the elder- 
ship of the church, of their increasing devotion to the work. Vol. Ill, 
p. 286, 1871. 

The memorialists ask the Assembly to order and ordain that congre- 
gations may, at their own option, elect elders for a term of three or more 
years. This the Assembly has no right to do, without first securing an 
alteration of our Book of Government and Discipline. As it does not 
ap|)ear that any large number or our ministers and people desire such 
alteration, it does not seem expedient to overture the matter to the 
Prt^sbyteries. 

liesides, the question of electing elders for a limited term of service, 
and the mode in which unacceptable and inefficient elders may be retired 
from office, were acted on by the Assembly of 1871, and a distinct de- 
li vtM-ance given. 

We recommend the adoption of the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the prayer of the memorialists be not granted, and 
that they be referred to the action of the Assembly of 1871, in regard 
to tiie election of ruling elders and their removal from office. Vol. V, 
p. :)!.'), 1882. 

•_>. Resignation of a Ruling Elder. — Resolved, l. That an elder 
may resign his charfje in a particular congregation, tiie same as a pastor, 
and that when he ceases to exercise his office in the congregation in 
■which he is installed, it is his duty to resign ; and that he is not regu- 
larly released from his obligations in that congregation till his resignation 
be accepted by the Session. 

2. That it is the imperative duty of the elder to resign whenever his 
influence is so impaired from any cause, that he cannot exercise his office 
efficiently in the congregation in which he is installed. 

3. That when it is evident tliat an elder has become generally inac- 
ceptable and inefficient in a congregation, it is the privilege of that con- 
gregation to ask him to resign; and if the end be not thereby accom- 
plished, the congregation, in conjunction with the Session, may lay the 
matter before the Presbytery for their action. Vol. Ill, p. 286, 1871. 
[See also Sec. 1, above.] 



RUI-IXG ELDERS. 263 

Tlie question submitted in the memorial from tlie Presbytery of 
Albany on the resignation of eldf^rs and deacons, is as follows: 

"To whom shall the ruling elder or deacon offer his resignation when 
desiring to retire from active service ; and wliat constitutional ste{)S are 
necessary to complete tlie act?" 

Resolved, 1. He shall offer his resignation to the session, which is the 
primary court of the elder or deacon. 

2. The same steps are to be taken as in the case of the teachinir elder. 
Book of Government, Part II, Chap. VI., Art. IV. Vol. V. p. 720, 
1883. 

3. The Resi^ation of an Elder Void when Improperly Re- 
quired by Presbytery. — Under the order of Presbytery an elder 
oti'ei-ed his resignation and it was accepted by the session. An 'ap- 
pe:tl from the action of tlie Presbytery, taken by otners, was su-<tained 
by ihe Synod. The question being raised as to the elder's position in 
tiie congregation, the Presbytery declared that he was still a member of 
the session. See Dawson's A|)peal, No. 1. 

4. A Presbytery May Release an Elder without Petition. — 

The Presbytery of Allegheny askeii the Assembly to give a judicial de- 
cision as to the method by which the relation between an elder and the 
congregation in which he is installed may be dissolved, when his useful- 
ness is impaired in some way which does not affect his Christian char- 
acter and standing in the Church. 

In answer to this the Assembly quoted the action of the Assembly of 
1871. [See Sec. 1, above, Resolutions 1, 2 and 3. and added the fol- 
lowing :] Therefore, 

Resolved, That in addition to the above, in reference to the power of 
the Presbytery to release an elder when there is no petition from either 
congregation or Session, the Assembly declares that the Presbytery, in 
the exercise of its power " to order whatever pertains to the spiritual 
welfare and prosperity of the churches under its care," after careful 
inipary as to the facts of the case, may release an elder when there is no 
such |)etition, if it deems such action to be necessary to the spiritual 
welfare of the congregation. Vol. VII, p. 232, 1889. 

."). That Presbyteries be earnestly requested to guard against any 
undue haste in the organization of new congregations, and to exercise 
a more watchful care over the churches, and pi'omptly remove minis- 
ters and elders when it is known that congregations are declining be- 
cause of their inefficiency. Vol. VII, p. 640, 1891. 

•"'. The Training of Ruling Elders. — [The Synod of New York 

presented a memorial on the training of ruling ciders. The Assembly 
Adopted the following:] 

Resolved, 1. That the proper professors in our Theological wSeminaries 
be requested to give due attention to the instruction of students in 
the nature, duties and responsibilities of the office of the ruling elder. 

2. That we recommend each pastor to adopt some plan of systematic 
instruction, by which his session may be trained to the highest possible 
efficiency in their duties. 

3. That we recommend the Faculties of our Seminaries to appoint 
■one or more of their number to prepare and put into the hands of the 
Board of Publication a manual on tiie eldership, suitable to be used by 
pastors in the instruction of their sessions. Vol. V, p. 20, 1879. 



264 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

5. That Presbyteries are cautioned against the hasty organization of 
congregations until persons qualified for the eldership may be found in 
the congregations. Vol. VII, p. 259, 1889. 

6. Ruling Elders do Not Lay on Hands in Ordination of Min- 
isters. — See Ordination of Ministers. 

7. Church Property to be Under the Control of the Session 

for Public Worship. — Resolved, 3. That the General Assembly, in 
accordance with the decision of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, in the case of Watson vs. Jenner, instruct Presbyteries and 
congregations that the control and possession of church projierty 
belongs only to the members holding to the principles of the United 
Presbyterian Church, and that it will require a unanimous vote of the 
Session and congregation to sell, dispose of, or alienate said church 
property ; it being understood that this action does not prevent congre- 
gations from disposing of church property for the purpose of rebuilding, 
or the erection of a new building in a new location. 

4. That in every church, the trustees shall be in full communion with 
the church, and that the use of the church building, for public worship 
and all other meetings, shall be under the direction and control of the 
Session of the church. Vol. Ill, p. 523, 1873. 

CIX. SABBATH. 

1. The Desecration of the Sabbath. — Resolved, i. That this 

Assembly hereby most earnestly warn our people against participating 
in, or giving countenance to, the desecration of the holy Sabbath. 

2. That this Assembly recommends that ministers preacl) frequently 
on the importance of the proper observance of God's holy day. Vol. 
Ill, p. 31, 1869. 

[A committee was appointed to prepare an address concerning the 
violation of the Sabbath by railroad companies in ihe running of trains, 
and to forward a copy of their address to the officers of the railroad 
companies. Vol. IV, p. 584, 1878. This committee reported that the 
duty assigned had been performed, and on its recommendation, the As- 
sembly appointed a committee to co-operate with the International 
Sabbath Association in securing the better observance of the Sabbath, 
Vol. V, p. 21, 1879. This committee reported, and the Assembly 
adopted the following :] 

Resolved, 1. That in the signs of an awakening interest and zeal on 
the part of professing Christians in behalf of the sanctification of the 
Lord's day, the Assembly finds reasons for encouragement, and for 
gratitude to tlie Lord of the Sabbath. 

2. That the Assembly hereby exhorts all under its care to avoid cur- 
rent modes of Sabbath desecration, such as worldly conversation ; social 
visiting ; reading of secular newspapers, or of books unsuitable to the 
sacredness of the Sabbath ; levity in the Sabbath-school ; neglect of 
public worship ; unnecessary travel ; and resorting to the postoifice ta 
obtain or deposit mail matter. 

3. That sessions are hereby reminded of their duty to exercise disci- 
pline firmly, yet discreetly, in vindication of the law of the Sabbath, 
and to make diligent efforts to have the rising generation rightly taught 



SABBATH. 265 

and trained in reference to the sacredness of tlie Lord's day. Vol. V 
p. 251, 1880. 

[The General Assembly frave order for pastors to preach on this sub- 
ject, and appointed a permanent committee to co-operate with the 
International Sabbath Association, and to report such measures as they 
may deem advisable to promote scriptural Sabbath observance. This 
committee reported, and the Assembly adopted the following:] 

Resolved, 1. That in view of the prevalence and growth of Sabbath 
profanation, the friends of the Sabbath should be doubly watchful lest 
they unconsciously lose the sense of its sacredness ; and parents should 
be at special pains, both by word and example and the just exercise of 
parental authority, to fortify their children against the influences which 
surround them adverse to the Sabbath, and to train them to a right 
observance of the Lord's day. 

2. That pastors be enjoined to instruct their flocks diligently in 
reference to the duty, the nature and the privilege of Sabbath observ- 
ance, and that Presbyteries be recommended not to overlook, in con- 
ferences which they may hold, the importance of the Sabbath question. 

3. That while the Gospel is the great instrumentality for securing 
obedience to the law of God in all its parts, the importance of civil 
legislation, in aflbrding protection against certain forms of immorality, 
is not to be denied or disregarded. Vol. V, p. 419, 1881. 

Resolved, 1. Tli:it pastors of congregations, and supplies in vacant 
congregations, be enjoined to preach on this subject at an early day. 

2. That Synods and Presbyteries be requested to hold conferences on 
this subject, and take such action as may be thought most proper to 
bring this matter before our National and Slate Legislatures, and the 
various railroad companies in their respective districts. Vol. VI, p. 
423, 1886. 

Resolved, 1. That we hereby utter our earnest protest against all 
desecration of tlie Lord's Day, by whomsoever and under whatever 
pretext, and that v.e earnestly urge upon our people the duty of remem- 
bering the Sabbath day to keep it holy, and that they carefully avoid 
giving any encouragement to those who profane the day. 

2. That pastors be directed to faithfully and frequently instruct their 
people with regard to tlie nature, design, and claims of the Sabbath. 
Vol. VI, p. 675, 1887. 

3. That wliile recognizing the valuable aid of other organizations, we 
are convinced that the great instrumentality for the furtherance of Sab- 
bath reform is the Churcli of Ciirist; and, therefore, we earnestly urge 
that pastors, officers and members see to it that judgment begins at the 
house of God ; tlikt first tlirough practice and then through precept the 
Church may seek the preservation of the Sabbath. Vol. VII, p. 421, 
1890. ^ 

8. While urging measures to guard the outworks of the defense of the 
Christian Sabbatli, we confess before God the worldly-mindedness 
manifested in the homes of many professing Christians on the Sabbath 
day, and do recommend all our pastors, on or about the first Sabbath of 
next October, to preach sermons setting forth the great privilege and 
duty of being " in the Spirit on the Lord's Day," and warning against 
such things as interfere with its being to all our people a day of spiritual 
uplifting. Vol. VII, p. 639, 1891. 



2(36 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

2. The Opening of the Centennial Grounds on the Sabbath. 

— Whereas, The Commissioners of the Centennijil Exposition liave 
wisely resolved to keep the Ex|)0?ition grounds closed on the Lord's 
Day, or Christian Sabbath ; and, 

Whereas, A determined eflbrt is now being made to have this reso- 
lution reversed, and to have the grounds opened to visitors on the Lord's 
Day ; and. 

Whereas, there is special reason, at this time, for all Christians to 
unite their efforts to maintain the sanctity of the Lord's Day ; there- 
fore. 

Resolved, That this General Assembly, representing the entire United 
Presbyterian Church of North America, protest most solemnly against 
the opening of the Centeimial grounds on the Lord's Day, and pledge 
ourselves and our people to sustain the Commissioners in tlie noble 
stand rhey have taken on that subject. Vol. IV, p. 29.). 1876. 

o. Closing the Philadelphia Permanent Exhibition on the 

Sabbath. — Resoh-ed, Tliat tliis General Assembly iiereby instruct the 
moderator and clerk to convey to the managers the thanks of this As- 
semblv, for the noble stand thev have taken in the observance of the 
Lord's Day. Vol. IV, )>. 456. 1877. 

4. The Opening of the Columbian Exposition on the Sabbath. 

Resolved, 3. That we instruct our Moderator and Principal Clerk to 
petition the Directors of tlie Columbian Exposition, m the name of the 
Genei-al Assembly and of tlie entire United Presbyterian Ciiurch, to 
keep all the partsof said Exposition closed on tlie Sabbath Day, that we 
as a nation may not be guilty of such transgressions of God's holy law 
as woidd necessarily attend their being opened, and tliat we may not set 
before the nations of the world an example of base ingratitude in return 
for His unspeakable goodness to this western world. 

4. We urge all our congregations, which iiave not already done so, to 
send letters and petitions to the Directors of said Exposition, praying 
for the same end. 

7. That the Moderator and Clerk of the Assembly be and hereby are 
directed to prepare and forward a petition to the next Congress of the 
United States, requesting that body, in the name of the Assembly and 
of the whole United Presbyterian Church, to enact such legislation as 
will prevent the opening of the gates of the Columbian Exposition on 
the Sabbath Day. Vol. VII, p. 638, 1891. 

5. Sabbath Mails. — See Sections 7 and 8, below. 

Resolved, 2. We instruct our Moderator and Principal Clerk to com- 
municate, in the name of the General Assembly and the entire United 
Presl)yterian Church, with Postmaster General Wanamaker, and assure 
him of our hearty approval of the steps he has already taken in reduc- 
ing the amount of labor in the United States postal service permitted, 
or required, on the Sabbath day ; also of our hearty support in such 
additional measures in the same direction as he may be able to adopt. 
Vol. VII, p. 638, 1891. 

6. Sabbath Papers. — [The proceedings of the General Assembly 
which m'it at Topeka were reported by tiie Daily Capital. When it 
was understood that there would be a Sabbath issue containing the 
proceedings, the Assembly appointed a committee to wait on the pub- 



SABBATH. 267 

lishers and request that the part of the edition for tlie use of the mem- 
bers and for circulation throujih them be dated on either Saturday [on 
which tlie work was done] or Monday, and not circulated until Monday. 
The publishers complied with the request. Vol. VI, p. 2.30. 188,5.] 

Inasmuch as the circulation and readinjr of newspapers issued on the 
Sabbath day are alarmingly on the increase, this Assembly deems it 
needful to utter its solemn protest against such invasion of the day of 
sacred rest under any pretext whatever, and this it does, not so much 
because of the Sabbath labor involved in their issue, as because of the 
wliolesale desecration of the Sabbath involved in their circulation and 
general perusal. Vol. VII, p. 24, 1888. 

Resolved, 5. We renew our protest against the "Sunday paper" as a 
secuhirizing and demoralizing agency in every home which it enters ; 
as an agency also which employs a vast amount of unnecessary Sabbath 
labor, and especially because it employs a vast army of 50,000 news- 
boys, training tiiem to become transgressors of law and to disturb the 
order and quiet of Christian homes and worshipinor assemblies. Vol 
VII, p. 638, 1891. 

7. Co-operation with Other Bodies for Sabbath Observance. 

— [The General Assembly appointed a committee to co-operate, in all 
proper ways, with the International Sabbath Association in securing the 
better observance of the Sabbath. Vol. V, p. 21, 1879. The Assembly 
following appointed a committee of hve to co-operate with the Associa- 
tion, especially in securing the abolition of the international postal ser- 
vice. Vol. V, p. 251, 1880. The Southern Presbyterian General As- 
sembly asked co-operation in petitioning for the abolition of Sabbath 
mails, and the Assembly] 

Resolved, That this Assembly is ready to co-operate with other 
churciies, in every proper way, to secure the enforcement of legislation 
for tiie protection of Christian citizens in the enjoyment of their rights 
on the Lord's day. Vol. V, p. 536, 1882. The Assembly resolved to 
"take measures to secure the co-operation of other denominations in re- 
monstrating with the civil authorities against the transmission of the 
mails on the Sabbath and other forms of Sabbath desecration." Vol. V, 
p. 798, 1883. 

The Assembly directed " the Moderator and Principal Clerk to ad- 
dress sister churches, in the nnme of tiie Assembly, so as to secure their 
co-operation in this matter," and appointed " a permanent committee to 
take tliis matter in charge." Vol. VI, p. 423, 1886. 

This permanent committee was directed "to co-operate with the com- 
mittee on Sabbath observance from the Presbyterian Church in Canada, 
and all similar committees which may be appointed by other denomina- 
tions in this country and Canada." Vol. VI, p. 675,' 1887. 

Resolved, 1. That we will join with our brethren of the Evangelical 
Churches in making up the National Sabbath Committee. Volfvil, 
p. 36, 1888. [See Sec. 9. below.] 

8. Petitions Against Sabbath Desecration.— [Tiie General As- 
sembly expressed itself in favor of petitioning Congress for the abolition 
of the international Sabbath postal service, approved the form of pe- 
tition prepared by the International Sabbath Association, and directed 
the Principal Clerk to procure a sufficient number of copies to supply 



268 DIGKST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

our congrejrations, and distribute them through the Clerks of Presby- 
teries. Sessions were directed to see that these petitions were signed 
and duly forwarded. Vol. V, p. 419, 1881.] 

Resolved, 2. That pastors and sessions be urged to bring this subject 
frequently before their congregations, and take immediate steps to cir- 
culate petitions and obtain signatures against Sabbatli mails, and for- 
ward the same to the proper authorities- Vol. V, p. 536, 1882. 

[The Moderator and Principal Clerk were directed to sign a petition 
to Congress for the suppression of Sabbath trains, mails and parades. 
Vol. VI, p. 236, 1885.] 

4. That the Moderator and Clerk be directed to sign in behalf of the 
Assembly, the petition requesting Congress to pass a law instructing the 
Postmaster General to make no futuie contracts which shall include the 
carriage of the mails on tlie Lord's Dny. Vol. VI, p. 675, 1887. 

9. The National Sabbath Association — [The General Assembly 

received a communication from the General Conference of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, proposing the formation of a National Sabbath 
Committee, on the basis of one member of the committee for every one 
hundred thousand, or major portion thereof, in the membership of the 
denominations taking part. The General Assembly, ''heartily ap- 
proving of the object in view," appointed a representative to the com- 
mittee. Vol. VI i, p. 35, 1888.] 

[The representative reported, that at a meetinjr held in Washington, 
D. C, a permanent organization had been formed under the name of 
"The National Sabbath Association," and that the Association re- 
quested the appointment of five persons to represent our Church in its 
work. The Assembly adopted the following :] 

Resolved, 2. That we hail with thankfullness and delight the 
auspicious beginning of this good work of restoring the Sabbath to its 
proper place in the affections and lives of the people of our land, and 
will hope and pray that, by the continued efforts of this Association and 
the co-operation of all of Christ's followers in our country, the time may 
soon come when the rulers and people of this great nation will " remem- 
ber the Sabbath day and keep it holy." 

3. That we extend our heartfelt congratulations to the Sabbath As- 
sociation over the good they have already accomplished, and express our 
earnest desire and hope that the speedy outcome of their work may be 
equal to the promise of the beginning. 

4. That in response to the request of the Association, the Committee 
on Nominations be directed to present the names of five persons to con- 
stitute a committee to co-operate with the Association in carrying on its 
good work. Vol. VII, pp. 226, 295, 1889. 

[The National Association became " The American Sabbath Union," 
and was represented in the Assembly by a delegate.] 

Resolved, That tl;is General Assembly has heard with great interest 
the address and appeal of the Rev. Talbot AV. Chambers, D. D., on be- 
half of the American Sabbath Union, and most earnestly do we urge 
the people throughout all our bounds and in all our Churches to faith- 
fully hold fast to the Lord's day as the holy Sabbath, and strive to keep 
it in all its letter and spirit. Most cordially also does the Assembly 
commend the above society to the confidence of our people in its efforts 
to promote the sanctification of the holy day. Vol. VII, p. 418, 1890. 



SABBATH SCHOOLS. 269 

2. That we hereby express our gratitude to God, whose Spirit is evi- 
dently arousing his people to combine for the preservation of the Sab- 
bath ; also, our appreciation of the work of the American Sabbath 
Union and like organizations in the several States, and we recommend 
that a committee of five be appointed to represent our Church in this 
union during the coming year. Vol. VII, p. 421, 1890. 

ex. SABBATH SCHOOLS. 

1. Sabbath School Statistics — The General Assembly directed 
the Presbyteries to report the statistics of the Sabbath-schools in their 
bounds, and gave instructions as to the items to be reported and the 
preparation and distribution of blanks. Vol. 1, ]>. 485, 1863. The 
Clerk of the Assembly was directed to prepare blanks for these statistics 
and furnish them to the clerks of Presbyteries. Vol. II, p. 34, 1864. 

Resolved, 7. In order to secure more prominent attention to this vast 
and vital interest of the church, your committee further recommend, if 
found practicable, that the statistical tabular sheet be so altered as to 
devote five columns to the Sabbath school instead of two, these columns 
to be filled upas follows: 1. Number of schools. 2. Number of officers 
and teachers. 3. Number of scholars. 4. Number of books in library. 
5. Amount collected. Vol. II, p. 500, 1869. [It was not found prac- 
ticable to report the number of books in the library satisfactorily.] 

•2. In order that a full and satisfactory report may be made to each 
Assembly, we would suggest that the Assembly authorize the perma- 
nent committee to procure blanks to be sent to all pastors and superin- 
tendents, to be by them filled and returned to the permanent committee 
on or before the first of April each year. Vol. IV, p. 355, 1876. 

1. That the matter of gathering statistics of Sabbath school work be 
referred to the Second Clerk of the General Assembly. Vol. VI, p. 
243, 1885. ^ 

[A column, "months open," was inserted in the table. By order of 
the Assembly it is discontinued. Vol. VII, p. 637, 1891.] 

2. A Standing- Committee on Sabbath ^ohools,.— Resolved, That 

it shall be the duty of the moderator of the General Assembly annually 
to nominate for adoption a standing committee of five persons on the 
subject of Sabbath-schools. Vol. II, p. 408, 1867. 

3. A Permanent Committee on Sabbath Schools and its 

Duties. — Resolved, 5. That a standing committee of five members be 
appointed, to report to the next Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 146, 1870. 

Resolved, That a permanent committee of five members be appointed 
* * * whose duty it shall be to collect information in regard to the 
condition of Sabbath-schools throughout the church. This committee 
shall also inaugurate measures for the advancement of the interests of 
this work, such as suggesting to Presbyteries and Synods the propriety 
of holding Sabbath-school conventions, at which the claims of the object 
shall be presented and discussed; and to this committee all correspond- 
ence in relation to this cause by those engaged, or in any way interested 
therein, shall be addressed, said committee to report to the Assembly of 
1872. Vol. Ill, p. 285, 1871. 

Resolved, 5. That it shall be the duty of the permanent committee on 



270 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Sabbath-schools to prepare or procure the preparation of suitable notes 
for the teachers and lesson papers for tlie scholars, and that they be di- 
rected to publish them in such periodical or periodicals of the church as 
may be willing to admit them, or as the committee may deem best 
adapted to the purpose. Vol. IV, p. 43, 1874. 

Resolved, 3. That the Permanent Committee on Sabbath Schools 
hereafter consist of nine members, three to serve for one year, three for 
two years, and three for tlnre years, and three to be appointed each suc- 
ceeding year to serve for three years. Vol. V, p. 35, 1879. 

[On tiie re-organization of the Board of Puiilication the Permanent 
Committee on Sabbat li Schools was dissolved, and made a part of the 
Board. Vol. V, p. 7!)7, 1883.] 

4. Members of Session to Labor in the Sabbath School, and 
in Their Official Capacity to have the Supervision over it. — Re- 
solved, 3. Tliat as the ciiildren of tiie Sabbath School constitute a most 
important part of the chuicii, and should therefore be under the special 
care ol its overseers, we deem it in the highest degree essential that, 
whenever practicable, the members of Sessions should be laborers in the 
Sabbath School, and in their official capacity maintain such a faithful 
and wholesome supervision over it, that it cannot fail to become a 
powerful auxiliary in building up the cause of the Redeemer. Vol. II, 
p. 499, 18G8. 

Resolved, A. That it is the duty of the Session, to whom is intrusted 
the oversight of tiie congregation, to give special attention to the Sab- 
bath School, and, in their otlicial capacity, exercise a supervision over it, 
which will tend to its purity and efficiency. Vol. Ill, p. 33, 1869. 

Resolved, ."), That the eldership of the church should identify itself 
closely with the Sabbath School, and take part in carrying it on. Vol. 
Ill, p. 250, 1871. 

Resolved, 1. That pastoi-s and Sessions having, according to the 
Directory for Worship, the special oversight and control of the Sabbath 
School, should in every case be deeply interested in its work and wel- 
fare, and should use every means in their power to secure, if possible, 
the attendance of all the children of the school upon the regular services 
of public worship in the congregation. Vol. Ill, p. 580, 1873. 

Resolved, 2. That pastors and elders be urged to devote themselves 
more largely to this department of Christian Work. Vol. V, p. 716, 
1883. 

5. Presbyteries and Synods to give Attention to Sabbath 

School Work. — Resolved, 4. That the Presbyteries of our church be 
and hereby are recommended to give increased attention to the Sabbath 
School work ; to secure more complete statistical reports of Sabbath 
School operations; and, when practicable, hold occasional conferences 
on the subject, by whit-h means we may hope to awaken an increased 
interest, and bring every available energy into operation, so that tiiis 
garden of the Lord may be zealously and perseveringly cultured, and 
become the nursery of the church. Vol. II, p. 500, 1868. 

Resolved, 9. That the Presbyteries and Synods of our church interest 
themselves more in the growth and guidance of Sabbath Schools, 
whether in settled congregations or mission districts. Vol. Ill, p. 256, 
1871. 



SABBATH SCHOOLS. 271 

6. That it be recommended to the several Synods of tlie church lo 
appoint committees to correspond and consult with this committee <>t 
the General Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 146, 1870. 

9. That each Synod under the care of this Assembly be directed to 
spend at least one session each year in conference on this subject. 
Vol. IV, p. 168, 1875. 

Resolved, 1. That Presbyteries be recommended to hold at least one 
Sabbath-school convention each year, for the purpose of creating a 
deeper interest in this important work to help and encourage those who 
are engaged in it. Let the action of said Presbyterial conventions be 
reported to the jiermanent committee. Vol. IV, p. 3C5. 1876. 

Resolved, 2. That Presbyteries be recommended to hold conventions 
in the interest of Sabbath-schools, at least once a year, and that they 
appoint some efficient Sabbath-school worker, whose duty it shall be to 
call such conventions, make all arrangements res})ecting them, and re- 
port results to the permanent committee. Vol. IV, p. 440, 1877. 

Resolved, 9. That the office of Presbyterial superintendent of Sabbath- 
schools be continued, that Presbyterial conventions be held under the 
direction of the superintendents, and that the permanent committee be 
directed to call a convention of Presbyterial superintendents, at such 
time and place as may seem best, to be under the general direction of 
said committee. Vol. IV, p. 579, 1878. 

3. That Piesbyteiies be recommended to hold Presbyterial Sabbath- 
school Institutes, in which normal instruction and thorough training in 
practical Sabbath-school work shall be given by competent instructors. 
Vol. VII, p. 230, 1889. 

6. Presbyterial Superintendents of Sabbath-schools and their 

Duties. — Resolved, 2. That Presbyteries be recommended to hold con- 
ventions in the interests of Sabbath-schools, at least once a year, and 
that they appoint some efficient Sabbatli-school worker whose duty it 
shall be to call such conventions, make all arrangements respecting 
them, and report results to the permanent committee. Vol. IV, p. 440, 
1877. 

Resolved, 9. That the office of Presbyterial superintendent of Sab- 
bath schools be continued, that Presbyterial conventions be held under 
the direction of the superintendents, and tiiat the permanent committee 
be directed to call a convention of Presbyterial superintendents, at such 
time and place as may seem best, to be under the general direction of 
said committee. Vol. IV, p. 579, 1878. 

3. That the Presbyterial superintendents hereafter be appointed, as 
the Financial Agents and superintendents of Missions now are, upon 
nomination by the Presbyteries and election by the Assembly. Vol. 
V, p. 187, 1880. 

4. That Presbyterial superintendents 1 e appointed as continuously 
as possible. Vol. V, p. 716, 1883. 

6. That it shall hereafter be a duty of Presbyterial Sabbath-school 
superintendents to gather a summary of the rej)orts of all the schools 
under their supervision for presentation to the Permanent Committee. 
Vol. V, p. 187, 1880. 

6. That Presbyterial superintendents give all aid in their power to 
advance the cause of Sabbath-schools, and to this end co-operate with 



272 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

the Committee on Sabbatli-schools of the Board of Pablication in their 
published monthly reports. Vol. VI, p. 39, 1884. 

1. That Presbyterial superintendents of Sabbath-schools be directed 
to use all reasonable effort to have Teachers' Preparation Meetings 
held weekly in all tlie Sabbath-schools of their respective Presbyteries, 
and to encourage tiie forming of Normal Classes for the training of 
teachers. Vol. VI, p. 439, 1886. 

4. That Presbyterial superintendents be required hereafter to annually 
report the condition of all the schools under their supervision to their 
respective Presbyteries, as well as to the Permanent Committee on 
Sabbath-schools, using the Committee's blanks for this purpose ; and 
that each Presbytery be directed to inquire into the superintendent's 
diligence in this matter. Vol. VII, p. 32, 1888. 

2. That Presbyteries be directed to exercise great care in the selec- 
tion of Presbyterial Sabbath-school superintendents, who will faithfully 
perform the duties of their office and regularly and fully report to the 
Sabbath-school Committee of the Board of Publication, the work of the 
schools under their care, and that the General Assembly refuse to con- 
firm the nomination of any man as Presbyterial Sabbath-school Super- 
intendent who has failed to render such report for two consecutive years. 
Vol. VII, p. 230, 1889. 

6. As the highest possible degree of efficiency is important on the 
part of the teacher, we urge upon superintendents and teachers the 
value of teachers' meetings for study of the lesson ; also upon the Pres- 
byterial Sabbath-school superintendents to hold one or more conven- 
tion or institute in each Presbytery during the year. Vol. VII, j). 415, 
1890. 

5. Teachers in the Sabbath School to be Members of the 

Church. — Resolved^ 4. That the teachers should be members of the 
church, and well known for their piety. Vol. Ill, p. 256, 1871. 

6. Teachers' Meetings. — Resolved, 3. That it is the duty of super- 
intendents and teachers to hold monthly, or more frequent meetings, for 
conference and prayer. Vol. Ill, ]>. 146, 1870. 

1. That Presbyterial superintendents of Sabbath-schools be directed 
to use all reasonable effort to have Teachers' Preparation meetings held 
weekly in all tlie Sabljath Schools of their respective Presbyteries. 
Vol. VI, p. 439, 188G. 

6. As the highest possible degree of efficiency is important on the 
part of the teacher, we urge upon superintendents and teachers the value 
of teachers' meetings for study of tiie lesson. Vol. VII, p. 415, 1890. 

3. We recommend the regular meeting at least once each month of 
officers and teachers for prayer and conference concerning their schools. 
Vol. VII, p. 654, 1891. 

7. Adult Classes in the Sabbath School.— Resolved, 4. That we 

earnestly recommend the forming of classes composed of adult members 
and adherents of the church, believing that the Sabbath-school, accord- 
ing to the best idea, is an institution for the scriptural instruction both 
of the young and old, and that the adoption of this plan would over- 
come, in a great measure, the difficulty of retaining young men and 
women in the schools, inasmuch as they would then be encouraged to 
continue their attendance by the example of their parents and of other 
persons older than themselves. Vol. Ill, p. 391, 1872. • 



SABBATH SCHOOLS, 273 

Resolved, 1. That tlie adult members of the church be urged to em- 
■farace the opportunity for Bible study afforded by the Sabbath-school, 
and thus not only obtain for themselves a better acquaintance with the 
•Scriptures, but by their presence there remove one of the greatest hin- 
drances to the attendance and retention of the children and youth in 
our Sabbath schools. Vol. IV, p. 579, 1878. 

8. Normal Glasses. — Resolved, l. That in all cases in which it is 
possible, pastors or Sessious be directed to establish classes in their con- 
gregations for the training of teachers ; that, along with the Bible, the 
Shorter Catechism be used as the basis of systematic doctrinal instruc- 
tion in these classes, and that special lessons be given in the art of 
teaching. Vol. IV, p. 43, 1874. 

2. That pastors and superintendents be urged to establish normal 
classes for the special training of teachers, so that our standard of teach- 
ing may be raised higher. Vol. V, p. 35, 1879. [This was re-affirmed. 
Vol. V, p. 187, 1880'.] 

That it be recommended to pastors and Sessions throughout the 
church that, in every congregation where it is practicable, Teachers' 
meetings be organized for the study of the lesson, and that arrangements 
be made for the formation of normal classes, and that the progress of 
the work be reported to the Permanent Committee before the next 
meeting of the Assembly. Vol. V, p. 3G1, 1881. 

4. In view of tlie great need of the highest possible degree of effi- 
-ciency in Sabbath-school instruction, we again urge upon pastoi-s and 
Sessions to use every suitable effort to organize in their respective con- 
gregations normal classes for the training of Sabbath-school teachers. 
Vol. V, p. 539, 1882. 

3. That a further and more persistent effort be made to secure normal 
class study and teachers' meetings for the study of the lesson. Vol. V, 
p. 71G, 1883. 

1. That Presbyterial superintendents of Sabbath-schools be directed 
to use all reasonable effort to encourage the forming of normal classes 
for the training of teachers. Vol. VI, p. 439, 1886. 

[The Permanent Committee was authorized to prepare a manual for 
general use in normal classes. Vol. V, p. 187, 1880. The manual was 
prepared and published by tiie Board of Publication. Vol. V, p. 360, 
1881.] 

9. The Bible to be Used as a Text-book in the Sabbath School. 

— Resolved, 3. That our Sabbath-schools be urged to use the Bible as 
the class text-book, making the lesson leaves and other helps sub- 
ordinate to the Bible. 

4. That the superintendents of Sabbath-schools be urged to en- 
courage each scholar to possess a Bible, and where necessary furnish 
Bibles to the scholars. Vol. VI, p. 38, 1884. 

9. That in the Sabbath-school we urge the use of the Bible, instead 
of the lesson leaves, on the part of both teacher and pupil. Vol. VII, 
p. 415, 1890. 

10. The Shorter Catechism to be Studied in the Sabbath 

iSchool. — Resolved, 3. That the Shorter Catechism should be carefully 
studied in all our schools, and that greater attention should be paid to 
the exercise of singing. Vol. Ill, p. 256, 1871. 
18 



274 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Resolved, 5. That while the Bible is the great text-book, the cate- 
chisms, especially the Shorter and Brown's, should be taught in the 
Sabbath-schools. Vol. Ill, p. 580, 1873. 

Resolved, 4. That in addition to these [uniform] lessons, we earnestly 
urge and recommend the study of the catechisms of the church in all 
our schools, and further, that the Bible be read as a regular exercise in 
all the classes. Vol. IV, p. 167, 1875. 

Resolved, 5. That the persons selected to prepare the lessons be also 
directed to prepare lessons on the catechism and doctrines of the 
church, to be taught in connection with the International Lessons. 
Vol. IV, p. 579, 1878. 

4. We recommend that, as far as possible, the Shorter Catechism be 
taught in every class iu the Sabbatli-school. Vol. VII, p. 654, 1891. 

11. Uniforin Lessons for Sabbath Schools Recommended. — 

Resolved, 4. That all the improved methods of teaching by means of 
" blackboard exercises," " object lessons," " uniform lessons," &c., be 
recommended to the teachers, with the suggestion that care be taken 
to adapt these matters to the situations in which it is proposed to em- 
ploy them. Vol. Ill, p. 140, 187U. 

Resolved, 2. That the Bible is the great text-book, and that the plan 
of uniform lessons for the whole school, with review, be recommended 
to the favorable consideration of the Sabbath-schools throughout the 
church. Vol. Ill, p. 25G, 1871. 

Reselved, 3. That all our people are earnestly urged to use the Inter- 
national Uniform Lesson Series, and to employ the papers published by 
the Assembly's committee. Vol. IV, p. 167, 1875. 

12. Notes and Lesson Papers for the Sabbath School. — 

Resolved, 5. Tliat it shall be the duty of the permanent committee on 
Sabbath-schools to prepare or procure the preparation of suitable notes 
for the teachers and lesson papers for the scholars, and that they be di- 
rected to publish them in such periodical or periodicals of the church as 
may be willing to admit them, or as the committee may deem best 
adapted to the purpose. Vol. IV, p. 43, 1874. 

[The lesson papers and notes were prepared under the direction of 
the Permanent Committee until it was consolidated with the Board of 
Publication in 1883.] 

13. Preaching to Sabbath School Scholars. — Resolved, 10. That 

the Assembly direct the attention of pastors to the importance of preach- 
ing the gospel to the children, and of urging upon parents the duty of 
more faithful religious training in the family. Vol. Ill, p. 256, 1871. 

Resolved^ 2, That pastors should study to adapt their sermons speci- 
ally to the young, thus obeying Chrisrs injunction, " feed my lambs." 
Vol. Ill, p. 580, 1873. 

Resolved, 2. That as the preaching of the gospel is the great instru- 
mentality for the conversion of children, as well as older persons, pas- 
tors, elders, teachers, and especially parents, should sec to it that the 
children of the Sabbath School attend upon the regular services of the 
church ; and in all cases where parents neglect to take their children 
with them to church, they should be admonished in regard to their duty 
in this matter, by those who have the spiritual oversight of them and 
their children. Vol. IV, p. 43, 1874. 



SABBATH SCHOOLS. 275 

14. Books and Papers for the Sabbath-School. — Resolved, 5. 

That as many of tlie books and papers now in use in our Sabbath 
Schools are calculated to engender a distaste for the word of God, we 
earnestly recommend to superintendents and teachers the greatest care 
in the selection of Sabbath-school literature, and the use, as far as 
practicable, of the publications of our own church. Vol. II, p. 500, 
1868. 

Resolved, 5. That as solemn responsibilities are connected with the 
religious education of the young, we earnestly recommend pastors, sup- 
erintendents and teachers to exercise great care in the selection of 
libraries and Sabbath-school papers. Vol. Ill, p. 33, 1869. 

Resolved, 2. That as the object of the schools is to impart religious 
instruction and train the children in the love of Christ and his church, 
particular care should be exercised in regard to the management and 
the supply of books and literature. Vol. Ill, p. 146, 1870. 

Resolved, 6. That libraries for the scliools should be selected with the 
utmost care, or entirely dispensed with. Vol. Ill, p. 580, 1873. 

Resolved, 3. That tiie attention of our ministers and intelligent lay- 
men be directed to tiie importance of preparing and publishing suitable 
books for the Sabbath-school library, and that when any minister or 
member has become acquainted with a good Sabbath-school book he be 
requested to forward the title of it to the Board of Publication, that it 
may be more fully examined, and if approved, placed upon the lists of 
the publications kept by the Board for the use. of the schools ; and also 
that the Board be directed to publish, from time to time, a descriptive 
list of the books they have selected, and send a copy of said list to each 
pastor in the church. Vol. IV, p. 43, 1874. 

Resolved, 3. That when libraries are used, and we recommend them 
in missionary schools especially, the most careful attention be given to 
the selection of the books distributed. Vol. IV, p. 579, 1878. 

[In 1880 the Board of Publication purchased the Youth's Evangelist 
and the Rible Teacher from private publishers and assumed the supply 
of the Sabbath-schools with all needful helps.] 

Resolved, 5. That we recommend to the patronage of our schools the 
Sabbath-school publications of our own Church, and express our gratifi- 
cation on account of the general support which has been given them. 
Vol. VI, p. 439, 1886. 

5. That our Pastors, Sessions and Sabbath-school workers, be urged 
to use our own Sabbath literature in preference to a.l other. Vol. VII, 
p. 224, 1889. 

15. Congregations to Provide Funds for Maintaining Sabbath 

Schools. — Resolved, 6. That our congregations should provide tlie funds 
needful for maintaining the schools. Vol. Ill, p. 256, 1871. 

Resolved, 2. That the schools be recommended to look to the general 
funds of the congregation for their current expenses. Vol. IV, p. 579, 
1878. 

5. That in our judgment the expense of maintaining our schools 
should, in all ordinary cases, be borne by the congregation, so that the 
full contributions of the schools may be directed to missionary objects. 
Vol. VII, p. 230, 1889. 

5. It is our judgment that the expense of maintaining the school 



276 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

should be borne by the congregation, so that the full contribution of the 
school may be devoted to mission work. Vol. VII, p. 415, 1890. 

IG. Sabbath Schools to be Kept Open During the Entire 

Year. — Resolved, 7. That every effort should be made to keep the 
schools open for as large a portion of the year as possible. Vol. Ill, 
p. 256, 1871. 

Resolved, 5. That in order that all children may receive full benefit 
of the system of lessons, it is of great importance that Sabbath-schools 
be kept open for the whole year. Vol. IV, p. 168, 1875. 

2. Those Sessions who have not already done so are urged to make a 
fair and faithful trial of the very desirable plan of continuing throughout 
the entire year the Sabbath-schools under their care. Vol. V, p. 539, 
1882. 

17. Mission Sabbath Schools. — Resolved, 5. That we earnestly 
recommend the establishing and fostering of Sabbath-schools in all our 
new mission stations, and that we call the attention of our missionaries 
and superintendents of missions to this matter. Vol. Ill, p. 392, 1872. 

Resolved, 4. That the Sabbath-school should be made more aggressive 
in its work, and that its special mission is to gather in and instruct those 
■who have no religious training and no one to care for their souls. Vol. 

III, p. 580, 1873. 

Resolved, 4. That every Sabbath-school should be missionary in its 
character. All connected witii it should be engaged in efforts to bring 
in neglected children. Vol. IV, p. 43, 1874. 

6. We recommend to pastors and Sessions, where practicable and ex- 
pedient, the organization of mission schools in their immediate locality, 
for the better evangelizing the field, and for the growth in knowledge 
and grace of their members, these schools to be under the control of the 
Session. Vol. VII, p. 654, 1891. 

18. Contributions of Sabbath Schools. — Resolved, 6. That the 

Sabbath-school children througliout, tiie church be requested to contri- 
bute to the support of one or more new missionaries in the foreign field. 
Vol. Ill, p. 33, 1869. 

Resolved, 8. That scholars should be encouraged to contribute weekly 
for missionary and benevolent purposes, other than the wants of their 
own school. Vol. Ill, p. 256, 1871. 

Resolved, 3. That the permanent committee be instructed to specify, 
through the papers of the church, near the beginning of each quarter of 
the year, some object or objects to which they would recommend our 
Sabbath-schools to appropriate their contributions, and that any who 
desire to obtain Sabbath-school contributions for any particular object 
be requested to lay its claims before said committee, so that if they deem 
the object one of the most worthy and proper they may recommend it 
to the schools. Vol. Ill, p. 391, 1872. 

7. That contributions should be made in all the schools weekly. 
Vol. Ill, p. 544, 1873. 

4. That * * * an opportunity should be afforded the scholars at 
every session to contribute their substance for missionary work. Vol. 

IV, p. 43, 1874. 

2. That the schools be recommended to apply all their contributions 
to general missionary and benevolent purposes, as best calculated to cul- 



SABBATH SCHOOLS. 277 

tivate unselfish liberality on the part of the youtli. Vol. IV, p. 579, 
1878. 

4. That all our Sabbath-schools be requested to contribute to four 
special missionary objects during the year, beginning July 1, 1886, said 
special objects for each quarter of the year to be designated by the 
Boards of Home Missions, Churcli I^xtension, Freedmen's Missions, 
and Foreign Missions, in the order named. Such contributions shall be 
forwarded at the close of each quarter to the Financial Agents of the 
respective Presbyteries. Vol. VI, p. 439, 1886. 

4. That the plan of presenting some specific object — which has been 
so successful as a means of developing the liberality of our scholars dur- 
ing the past year — be continued; and that the Boards of Foreign Mis- 
sions, Home Missions, Church Extension and Freedmen's Missions, in 
the order named, designate a special object to which Sabbath-schools 
shall contribute for the quarter. Vol. VII, p. 230, 1889. 

4. That the Secretaries of each of the Boards to whicli contributions 
are set apart be requested to designate some special object for the con- 
tributions, and to send out information respecting the same that the in- 
terest of the scholars may be increased. Vol. VII, p. 415, 189U. 

8. That the contributions of the schools during the year be appropri- 
ated quarterly, as heretofore, to the following Boards, and in the follow- 
ing order: 1st quarter, Foreign Missions; 2d quarter, Home Missions; 
3d quartei-, Church Extension; 4th quarter, Freedmen's Missions. 
Vol. VII, p. Go4, 1891. 

9. Resolved, That the contributions of that day f Missionary Day] be 
given to the four Mission Boards. Vol. VII, p. 654, 1891. 

19. Missionary Day in the Sabbath Schools. — Resolved, 3. 

That the last Sabbath of June, 1886, be appointed a Missionary Day in 
all our Sabbath Schools, with the recommendation that special services 
be held in the interest of missions. And inasmuch as we have learned 
that provision has been made already for the purchase of a new boat 
for the use of our missionaries on the river Nile, that special contribu- 
tions be made on that day for the payment of the expense of repairing 
the boat Ibis, all money contributed in excess of tiie amount necessary 
for this purpose to be divided equally between the Training Schools in 
our missions in Egypt and India. Vol. VI, p. 439, 1886. [A like ap- 
pointment of the last Sabbath of June as missionary day was made by 
the successive Assembles. Vol. VII, p. 670, 1887; Vol. VII, p. 32, 
1888 ; p. 280, 1889 ; p. 415, 1890 ; p. 654, 1891.] 

20. Day of Prayer for Sabbath Schools. — Resolved, 7. That the 

third Sabbath of October be observed as a day of special prayer for 
Sabbath-schools and for the preaching of sermons to the children, and 
that pastors and sessions be urged to hold special services on that day 
in the interest of this important department of the Master's work. 
Vol. VI, p. 439, 1886. [A like appointment of the third Sabbath of 
October, as a Day of Prayer for Sabbath Schools, was made by each 
successive Assem'blv. Vol. VI, p. 670, 1887 ; Vol. VII, p. 32, 1888 ; 
p. 230, 1889; p. 415, 1890; p. 654, 1891.] 

21. A Weekly Sabbath School Paper. [Tiie permanent com- 
mittee was instructed to consider the feasibility of publishing a weekly 
Sabbath-school paper and to take measures towards it, if the way seems 



278 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

clear. Vol. IV, p. 168, 1875. On tlie recommendation of the per- 
manent committee, a committee was appointed to report on the practica- 
bility of establishing such a paper. Vol. IV, p. 440, 1877. This 
committee reported, and the Assembly resolved that it was inexpedi- 
ent to undertake the woik, believing that it could be more successfully 
conducted as a private enterprise. Vol. IV, j). o79, 1878.] Subse- 
quently, the Board of Publication was authorized to purchase the 
periodicals of certain publishers. Vol. V, p. 197, 1880. 

23. Music for Sabbath Schools.— See Bible Songs. 

CXI. SALARIES. 

1. Salaries of Officers of the Assembly, Corresponding Sec- 
retaries, &C. — [A committee of Hve was appointed to take into con- 
sideration the whole subject of salaries of officers of the Assembly, sec- 
retaries, treasurers of the various Boards, and adjust the same on an 
equitaljle basis, and report to the next Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 456, 
1877. This committee reported, when the following substitute was 
adopted :] 

We recommend that officers be paid as follows : Corresponding Sec- 
retaries of tlie Boards — of Home Missions, $800 ; of Church Entension, 
$000; of Foreign Missions, $500; of Freedmen's Missions, $200; of 
Education, $150. Treasurers of the Boards — of Foreign Missions, $300; 
of Church Extension, S75. Officers of the Assembly — principal clerk, 
$75 ; second clerk, $200 ; assi*stant clei'k, $25. Also that all other 
officers whose services are before us be jiaid their expenses in addition 
to our high appreciation and cordial thanks. Vol. IV, p. 587, 1878. 

[The Presbytery of AVestmoreland asked the Assembly to abolish 
the salaries of officers, etc., fixed in 1878; the Assembly refused to 
take any action. Vol. V, p. 194. 1880.] 

2. Pajnnent of Salaries of Officers of the Assembly, &c.— [The 

General Assembly gavti order tiiat tiie salaries of the officers of the 
General Assembly, the secretaries and treasurers of the various Boards, 
be paid out of the General Assembly's Furd, on the order of the Prin- 
cipal Clerk. Vol. IV, p. 456, 1877. This action was rescinded, Vol. 
IV, p. 5b9, 1878. Witiiout furtiier action tlie salaries of the officers of 
the Assembly are paid out ot the General Assembly's fnnd, and the 
salaries of tlie Secretaries and Treasurers of the Boards are paid out of 
the funds of their respective Boards.] 

3. Salary of the Clerks of the Assembly. — See Clerks. 

4. Salary of Foreign Missionaries. — See Foreign Missions, 
Board of. 

5. Salary of Home Missionaries. — See Home Missions, Board of. 

6. Salary of the Corresponding Secretary of the Board of 

Church Extension. — The salary of the Corresponding Secretary of 
tlie Board of Church Extension was first fixed at $200 per annum, and 
then, on reconsideration, was made $300. Vol. Ill, 159, 1870. It 
was increased to the sum of $500, Vol. Ill, p. 391, 1872 ; to $600, Vol.- 
IV, p. 587, 1878; to $800, Vol. VI, p. 233,1885; to $1,200, Vol. 
VII, p. 213, 1889. 

7. Salary of the Corresponding Secretary of the Board of 



SALARIES. 279 

Education. — The salary of the Secretary of tlie Board of Education 
was "raised to $300." Vol. Ill, p. 418, 1872 ; it was fixed at SloO 
per anmim. Vol. IV, p. 587, 1878. 

8. Salary of the Corresponding Secretary of the Board of 

Foreign Missions. — Tlie salary ot the Corresponding Secretary of the 
Board of Foreign Missions was at tirst $60 per annum. Vol. I, p. 121, 
18G0 ; it was increased to $500. Vol. II, p. 157, 1865 ; it was 
changed to $300. Vol. II, p. 320, 1866; and was made $500. Vol. 
Ill, p. 407, 1872. 

9. Salary of the Corresponding Secretary of the Board of 

Missions to the Freedmen. — Tlie Secretary of the Board of Kreed- 
men's Missions was autliorized to draw on the treasurer of the Board' 
for " $500, for services rendered." Vol. II, p. 162, 1865. The salary 
was fixed at $300. Vol. II, p. 320, 1866. At the request of the 
Secretary it was reduced to $200 per annum. Vol. IV, p. 316, 1876 ; 
in the re-adjustment of salaries, it was continued at $200 per annum. 
Vol. IV, p. 587, 1878. It was raised to $300. Vol. VII, p. 637, 
1891. 

10. Salary of the Corresponding Secretary of the Board of 

Home Missions. — An order was given in behalf of the clerk of the 
committee of Home Missions for '-$30 for services of the year." Vol. 
II, p. 60, 1859. An annual salary of $60 was given. Vol. I, p. 121, 
1860 ; this was increased to $500. Vol. II, p. 177, 1865 ; was 
ch-aniied to 300. Vol. II, p. 320, 1866 ; was restored to $500. Vol. 
II, p. 410, 1867; was raised to S800. Vol. IV, p. 339, 1876; in the 
re-adjustment of salaries was continued at $800. Vol. IV, p. 587, 
1878 ; was raised to $1,800 and expenses on condition of giving whole 
time to the work. Vol. VI, p. 468, 1886; to $2,500. Vol. VII, p. 
259, 1889. 

11. Salary of Ministers. — Resolved, That the regulation of minis- 
terial salaries belongs to Presbyteries, and does not properly come before 
the General Assembly. Vol. I, p. 38, 1869. 

Resolved, 5. That $1,500 should be the average salary of the minis- 
ters of this church, and that no minister should receive less than $1,000. 
Vol. Ill, p. 23, 1869. 

Resolved, 3. That congregations be urged to give to their pastors a 
liberal support, and that the sum of $1,000 should be. the minimum for 
<;ountiy pastors, and the sura of $2,000 for pastors in towns and cities. 
Vol. Ill, p. 534, 1873. 

12. Salaries of the Treasurers of the "Ro^xdiS.— Resolved, 4. 

That the General Assembly cannot admit any claim for salary on the 
part ot treasurers of the different Boards of the church, not having au- 
thorized the payment of salaries. Vol. Ill, p 269, 1871. 

Resolved, 'I'hat the treasurer of the Foreign Board shall receive annu- 
ally for his services $300; of the Home Board, $200; of the Church 
Extension Board, $100, and of the Freedmen's Board, $75, until other- 
wise ordered by the General Assembly. Vol. IV, p. 455, 1877. 

[The salary of the treasurer of the Board of Foreign Missions was 
fixed at $300; of the treasurer of the Board of Church Extension at 
$75 (increased to $200. Vol. VII, p. 641, 1891), the treasurers of the 
other Boards to be paid their expenses. Vol. IV, p. 587, 1878.] 



280 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

[The Board of Missions to the Freedmen asked the General Assem- 
bly to fix a salary for the treasurer of tire Board and authorize the pay- 
ment of the same. The Assembly adopted the following :] 

Resolved, That the request of the Board be granted touching the 
salary of the treasurer. Vol. VI, p. 30, 1884. 

[Previous to the readjustment of salaries in 1878 the treasurer of the 
Board of Foreign Missions was allowed a salary of $300 per annum. 
Vol. IV, pp. 182, 1875 ; 30G, 1876.] 

CXII. SAN FRAK CISCO PRESBYTERY. 

[A petition was presented to the. General Assembly for the organiza- 
tion of a Presbytery in California. The Assembly directed that a 
Presbytery be constituted in tiie church in San Francisco, at such time 
as might be agreed upon, to be known as the Presbytery of San Fran- 
cisco, the bounds for the present to be the State of California. VoL 
III, p. 28, 18G9. The Presbytery was organized November 8, 1869.] 

CXIII. SECRET SOCIETIES. 

1. The Position of the Church Clearly Defined.— [In answer 

to a request from the Presbytery of Cleveland the Assembly adopted 
the following :] 

The position of the United Presbyterian Church in reference to secret 
societies has been so clearly defined in her standards, and so frequently 
and positively affirmed by her highest courts, and so widely published 
through her periodicals, that any other or further action on the subject 
by the Assembly at this time is unnecessary. Vol. V, p. 21, 1879. 

[In reply to a communication from the Secretary of the National 
Christian Association the Assembly adopted tlie following :] 

Resolved, 6. That the position of our Church on secret oath-bound 
societies, as set forth in our Testimony, and as expressed in past deliv- 
erances of the Assembly, is sufficiently clear and definite, therefore no 
further action is required. Also, with reference to questions of reform, 
former actions of the Assembly are deemed sufficient and no further ac- 
tion is required. Vol. VI, p. 31. 1884. 

2. Duty of Pastors and Sessions. — [The Committee on Reform 
presented the following, which was adopted:] 

Your committee are of tlie opinion that we should emphasize more 
than we are now doing the position which we hold as a Church upon 
the question of secret societies. In face of the many evils growing out 
of the lodge system, and in view of the fact that our country's future 
welfare would seem to depend upon the overthrow of this system of 
iniquity, we would recommend that all our pastors and sessions be en- 
joined to unfurl the banner of our Church upon this question, so tliat 
the Church may be recognized everywhere as not in name only, but 
also in reality, a factor in the reform that would seek to rid the world 
of the oath-bound secret society. Vol. VII, p. 423, 1890. 

[Report of the Permanent Committee on Reform :] The evils and 
dangers of secretism are as great as ever, and the agitation has not 
been as vigorous as could be desired. The country, however, has been 
startled into consideration of the dark subject by the recent terrible 



SECRET SOCIETIES. 281 

tragedy in tlie city of New Orleans. . . .It is hoped that the devel- 
opments through the investigations into the methods of the Mafia and 
the Clan-na-gael may arouse the public to the dangers of secret combin- 
ations of every kind, in society. Vol, VII, p. 729, 1891. 

3. Free Masons and Odd Fellows. — Resolved, l. That this As- 
sembly regard adherence to the society of Free Masons, or to that of 
Odd Fellows, as inconsistent with membership in good standing in the 
United Presbyterian Church. 

2. That all our Sessions be and hereby are enjoined to carry out, by 
the faithful exercise of discipline, the principles set forth in the XVth 
Article, as interpreted in the foregoing resolution. 

3. That this Assembly do most earnestly and affectionately exhort all 
the members of this church to abstain from connecting themselves with 
any secret associations, believing that they are unnecessary, and are cal- 
culated to operate injuriously on the interests of society, and that they 
do especially urge the ministers and elders of this church to use their 
influence to keep our members from an incorporation with them. Vol. 
Ill, p. 25, 1869. 

The Presbytery of Chartiers complains of the action of the last Gen- 
eral Assembly on the same subject. The Presbytery expresses the 
opinion that the " Assembly did, inadvertently or otherwise, modify and 
limit the meaning and application of the XVth article, by putting an in- 
terpretation on it which confines its disciplinary application to the 
societies of Odd Fellows and Free Masons." * * * One of the me- 
morials, which gave rise to the action of last year, asked the Assembly 
"to declare distinctly, by name, what societies or associations are pro- 
hibited by the aforesaid article." This was, no doubt, considered im- 
practicable, and as there could be no doubt as to the associations of Odd 
Fellows and Free Masons coming within the scope of the article, and 
as these are the most powerful, and, no doubt, the most dangerous secret 
associations in the country, we understand the object of the last Assem- 
bly to have been, to direct the attention of Sessions especially to them, 
without intending to restrict Sessions in the exercise of discipline, when- 
ever the principle of the article in question is violated. The adoption 
of the following resolution, which is recommended by the committee, is 
all that seems needful on the subject : 

Resolved, That in the judgment of this Assembly, the last Assembly 
did not and could not intend by their action to alter or limit, without 
overture, the principle of our Testimony on the subject of secret 
societies. Vol. Ill, p. 154, 1870. 

4. Odd Fellows. — " Does Article XVth of the United Presbyterian 
Testimony condemn the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and are 
Sessions to require, as a condition of admission to the church from those 
who are connected therewith, that they withdraw from said Order?" 
Your committee have no hesitation in giving an affirmative answer to 
this inquiry. Those who become or continue members of this society 
not only violate the declaration in the Testimony, but also act in oppo- 
sition to the unquestionable scriptural doctrine laid down in the Confes- 
sion of Faith, chapter 22, «'0f lawful oaths and vows." Vol. I, p. 112, 
1860. 

In reply to the third point in the memorial we refer to the report of 



2»2 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

the Judicial Committee of the Assembly of 1860. The Assembly de- 
clared it to be the duty of Sessions to require, as a condition of admis- 
sion to the church, that persons connected with the Order of Odd Fellows 
withdraw from their connection, and that those who become or continue 
members of this society not only violate the declaration in the Testi- 
mony, but also act in opposition to the unquestionably scriptural doc- 
trines laid down in the Confession, chapter 22. The same remarks 
apply with equal force and obligation with respect to all other secret 
societies against which we testify. All that is requisite to secure uni- 
formity is that Sessions faithfully apply the principles of the church 
according to their obligations. Vol. I, p. 3oG, 1862. 

5. Patrons of Husbandry. — [Two memorials were before the 
Assembly, the first asking a definite answer to the question: " Is mem- 
bership in the society known as the Patrons of Husbandry contrary to 
the XVth Article of the Testimony, and inconsistent with membership 
in the United Presbyterian Church ?" The second asking the Assembly 
to give such instruction to the inferior courts as will be best calculated 
to secure uniform action throughout the church, and strengthen the 
hands of those who are disposed faithfully to administer the principles 
of the church on the subject of secret societies. The following was the 
action taken :] 

Resolved, That the memorialists be referred to the action of the 
Assembly of 1869 on the subject of secret societies, and that this Assem- 
bly re-affirm the third resolution of said action, which is as follows : 

" Resolved, That this Assembly do most earnestly and affectionately 
exhort all the members of this church to abstain from connecting them- 
selves v.'itii any secret associations, believing that they are unnecessary, 
and are calculated to operate injuriously on the interests of society, and 
they do especially urge the ministers and elders of this church to use 
their influence to keep our members from an incorporation with them." 
Vol. Ill, p. 539, 1873. 

Resolved, 1. That it is the duty of the members of the United Pres- 
byterian Church to free themselves from all connection with tiie Order 
of Patrons of Husbandry, where such connection has I»een made. 

2. That those of our people who may be connected with the Order are 
hereby most earnestly entreated to remember that by their profession 
they have come under solemn obligations to Christ to oppose secret 
societies. 

3. That in case of obstinate adherence to the order, it will be the 
duty of Sessions to use their authority in the way of discipline. Vol. 
IV, p. 40, 1874. 

6. Union Leagues. — As your committee have not the necessary 
evidence before them, they are not prepared to express a judgment on 
the question whether the practice of the Union League is contrary to 
the rule of this church in regard to secret societies ; and, therefore, 
recommend the adoption of the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the XVth Article of our Declaration and Testimony, 
which relates to secret societies, is sufficiently explicit and comprehen- 
sive, and that the application of its principles belongs primarily to the 
church Sessions and Presbyteries. Vol. II, p. 30, 1864. 

7. Grand Army of the Republic. — [The Presbytery of Keokuk 



SECRET SOCIETIES. 283 

by memorial asked for a deliverance as to the lawfulness of membprship 
in the Grand Army of the Republic. The qwestion was referred to a 
committee to report to the next Assembly. Vol. VI, p. 14, 1884. The 
report of the committee was adopted as follows :] 

The question submitted to your committee is as follows : '< Is mem- 
bership in the Grand Army of the Republic consistent with Article XV 
of the Testimony ?" According to our understanding of this article, 
that only is in opposition to the principles contained therein wliich re- 
quires an unwarrantable use of an oath, or in which an obligation is im- 
posed, the real nature and effect of which are not understood at the 
time it is assumed. 

Your committee would answer the proposed question as follows, viz. : 
That whilst there are minor points of likeness in this association to the 
class of secret orders against which Article XV of the Testimony is in- 
tended to operate, yet tlie law does not clearly cover the case of mem- 
bership in the Grand Army; because there is nothing in the obligation 
imposed, or in the manner of administering it, that partakes of the 
nature of an oath. Neither is the conscience bound by an unknown 
code of laws, because the constitution and laws of the association are 
open to the inspection of every one proposing to become a member. 

There remains, however, the fact that its ritual and some other 
things are to be kept secret, in consequence of which it has an appear- 
ance of the evils opposed by the law, and also something of a tendency 
to weaken, rather than strengthen, the efforts of the Church to defend 
those principles. Tiierefore, in order to avoid the very appearance of 
evil, we think it is wise and proper to counsel the members of the 
United Presbyterian Church to stand aloof from this and all similar as- 
sociations. 

Your committee, therefore, submit for adoption the following: 

Resolved, That the answer and counsel contained in this paper be 
and hereby is adopted, as expressing the views of this Assembly in re- 
lation to membership in the Grand Army. Vol. VI, p. 297, 1885. 

8. Junior Order of United American Mechanics.— [The Beaver 

Valley Presbytery asked the General Assembly to decide whether con- 
nection -with the Junior Order of United American Mechanics is con- 
sistent with the Fifteenth Article of our Testimony. 1 

Resolved, 'J'hat the memorialist be referred to the Minutes of the As- 
sembly of 1885, in reference to similar associations, as our answer to 
this petition. Vol. VII, p. 631, 1891. 

9. Knights of Labor. — The Committee on Bills and Overtures, to 
which was referred the memorial of the Presbytery, of Albany, finds it 
impossible to report anything of a decided character in regard to those 
associations known as " Knights of Labor," and other kindred associ- 
ations, because we have no adequate knowledge of their true character, 
or of the forms and extent of the obligations which are assumed at the 
time of initiation. 

There is, however, too much reason to believe that these associations 
require a surrender of personal liberty to act in accordance with the in- 
dividual's own conscience of right and wrong, and hence are an en- 
tanglement and a snare, which we earnestly counsel all our members to 
avoid. 



284 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Your committee would have the Assembly direct all our sessions to 
carry out the rules of our church in dealing with any members who 
have joined, or who may be about to join, any of the associations in 
question, as they shall obtain such positive information as will enable 
them to act intellisently in the case. 

"VVe recommend the adoption of the following, viz : 

Resolved, That we enjoin upon all our members to abstain from con- 
nection with any association which might lead to acts of violence, or to 
the invasion of the rights of property, or interference with the liberty of 
men to engage in honest labor where and when, and for whomsoever 
they may choose. Vol. VI, p. 43G, 1886. 

CXIV. SLAVERY. 

1. The Rebellion the Result of Slavery.— /Besofoerf, l. That in 

the judgment of this Assembly, tliis wicked rebellion, which imperils 
the existence of the government, which aims to found a confederacy 
upon the ruins of crushed humanity, and which brutally assassinates 
and murders our fellow-citizens, is pre-eminently the result of the 
practical workings of American slavery. Vol. I, \). 3G4, 1862. 

2. The Emancipation of Slaves. — The committee appointed to 
confer with a similar committee from the Synod of the Reformed 
Presbyterian Church in relation to petitioning Congress on the subject 
of the emancipation of the slaves, recommend as the result of their joint 
meeting the adoption of the following petition, to be signed by the 
moderator and clerk of each body, and transmitted to the Senate and 
House of Representatives of the United States. 

"To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States 
in Congress assembled : The General Assembly of the United Presby- 
terian Church, now in session in the city of Pittsburgh, Pa., and the 
Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, now in session in the 
city of Allegheny, Pa., believing that the holding of human beings as 
slaves is a sin against the God of heaven, a manifest transgression of 
the law of him who came to preach deliverance to the captives, a gross 
violation of the rights of man, utterly irreconcilable with the principles 
of human liberty, destructive of the best interests of the land, a foul 
blot upon the national escutcheon, a prime cause of the existing 
atrocious rebellion, and if continued, a sure provocative of farther and 
greater judgments of God upon the nation, would earnestly appeal to 
the Congress of the United States to adopt at once all the measures 
competent to it to secure the immediate emanci})ation of all human 
beings now held in this oppressive and degrading bondage in any part 
of this land, and, so tar as such an act of justice may avail, avert the 
just indignation of God Most High, and secure the United States from 
the recurrence of any similar iniquitous assault upon our national civi- 
lization and liberties." 

Resolved, That the foregoing action be transmitted to the Reformed 
Presbyterian Synod now in session. Vol. I, p. 363, 1862. 

Resolved, That without expressing any judgment on the military im- 
portance or necessity, or the statesmanlike character, of the emancipa- 
tion proclamation of President Lincoln, we hail it as obedience to the 



SPEERS' ESTATE. 285 

voice of God, calling us, as he did his ancient people, " Let the 
oppressed go free, and break every yoke." Vol. II, p. 31, 1864. 

3. The Use of Money Derived from the Sale of Slaves.— 

[Certain members of the United Presbyterian congregation of Calcutta 
received money derived from the sale of an estate in the State of 
Louisiana, consisting mainly in slaves. The amount received was too 
small to purchase and liberate any of the slaves sold. The Session 
asked the Assembly, " Can they, without a violation of the rules of the 
United Presbyterian Church, appropriate the monev to their own 
use?"] 

Resolved, That those members of the Calcutta congregation, who 
have received money derived from the sale of slaves, be directed to de- 
vote it, according to their best judgments, to the benefit of the colored 
race. Vol. I, p. 234, 1861. 

CXV. SMYTH'S APPEAL. 

[Rev. Charles B. Smyth, of the Presbytery of New York, appealed 
from a decision of the Synod of New Y''ork, and accompanied the appeal 
with a complaint. He was unable to be present, and the Assembly 
appointed a member to represent him. The Assembly referred the case 
to a commission. Vol. VI, p. 422, 1886. The commission reported its 
proceedings, and the Assembly adopted the following report of the 
Judiciary Committee :] 

We have examined the action of the commission, and find the pro- 
ceedings, which are herewith transmitted, regular, and that said com- 
mission did not exceed its powers. We would therefore recommend 
that the proceedings be inserted in the records of the Assembly. Vol. 
VI, p. 664, 1887. [For the Minutes of the commission see p. 688, 
1887. The finding of the commission in the case is as follows :] 

" The commission having carefully examined the papers sent up to 
them from the Synod and the Presbytery of New York in the case, find 
that there has been a want of regularity in the proceedings of the Pres- 
bytery of New York, particularly in passing a sentence of suspension 
upon Mr. C. B. Smyth without having first instituted judicial process 
and giving Mr. Smyth the benefit of a regular trial, and also in failing 
to send up a full written record of the evidence on which that sentence 
was based. The commission, therefore, without passing any judgment 
as to the merits of the case, is compelled to sustain the appeal on the 
ground of want of regularity in the proceedings of the Presbytery." 
Vol. VI, p. 689, 1887. 

CXVI. SPEERS' ESTATE. 

[Action concerning the Speers' estate was taken by the Assemblies 
of 1870, 1879, 1880, 1890, and 1891. For references concerning the 
transfer of the estate to the General Assembly by the Associate Synod, 
see Associate Synod. The following memorial of the executors of the 
estate of Daniel Speers to the Assembly gives a full history of all pro- 
ceedings in the case :] 

The executors of the last will and testament of Daniel Speers, de- 
ceased, would respectfully represent that they need some action on the 



286 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLT. 

part of this General Assembly, in order to the final settlement of the 
estate of Mr. Speers, and they request that needed action be taken. 

The following recital of facts will enable the General Assembly to 
determine what should be done in the case : 

Mr. Speers died July 21, 1841. The sixth and seventh sections of 
his will, bearing date January 16, 1841, and probated August 10, 1841, 
are as follows : 

" Sixthly, I will and request that my real estate be supported in good 
order and condition for the term of fifty years, and shall be kept in- 
sured, and if destroyed to be rebuilt, and tlie balance and residue of my 
estate, real, personal and mixed, after provision being made for the 
payment of tiie bequests and expenses before named, I will and bequeath 
to the Reverend Synod of the' Secession Church, of which body the 
Rev. Dr. Robert Bruce is a member, and the proceeds and avails thereof 
to be applied to the spread of the gospel of Jesus Christ here and else- 
where, and for tiie support of pious young men wiio may need assistance 
while preparing for the gosjiel ministry, in such a way as said Synod 
may consider will best advance the kingdom of Christ, and at the end 
of said fifty years the executors then acting under this will shall sell and 
dispose of my real estate, and the proceeds shall be appropriated to the 
above purposes for the objects before named, in such way and manner 
as the said Synod at a regular meeting thereof, or a General Assembly, 
if such should tlien exist, embracing said Synod, shall direct. 

" Lastly, I nominate and appoint Dr. Robert Bruce, Rev. James 
Rodgers, and Rev. James Ramsey (members in said Synod), John 
Graham, Esq., William Bell, and Samuel George (the first named two 
being elders in that connection), and Malcolm Leech (an elder in the 
Presbyterian Church), executors of this my last will and testament, 
and request that they shall meet, at least once every year, to transact 
the necessary business, any four or more of whom, two being ministers, 
shall be qualified to do business, and on the death, resignation, or re- 
moval from the bounds of the sphere of action of any of said executors, 
from time to time, the survivors are requested and empowered to supply 
such vacancy by a vole at any regular meeting or meetings called for the 
purpose, and the person or persons so selected, keeping the same pro- 
portion of ministers and elders, shall be clothed with the same powers 
as the executors above named, and this will keep up a living board of 
executors until the provisions of this my last will and testament shall 
be fulfilled." 

The annual income of the estate, till the union of 1858, was paid to 
the treasurer of the Associate Synod. From the time of the union till 
1870, the yearly income was still paid to the treasurer of said Synod. 
The Associate Synod, at a meeting in 1870, took the following action 
with reference to the Speers estate. (Minutes, Vol. Ill, page 135.) 

"To the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church: 
We are instructed by the Associate Synod to lay before you, for your 
consideration, the action of said Synod on the subjects of the Theologi- 
cal Seminary and funds, so far as it relates to the transfer of said inter- 
ests to your care and supervision. 

I. That the Treasurer of the Board rf Trustees of the Associate 
Synod be directed to pay over to the Treasurer of the Board of Trus- 



SPEERS' ESTATE. 287 

tees of the United Presbyterian Geneial Assembly, the accrued rents 
and interests of the Sjjeers estate, and hereafter tiiese rents and inter- 
ests, as they may accrue, to be employed in the manner following: One- 
third part in the aid of the cause of Plome and Foreign Missions, and 
two-third parts to be placed at the disposal of the Board of Education, 
to be used in accordance with the rules and regulations of said Board. 
***** Provided, that in the distribution of that part of the inter- 
est of the Speers estate which is appropriated to the aid of students 
having the ministry in view, if one or more of the Theological Semin- 
aries now under I he care of the Synods of the United Presbyterian 
Church shall be put under the care and management of the General 
Assembly, then the students in attendance at said Seminary, shall have 
the preference in receiving assistance. And, provided further, that in 
case neither of these institutions be given to the General Assembly and 
the Assembly should deem it wise to establish a Seminary under its 
OAvn care and control, then the students in attendance at said Seminary 
shall have the preference in receiving assistance. * * * 

III. That the Board of Trustees of the Associate Synod, being the 
only body invested with legal powers to make the transfer of property 
and funds contemplated in the above resolutions, the appointment by the 
Synod last year of a committee of five to adjust and settle its financial 
affairs, is hereby rescinded. 

By order of the Associate Synod, 

J. T. Broavxlee, Moderator. 
R. H. Pollock, Chrh." 
The above action of the Synod was reported to the General Assembly, 
when the following action was taken : (Minutes, Volume III, naf^e 
141.) ^ ^ 

" The Committee on Finance report that the Associate Svnod has di- 
rected the Board of Trustees of that Synod to pay over to "the Trustees 
of the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church, the ac- 
crued rents and interests of the Speers estate, and the money that may 
accrue hei-eafter from these sources ; that the appropriation of these 
moneys shall be one- third to Home and Foreign Missions, and two- 
thirds to the Board of Education of the United Presbyterian Church. 
Your committee recommend the adoption of the following resolutions : 

Resolved, 1. That the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian 
Church most thankfully accepts the generous appropriation of the 
moneys arising from tlie accrued rents and interest of the Speers estate. 

2. That the Trustees of this General Assembly be directed to receive 
and receipt for these funds. 

3. That the Board of Trustees be instructed to pay over to the Board 
of Education two-thirds of the moneys thus received, and that the re- 
maining one-third be divided as follows : Two fifths to tlie Board of 
Home Missions and three-fifths to the Board of Foreign Missions." 

Some time about the beginning of 1872, the executors learned that 
the persons commonly called " Protesters," were making preparation to 
enter suit against them, and it was thought unwise to pay over any 
more money till the threatened suit was decided. In due time the suit 
was brought, and by a decision of the Orphans' Court of Allegheny 
County, Pa., affirmed by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, Novem- 



288 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

ber 18, 1878, the United Presbyterian Church of North America was 
declared to be the legitimate successor of the Associate Church, so far 
as rights of property and trust relations were concerned, and ihe execu- 
tors were ordered to pay the funds accruing from the Speers estate to 
the "Trustees of the Synod of the Associate Presbyterian Church of 
North America, subject to the control of the United Presbyterian 
Church of North America, for the purpose of the trust created by the 
will of Daniel Speers, deceased." 

At a meeting of the Associate Synod, in 1879, the following action 
was taken : [Minutes, Volume' Y, page 84.] 

" To the General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church, in ses- 
sion at New Wilmington, May 30, 1879 : 

The Associate Synod, by its unanimous action at tlie above named 
place and date, agreed to present to the Assembly the following repre- 
sentation, viz.; A number of years prior to tiie formation of the United 
Presbyterian Church by the union of 1858, a considerable legacy was 
bequeathed to the Associate Church by one Daniel Speers, of Pitts- 
burgh ; and one of the objects specified in the bequest was ' the educa- 
tion of pious young men for the ministry.' The Associate Synod, in 
order strictly to carry out the above named object, did for some years 
prior to the union pay to the Trustees of the Associate Theological 
Seminary, located at Canonsburg, and afterward at Xenia, that portion 
of said legacy devoted to the education of young men for the ministry. 
These payments continued for more than ten years after the union. 
About the year 18G0, at the request of the Associate Synod, the Second 
Synod of the United Presbyterian Church assumed the educational con- 
trol of said Seminary, with the understanding that said funds had been 
annually paid to the Trustees of the Seminary, and the expectation that 
the payment would be continued, which expectation was realized up to 
the year 1870. In the year 18GG, and annually thereafter till 1870, 
the sum paid from this fund to the Trustees of the Seminary was 
$1,000. At a meeting of the Associate Synod in 1870, without any 
recognition of the claims of the Seminary, or obligation to the Second 
Synod, which the Associate Synod had requested to assume the educa- 
tional control of the Seminary, the fund was paid over to the United 
Presbyterian Church, with the request that it should be appropriated 
annually to the Board of Education. The Associate Synod is now 
convinced that its action was witliout due consideration, and that by it 
injustice was done, not only to the Seminary at Xenia, but to the 
Second Synod, which was compelled to bear the principal burden of 
conducting the Seminary. This Synod also believes it to be more in 
accordance with the design of the will of the late Daniel Speers, that 
the fund should be appropriated to the Theological Seminaries of the 
Church. In this belief the Associate Church, originally entrusted with 
this legacy, appropriated its proceeds to her Seminary for many years 
prior to the union. These proceeds now amount annually to the sum 
of $2,000. The Associate Synod, therefore, respectfully request the 
General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church to consider the 
matter here presented, and if in accordance with her wisdom to adopt 
the following resolution, or something equivalent thereto, viz : 

Resolved, That the Board of Education be directed to pay to the 



SPEERS' ESTATE. 289 

Trustees of Xenia Theological Seminary, out of the funds of the Speers 
estate, transferred to them by the Associate Synod in 1870, the sum of 
$1,000 annually, to be used in assisting pious young men in prepara- 
tion for the gospel ministry. 

Respectfully submitted by order of the Synod, 

D. "W. Collins, Moderator. 
James Price, Clerk pro tern." 

On this request, the General Assembly took the following action : 
(Minutes, Vol. V, Page 38.) 

"Your committee, to whom was referred the communication of the 
Associate Synod in reference to a disposition of a portion of the pro- 
ceeds of the Speers estate, would respectfully submit the following: 

Whereas, The Associate Synod has by a unanimous vote requested 
this Assembly to place a portion of the proceeds of the Speers estate 
at the disposal of the Theological Seminary at Xenia, for the support of 
pious young men who may need assistance while preparing for the 
gospel ministry, as per the terms of the will of the late Daniel Speers; 
and 

Whereas, These funds were bequeathed to the Synod of the Secession 
Church by the said Daniel Speers, and by the said Synod transferred 
to the Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church in 1870; and 

Whereas, It may be presumed that the late Daniel Speers had in 
view the Theological Seminary of the Secession Church, then located 
at Canonsburg, the channel through which needy candidates for the 
ministry should receive the benefit of his legacy ; and 

Whereas, The said Seminary did receive and pay out to her students 
the portion of the legacy intended for such purpose, many years prior to 
the transfer of these funds to the General Assembly of the United Pres- 
byterian Church; and 

Whereas, More than $10,000 of accrued interest have been paid over 
to the Board of Education by the Trustees of the Speers estate ; there- 
fore, 

Resolved, That the Board of Education be directed to pay over to the 
Board of Trustees of the United Presbyterian Theological Seminary at 
Xenia, Ohio, the sum of $6,000 out of the funds received by said Board 
of Education from the Speers estate, to be held by said Board of 
Trustees of Theological Seminary as a permanent fund, the income 
ONLY of which shall be used for the support of pious young men who 
may need assistance while preparing for the gospel ministry, in strict 
compliance with the terms of the will of the late Daniel Speers, by 
which will these funds have reached the Church." 

At a meeting of the Associate Synod in 1880, the following action 
was taken : (Minutes, Vol. V, page 249.) 

"The following action was taken by the Associate Synod at its meet- 
ing this day, and directed to be transmitted to your body for informa- 
tion : 

Whereas, The General Assembly of last year, in response to the 
action of the Associate Synod, requesting that the Board of Education 
be directed to pay over to the Trustees of Xenia Theological Seminary 
the sum of $1,000 annually, for the purpose of assisting pious young 
men preparing for the gospel ministry, from the proceeds of the Speers 
19 



290 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

estate transferred to it by the action of the Associate Synod in 1870, 
instead of complyinji with said request, ordered tiie Board to make an 
absolute transfer of $6,000 of its fund derived from said estate; and 

Whereas, Said request was made under a misapprehension in regard 
to the action of Synod in 1870, the minutes not being present; and 

Whereas, The action of the last Assembly may cause some embarrass- 
ment to the Board of Education ; therefore, 

Resolved, 1. That while gratefully acknowledging the kindness of the 
Assembly and the Board in acceding so far to the request of Synod, yet 
the Synod deems it expedient, and hereby does request the Trustees of 
the Xenia Theological Seminary to return the $6,000 received from the 
JBoard of Education. 

2. That the Treasurer of Synod is hereby directed to pay one-third 
part of the proceeds of the Speers estate in the manner following, viz.: 
First, $1,000 from this one-third part to the Trustees of the Theolo- 
gical Seminary at Allegheny to aid in erecting a dormitory in connec- 
tion with said Seminary ; provided, however, that the title to said dor- 
mitory be vested in the United Presbyterian Church ; and secondly, the 
entire aforesaid one-third part thereafter, until otlierwise ordered, to the 
Trustees of the Theological Seminary at Xenia, to be used in aiding 
pious young men preparing for the gospel ministry. 

3. That so much of the action of the Synod in 1870 as is inconsistent 
with the above resolutions be and hereby is repealed. 

By order of the Synod, 

J. G. Carson, Stated Clerk." 

This paper was heard by tlie General Assembly, and ordered to be 
published in the Minutes, but the Assembly took no further action. 
(Minutes, Vol. V, page 200.) 

During all the time since the union of 1858 the executors have been 
paying the annual proceeds of the estate to the Treasurer of the Asso- 
ciate Synod. While our past action is in accord with the terms of the 
union of 1858 and the order of the civil courts, yet it seems to us proper 
that it should be confirmed by the General Assembly of the United 
Presbyterian Church, that we may conform more distinctly with the 
terms of tlie will. 

The fifty years, at the close of which, according to the will of Mr. 
Speers, the property is to be sold, will expire July 21, 1891 ; and before 
the meeting of the next General Assembly arrangements for its sale 
should be in progress. No directions have been given for the sale of 
the real estate and other assets, and for the distribution of the proceeds. 
The will provides that this should be done " in such way and manner as 
the said Synod at a regular meeting thereof, or a General Assembly, if 
such should then exist, embracing said Synod, shall direct." It seems 
to us that this General Assembly should give such directions. 

It is probable, if there is during the next year no unusual depression 
in business, that the estate will amount to upwards of $100,000. 

We, therefore, under the advice of our attorneys, request the General 
Assembly in order to carry out the terms of the will, to adopt resolu- 
tions substantially as follows : 

1. That the payments by the executors under the last will and testa- 
ment of Daniel Speers, deceased, of the annual income of the estate to 



SPEEUS' ESTATE. 291 

the Treasurer of the Associate Synod heretofore, be, and the same are 
lierebv approved and confirmed. 

2. That the said executors be, and are hereby requested and directed 
t© carry out the terms of the said will, by the sale of the real estate and 
other assets of the estate of Daniel Speers, at the termination of the 
period fixed by him, at such time or times, at either public or private 
sale, and for such price or prices, and upon such terms as thev in their 
discretion may deem ri^ht and proper, either witli or without any order 
of the Orphans' Court of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, as the same 
may or may not be deemed necessary. 

3. That the said executors be directed hereafter to pay the said an- 
nual income, and also the net proceeds arising from the sale of the said 
real estate and other assets, directly to the objects named in said will, 
and in such way and manner as this General Assembly may direct, in 
strict compliance with the terms of the will. Vol. VII, p. 508, 1890 

[The following is the action of the Assembly, taken' on the recom- 
mendation of a special committee to whom the above memorial was re- 
ferred: ) 

Resolved, 1. That the payments by the executors under the last will 
and testament of Daniel Speers, deceased, of the annual income of the 
estate to the Treasurer of the Associate Svnod heretofore, be and the 
same are hereby approved and confirmed. 

2. That the said executors b and are hereby requested and directed 
to carry out the terms of the said will bv the sale of the real estate and 
other assets of the estate of said Daniel Speers, at the termination of the 
period fixed by him, at such time or times, at either public or private 
sale, and for such price or prices, and upon such terms as they in their 
discretion may deem right and proper, either with or without any order 
of the Orphans' Court of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, as the same 
may or may not be deemed necessary. 

3. That the said executors be directed to compute the entire proceeds 
of the Speers bequest, from the time at which the Assembly assumed 
control of rents and interests in 1870 to the final settlement of the estate 
(said computation to include the annual income from May, 1870, and 
also the net proceeds arising from the sale of said real estate and other 
assets), and to make such a distribution of these entire proceeds, past 
and future, as will give to the Boards of Forei-n Missions, Home Mis- 
sions, Church Extension, and Freedmen's Missions one-half of the 
whole, that IS, to each of these Boards one-eighth of the whole ; and as 
will give also the other half of said entire proceeds, past and future, to 
the Board of Education, Xenia Theological Seminary, and Allegheny 
Iheological Seminary, that is to each of these institutions one-sixth of 
the whole, to be by said Board of Education and Directors and Man- 
agers of said seminaries applied for the support of pious young men who 
may need assistance while preparing for the gospel minis'try. ^Vol VII 
p. 420, 1890. ■^ ' 

[Memorials from the Directors of the Xenia Theological Seminary 
and the Associate Synod, asking a change in the distribution of the 
proceeds of the Speers estate, were referred to the Committee on 
l^inance, and the following report of the committee was adopted by the 
Assembly :] •' 



292 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Two communications have been presented to the Assembly, with a 
view to tlie distribution of the Speers estate, difl'erent from that ordered 
by the last Assembly. One of them comes as a memorial from the 
Board of Manajjers of the Xenia Theological Seminary, through a com- 
mittee appointed by said Board to prepare and forward it. It demurs 
to the retrospective feature in the plan of distribution adopted by the last 
Assembly, and asks, for various reasons given, that disbursements in its 
favor, out of the income from 1870 to 1890, be not charged to it in the 
final accounting as part of its share of the proceeds. Tlie other com- 
munication is a paper presented to the Assembly as " action taken by 
the Associate !Synod in response to a memorial from the Board of Man- 
agers of the Xenia Seminary." It makes no reference to past income 
disbursed as proper to be considered in the final distribution. It con- 
templates disposition only of " all moneys now in the hands of the exe- 
cutors," and moneys yet to come into their hands from income and ulti- 
mate sale, and of the total proceeds already in hand and yet to be 
realized, it would have one-half divided equally between the Xenia and 
Allegheny Theological Seminaries, and the other lialf entrusted to other 
institutions of the church. 

We refrain from discussing the reasons given by Committee of the 
Board of Managers of the Xenia Seminary, for amendment of the 
action of last year. But, while not endorsing the reasons given, we 
would cordially recommend that the change be made, which we under- 
stand the memorialist to ask, for we believe that the scheme of distri- 
bution, if amended as contemplated, would fully conform to the will of 
Mr. Speers, and make wise and most useful appropriation of his large 
bequest, while it seems more likely to harmonize in its support the 
members of this Assembly, and give satisfaction to the Church. We 
therefore recommend that the Assembly adopt resolutions as follows : — 

1. That this Assembly express its high appreciation of all the pains- 
taking precautions of the Associate fathers and brethren, since the 
union of 1858 to the present time, to secure the Speers estate to the 
United Presbyterian Church. 

2. That without determining the relation of the Associate Synod, or its 
trustees, to the Speers estate, the executors are hereby authorized and 
directed to pay the entire Trust Fund, including income accumulating 
from date of last Assembly's action ordering distribution, and after de- 
ducting necessary expenses, to David W. Collins, David W. Carson^ 
James McCandless, James G. Carson, John T. Brownlee. F. A. 
Hutchinson, Samuel Collins, George M. Reed and James B. Lee, act- 
ing " Trustees of the Synod of the Associate Presbyterian Church of 
North America, subject to the control of the United Presbyterian 
Church of North America, for the purpose of the trust created by the 
will of Daniel Speers, deceased ;" and said acting trustees are hereby 
made the fiscal agents of the General Assembly for the purpose of re- 
ceiving said funds, and transmitting the same to the Trustees of the 
General Assembly of the United Presbyterian Church ; and said acting 
trustees and fiscal agents are hereby directed to transmit such funds^ 
and every portion, thereof to said Trustees of the General Assembly, 
when and as rapidly as the same are paid over to them by said exe- 
cutors. 



STANDARDS OF THE CHURCH. 293 

3. That the Trustees of the General Assembly be directed, as often at 
least as once a year (unless tliey may find so frequent a distribution to be 
inexpedient), until the final settlement of the estate, to make distribution 
of the moneys thus entrusted to them ; the distribution to be made to 
boards and institutions of the United Presbyterian Church, and in pro- 
portions as follows : To the Boards of Foreign Missions, Home Missions, 
Freedmen's Missions and Church Extension one-half of the amount of 
each distribution ; that is, to each of these Boards one-eighth of said 
amount ; and, as requested by the Associate brethren, to the Xenia and 
Allegheny Theological Seminaries one-half of the amount of each dis- 
tribution ; that is, to each of these seminaries one-fourtli of the said 
amount, to be ''applied for the support of pious young men, who mav 
need assistance, while preparing for the Gospel Ministry." 

4. Tliat in consistency with these resolutions the third resolution of 
the action of the last Assembly, in adopting the report of its Committee 
on the Speers estate, be and hereby is repealed. 

0. That copies of this action duly attested, be given to the executors 
of this estate ; to the said David W. Collins, David W. Carson, James 
McCandless, James G. Carson, John T. Brownlee, F. A. Hutchinson, 
Samuel Collins, George M. Reed and James B. Lee, acting trustees 
aforesaid, and fiscal agents hereby appointed ; and' to the several 
Boards and Theological Seminaries above named as beneficiaries of 
this trust. Vol. VII, p. 633, 1891. 

CXVII. STANDARDS OF THE CHURCH. 

1 . The Integrity of the Standards of the Church to be Pre- 
served. — Tlie memorial [of the Presbytery of Boston] asks the As- 
sembly to take steps to secure ''a briefer form of sound words." evi- 
dently meaning by the phrase " sound words " tlie standards of the United 
Presbyterian Church. By the deliberate judgment of the Church, the 
Articles of the Confession of Faith are stated in as brief a form as is 
consistent with distinctness and fidelity to the truths which they enun- 
ciate. The same is true of the Articles of the Testimony, the Form of 
Government and Directory for Worship. To abbreviate the Catechisms, 
in our opinion, would be a simple marring of that which is recognized 
by a large portion of the evangelical church as a brief summary of the 
whole Christian system. The memorial asks that which would in its 
nature interfere essentially with the integrity of our standards. 

The tendency of the times is to break loose from what has hitherto 
been held by the Church as forms of sound words, and we are warned 
by this fact to exercise unusual watchfulness and tenacity respecting the 
present form of our standards. 

Resolved, 1. That the request of the memorial be not granted. Vol. 
V, p. 529, 1882. 

2. A Summary of the Principles of the Church. — Resolved, 2. 

That while this request [for "a briefer form of sound words"] is de- 
nied, a committee of three be appointed to report to the next General 
Assembly a summary of our principles, for use in mission work. Vol. 
V, p. 529, 1882. 

[The committee was continued, with instructions to publish their 



294 DIGEST or THE acts of the assembly. 

report in the meantime in the papers of the Church. Vol. Y, p. 743, 
1883.1 

3. The Standards of the Church may be Changed by Over- 
ture. — See Principles of the Church, Sec. o. 

CXVllI. STATE OF THE COUNTRY. 
Resolutions on the State of the Country During- the Civil 

War. — Resolved, 1. Tiiat the General Assembly do advise and exhort 
all the people under her inspection to " Search and try their ways and 
turn to the Lord. Let them cease to do evil and learn to do well." 
Isaiah 1:16. 

2. That the clerk of the Assembly be directed, and hereby is di- 
rected, to forward to the President of the United States a letter in be- 
half of this Assembly ; and after assuring him of our earnest sympathy 
and the sympathy of our people, and our and their readiness to co- 
operate with him in his endeavors to maintain the constitution and the 
integrity of the nation, to solicit him, in behalf of this Assembly, by 
his proclamation, to invite and call all the people of the United States 
to fasting, humiliation and prayer on day of . 

3. That the Assembly do earnestly recommend all the people under 
their care to confess and bewail, not only their own sins, but the sins of 
the land, and to be much in prayer in these times of trouble. Yol. I, 
p. 228, 1861. 

Resolved, 2. That the true remedy for the evils which now surround us, 
and threaten our national existence, lies in turning to the living God, 
acknowledging the sovereignty of him who rules in the affairs of men, 
and in complying with the demands of his law, which requires that 
"liberty be proclaimed throughout all the land to all the inhabitants 
thereof," " then shall our light break forth as the morning, and our 
health shall spring forth speedily." 

3. That this Assembly has an abiding confidence in the National 
Government ; bids it God-speed in suppressing this rebellion ; and we 
pledge ourselves to its support in maintaining the principles of civil and 
religious liberty by all scriptural means. 

4. That a copy of this paper be transmitted to the President and 
heads of departments, to assure them of our sympathy and co-operation, 
and to urge upon tliem the necessity of taking immediate and effective 
measures to remove the causes of our national troubles, that we may be 
restored to the favor of God. Yol. I, p. 364, 1862. 

The paper * * * asks for the appointment of a committee to 
prepare an address to President Lincoln, Secretary Stanton, and Lieu- 
tenant-General Grant, embodying the following items : 

1. An assurance of the deep sympathy and earnest co-operation of 
this Assembly, and of the people wliom we represent, with the Govern- 
ment in its present trials and worthy efforts to maintain the principles 
on which it is based. 

2. Tlie great satisfaction we have enjoyed in observing their recog- 
nition of the facts "that God alone can organize victory," " that we 
need the Divine favor," and that we are warranted to expect this favor 
only in the way of a dutiful regard to his will as Governor among the 
nations. 



STATISTICS. 295 

3. An assurance that we gladly recognize this favor in the successes 
which have attended the movements of our armies on the Potomac and 
in Georgia, and that it is only in the continuance of this favor that we 
can hope for final success. 

That an address of the nature contemplated in the paper of these 
brethren should go forth from this Assembly is highly proper. "We 
therefore recommend for adoption the following resolution : 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to prepare, at their earliest 
convenience, an address such as the paper ot these brethren contem- 
plates, and forward it to President Lincoln and his Cabinet. Vol. II, 
p. 31,1864. 

Resolved, 1. That with grateful remembrance of our late President, 
Abraham Lincoln, a great and good man, who, like Moses, under God, 
led a nation of people to the very borders of the land of liberty and rest, 
we also pledge to Andrew Johnson, our present Chief Magistrate, our 
cordial sympathy and support, in the hope that, like a Joshua, he will 
do right and accomplish, under God, the object of our desire, namely, the 
reconstruction of our Government on the broad basis of universal 
freedom. 

2. As civil magistrates are designed to be a terror to evil-doers, it is 
the unanimous opinion of this Assembly that all punishments, defined by 
the constitution as deserved by traitors, should be visited upon the lead- 
ing instigators and prosecutors of this rebellion. In Ezra vii. 26, we 
read : " Whosoever will not do the law of thy God and the law of the 
king, let judgment be executed speedily, whether it be unto death, or to 
banishment, or to confiscation of goods, or to imprisonment." Mercy 
to the great civil and military heads of this rebellion would be cruelty 
to coming generattons. 

3. We earnestly recommend our people to exhibit every possible 
kindness to all soldiers who have been maimed by this war, and to the 
widows and fatherless children of those who lives' have been sacrificed 
in this conflict for liberty and right. 

4. That the stated clerk be instructed to transmit a copy of these 
resolutions to Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, and to 
assure him of our heartfelt desires for his success in the work of recon- 
struction, in establishing order and peace, and in perfecting the emanci- 
pation of the African race in our land. Vol. II, p. 164, 1865. 

CXIX. STATISTICS. 

L Items to be Inserted in the Statistical Tables. The Gen- 
eral Assembly gave order concerning the items to be inserted in the 
statistical tables. Vol. I, p. 44, 1859. 

Presbyteries were required to report the names of licentiates, stud- 
ents of theology, and correspondents for vacancies. Vol. I, p. 361, 
1862. 

It was ordered that the statistics of Sabbath-schools be reported. 
Vol. II, p. 163, 1865. 

The second clerk, in connection with the Corresponding Secretaries 
of the several Boards, was instructed to have blanks prepared, adapted 
to the several departments of the mission work. Vol. Ill, p. 20, 1869. 



290 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

It was ordered that tlie column "salary by Assembly" be omitted ; 
that "salary by Congregation" be changed to "salary of pastors," and 
that aid from the Home Mission fund be indicated by a star ; that a 
column be added, " Amount paid Supplies," and that certain changes 
be made in the order of the tables. Vol. Ill, j). 13G, 1870. These 
changes were carried out only in part. 

Until 1866 the decrease of members by death was reported in a sep- 
arate column. Vol. II, p. 163, 1865. 

Resolved, 4. That tlie column '^'^ Decrease" be divided as follows: one 
column under decrease be designated "By death'' one "By removal^ 
Vol. VII, p. 637, 1891. 

Resolved, 3. That vacant congregations are requested to report only 
the amount paid out for su|)plies during the year, and not the tixed 
salary of the congregation when settled. Vol. VI, p. 20, 1884. 

[The gathering of tlie statistics of Sabbath-schools was referred to 
the Second Clerk. Vol. VI, p. 242, 1885.] 

Resolved, 2. That the column designated •' Months open" [for Sab- 
bath-schools], " Salary by Assembly," " Board of Publication," be dis- 
continued. 

Resolved, 5. That contributions made to the Board of Publication be 
included in the report of general contributions. Vol. VII, p. 637, 1891. 

Statistics of the Missionary Societies were published, 1881-1887, but 
after the publication of such reports by the General Missionary Society 
was begun, the Second Clerk was authorized to discontinue tiie publi- 
cation. Vol. VI, p. 434, 1886. 

Resolved, 3. Tliat the assigning one column for number of members 
of Young People's Societies, be approved. Vol. VII, p. 037, 1891. 

2. Table of Congregations Contributing. — A table was pre- 
pared by the Second Clerk showing the number of congregations con- 
tributing to the several funds of tiie church, and the Assembly gave 
order that it be published in the papers of the church, Vol. IV, p. 450, 
1877, and in the Minutes of the Assembly from year to year. Vol. IV, 
p. 584, 1878. 

" All the funds " in this table is defined to mean " all to which appro- 
priations are made by the Assembly." Vol. VII, p. 431, 1890. 

3. A List of New Organizations. — Resolved, That a list of new 
organizations be appended to the Minutes of this and future Assemblies. 
Vol. II, p. 511, 1868. 

4. A List of Licentiates. — Resolved, That an alphabetical list of 
licentiates, together with the Presbyteries to which they belong, be ap- 
pended to the Minutes of this and future Assemblies. Vol. II, p. 511, 
1868. 

5. A Record of Ordinations The Second Clerk was directed to 

prepare a record of the date of the ordination of every minister and the 
Presbytery by which he was ordained. Vol. Ill, p. 137, 1870. 

0. A List of Congregations. — The Second Clerk was directed to 
prepare an alphaltetical list of congregations and have it published in 
the Minutes. Vol. II, p. 396, 1872. 

7. Record of Deceased Ministers. — Resolved, 2. That the record 
of ministers deceased be published in the Minutes from year to year. 
Vol. IV, p. 171, 1875. 



STATISTICS. 297 

8. A Record of Congregations. — A historical record of congrega- 
tions was prepared by Dr. J. B. Scouller, and order was given that it 
^' be published in the Minutes of the General Assembly this year." Vol. 
YI, p. 434. 188G. 

9. Vital Statistics. — Resolved, That the table of vital statistics 
prepared for this number be printed with the other tables. Vol. V, p. 
539, 1882. [Tliis talde was continued for several years, but was dis- 
continued, except where it appears in the Record of Ministers De- 
ceased. I 

10. Average Salary of Ministers — Resolved, 3. That in making 
tjp the average salary, clerks of Presbyteries be directed not to include 
the amount paid by vacancies for supplies. Vol. VI, p. 20, 1884. 

11. "Average per Member" Defined.— iJeso^re^^, 2. That the 

average per member, in computing congregational statistics, be based 
on the number reported at the close of the past year. Vol. VII, p. 
431, 1890. 

Resolved, 7. In computing congregational statistics, the average per 
member shall be based on tlie number reported at the close of the cur- 
rent year. Vol. VII, p. 637, 1891. 

12. Statistics Under the Charge of the Second Clerk.— i?e- 

solved, That, instead of the assistant clerk, who is elected annually and 
serves only during the sessions of the Assembly, a second permanent 
clerk be elected for i he same term of office with the principal clerk; 
who, in addition to his duties during the Assembly, shall have special 
charge of statistics, shall take measures to secure full and correct re- 
ports from all the Presbyteries, shall prepare the tables for the press, 
and report to the Assembly all Presbyteries which fail to send full and 
accurate statistics. Vol. II, p. 511, 1868. 

13. Blanks for Statistical Tables — Resolved, 3. That the stated 
clerk be directed to have printed and to forward to the clerk of each 
Presbytery, at least three months previousfy to the meeting of each As- 
sembly, two blanks for Presbyterial reports, and twice as many congre- 
gational blanks as there are congregations in each Presbytery, affixing 
to each blank such printed directions as may be necessary. Vol. I, p. 
44, 1859. 

Resolved, That the clerks of the Assembly be authorized to revise the 
blanks for congregational and Presbyterial reports, and to have them 
prepared and forwarded to clerks of Presbyteries in season for next 
year's reports. Vol. II, p. 511, 1868. 

14. Time for Forwarding Statistical Tables. — Resolved, lO. 

That clerks of Presbyteries be directed to have their statistical tables 
forwarded to the second clerk, so as to reach him not less than ten days 
before the meeting of the Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 138, 1870. 

Resolved, 1. That the second clerk be directed to forward blanks to 
clerks of Presbyteries, not later than the first of February ; that Ses- 
sions be required to return their statistics to the clerks of Presbyteries, 
not later than the fifth of April, and the clerks of Presbyteries to re- 
turn theirs to the second clerk not later than the twenty-fifth of April. 
Vol. IV, p. 450, 1877. 

2. That the attention of Pastors and Sessions be called to the im- 
portance of early forwarding their reports to the clerks of Presbyteries, 



298 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

in order that that tliey may reach the Second Clerk at as early a day as 
possible. Vol. VII, p. 23'l, 1889. 

Resolved, 1. That in the publication of the minutes this failure [to 
forward the statistical reports of Presbyteries within the above timej be 
made conspicuous by a star, or some otiier sign which the Clerk may 
prefer to employ for that purpose. Vol. V, p. 200, 1880. 

15. Close of the Statistical Year. — Resolved, l. That the statisti- 
cal year close on the thirty-tirst day of March, and that Sessions be re- 
quired to forward their statistical tables to clerks of Presbyteries as soon 
tiiereafter as practicable. Vol. Ill, p. 39G, 1872. [Re-affirmed, Vol. 
Ill, p. 54(;, 1873.] "Not later than the fifth of April." Vol. IV, p. 
450, 1877. 

16. Summaries to be Submitted to the Assembly.— -ffeso/vec?, 

2. That the Second Cleik be instructed to submit, if possible, to each 
General Assembly printed summaries of the statistics. Vol. V, p. 539, 

1882. 

17. Summaries of Foreign Missions. — Resolved, 3. That. . . 

the Second Clerk be autliorized to publish in the Minutes of the As- 
sembly only the sunimuries [of Foreign Missions] leaving the detailed 
statistics to be published in the reports of the Board. Vol. VII, p. 231, 
1889. [The statistics of Forei-in Missions were not published after 
1889.] 

18. Statistics of Church Property.— See Vol. VII, p. 57o, 1890. 

CXX. STUDENTS OF THEOLOGY. 

1. Students Recommended to Attend the Colleges of the 

Church. — Resolved, Tiiat the ministers and elders of this church be 
recommended to exert their intluenco, most earnestly, in promoting the 
Christian culture of the young under their care, and tliat all parents, 
who are seeking for their children a secular education, be urged to take 
care that those educational institutes, where they place them, be such as 
are under the influence of Christian principles, and, so far as practicable, 
such, also, as are favorable to the maintenance and propagation of the 
tenets of our church. Vol. II, p. 11, 1864. 

3. That we hereby express our fullest confidence in the ability and 
efficiency of the instructors in Allegheny and Xenia Theological Semi- 
naries, and our conviction that the young men educated in these are 
quite as well equipped for the gospel ministry, and better equipped for 
the ministry of our own church, than those educated elsewhere. 

4. That we affectionately urge students under our care to resist the 
temptations that fall in their way to go elsewhere, and thus avoid ex- 
posure to teachings and practices antagonistic to the faith we profess. 
Vol. VII, p. 28, 1888. 

3. That we affectionately urge students under our care to attend our 
own colleges and seminaries, inasmucii as the training there received 
will better fit them for the ministry of the gospel in our own Church, 
and because we have the fullest confidence in the ability and efficiency 
of the instructors in these institutions. Vol. VII, p. 229, 1889. 

2. That we repeat and emphasize the action of former Assemblies, in 
urging upon parents and students the importance of attending and 



STUDENTS OF THEOLOGY. 290 

patronizing our own colleges and seminaries, as especially equipped for 
preparing for the ministry and other work in our Church; and that 
we commend the action of Presbyteries in requiring the attendance of 
students under their care at our own Seminaries. Vol. YII, p. 652, 
1891. 

2. Undergraduates are not to Enter the Theological Semi- 
nary. — Resolved, That Presbyteries be instructed not to permit stu- 
dents to enter the seminaries while prosecuting the collegiate course. 
Vol. Ill, p. 529, 1873. 

3. Theological Students Must be Under the Care of a Pres- 
bytery. — Resolved, 3. That no student of the United Presbyterian 
Church shall be received in any of our seminaries until he has placed 
himself under the care of some Presbytery, and that after he has been 
received, he shall pursue his studies during the interval between the 
sessions under the direction of his Presbytery. Vol. II, p. 487, 1868. 

4. Unlicensed Students Should not 'Brtd.ch.— Resolved, i. That 

the Assembly regards with disapprobation, as irregular and of injurious 
tendency, the condition of matters alleged to exist in certain quarters, 
according to which unlicensed students of theology undertake to officiate 
as preachers in the ordinary services of public worship. 

2. That Presbyteries be, and they hereby are, charged to adopt 
prompt measures for the suppression of the disorderly state of matters 
indicated, resorting, if need be, to the exercise of judicial discipline on 
the actual offenders, and on those who make themselves accessory to tlieir 
offense by appointing or inviting them to preach. Vol. IV, i). 592, 
1878. 

With reference to the memorial from Chartiers Presbytery, asking 
that such action may be taken by this Assembly as may be necessary to 
prevent theolo<iical students from accepting appointments to preach 
previous to licensure, we would recommend that unlicensed students be 
and hereby are enjoined to refrain from accepting appointments to 
preach, while in attendance at tlie Seminary, and that Presbyteries be 
required to see that this injunction is carried out. Vol. Vll, p. 416, 
1890. 

5. Students of Theology May be Employed in Missionary 

Labor. — [The Presbytery of .Stamford asked that an overture be sub- 
mitted on the employment of students of Theology in missionary labor. 
The following action was taken :] 

We are of opinion that our Book of Government and the action of 
the Assembly of 1878 are sufficiently explicit in placing the whole con- 
trol and direction of students of theology in the hands of their respective 
Presbyteries. While our Book gives explicit direction as to the studies 
and licensure of students in all ordinary cases, it leaves much to the 
discretion of Presbyteries. It is our opinion that the employment of 
students in missionary labor, under the direction of Presbytery, may 
be of great service in the Home Mission field, and at the same time afford 
them the very best training for future .pastoral work. We, therefore, 
offer the following resolutions : 

1. That there is no necessity for an overture on this subject. 

2. That when, in the judgment of Presbyteries, it would be advan- 
tageous, in the training of students under their care, to have them 



^00 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

engage in some appropriate mission work during vacation, they are at 
liberty to so employ them in connection with the Board of Home Mis- 
sions. Vol. VI, p. 240, 1885. 

5. That our Presbyteries be recommended to fully employ their 
unlicensed students in evangelistic work during their vacations. Vol. 
VII, p. 460, 1890. 

6. Students of Theology to be Trained for Sabbath School 

Work. — Resolved, G. That the directors of our Theological Seminaries 
be directed to make suitable provision for the special training of the 
theological students for Sabbath-school work. Vol. VII, p. 230, 1889. 

CXXI. SUPERINTENDENTS OF MISSIONS. 

1. Election of Superintendents of Missions. — [Previous to the 

following order, sui)erintendents of missions were appointed by the 
Assembly without Presbyterial nomination.] Resolved, That the 
clerks of Presbyteries be instructed to furnish the principal clerk, pre- 
viously to the meeting of the Assembly, with a list of nominations for 
* * * superintendents of missions, with their post-office address, 
and that the clerk be instructed to report this list to the General 
Assembly for confirmation. Vol. Ill, p. 28, 1869. 

Each Presbytery shall nominate annually to the General Assembly 
one of the ministers connected with it, for appointment as superintendent 
of missions for the Presbytery. Vol. IV, p. 160, 1875. 

2. Duties of Superintendents of Missions. — [On the recom- 
mendation of the Board of Home Missions, in order that "the Church 
may be furnished with more full and definite information respecting 
our work," the Assembly adopted the following :] Resolved, 1. That 
the Assembly appoint a suitable person in eacli Presbytery as superin- 
tendent of missions within its bounds, to whom each of the missionaries 
receiving aid shall send quarterly reports concerning the condition and 
prospects of the work in his field of labor. 

2. That it shall be the duty of said superintendent to condense and 
prepare for publication tlie information thus obtained, and forward it to 
the Executive Committee. Vol. II, p. 426, 1867. 

20. * * * jj shall be his duty to superintend the mission work 
in his Presbytery ; to obtain quarterly reports from stations receiving 
aid, and from missionaries laboring in the Presbytery ; to make a 
quarterly report, in the form approved by tlie Assembly, to the cor- 
responding secretary of the Board of Home Missions ; to receive from 
the treasurer of the Board, receipt for and distribute the money appro- 
priated to aid congregations and stations ; and in general to act as the 
organ of communication between the Board and the Presbytery, and 
perform such duties as the Presbytery may direct. Vol. IV, p. 160, 
1875. 

7. Resolved, That superintendents of missions be directed to report 
delinquent appointees to their respective Presbyteries, in order that 
they may be called to account for their delinquency. Vol. V, p. 242, 
1885. 

Resolved, 1. Tiiat hereafter the annual reports of the Presbyteries to 
the Board of Home Missions be made by the superintendents of mis- 
.'sions of the several Presbyteries. Vol. VI, p. 468, 1886. 



SUSTENATIOX FUXD. 301 

3. Accounts of Superintendents of Missions to be Audited. 

— Resolved, Tliat the Presbyteries be required, annually, to audit the 
accounts of the superintendents of missions. Vol. IV, p. 472, 1877. 

CXXII. SUSTENTATION FUND. 

Resolved, That * * * be a committee to prepare the plan of a sus- 
tentation fund, and report to the next General Assembly. Vol. I, p. 
44, 1859. [This committee did not present a report to the next As- 
sembly.] 

[On certain memorials, asking the Assembly to establish a general 
delegate fund and a sustentation fund, the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, 1. That we deem it inexpedient to establish either of these 
funds at the present time. 

2. That a committee of one member from each Synod be appointed, 
to whom all the papers relating to these subjects shall be referred, and 
whose duty it shall be to consider these subjects carefully, and report to 
the next General Assembly ; and, also, to publish their report in the 
papers of the church, at least three months before the meeting of the 
Assembly. Vol. Ill, p. 543, 1873. 

[This committee reported a plan to the Assembly, when the follow- 
ing action was taken :] 

Resolved, That all the papers on the subject of Sustentation be referred 
to a special committee, which shall prepare a report, to be submitted, 
before the first of September, to the Presbyteries, that they may report 
to the next General Assembly their opinion thereon, and any sugges- 
tions in regard to the same, which they may deem of importance. Vol. 
IV, p. 16, 1874. 

[This committee presented a report to the next Assembly, Vol. IV, p. 
226, 1875, when the following action was taken :] 

Resolved, That further action on these papers, by this Assembly, is 
not advisable. Vol. IV, p. 168, 1875. 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to report to the next Gen- 
eral Assembly, if in their judgment they can devise one, an improved 
system of ministerial support, to the end that such formidable hindrances 
to the gospel may be avoided, and the success of our church and the 
salvation of souls greatly promoted. Vol. IV, p. 594, 1878. 

[This committee reported progress, and asked leave to report at their 
discretion. Their request was granted. Vol. V, p. 10, 1879. No 
subsequent report appears.] 

[The Presbytery of Detroit sent up a memorial on sustentation, and 
the General Committee of Home ]\Iissions submitted the following :] 

1. That we recommend to the General Assembly to consider the pro- 
priety of establishing a Sustentation Fund for the purpose of aiding 
such congregations as need help, to enable them to keep up the regular 
worship of God, and yet are not properly mission churches ; that is, 
churches that are so located that they may be expected to increase in 
numbers with the prospect of soon becoming self-supporting. 

The Assembly adopted, the following: 

It is believed that a division of the funds, as contemplated in the 
plan of Sustentation, and the discouragement to congregations incident 



■302 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

to placing them in the class proposed, would counterbalance any advan- 
tages that migiit accrue to the Church tlieretrom. Vol. VJ, pp. 19, 68, 
1884. 

[Tiie Presbytery of Detroit renewed its memorial, and the Assembly 
appointed a committee to prepare and report to the next Assembly " a 
scheme of ministerial sustentation adapted to tlie needs of our Church." 
Vol. VJ, p. 245, 1885. The committee reported a plan and th<i 
Assembly took the following action :] 

Resolved, That the proposed plan of ministerial sustentation appears 
in its general features to possess much to commend it to acceptance; 
that in a matter so important, however, it seems wise to take further 
time for maturing the plan and exciting an interest in it ; that to this 
end the report which has been read be printed in the papers of the 
Church, as well as in the Minutes of the Assembly ; that the committee 
which prepared tlie report be continued, and that the Presbyteries be 
asked to communicate by January 1, 1887, to said committee in a gen- 
eral way their views in relation to the report, which communications 
the committee will condense and convey to the next Assembly, together 
with such suggestions as they may deem proper. Vol. VI, pp. 499, 
418, 1886. 

[Tiie Committee reported, recommending that the plan proposed the 
preceding year be adopted and placed in the hands of a competent 
Board.] Vol. VI, p. 739, 1887. The whole subject of Ministerial 
Sustentation was referred to the next General Assembly. P. 682, 1887. 
£No further action appears.] 

CXXIIl. SYNODS. 

1. Minutes of S3mods. — Resolved, That Synods under the care of 
Assembly be and are iiereby enjoined to submit to the General Assem- 
bly, for inspection, a record of their proceedings. Vol. II, p. 309, 1866. 

Resolved, 3. That the Synods under the care of the Assembly be 
authorized, if in their judgment they think it best, to make a printed 
copy of their minutes, certified by the signature of the clerk, the official 
copy of the minutes. Vol. Ill, p. 380, 1872. 

2. That the General Assembly hereby recommends to all the Synods 
to have their minutes published on paper of tlie same size as that on 
which the minutes of the General Assembly are published, and to have 
carefully prepared indexes appended to them. Vol. V, p. 38, 1879. 

2. Attendance of the Members of the S3mods. — [The com- 
mittee on Revision reported that tlie minutes of the Synods showed a 
large number of absentees. Whereupon :] 

Resolved, 1. That the General Assembly urge a fuller attendance of 
ministers and elders at the meetings of our Synods. Vol. V, p. 718, 
1883. 

3. Sjmods Organized. The Synod of Iom'a. [Formed out of 
the Synod of Illinois, including the States of Iowa and Minnesota, and 
the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska, but the Presbytery of Kansas 
to be connected with the Synod of Illinois ; .to be constituted on the 
last Thursday of August, 1860, at 7.30 P. M., in the city of Oskaloosa, 
Iowa.] Vol. I, p. 107, 1860. 



SYSTEMATIC BENEFICENCE. 303 

The Synod of Kansas. — [From the Synod of Illinois, to consist of 
the Presbyteries of Western Missouri and Kansas ; to be constituted in 
the City of Leavenworth, Kan., on Wednesday, September 29th, 1869, 
at 7 P. M.] Vol. Ill, p. lU, 1869. 

The Synod of Nebraska. — [That part of the Synod of Iowa lying 
west of the Missouri River, together with the Presbytery of Colorado, 
from the Synod of Kansas ; to be constituted in the city of Omaha, 
on the last"Tuesday of September, 1886, at 7.30 P. M.] Vol. VI, p. 
435, 1886. 

The Synod of Ohio [From the First Synod of the West ; to 

consist of the Presbyteries of Mansfield, Muskingum, Steubenville and 
Wheeling, to be constituted at Steubenville, on the First Tuesday of 
October, 1862, at 7 P. M.] Vol. I, p. 358, 1862. 

The Synod of the Pacific — [The Presbyteries of San Francisco 
and Oregon, to be constituted in .the city of Albany, Or., on the second 
Tuesday of September, 1877, at 7:30 p. m.] Vol. IV, p. 308, 1876. 

The Synod of Pittsburgh. — [From the First Synod of the West, 
including the Presbyteries of Big Spring, Chartiers, Conemaugh, 
Frankfort, Monongahela and Westmoreland, to be constituted at Indi- 
ana, on the first Tuesday of October, 1862, at 2 p. m.] Vol. I, p. 358, 
1862. 

4. Change of Synodical Boundaries.— [Tiie Presbytery of De- 
troit, was transferred from the Second Synod to the First Synod of the 
W^ist.] Vol. I, p. 123, 1860. [And again from the First Synod of 
the West to the Synod of Ohio.] Vol. VII, p. 628, 1891. 

5. Biennial Meetings of the S3mod of the Pacific— [The Pres- 
byteries of San Francisco and Oregon memorialized the Assembly so to 
modify the law of the church as to allow the Synod of the Pacific to 
meet biennially instead of annually. The General Assembly overtured 
to the Presbyteries the question of the suspension of the rule so as to al 
low the Synod of the Pacific to meet once in two years.] Vol. IV, p. 
573, 1878. 

[The vote on this overture was : Ayes, 699 ; nays, 24 ; not voting, 
12. Tiiereupon the General Assembly adopted the following :] 

Resolved, That the law of the church touching. the meeting of Synods 
be and is, in tlie case of the Synod of the Pacific, suspended so far as to 
permit said Synod, until otherwise ordered by the Assembly, or desired 
by the Synod itself, to meet only once in two years instead of every 
year. Vol. V, p. 20, 1879. 

CXXIV. SYSTEMATIC BENEFICENCE. 

1. Standing Committee on Systematic Beneficence and its 

Duties — ResuLved, 1. That a standjng committee of five, to be called 
tlie Committee on Systematic Beneficence, l)e appointed. 

2. That the duties of this committee shall be to examine Presbyterial 
reports, with a view to ascertain what system, if any, tiie Presbyteries 
have adopted for raising the benevolent funds of the Church, and to 
recommend such plans or measures as in their judgment are best 
adapted to secure system in our financial operations, and thus replenish 
the treasuries of the Church. Vol. I, p. 359, 1862. [This committee 
was abolished by the adoption of the amended Rules of Order in 1870. 



304 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OK THE ASSEMBLY. 

A special Committee on Systematic Beneficence was appointed. Vol. 
V, p. 9, 1879.] 

2. The Tithe System. — [On a memorial from the Presbytery of 
Westmoreland, a committee was appointed to investigate and report 
upon tlie tithe system, Vol. II, p. 169, 1865. This committee pre- 
sented a report, Vol. II, p. 319, 1866, which was published by order of 
the Assembly, Vol. II, p. 347, 1866.] 

Resolved, That in the judgment of this Assembly, Christians ought 
not, in their contributions for benevolent and religious purposes, to fall 
below one-tenth of their yearly income. Vol, V, p. 33, 1879. 

4. A Plan for Systematic Giving-. — [Tlie Assembly recommended 
a plan for systematic giving. Vol. 111. p. 542, 1873.] 

[The Committee on "Ways and Means reported, and tlie Assembly 
approved the following:] 

The raising of money should commence early in the year. Under no 
circumstances should it be postponed until the middle or end of the 
year. * * * In reference to the plan ot raising money, we would 
strongly recommend the envelope system, or collections at the quarterly 
communion seasons, or a collection by subscription books in the hands 
of committees, or some other plan of systematic giving. It must be 
remembered, however, that the best system ever devised will partially 
or totally fail if the proper persons do not make the needed exertion ta 
carry it out : and, on the other hand, that a very unpromising system 
can often be made to work successfully if judicious and enthusiastic per- 
sons are in charge of it. Vol. VII, f). 293, 1889. 

1. That the Committee on Ways and Means be directed to continue 
to present to our congregations the '• Five Suggestions;" and that in 
in every case, where it is at all practicable, the contributions for the 
Boards of the Church be taken weekly. 

2. That ministers and sessions be specially urged to keep the people 
under their care well informed as to the needs and progress of the 
Church's work, both by the circulation of literature, and holding con- 
ferences thereon. 

3. That the Committee on Ways and Means be empowered to secure 
in every Presbytery the help of one or more persons, specially interested 
in bringing before the people of all our congregations the claims and 
needs of the general work of the Church, who shall advise and co- 
operate with the financial agent in his work. Vol. VII, p. 641, 1891. 

[The "Five Suggestions" referred to above are as follows :] 
First, Let the pastor or stated supply call together the members of 
his session for prayer and consultation. Speak to them of Christ's 
" Great Commission" and of their obligations to help carry it out, and 
that the Boards of our Church are the chief agencies through which this 
commission is carried into ejf'ect hy the Church. 

Second. At this same meeting speak of and discuss the New Testa- 
ment rule of giving, 1 Cor. xvi. 2. Pray over it. Then, if not already 
done, let each member of session, knowing his privileges and feeling his 
obligations, resolve to devote at least the one-tenth of his income to the 
Lord, or to give " as God hath prospered him." If time is asked by 
any of the members of session for further consideration of the subject^ 
grant it, and call another meeting in one or two weeks. 



TEMPERANCE. 305 

Third. When this is done, present the whole subject of '< Missions" 
and of " Christian Giving" to the members of the congregation. Let 
them know of the resolve taken by tlie members of session, and then 
earnestly ask them to join you in devoting at least the one-tenth of their 
income to the Lord, or, to give "as God hath prospered them." 
Present the subject of giving, not only as a duty, but as a idgh priv- 
ilege. Let giving be regarded as an act of worship, 

Fourth. Commence the raising of mission money early in the year. 
Do not under any circumstances postpone the matter until the middle 
or close of the year. 

Fifth. We desire to emphasize the fact that it is the regular, stated, 
systematic, giving of the many that is of special benefit to tiie Church 
and to the individual. Every member should be encouraged to give 
something. All should have a part in carrying on the miss'ion work of 
our Church. Vol. VII, p. 720, 1891. 

See, also. Christian Giving. 

CXXV. TATE'S APPEAL. 

The appeal comes before the Assembly based on the following facts 
as they appear from the records : At a meeting of the PresbyTery of 
Keokuk, held at Burlington, la., September 6, 1886, the Presbytery 
was asked to direct the Session of the congregation of Keokuk to cease 
from the use of an organ in the worship of God in the congregation, 
and to enjoin upon all Sessions under the jurisdiction of the Presbytery, 
to forbid the use of musical instruments in the worship of God, whether 
in the congregation, the family, or the Sabbath-school, wherever and 
by whomsoever attempted. The Presbytery refused to take the above 
action, and from its decision the present appellants took an appeal to 
the Synod of Iowa. The Synod of Iowa refused to sustain their appeal, 
and from that decision they appeal to this Assembly. 

Your Committee finds that the appeal is regularly before the Assem- 
bly and'recommends that it be taken up and issued according to order. 
And for the decision of the case the Committee proposes for adoption 
the following : 

Whereas, There is now no law forbidding the use of instrumental 
music in the worship of God, and therefore no violation of law in the 
case pending, therefore. 

Resolved, That the appeal be not sustained. Vol. VI, p. 674, 1887. 

CXXVI. TEMPERANCE. 
1. The Manufacture and Sale of Intoxicating Drinks.— 

Resolved, 1. That the business of manufacturing and vendino- intoxi- 
cating drinks, for drinking purposes, is injurious to the best int'erests of 
society, and therefore inconsistent with the law of God, which requires 
" Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself." 

4. That the practice of renting houses to be occupied by those who 
are engaged in the manufacture and sale of intoxicating drinks to be 
used as a Leverage, or for any immoral purpose, is utterly inconsistent 
with the honor of the Christian religion. Vol. I, p. 41, 1859. TRe- 
affirmed. Vol. II, p. 16, 1864.1 
20 



30G DIGEST OF THK ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Itesolved, 1. That the Church is essentially a temperance society, 
and her members should use all their influence for the suppression of 
the liquor traffic, and encouragement should be given to all those who, 
by lawful means, are laboring to accomplish this great and noble result. 
Vol. Ill, p. 546, 1873. 

Resolved, 1. That it is inconsistent with membership in the Church 
of Christ to use, or be engaged in tlie manufacture or sale of, intoxicat- 
ing liquors as a beverage. Vol. IV, p. 185, 1875. 

Whereas, The manufacture and traffic in intoxicating liquors is a 
great and growing evil, working the ruin of many, and filling the land 
•with want and mourning; and, whereas, the Church should do every- 
thing to counteract its influence and seek its overthrow ; therefore. 

Resolved, 1. That we, as an Assembly, recommend to all our Pres- 
byteries to do all in their power to counteract tlie workings of this great 
•evil. 

2. That a committee be appointed to consider this matter, and make 
such recommendations as they think best, to tlie next Assembly. Vol. 
IV, p. 322, 187G. [For the report of this committee, see Vol. IV, p. 
493, 1877.] 

Resolved, 3. That it is inconsistent with memljership in the church 
of Christ to be engaged in the manufacture or sale of intoxicating 
liquors as a beverage ; or in any other Avay to aid or abet in the manu- 
facture, sale or use of intoxicating liquors. 

5. That the license of the traihc is incompatible with the welfare of 
the State ; and that the State should seek its entire prohibition. Vol. 
IV, p. 494, 1877. 

Resolved, 1. Drunkenness is an evil of giant proportions, having in- 
herent and appalling malignity. It is strongly entrenched by custom, 
cupidity and appetite. It works wide-spread ruin in society, and de- 
stroys men's souls and bodies. 

2. The use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage, and the manufac- 
ture and sale of them for this purpose, are evils dishonoring to God and 
destructive to men. 

3. To give aid or countenance to those engaged in this nefarious 
business, by furnishing them with the necessary materials, leasing to 
them property to be used in their business, signing their petitions for 
license, or in any other way, is to make ourselves " partakers of other 
men's sins." 

7. Individual Christians should use all proper means for the suppres- 
sion of the licpior traffic. Legal prohibition, moral suasion and the 
practice of total abstinence are demanded. Vol. IV, p. 583, 1878. 

Resolved, 1. That this General Assembly, in view of tlie many and 
terrible evils of intemperance, and the fact that the common traffic in, 
and the moderate use of intoxicants as a beverage, are the source of all 
these evils, hereby renews and reiterates all the action of our church on 
these subjects, and does most solemnly warn our people, and all over 
whom we have an influence, to avoid the use of intoxicants of any kind, 
and in any quantity, as a beverage; also against all complicity with the 
traffic, by furnishing money, selling materials directly to, or renting 
houses for, the manufacture or sale of intoxicants. Vol. V, p. 364, 
1881. 



TEMPERANCE. 307 

Hesolred, 1. That we regard the traffic in strong drink as one of tlie 
ereatest hindrances to tlie progress of the cause and Kingdom of our 
Lord Jesus Christ. Vol. V, p.' 740, 1883. 

1. Tlie liquor traffic is forbidden by the Word of God, (Hab. ii. 15,) 
and is a barrier to the growth of the cluirch, an enemy of the home and 
the State, and its legitimate fruit is, and has ever been, oppressive taxes, 
wretched paupers, cruel madmen, wasted fortunes, ruined homes and 
lost souls. 

6. That the signs of the times in which we live, indicate that the 
liquor traffic is the next great evil, which the Loi'd of Hosts, in His 
great strength, has arisen to destroy; and that a willing people, in this 
the day of his power, are rapidly coming to his help. So we thank 
God and take courage. Vol. VI, p. 433,^1880. 

2. That we regard the traffic in intoxicating liquors as a sin against 
God and a crime against humanity; and condemn all forms of license, 
high or low, as morally wrong, laying the responsibility for the exist- 
ence of the tratKc upon the State, and urge upon our people the duty of 
acting with prayerful deliberation in the exercise of tJieir citizenship, 
that they may not compromise their Christian principles or complicate 
themselves in any way with this evil, Vol. VII, p. 423, 1890. 

2. Total Abstinence. — liesolced, 2. That the use of intoxicating 
drinks as a beverage has a tendency to lead to intemperance, and in 
most, if not all cases, results in intemperance in a greater or less degree, 
and, therefore, is inconsistent with the law of God, which not only for- 
bids all sin, but all the " causes, means, occasions and appearances 
thereof, and provocations thereunto." 

3. That church Sessions have full authority, and it is their duty, to 
enforce the principle of total abstinence where, in the exercise of a 
sound discretion, they have reason to believe the safety of the individual 
and the honor of religion require it. Vol. 1, p. 41, 1859. [Re-affirmed, 
Vol. II, p. 16, 1864.] 

Resolved, 2. That it is the imperative duty of all the followers of 
Christ to abstain from the use of intoxicating drinks of every kind, and 
that such abstinence is necessary to a consistent Christian life. Vol. 
Ill, p. 546, 1873. 

Resolved, 2. That every church member should consider himself as 
pledged, by the obligations which he assumes, to total abstinence from 
all intoxicating liquors as a beverage. Vol. IV, p. 494, 1877. 

Resolved, 2. The use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage, and the 
manufacture and sale of thedn for this purpose, are evils, dishonoring to 
God and destructive to men. 

7. Individual Christians should use all jjroper means for the suppres- 
sion of the liquor traffic. Legal prohibition, moral suasion, and the 
practice of total abstinence, are demanded. Vol. IV, p. 583, 1878. 

1. That this General Assembly . . . does most solemnly warn our 
people, and all over whom we have an influence, to avoid the use of in- 
toxicants of any kind, and in any quantity, as a beverage. Vol. V, p. 
364, 1881. 

2. That we give anew our hearty and emphatic endorsement to the 
proposition that . . . total abstinence is the only rule for the individ- 
ual. Vol. VII, p. 20, 1888. 



308 DIGEST OF THE ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

Resolved, 1. That this General Assembly recognize the question of 
Temperance Reform, as one of the greatest moral issues of the times. 

2, That we give our hearty and emphatic endorsement to the propo- 
sition that total abstinence is the only safe rule for the individual, and 
that tlie prohibition of the manufacture and sale of all alcoholic liquors 
as a beverage, is the true method of dealing with the monstrous evil by 
the State. Vol. VI, p. 32, 1884. 

The liquor traffic, as carried on in our land, is a curse to the individ- 
ual, the Church and the State, an enemy of all human happiness, and a 
chief hinderance in tlie way of the kingdom of the Lord. It is evil, 
and only evil, continually. Vol. VI, p. G75, 1887. 

3. That we continue to endorse the proposition of former Assemblies, 
that total abstinence is the only safe rule for the individual, and prohi- 
bition by law of the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors as a 
beverage, the true method of dealing with this terrible evil by the State. 
Vol. VII, p. 227, 188'J. 

3. The Duty of the Church in the Temperance Reform. — 

Mesolved, 4. Tliat it is the duty of all Christians and good citizens to 
combine their eftbrts to secure thorough reformation on this subject. 

6. That individuals, Sessions, Presbyteri